In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(in competition)to be in/hold the lead — ir/seguir a la cabeza / en cabeza
- to move into the lead, to take the lead — tomar la delantera
- Acme has taken the lead from Chipco in the car market — Acme ha pasado a ocupar el primer lugar, desplazando a Chipco, en el mercado del automóvil
- she has a lead of 20 meters/points over her nearest rival — le lleva 20 metros/puntos de ventaja a su rival más cercano
- Brazil, meanwhile, looked poor on the whole but created five great chances and are unlucky not to be in the lead.
- They were deservedly in the lead for three quarters of the game but were pipped on the post by a penalty five minutes from the end.
- However, we made crucial errors, including one with four minutes to go when we were still in the lead!
- The second half was a thrill a minute, with the lead being exchanged frequently.
- He is tough to catch when he has the lead in the final round.
- He was, however, mildly critical of them for dropping back and not seizing the initiative after taking the lead.
- We've gone in third and come out in the lead several times lately, and that is a real morale booster for the team.
- You couldn't categorically say that Mexico deserve to be in the lead, but on the other hand they haven't done much wrong either.
- However, the game was turned on its head in the space of two minutes with Villa taking the lead.
- In fact they held the lead until midway through the second half when the festivities took their toll.
- After a goalless first half the home side took the lead just after the break.
- He was in the lead by a 1.5-point margin and nobody seemed capable of spoiling his dream.
- I took the lead on lap 41 when I passed him on the inside at the hairpin, and went on to win.
- We took the lead through a penalty and the lad who gave the penalty away was lucky not to have been sent off.
- In a poor first half, the visitors did just enough to merit taking the lead.
- The Milan fans were really quiet until they took the lead, then it was as if someone just turned the volume up.
- He missed a series of chances, before and after United took the lead.
- The following week, she took the lead in the overall World Cup.
- They should have won but became more cautious after they took the lead instead of going all out for a second goal.
- They only had to wait five minutes to regain the lead with a try of real quality.
2(example, leadership)ejemplo masculineto give a lead — dar (el) ejemplo
- to follow / take sb's lead — seguir el ejemplo de algn
- you should take their lead and resign — debería seguir su ejemplo y dimitir
- if you don't know what to do, just follow my lead — si no sabe qué hacer, haga lo mismo que yo
- they took the lead in expelling foreign companies — tomaron la iniciativa en expulsar a las compañías extranjeras
- Each Area conducted their own ballot, and it was expected that the others would follow the lead set by the Yorkshire Area.
- She said the Government's proposals had too many exemptions to be effective and it would be good for the city to be taking its own lead on the issue.
- I am calling on every member of this party to follow the lead I have given.
- The school will also follow the lead of 30 other schools in the borough and operate a daily breakfast bar.
- Here is a case where the military can afford to follow the lead of industry in many areas and adapt what is available.
- Thank you for taking the lead and showing us that one person can make a difference.
- Let us follow the lead of pesticide-free cities and make a safe and beautiful home for us all to live in.
- He said there was no intention to follow the lead of some other professional firms by quitting Bradford in favour of Leeds.
- There is always the temptation to follow the lead of your friends, neighbors, or idols.
- Rich countries should follow the lead of poor countries and adopt a more systematic way of controlling the cost of drugs
- Sasha impressed the judges by taking the lead and looking after some of the younger children attending the event.
- I am going to follow the lead of a number of other bloggers and take a break now (another one, I know).
- They are nowhere to be seen in precisely the very forum where they should be taking the lead.
- She is not one to follow the lead of others and will say things regardless of the impact it will have on her political career.
- But why should the UK follow the lead of these progressive European countries and US states?
- Most heavy drinking and even drug taking is experimental or done to follow the lead of friends, and may only be tried a few times.
- The United Nations is responsible for enforcing its resolutions and should take the lead.
- But I think it is parents who really need to be taking the lead on good diet by helping their children to form healthy eating habits.
- Well done to Wandsworth Council for taking the lead in this initiative.
- They have been praised for taking up the issue and it is hoped other schools will follow their lead.
3(clue)pista feminineto investigate/follow up a lead — investigar/seguir una pista
- A congressional report into the attacks published a year ago found evidence that leads were overlooked.
- Crimestoppers rewards of up to £5,000 are being offered to anyone who supplies a new lead.
- Many new leads and interesting facts have been discovered about the past through this new medium.
- They can coordinate actions, track down leads, and research other law enforcement tools.
- Detectives searching for a missing Hull woman are following new leads which suggest she may have headed off to see her boyfriend after all.
- In fact it was Don who gave Bob the lead on a rental house in early September.
- We are following up on certain leads and hope this information will lead us to a breakthrough.
