In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(go away from)she leaves home/the office at 6 — sale de casa/la oficina a las 6
- what time did you leave their house? — ¿a qué hora te fuiste de su casa?
- the plane left Rome at 10 — el avión salió de Roma a las 10
- I left her reading a book — la dejé leyendo un libro
- may I leave the table? — ¿puedo levantarme de la mesa?
- may I leave the room? — ¿puedo ir al baño?
- what are you going to do when you leave school? — ¿qué vas a hacer cuando termines el colegio?
- he left school at 16 — dejó / abandonó los estudios a los 16 años
- she left home at the age of 17 — se fue de casa a los 17 años
- she's left that address — ya no vive ahí
- he never left her side — no se apartó de su lado en ningún momento
- the train left the rails — el tren descarriló
1.2(withdraw from)(politics/organization/profession) dejarto leave sth for sth — dejar algo por algo
- She said many students were leaving primary schools without learning how to read and do basic mathematics.
- Since leaving drama school he's only been out of work for a total of five months.
- After leaving primary school he went to Norwood College, a public school at Sedbergh not far from Kendal.
- Suddenly I realized that my life hadn't changed much in the last decade since leaving college.
- It was possibly the first time I had done anything like that since leaving high school.
- Up to 12 members of staff have left the college because they are unhappy with the new setup.
- The event was for the Year 11 students, as many of them are leaving the school this year.
- He insisted, in 1869, on leaving the Catholic school which he was attending and studying instead at a lycée.
- All parents of students leaving primary school in June are invited to attend along with their children.
- He was taught by Eckersberg from whom he continued to learn after leaving the Academy in 1832.
- I've continued to study and avail of relevant training courses since leaving college.
- In the end I decided I had no choice but to leave the training school and offer my services as a spy to another group.
- He left the University as a probationer, but he was not ordained at this stage.
- He leaves high school shy of graduation to work in his grandfather's bank.
- Yup, they are singing my praises now that I am leaving high school and going to college.
- After leaving college, Pegg headed to Bristol University with notions of treading the boards.
- After leaving the Department of Foreign Affairs in 1987 he became an executive at GPA.
- Robin leaves the School in the autumn after sixteen years to retire in South West France, with his wife, Verna.
- Upon denial of her promotion, she leaves the University in a swarm of anger.
- After leaving the Conservatoire he helped support his parents by teaching the piano and accompanying dances and dancing classes.
2(abandon)(wife/family) dejarshe left her husband for another man — dejó a su marido por otro (hombre)
- I left the car and continued on foot — dejé el coche y continué a pie
- he was left for dead — lo dieron por muerto
- they left him to die in the desert — lo abandonaron a su suerte en el desierto
3.1(deposit in specified place)dejarI'm sure I left it on the table — estoy segura de que lo dejé sobre la mesa
- she left the child with her mother — dejó al niño con su madre
- leave your key at reception — deje la llave en recepción
- Steve's tears were gone by the time he fell asleep, and Jude broke her calm for only a second to leave herself a mental note.
- There was no way she could have reacted to the note he left in the box of the present like that.
- Just make sure you leave a will and something which allows the authorities to identify your body.
- Right, I leave myself notes in the text bit of my phone if I've not got a notepad with me.
- Rising, he angrily tears the note she left into tiny pieces and hurls them across the sand.
- He added that people should be charged by the weight of what they left out for collection.
- He was further outraged when he found the bag, left by refuse collectors, had no air holes in it.
3.2(leave behind for sb)dejarwould you like to leave a message? — ¿quiere dejar un recado?
- to leave sth for sb — dejarle algo a algn
- I left a note for him — le dejé una nota
- I left my card with his secretary — le dejé mi tarjeta a su secretaria
- Her painted purple lips moved noiselessly in the dark as the city was left behind.
- Evidently that cheery bedside manner was left behind on a straw bale all those years ago.
- My aim is nothing less than to make sure that no patient is left behind.
- The realities of everyday life were left behind as soon as one entered the meeting.
- I was very junior, but he made the effort to remember my name and made sure I wasn't left behind.
- The lice hatch in about ten days, but the egg case is left behind to grow out with the hair.
- On one trip in Africa, a tardy photographer was left behind and had to catch us up in the next country.
- It is finally left behind when the family takes a motorboat across a vast lagoon.
- He was apparently left behind when his owners went back to China, in the care of a friend.
- When an orange is juiced, fibre and other health-giving elements are left behind.
- When Scotland flew to the Far East, at the end of last season, perspective was left behind.
- Since she was young, it may be that both ovaries were left behind at the time of hysterectomy.
- As long as there are children left behind and losing out, we have work to do.
- No one bothered to tell her friend where to go to for the next train, so she was left behind.
- Because the skeleton is left behind we all go to our heavens without one.
- The decision to leave was very hard: pupils, friends, and youth were left behind.
- My brother was left behind in England for three years at boarding school because of the point he was at in his education.
- You must go online or risk being left behind in the Internet Age, they are warned.
- The independent sector was not left behind in the celebration of new heights being reached yesterday.
- One of these was his absolute insistence that no one under any circumstance be left behind.
3.4(forget)olvidarse dedejardejarse informalI left my money at home! — ¡dejé el dinero en casa!
3.5(not eat)(food) dejarif you don't like it, leave it — si no te gusta, déjalo
- She was allowed to carry home some of the meat that was left over, and they lived on that.
