In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(in series)(lap/chapter) últimothe last Thursday of every month — el último jueves de cada mes
- this is the last time I'm going to tell you! — ¡es la última vez que te lo digo!
- her first and last performance — su primera y última actuación
- to be last — (in race, on arrival) llegar el último
- she is last on the list — es la última de la lista
- to be last to + inf — ser el último en + inf
- why am I always the last person to be told? — ¿por qué tengo que ser siempre la última en enterarme?
- I was the last one to leave — fui el último en salir
- last one in is a rotten egg! — ¡el último (en tirarse etc.) es un gallina!
- This was happening in the bus shelter and the nearby road of my bus stop, the last bus stop on the route.
1.2(final, ultimate)(chance/day) últimothe last date for applications — el último día / la fecha tope para presentar las solicitudes
- don't leave everything to the last minute — no dejes todo para el último momento
- at the very last minute / moment — en el último momento
- his last words — sus últimas palabras
- the last rites / sacraments — la extremaunción
- Does this explain why it's so hard to get rid of the last remaining samples of the virus?
- We can expect the battle for the last remaining dregs of the fossil fuel fantasia to be vicious.
- It has been said more than once that Simeon represents the last hope for Bulgarians.
- Rosalind was the last to remain in the courtroom, watchful and concerned for her son.
- Sure enough, when we arrived at the bus station it turned out that the last bus had already left.
- The two youngsters then missed the last bus back to Corsham, and decided they would walk back.
- Ironically, the teams are due to met again just six days after the final for the last league match of the season.
- Be sure to look at the last page for the potato menu, a selection of no less than six potato sides.
- For a long period, Broadland was the last remaining major stronghold in the country.
- Yesterday we sent the last page off to be printed, and went for a drink to celebrate.
- Lana moved to the back of the classroom and took the last remaining seat which happened to be next to the girl.
- The last remaining days of March just flew by and before I could turn around twice mid April was upon me.
- It knows that the last remaining strong union in this country is to be found in the State sector.
- After checking those out and a few other shops I managed to nick onto the last bus home to Huddersfield!
- Finally she reached the last page, the last bit of the story she had liked so much.
- Got sent home early since the place was dead, a nice change to actually get the last bus.
- A sudden clearing of the fog of confusion on the Tyne is English devolution's last hope.
- They are the last bastion and hope we have for our citizens, and the evidence is very simple.
- I dream of a place and a time where America will once again be seen as the last best hope of earth.
- Walking back to Puraniya crossing would have made us miss the last bus to the campus.
- We closed the last page knowing that maybe everything will be ok after all.
- It's probably among the last beacons of hope here, in that you can see a protest every couple of miles.
- Except the last few pages of the last chapter had a smudgy white line down the middle.
- Some lines had been added on the last page; but they had been so carefully erased as to be illegible.
- She's got a baby on the way - in fact, she's the last remaining pregnant lady on the planet.
- I think that is what is wrapped up in the concession that you took us to on the last page of that document.
- The images conjured from her words linger long after the last page has been turned.
- It's a great read that will have your tongue hanging out to join in the odyssey by the last page.
- St Jack on the last page of his journal reported nine influenza deaths at the mission.
- There is always one image from a book that stays with you after the last page has ended.
- With scores level and one over remaining, the last pair were at the wicket.
- If you don't have the patience to wade through the jargon, just directly go to the last page.
- Leaving his boyhood club was like closing the last page on a well-thumbed book.
- That is exactly the posture we should welcome from the world's last remaining superpower.
- The last hope was the space under boulders into which our little stream sank.
- After the last supper on the final night, the team set off from the camp at midnight.
- And numbers of the plant have dropped to worrying levels at its last remaining refuge.
- Indeed, the private college today is one of the last vestiges of hope in a desert of statism.
- The last remaining light bulb in my bedroom light fixture is about to die and I'm not tall enough to reach it.
- The batter was dry and crisp and remained so until the last scrap was eaten.
1.3(only remaining)últimoI'm down to my last few dollars — solo me quedan unos pocos dólares
- she's our last hope — es nuestra última esperanza
2(previous, most recent)last Tuesday — el martes pasado
- she died a year ago last Sunday — el domingo pasado hizo un año que murió
- this time last week — la semana pasada a estas horas
- for the last 10 hours/years — durante las últimas diez horas/los últimos diez años
- in my last letter — en mi última carta
- last time I flew, I was sick — la última vez que volé, me mareé
- He looks set for another lucrative campaign and is selected to start off as he ended last term, on a winning note.
- However, this slump was the smallest in percentage terms since March of last year.
- With the last album, fans said their favourite songs were the ones we wrote ourselves.
- That last comment makes it clear that the previous observations of Forbes J were obiter dicta.
- Did the last albums start with a desire to make an album for somebody who wouldn't buy it anyway?
- He served two terms in prison last year, for dangerous driving and then for breaking a curfew order.