- With no immediate strong leads and few clues on the home front, Detective Inspector John Capstick of Scotland Yard initially believed a London gang was responsible for the robbery.
- Officers are looking for new leads and clues as they hunt the sex fiend who assaulted a 17-year-old girl at knifepoint on February 25.
- At the time of Gene's call, I had already been preparing to check out a lead on an ivory-bill sighting in Louisiana.
- Our possible lead on a new home turned out to be a dead-end.
- Already appeals for information have brought a response and possible leads are being followed up very closely.
- Some days yield nothing by way of new information and fresh leads, while others open avenues hitherto blocked.
- After a dead body turns up in a camper, the two police forces come into competition for clues, leads, and solutions to the vicious crime.
- Harry and the Contessa are called away to Venice, where an old friend has a new lead on an insurance scam.
- But detectives said most of these leads had been followed up without any sign of a breakthrough in the case.
- He said the police, who have carried out house-to-house inquiries and put up posters about the shooting around the town, are following up leads into the attack but want more information.
- Following a vague lead on a job, Raphael finds himself in a basement sitting across from a man in a wheelchair.
- She said there have been no leads or clues to their whereabouts.
- Any leads or information would be greatly appreciated and can be reported to campus police at ext.4911.
- They can bring in other officers when they need to and they have been chasing all kinds of leads.
4.1British (for dog)correa femininetraílla feminineput the dog on its lead — ponle la correa / la traílla al perro
- dogs must be kept on a lead at all times — prohibido dejar a los perros sueltos
- Her comments have been backed by Bolton council chiefs, who are now advising people to keep their animals on leads.
- I would like to warn people about those dog leads that stretch in order that their animals can have a wander.
- She was the inspiration for a collection of dog leads and collars I designed for a charity dog show at Harrods.
- The prisoners were lifted to their feet, had their ankle bindings cut and ropes tied loosely round their necks like animal leads.
- They managed to loop a lead round its neck but it continued attacking her.
- The dogs are starting to get a little impatient, but I'm glad to say they are not allowed off their leads until the first fox has been sighted.
- His first was Tara, whom he would take out on a lead around Belgravia after dark.
- One of the suspects let the animal off its lead and it ran after the victim.
- The Jack Russell ran around the children, and the lead wrapped round the neck of one of them.
- You just wouldn't credit how difficult it is to take two little dogs out on leads.
- Or if the animal is on a lead, the owner stands apart as far as he can, looking away, thus making an attempt to disown it.
- I saw a telephone sure enough, but smashed to pieces, the bare wire of its leads stretched across the room.
- But this was long before digital technology, and the device was really little more than a box of tricks with a vast number of leads and connections sprouting from a junction box in the corner of the room.
- It connects using an internal network card and a lead running to the router.
- For the basic installation, the plus and minus 12-volt power leads are the only two other wires that need to be connected.
- On several of the satellites, we wound up having to re-attach the wire leads in order to make good contact.
- I checked the electrical leads, replaced a bolt someone had left out of the starter and tried to turn her over.
- If I switch on my desktop and plug the monitor lead into the back of my laptop, will my laptop act as a monitor for the desktop or will it blow it up?
- There was a large metal case, with various wires, leads, and tubes connected.
- We'd better check the mains lead is plugged in properly at the back of your computer.
- He starts dragging out wires and leads, trying to fix the patching.
- Carry out a safety check: tidy trailing electrical leads, plug electricity points for young children and make sure your smoke detectors work.
- Police arrived at Osbaldwick Primary School in the early hours of yesterday morning to find a carpet of broken glass, and computer leads hanging out of the window.
- We had to park the car right up against the bedroom window because the lead from the TV was too short to facilitate viewing anywhere else.
- He saw a flex lead, grabbed it and tried to tie her to her chair.
5.1(main role)papel principal masculinethe male/female lead — el papel principal masculino/femenino
- to play the lead — hacer el papel principal
- He has put off a gap-year trip to New Zealand to play one of the five lead roles in the drama.
- The film might not have been so memorable with a more conventional actress in the lead.
- Unless it's an outright silent film, you are never going to see a film in which the lead characters have less dialogue than this one.
- He is one of the most daring characters to appear as the lead in a major film in years.
- Another choice the director made was to cast non-professional actors in the leads.
- I'd like to play the lead in a feature film.
- She then goes for her first audition against opposition from 190 other girls and wins a lead in a Bollywood film.
- A cast of four professional actors are to take the lead roles in the drama and are looking for people to fill out the cast.
- He saw her on TV and gave her the lead in his film.
- Most of all, she was fortunate in finding the right young actress for the lead role.
- In fact, she's desperate to get maximum exposure and sets her sights on the lead role in the school play.
