In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1Geographytierra feminine(defenses/animal) de tierra(animal/defenses) terrestreland reclaimed from the sea — tierra ganada al mar
- over land and sea — por tierra y por mar
- we sighted land — divisamos / avistamos tierra
- on dry land — en tierra firme
- land ho! — ¡tierra a la vista!
- to know the lie / lay of the land — saber qué terreno se pisa
- to see how the land lies — (test reaction) tantear el terreno
- to spy out the land — reconocer el terreno
- land forces — fuerzas terrestres / de tierra
- land reclamation — reclamación de tierras
- The ecosystem, both on land and in the water, depends heavily upon the activity of bacteria.
- Then imagine that you and your buddy are alone, with no sight of land, nor any surface cover!
- Never dump oil in the water, on land or in the trash; fines can be in the thousands!
- The way solar radiation is absorbed by the Earth's surface depends primarily on whether the surface is land or sea.
- When the Earth is viewed from space on a cloudless day, all that can be seen are the edges of land, sea and icecaps.
- It was May, and the island was a meeting place for breeding animals, both in the water and on land.
- After the wave comes the trough, where the sea level drops below normal and the water dumped on land pours back to the sea.
- Seismic waves are detected by instruments known as geophones when used on land or hydrophones in water.
- For while adult amphibians usually live on land, their soft eggs must be laid in the water.
- There are 26,000 million insects living in every square mile of habitable land on Earth.
- Movements in water are slower than movements on land due to water resistance.
- We're amphibians, living part of our lives in the water and part on land.
- If the mine came down on land instead of water, it was supposed to go off seventeen seconds later.
- When he did, he noticed that the dam was built half on land and half on water.
- The guns can be fired from the vehicle on land or water, or can be dismounted and used in a normal fashion.
- Equally at home in water or on land, the Newfoundland was large enough to pull in a drowning man or to break the ice to retrieve him.
- The melting of sea ice and glaciers on land make surface waters fresher than they are now.
- A fortnight ago, 800,000 square kilometres of land were under water across the region.
- As happy in the water as on land, this breed is a fearless swimmer, and is most useful for hunting wild fowl.
- A car that can drive on land, sail on water and fly through the air will be unveiled next month.
- What allows the eel catfish to flourish there is its elongated body and ability to feed on both land and water.
1.2(ground, property)tierra femininethis is my land — esta es mi propiedad
- a plot of land — un terreno
- land management — administración de fincas
- land use — uso de la tierra
1.3the land — la tierra
- to live off/work on the land — vivir de/trabajar la tierra
- to return to the land — volver al campo
- the exodus from the land — el éxodo rural
- Those giving up farming often retain their attachment to the land by keeping their forestry as an investment.
- But the growth of population was in the towns, and labourers left the land for the cities.
- The Hebridean way of life is bound inextricably to the land.
- It's no coincidence that the majority of those born on the land in the past 20 years want nothing to do with it.
- As southern cotton growers reduced production in return for federal payments, tenant farmers were driven from the land.
- In both cases, these local leaders play a key role in what happens on the land, including farm land.
- The programme, Clarissa and the Countryman, paid homage to the land and its food producers.
- Raised in the rural ethos of Mayo, he grew up with an attachment to the land.
- For millions of poor peasants, it will mean being driven off the land by cheap agricultural imports.
- While Betsy and Mack spoke of working the land, Leah and Ana talked of different things.
- But should we not remember who it was who broke the land and tilled the soil?
- Dung and bedding, along with all other crop residues, are returned to the land to replenish soil nutrients.
- So did the early Indo Europeans till the land and possess wheeled vehicles?
- Edna Beard fell in love with the countryside while working the land to feed a nation at war.
- Savory also noted that too much rest was as bad for the land as too much grazing.
- She is a country person who believes in using the products of the land.
- German Mennonites settle the area, cultivate the land and build the infrastructure.
- Lumbered with crippling debt, many farmers left the land, paving the way for the corporatization of agriculture.