- So really quite late last night, perhaps even after half past ten, I went into the kitchen.
- I haven't seen James or Michael since that last ball, I hope James wasn't too mad at me.
- Whereas the last album had the two killer singles, the rest was a mid-paced affair.
- Her last album, All I Have went gold back in 2002, and this new one is said to be even better.
- This is their second term in charge and last year proved to be an enjoyable one for all involved.
- The judge said last night that he expected the terms of the new control orders to be very similar.
- I haven't listened to the last album nearly as often as the red one or the green one.
- Perhaps most significantly of all, a couple of the tracks on the last album don't sound Asian at all.
- In terms of finance alone, last night was the difference between digging gold or iron pyrites.
- Where their rucking had been crisp and brutal last term, this time out it was hesitant and laboured.
- When we wrote the last album in Spain we managed to catch three matches over there.
- We left quite late last night and we walked past the plant on the way out.
- It was also very dismissive of the last two albums, which was rather narrow minded.
- He warns the technicians on the other side of the studio glass that he won't do anything from the last album.
- Thanks to recent controversy, this last visit has taken on a greater importance than usual.
- The set was drawn mostly from the last two albums, but the occasional early song fit in seamlessly.
- Not a vast change from the last album, but in a picking up the pace of my favourite tracks and staying on that track kind of way.
- Even if they are on the same points tally as this time last term, the confidence and enjoyment levels are both on the up.
- This is what appears to have happened with the most recent Games, staged last year in Athens.
- With the last album only 11 months old, surely it is too soon for their inclusion?
- The very successful Ladies football team won the junior title as recent as last year.
- Their live sound is rougher round the edges than the pristine sound on the last two albums.
- Their ordeal started after they retired to bed at about 10.30 last Thursday night.
- A French woman who was the victim of a vicious assault in Cork said last night her life is in ruins.
- Their last album did extraordinarily well, and now people are looking to them to be the future of music.
- We tried and failed but, if we leave anything, judge us by that last album.
- They are not the result of lack of care this year, last year or indeed recent years.
- On last Sunday night in the Drum Inn in Clogher, the massive Jackpot was up for grabs.
- Each of the last six recessions in the US was preceded by an inversion in the yield curve.
- The children and staff at the school said farewell to Mick at the end of term last week, but he has not quite finished.
- Two great Test players of the past made quite a scene on a television show last night.
- The RMT has already had six days of strikes, the most recent of them last Friday and Saturday.
- A spokesman for the company last night refused to comment on the speculation linking him with the top job.
3(least likely or suitable)that was the last thing I expected to hear from you — es lo que menos me esperaba que me dijeras
- it's the last thing I'd do! — ¡no se me ocurriría hacer eso!
1.1(at the end)I went in/arrived last — fui el último en entrar/llegar / que entró/llegó
- our team came / finished last — nuestro equipo quedó en último lugar
1.2(finally, in conclusion)last of all — lo último (de todo)
2(most recently)she was last seen a year ago — la última vez que se la vio fue hace un año
- when did you last see him / see him last? — ¿cuándo fue la última vez que lo viste?
- we last visited London in 1980 — la última vez que visitamos Londres fue en 1980
1.1(in series, sequence)último masculineúltima feminineit's not the first time and it won't be the last — no es la primera vez ni será la última
- the last to + inf — el último en + inf
- he was the last to arrive — fue el último en llegar
- the last I remember — lo último que recuerdo
- that was the last I ever heard of her — eso fue lo último que supe de ella
1.2(only remaining)the last of sth
- the last of the Hollywood greats/its kind — el último de los grandes de Hollywood/de su clase
- that's the last of the jam — esa es toda la mermelada que queda
- I've used up the last of my leave — ya me he tomado los últimos días de vacaciones que me quedaban
2(preceding one)a string of jokes, each funnier than the last — una serie de chistes, cada cuál más divertido
- each hill seemed steeper than the last — cada colina parecía más empinada que la anterior
- but this/these last … — pero este último/estos últimos …
1durarwe have enough fuel to last us for months/until March — el combustible que tenemos nos durará meses/hasta marzo
1.1(continue)durarI hope this weather/our luck lasts — espero que este tiempo dure/que nos dure la suerte
- it lasted (for) three hours — duró tres horas
- it was fun while it lasted — fue divertido mientras duró
- this weather is too good to last — este tiempo es tan bueno que no puede durar
- He has lasted the course in one of the most turbulent eras in South African rugby.
- If he lasts long enough to have impressionists take note of him, his impression wouldn't be that different to John Major, just with a slightly different voice.
- I seem to remember that I managed to last out, but by the end I felt distinctly nauseous.
- I'm not entirely sure that I'm going to last out the full length of the working day.
- I would love to know how many people lasted until 8 am!
- Heskey was one of the returning wounded and lasted long enough to do decisive damage.
