In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(productive work)trabajo masculine(dispute/laws) laboralthe division of labor — la división del trabajo
- to withdraw one's labor — ir a la huelga
- (in US) Department of Labor — Ministerio de Trabajo
- labor costs — coste de la mano de obra
- (in US) labor leader — dirigente sindical
- the labor market — el mercado de trabajo
- the labor movement — el movimiento obrero
- labor relations — relaciones laborales
- labor supply — oferta de mano de obra
- These forces have also weakened labor movements in many other industrial countries.
- Fourth, the working class and labour movement, repressed, shackled, lacking independence, was no alternative.
- That same impulse brought the entire Canadian labor movement out in force.
- Without an understanding of the role of Stalinism and Social Democracy, the labour movement will not be able to turn once again to a socialist perspective.
- There is no section of the official labor movement that upholds the most elementary principles of working class solidarity.
- The men go off and look for casual labour during the day while women and children spend the day looking for shade.
- These subjects were agricultural workers with varying periods of manual labour in the field.
- Next time, though, I'll be employing my teenage cousins to do the manual labour and keeping my hands out of the sink.
- According to him, many unwaged Russians survive on handouts from friends and relatives, subsistence agriculture, casual labour, petty trading or petty crime.
- The answer came when one delegate rose to address the notion of political action by the labour movement.
- The labor movement's political clout is waning with most red states having right to work laws that effectively ban unions.
- The death of Glen Branagh is a warning to the labour movement and the working class that bloody sectarian conflict is not a thing of the past in Northern Ireland.
- Your situation highlights the tragedy of the American labor movement and the dilemma facing the working class today.
- Over time Walesa became active in the underground labour movement and witnessed the repression of workers' protests in the 1970s.
- The result is that since the mid-1980s the organized labour movement was no longer a major social and political factor.
- The majority of migrant workers earn their living in the city by doing manual labour.
- Steelworkers Canadian director Ken Neumann said the merger creates a new force in the Canadian labour movement, as well as in federal and provincial politics.
- For the past 25 years he has been documenting the immigrant experience in Canada, working class culture and the labour movement.
- From here we are treated to an account of Watson's rise through the political labour movement.
- Since the start of the industrial revolution people have been paid a pittance for manual labor.
- These objective changes in the world economy have undermined the post-war framework of labour protection and social measures.
- He looks to struggles independent of political parties, the official labour movement, or any other organised forces.
- The working class and the labour movement are not like they were in the 1970s.
- These developments have also resulted in a political and intellectual crisis within the labour movement.
- Most are low-end workers doing street-cleaning or other manual labor.
- But turning labour into a political force to be reckoned with in Alberta is a tall order, which McGowan clearly outlined in his paper.
- For Trotsky, what determined his attitude to all tendencies within the Russian social democratic labor movement was their perspective, their program.
1.2(workers)mano de obra femininecheap labor — mano de obra barata
- organized labor — sindicatos
- Using casual labour has become a key means by which many employers seek to evade established standards.
- He said there would be real implications for his company when he employed casual or part-time labour, and brought staff in and out.
- In this society, his job was one of the few, in which people exactly performed manual labor.
- Excluding temporary manufacturing labor, 785,000 factory workers have lost their jobs over the past 11 months.
- I also defend our right to civil protest when city projects employ less qualified nonunion labor.
- Their work will be contracted out to private companies that employ largely nonunion low-paid labor.
- As a result, the place is being built with non-union labor.
- Wage-labour was essentially casual labour, as employed at harvest time.
- Those who were less keen to compete for migrants could resort to convicts as casual labour.
- Some institutions contract the work out to casual labour with little continuity and stability for the student.
- Coming to the London docks he was shocked at the misery and poverty of casual labour and organized a docker's union.
- If the South was exceptional, it was not in worker resistance to organized labor, but employer resistance.
- The Tories were keen to get rid of the National Dock Labour Scheme, which protected dockers from casual labour.
- Unions say it puts the brakes on a 20-year trend towards casual labour, but employer groups are calling it a disappointing and costly precedent.
- Today there is a growing acceptance of illegal casual labour and a strong demand for it.
- The trade unions have made repeated warnings to Railtrack about the use of casual labour on the lines but to no avail.
- The company is planning to sell or lease the mine and operate it using casual labour and new technology.
- These people, gangmasters, have been around for years, bringing casual labour into the fields and exploiting a lot of farm workers for some time.
- The tile company had callously sacked 29 regular workers and replaced them with casual labour supplied by Skilled.