2literary(country, realm)país masculinenación femininemasculine reinothroughout the land — en todo el país (/ reino etc. )
- in the land of make-believe — en el mundo de la fantasía
- the land of milk and honey — el paraíso terrenal
- to be in the land of Nod — estar haciendo nono
- to be in the land of the living — estar vivito y coleando
- They are fleeing from the dire economic and social circumstances in their own lands to countries that offer them a better future.
- After establishing himself as an artist in his native land, he decided to immigrate to the United States.
- The reasons for his sudden emergence as a real power in the land were essentially political.
- Today, the rich bottom land of the Misssissippi is under water and no foreign land has sent a dollar to help.
- We made a lot of wonderful friends, saw some beautiful countryside in lands far away, and experienced some incredible receptions along the way.
- The first series proved unmissable with six weeks of first class original music from some of the best bands in the land.
- It has been the land of mighty empires, a powerful trading nation rich in culture and civilisation.
- After all, it's America that is the young country, the republic, the land of informality and classlessness.
- Sailors traveling to exotic foreign lands began to collect tattoos as souvenirs of their journeys.
- As he travelled across the land evangelizing at revival meetings he took the lads with him.
- Publishers would have to take account of the law of every land on Earth.
- Naturally air conditioned by windtowers which catch the breezes then funnel them below, the Souk is a great marketplace in which to examine products from countless lands.
- Every time one sells or buys a product made from the abuse of others in the so-called Third World nations or their lands makes them guilty of immoral gains.
- To think of the dads, grandads and brothers who fought in the war to protect our land from Nazis to then see them emerging behind a political party.
- To understand this answer we must study the philosophy of the history of the world, especially in reference to political geography - the various lands and countries.
- You won't find a better dance ensemble this side of that imaginary line that separates the US from the wild and beautiful lands and music to its south.
- Philip Gailey ends his article with a wish for a country he regards as ‘one of the most beautiful and hospitable lands on the planet’.
- You might be under the impression that, for such a beautiful land, they've been blessed with a truly ugly language.
- Although women could work in slums or in the back country of foreign lands, national suffrage would surely permanently soil them.
- During her teens, Samerjan was introduced to unusual fabrics from exotic lands by her father, a successful textile manufacturer.
1Aerospace Aviation(spaceship/aircraft/pilot) aterrizaralunizaracuatizaramarizaramerizaramararin a few minutes we shall be landing at ... airport — en breves momentos tomaremos / tocaremos tierra en el aeropuerto de ...
2(fall)caerit landed on its side — cayó de lado
- the ball landed in the pond — la pelota cayó en el estanque
- to land badly/heavily — caer mal/pesadamente
- I didn't mean to land on you like this — no quería caerte así, de improviso
3informal(arrive, end up)ir a parar informalit probably landed in the bin — probablemente haya ido a parar a la basura informal
4Nautical(ship) atracar(traveler/troops) desembarcar
1(from sea)(troops/passengers) desembarcar(cargo) descargar
2(from air)(plane) hacer aterrizar(troops) desembarcar(supplies) descargar
3(in fishing)(fish) sacar del agua
4(win, obtain)(contract) conseguir(husband/job) conseguir(job/husband) pescar informal
5informal(strike home)(punch) asestar(punch) zampar informal(punch) encajar informal(goal) colocar(goal) meter
6informal(burden)to land sb with sth/sb, to land sth/sb on sb — endilgarle / encajarle algo/a algn a algn informal
- I got landed with the bill — me endilgaron / me encajaron la cuenta
- he got landed with the kids — le endilgaron / le encajaron a los niños
- I have landed myself with a lot of problems — me he metido en un montón de problemas
- he's been landed on us for the weekend — nos lo han endilgado / encajado a nosotros para el fin de semana
7informal(cause to end up)to land sb in sth
- that venture finally landed her in prison — con aquel negocio fue a parar a la cárcel
- to land sb/oneself in trouble/a mess — meter a algn/meterse en problemas/en un lío
- he is sure to land himself in debt — seguro que termina endeudado
- now you've landed me in it! — ¡ahora sí que me has metido en una buena!
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