- I went to a party last night but only lasted about an hour and a half before I felt too inexplicably grumpy to stay any longer and left.
- Well, the greatest reward in World War II was survival, if you lasted through it.
- This was the third grand prix in which Brabham had intended to use a fuel stop, but so far neither Piquet nor his team-mate Riccardo Patrese had lasted sufficiently deep into a race.
- It was one of the rare occasions when I didn't last the course, and I didn't write about it.
- Not just that night, we lasted for the last two months of junior year.
- No coach lasted longer or won more games in the Southwest Conference.
- So a final of twelve people lasts twelve weeks - ten evictions, a final and then a show in which the result is announced.
1.2(endure, survive)durarhe wouldn't last five minutes in the army — no aguantaría / no duraría ni cinco minutos en el ejército
2(be sufficient)durarthere is enough to last until Friday — hay suficiente para que dure / alcance hasta el viernes
- the cake won't last long with him around — estando él, el pastel no va a durar mucho
- to make sth last — hacer durar algo
- Iraq is thought to have sufficient food stocks to last only until the end of April.
- Despite shortages of certain items like instant coffee, sugar, and most of our milk powder, the food was lasting well.
- After each trick the hands are replenished to four, so long as the stock lasts, the winner of the trick drawing first.
- Last Thursday we had a fairly good supply with water lasting for six hours, Friday we had three hours of water but it went off at about 5pm and it was Saturday evening before we got water again.
- This was an airplane that could take off and stay aloft as long as the fuel supply lasted, make turns and so forth.
- Somehow, though, the fuel lasted long enough for T-Bone to evade the storm.
- The emergency food supplies wouldn't have lasted that long!
- After that a few beers and then back to ours to play games - we'll probably stay up all night if the beer lasts!
- Buy now while stocks last because property prices in Bradford are set to soar over the next decade.
- Hurry while stocks last and enjoy the work of a scholar who took great pride and pleasure in words.
- If neither of these happens, the hand is played out to the end, the players replenishing their hands after each trick while the stock lasts.
- A bag of dried food lasts for six months and costs €7.
- Only when they were in the snows would they need to move as quickly as possible while their food supply lasted, and to avoid too many cold nights.
- One of the reasons we light candles on Chanukah is that the one-day supply of oil lasted for eight days.
- And despite all the equipment, he was usually lucky if the day's supply lasted until the following morning.
- Enough food should be supplied to the Bushmen to last until the next harvest season.
- The rule of thumb is that if a store has lasted over 30 years in this fickle climate then, clearly, the owners are experts deserving of your custom.
- Bear in mind that this promotion will last for one week only or while stocks last, and then that's your lot.
- Having threatened to kill himself he added that he had enough food to last 30 days.
- Preconditioned lady beetles will stay in your garden as long as the food supply lasts, eating aphids and laying eggs to produce larvae that also eat aphids.
3(remain usable)durarit's built / made to last — está hecho para durar
- it will last (for) a lifetime — durará toda la vida
- plastic ones last longer — los de plástico duran más / son más duraderos
- We told you about a clever bunch of scientists who've made a battery that could last for decades.
- Also, my laptop battery lasts longer when it's not spinning the DVD drive for two hours.
- Its battery lasts 12 hours (as opposed to eight), and is easily changed for a new one when the first runs out.
- The main guy was amazed the battery had lasted so long - it was the original one, and the car is eight years old.
- My experience with flashlights is that they work for 5 minutes, and then get very, very dim, so how is it that these batteries lasted so damn long?
- It also has an internal microphone, speakers and a battery that lasts for six hours
- We have a cell phone, but it tends to reside in a drawer in the kitchen, not in her purse, as the battery only lasts about 5 hours, even if you don't use it.
- In everyday terms, the charge in the batteries containing carbon nanotubes lasts longer.
- The satellite's batteries lasted about three weeks.
- Being able to play CDs on the go was a great idea, but the 4 AA batteries only lasted about 3 hours, so I didn't end up using it all that much.
- With 3 settings, it runs off 4 AA batteries and it lasts long enough for a decent length camping trip.
- It runs on a battery that lasts at least twelve months, and the inventor claims the sound quality is excellent.
- Battery life lasts longer than a round trip train journey between Kilkenny and Dublin.
- The fish's battery lasts for up to five hours, though the scientists hope to one day program it to search for and access a recharging station when it runs low.
- The battery lasts for ten hours between charges.
- When on the go the, receiver relies on an internal Li-Ion battery that lasts approximately one hour.
- Consider how long a cell-phone battery lasts in a benign environment.
- The screen has a lithium-ion battery that lasts for three hours if you are willing to watch in the darkest, energy-saving mode.
- Lithium batteries, lasting up to 10 years and costing £7, are available.
- ‘I was worried about my car lasting to the end considering that all the motors come from the same place,’ he said.
1(for shoemaking)horma feminine
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.