- It also aims to replace a number of full-time workers with casual and part-time labour.
BritishPoliticslos laboristasel Partido Laborista(candidate/policy) laboristashe voted Labor — votó a / por los laboristas
- Teresa Page was a hard-working councillor and Labour will be sad to see her go.
- Chairman of the Labour Group, Coun Norma Lincoln, said Labour would fight back.
- At the moment in the 25 seat House of Assembly, Labor have 14, the Liberals seven and the Greens four.
- Her victory means Labour now has 37 seats on Bradford Council, one more than the Tories.
- Julie Flynn, the Chief Executive of Free TV Australia says Labor's ban is simplistic and won't work.
- But Labor's Manager of Opposition Business in the Senate, Chris Evans, questions that.
- They seem to think that the way to beat Labour is to be more Leftist than Labour!
- I was joined a short time ago by Labor's Foreign Affairs Spokesman, Kevin Rudd.
- Concisely, here is the problem: Labor is the party of the Left.
- South Swindon has a new Member of Parliament but the seat is still held by Labour.
- Pollster Sol Lebovic from Newspoll, says this is a reality check for Labor.
- Pallet maker Richard Mulhall took the Illingworth seat from Labour's Zoe Marston.
- Labor's Trade Spokesman Stephen Conroy has denied that Labor has caved in.
- The Government is using Labor's rules, after all, they say.
- Downing Street has the option of going with Prescott and Labour, or with Cameron and the Tories.
- It is not the first time Tory James Gray and Labour's Tony Banks have clashed.
- Assuming all the above, and that Labor regains Cunningham, the Parliament would look like this.
- At 4.15 am on Friday, Tony Blair became the first man ever to lead Labour to a third term.
- In the Senate, Labor's John Faulkner asked for an explanation.
- Okay, the Tories are gaining big from Labour and the Lib Dems in the South.
3.1(effort)esfuerzostrabajo masculinethe fruits of their labors — los frutos de sus esfuerzos / de su trabajo
3.2(task)labor femininetarea femininea labor of love — una labor realizada con amor
- the twelve labors of Hercules — los doce trabajos de Hércules
4Medicineparto masculinea difficult labor — un parto difícil
- to be in labor — estar de parto / en trabajo de parto
- to go into labor — entrar en trabajo de parto
- before noun labor pains — dolores del parto
- labor ward — sala de partos
- They can also improve your posture and strengthen your abdominal muscles for labor and delivery.
- Kory's mom has been in labor for an hour and a half.
- Such rigorous application of the guidelines would, however, have resulted in antibiotics being given to 16% of all women in labour.
- Red raspberry leaves are used to enhance uterine contractions once labor is initiated.
- I was in labour for twenty-two hours with Evan Michael's brother.
- They also received 300 mg every three hours while in labor until delivery.
- The challenge for obstetricians is to make sure that options for safe delivery are not limited for women who experience complications in labour.
- Fortunately, the body provides several clues that the onset of labor is approaching.
- The drug prostaglandin is injected into the womb and this causes it to contract strongly as in labour.
- It says that cerebral palsy is almost never caused by fetal distress in labor.
- Catherine suffered in labor for many hours, and finally the doctors had to perform a Caesarean section.
- Both women spent four hours in labour and both gave birth to baby daughters.
- She tells us tales of ambulances collecting women in labour to take them to the hospital delivery suites, only to be held up at a checkpoint where the women give birth.
- It has long been the practice to allow family members to be present in labor and delivery.
- Low dose mobile epidurals are generally more attractive to women in labour than traditional epidural techniques.
- Measles in pregnancy can cause miscarriage, premature labour or a baby with low birth weight.
- By the time Michael had called them, Jamie had already been in labor four hours.
- Both Lamaze and Bradley encourage partner participation in labor and delivery.
- The pregnancy went smoothly and Mrs Filer gave birth after being in labour for five hours.
- An HIV specialist should be contacted immediately if the diagnosis is made in labour.
1to labor a point — insistir excesivamente sobre un punto
- he did rather labor the subject — se extendió farragosamente sobre el tema
1(toil)trabajarto labor for a cause — luchar / trabajar por una causa
- to labor at sth — trabajar incansablemente en algo
2(work as laborer)he got a job laboring/a laboring job — consiguió un trabajo de peón
3(struggle)(engine) ahogarse(ship) bambolearsehe labored up the hill — subió trabajosamente / penosamente la cuesta
- he was laboring under the misapprehension / delusion that ... — se engañaba pensando que ...
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