- If the film had been more serious or darker, and a better actress played the lead, I might have liked it much more.
- The show changes casts frequently, with a new female celebrity taking the lead in every new city.
- So here she gets a big studio to give her a lead role where she plays a strong, self-reliant woman.
- So who do you think will take the lead role when Hollywood snaps up the movie rights?
- In the 1950s, the actor Montgomery Clift turned down the lead parts in four films.
- As an aspiring filmmaker and screenwriter, I would definitely use you in a lead role.
- Considering this is her first lead role in a feature film, she is very impressive.
- It has two fine actors in the leads, and some decent actors supporting.
- The script was gritty and the role of the lead character interested Kirk Douglas greatly.
5.2Musicsolista(guitar/singer) principalto sing/play (the) lead — ser la voz/el músico solista
- He is widely known as the composer of concertos, a form of music with a small orchestra and solo lead instrument.
- Four hours before the band was supposed to perform, the lead singer and guitarist was still in New York.
- All I have to do when writing a vocal track is bear in mind that the lead instrument will be the voice.
- Eric was the lead singer and the main focal point of the band.
- As I said before, the drums and bass were often the lead instruments of the band.
- The performance as a whole and the lead dancers were very warmly received.
- She couldn't help but smile at the group of fifteen year old girls gushing about how cute the lead dancer was.
- The drums are not just used as a way of keeping time with the song, but actually as a lead instrument.
- Contemporary music is played by an orchestra that mainly uses European instruments with a lead singer and chorus.
- The following week she flew to Las Vegas to begin rehearsals for her first eight-week stint as the lead soloist.
- Jeremy would sometimes get a solo in such cases, sharing them with Greg, the lead guitarist.
- Susan joined BBC West's news team, based in Bristol, as a lead presenter in 1991.
- Steve plays all the other instruments and provides lead vocals too.
- When bands break up, everyone from the lead singer to the rhythm guitarist releases a solo album.
- He wanted his lead performers to have a great vocal presence.
- The group repeats a chorus or claps while a lead singer or drummer sets the pace.
- Each track is very well constructed, with the percussion and synthetic sounds serving as lead instruments.
- As a young musician he became the lead singer in a rock band.
- These three make up the band's trio of lead vocalists and songwriters.
- The key to this production is the two lead performers.
6.1lead story — artículo principal masculine
- Readers can see the lead stories each day for free but virtually everything else requires a subscription.
- It still grates that the Key/Collins thing is the lead on the TV news when MSM ignore the whole bigger picture that most of us seem to have successfully grasped
- The fight was still the lead item on the local news last night.
- Can I say how refreshing it was to read your lead story on Dyslexia this week.
- The Indian Express, which was slipped beneath my hotel door, had the monsoon's arrival as its lead story.
- To them, the lead story is the one with the biggest and boldest headline, whether it is to the right or the left.
- Formula one made the lead story on the front page of the Financial Times last week, for example, and for the wrong sort of reason.
- When a story like this is promoted to the lead item on national news bulletins, you know that all perspective has gone out of the window.
- Again, all the prime minister had to do was call for calm and he was part of the lead news story.
- Rivalry between the Advertiser and the Register was fierce, and the two went to great lengths in competition for lead stories.
- There's no subtle coincidence at work in the two lead stories in Time magazine this week.
- Highlights include our lead story on how tactical voting using the internet could prove crucial in the upcoming general election.
- Tomorrow's New York Times is a carrying a lead story on the sizzling Indian economy.
- Both local newspapers published lead editorials calling for the privatization of the system.
- Her article is the lead in "The New York Times" today.
- Write your message as if it were the lead story on tonight's 6 o'clock television newscast.
- The New Yorker magazine devoted its lead comment piece to a fervently argued case against war.
- The lead story in the paper concerned a shipment of silver bullion, which had disappeared four months earlier.
- Our lead story in this week's edition of online is an examination of the criminal gangs who commit much of the world's cyber crime.
- The following morning, newspapers across Canada made the story their front-page lead.
6.2US (opening paragraph)introducción feminine(paragraph) inicial
de un artículo de prensa
7(cards)it was her lead — ella era mano
- her lead was the three of hearts — salió con el tres de corazones
- Thereafter, the lead alternates between the two players, irrespective of who wins the tricks.
- The queen may take a trick with more points later or win the lead at a crucial moment.
- The player on the dealer's right has the first lead, and the winner of the trick leads to the next trick.
- If it was not the last trick, the lead for the next trick passes to the left.
- Pull as much trump as you can without giving away the lead before you go off into another suit.
1(guide, conduct)(animal/person) llevar(person/animal) guiarhe led her across the field — la guió / condujo a través del campo
- he led his troops into battle — inició el ataque al frente de sus tropas
- he led her onto the dance floor — la llevó hasta la pista
- to lead sb to sth/sb — conducir / llevar a algn a algo/ ante algn
- she led the party to victory — condujo el partido a la victoria
- the path led them to a clearing — el sendero los condujo / los llevó a un claro
- they were led to safety by firemen — los bomberos los pusieron a salvo
- lead us to your master! — ¡condúcenos ante tu amo!
- to lead sb aside/to one side — llevar a algn aparte/a un lado
- to lead sb away/off — llevarse a algn
- he was led away by police — se lo llevó la policía
- lead the way! — ¡ve tú delante!
2(to a particular state, course of action)to lead sb into temptation — hacer caer a algn en la tentación
- to lead sb to sth/+ inf
- this led me to the conclusion that ... — esto me hizo llegar a la conclusión de que ...
- you led me to this! — ¡tú me metiste en esto!
- whatever led you to resign? — ¿qué te llevó a dimitir?
- I was led to believe that ... — me dieron a entender que ...
3(influence, induce)(witness) insinuarle la respuesta ahe's easily led — se deja llevar fácilmente
4(head, have charge of)(discussion) conducirdirigir USser el primer violín de Britishthe expedition was led by a famous anthropologist — la expedición iba al mando de un famoso antropólogo
- she leads a star-studded cast — encabeza un elenco estelar
- he led the congregation in prayer — oró junto a los fieles
- the chairman led the applause — el presidente inició los aplausos
5(be at front of)(parade/attack) encabezar(attack/parade) ir al frente dehis mother led the mourners — su madre encabezaba el cortejo fúnebre
6(in race, competition)(opponent) aventajarthey led the opposing team by ten points — le llevaban diez puntos de ventaja al equipo contrario
- to lead the field — llevar la delantera
- she led the rest of the class by a long way — aventajaba con mucho al resto de la clase
- they lead the world in this kind of technology — son los líderes mundiales en este tipo de tecnología
7(life) llevarto lead a quiet/very active life — llevar / tener una vida tranquila/muy activa
- to lead a normal life — llevar / hacer una vida normal
8(play)(trumps/hearts) salir con
1(door) dar a algoto lead to sth — llevar / conducir / dar a algo
- the alley led to a little courtyard — el callejón llevaba / conducía a un pequeño patio
- this discussion isn't leading anywhere — esta discusión no conduce a nada
- six streets lead off the square — de la plaza salen seis calles
2(be, act as leader)you lead, we'll follow — ve adelante, que te seguimos Latin America
- the man leads in ballroom dancing — en los bailes de salón es el hombre quien lleva a su pareja
3(in race, competition)(competitor) ir a la cabeza(competitor) puntear Latin Americathey are leading by three goals — van ganando por tres goles
- the Republicans are leading in the polls — los republicanos van a la cabeza en / encabezan las encuestas
4Journalism'The Times' leads with the budget deficit — 'The Times' dedica su artículo de fondo al déficit presupuestario
5(in cards)salirser manoto lead with three aces — salir con tres ases
- (in bridge) North to lead — el norte es mano
6(in boxing)atacarhe led with his right — atacó con la derecha
1(metal)plomo masculinedon't move or I'll fill you full of lead! — ¡quieto o te acribillo a balazos / te lleno el cuerpo de plomo!
- as heavy as lead
- my feet felt as heavy as lead — los pies me pesaban como (un) plomo
- to get the lead out (of one's pants) — ponerse a trabajar duro
- lead paint — pintura con plomo
- lead soldier — soldadito de plomo
2.1Nauticalsonda feminineescandallo masculineto swing the lead — poner excusas para no trabajar
- You'll feel weed fall against the line and the lead get picked up by the swell.
- Deep soundings above 6 fathoms (11 m) were impracticable so the practice then was to sound the depth using a line and lead.
- A man leaped into the chains, and lowering down the lead sounded in seven fathoms.
- Some guy had probably come out in a rowing boat and dropped a lead line a few times on top of pinnacles like the one we had ascended, and marked the area as being flat.
2.2(for fishing)plomo masculine
3(in pencil)mina feminineto put lead in sb's pencil — ser un afrodisíaco
- The transfer was made by first rubbing the back of their sketch with pencil lead.
- Then I rubbed my lips, my beard, and my hands with pencil lead, and went to bed.
- The sliding motion of those sheets over each other gives pencil lead its properties.
4leads pl(in window, for roof)emplomado masculine
- The church was restored by the late Godfrey Allen, who renewed the leads of the roof.
- The ladder was over-short, and it required an effort to heave oneself from it through the casement on to the leads.
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