- It actually contains a fucshia that is left over from the summer planting.
- The mess is left behind when they go, and the local council has to deal with it.
- When we finished, the father summoned his two sons out of their room to eat up what was left over on the table.
- Whatever was left over as free time from my painting I used for my studies.
- The collection was so successful that they decided to buy a tree to plant in the grounds with the money that was left over.
- A lot of the paint comes in full tins, left over from industrial contracts.
- As he had finished the last bit he left her a note on some of the parchment that was left over.
- It works by securing the cord on the curtain tape that is left over after the curtains are gathered.
- The coach will hope just enough of Rudolph's magical dust is left behind to sprinkle on his team.
- Very little money will be left over for farmers who intend to apply for the schemes this year.
- I actually found a disused military shelter left over from WWII near my house the other day.
- Any sum that happens to be left over when a child reaches maturity is not liable to tax.
- This compromise gives more certainty that more money will be left over for residents in the two areas.
- There is easily enough room for four, and a good deal more left over for their luggage.
- Every time your machine crashes, a vast heap of temporary files full of information are left behind.
- Planning means things are not left to chance and you will be more likely to be what you want to do rather than what is left over.
- The stock which is left over is placed face down on the table and no one may see it.
- When the tests are complete, what happens to any tissue that is left over?
- The four cards that are left over at the end of the deal are set aside until the end of the hand.
4.1(allow, cause to remain)dejarleave it in the oven a little longer — déjalo en el horno un poco más
- you left the phone off the hook — dejaste el teléfono descolgado
- please leave the window open/door closed — por favor dejen la ventana abierta/la puerta cerrada
- she leaves her things all over the place — deja / va dejando sus cosas por todas partes
- he left me waiting there for an hour — me tuvo ahí una hora esperando
- she left her meal untouched — no probó la comida
- they left the work half finished — dejaron el trabajo a medio hacer
- some things are better left unsaid — es mejor callar / no decir ciertas cosas
- let's leave it at that for now — dejémoslo así por ahora
- where did we leave things last time we talked? — ¿en qué quedamos la última vez que hablamos?
- The dishes were refreshing, but failed to leave much of an impression on me.
- The fourth walking appendage usually leaves the most lasting trace.
- It chews its feet throughout the interview, leaving a damp doggy stain on the carpet.
- In the end it is not the insight into star architects that leaves the deepest impression, but the level of thoughtful reflection.
- A slight pitting due to the background can be seen with a magnifying glass, where as a punch leaves a cleaner impression.
- Doing things leaves a more lasting impression when you write about them in a journal later.
- Nothing seemed to happen, then the entire panel went blank, leaving a white, empty background.
- It will certainly leave a more favourable impression with visiting tourists.
- It leaves an ugly black stain which can rot fabric, leather and paper.
- We concentrate on phosphorus as the nutrient that is biolimiting on geological time scales and potentially leaves a complete geological record.
- You might get a greater understanding of Strindberg by visiting the exhibition than the play, even though the play leaves such a strong impression.
- It's the guitar work that leaves the biggest impression, and fans of genuinely great rock albums ought to find plenty to admire here.
- Why, then, did it leave a big red stain on the white cushions in the escape capsule?
- Coming so close to the end, they also tend to leave the biggest impression.
- The village creates a favourable impression and leaves a strong visual image in the minds of the travelling public.
- However, it would leave such a nasty stain and I was so lucky this year to have such a clean locker.
- The Board also plans to produce a film on the industry with the aim of leaving a more lasting impression of the industry.
- In particular, she leaves a fainter impression than a bluejay on freshly fallen snow.
- Learning through hands-on experiences leaves a more indelible impression.
- Additionally, if you leave an empty non-stick pan on a hot burner too long, you can roast the surface.
- For me, it is a sanctuary of deep quiet where man's passing has left not the faintest trace.
- More commonly some material is left behind and only when it is removed surgically will bleeding cease.
4.2(cause to be, have)dejarit left me/I was left with nothing to do — me dejó/me quedé sin nada que hacer
- Those fortunate enough to have encounters with these animals are left with a feeling of awe.
- He leaves wife Helen and children Henry 20-months and one week old Emily whom he never got to see.
- Bill was a partner in an asphalt contracting business and he leaves a wife Olga, sister Sheila and daughter Amanda.
- She shut the front door without so much as a goodbye and I was left with a suitcase and a broken heart.
- He died last month, leaving behind his partner Grace and two daughters Della and Elaine.
- The psychiatrist says there is nothing he can do and the carer is left with no avenue open to him but to keep on caring the best way he can.
- As a result of the attack the pensioner was left with a bruised head and cuts to her hands and was badly shaken up.
- The result is that most workers found they were left with hardly anything to live on and were unable to pay back the debt.
- He added that the couple wished to be left alone to allow the relationship to develop.
- With journalists gone, the chief composer of the paper was left with the task of reviving it.
- All we are left with, then, is a belief in participation for its own sake, devoid of any content or realised goal.
- He leaves wife Norma, children Lee, Jesse and Caitlin, and grandkids Mathew, Jordon, Jamie and Emma.
- I am not sure if the position we are left with here truly counts as being a religious one or not.
- As well as her parents and sister, she leaves a niece Kim and nephew Josh.
- She was left with terrible injuries.
- They are left with no option but to try to send fewer people to jail.
- Once in place the dock will be emptied, leaving Courageous sitting on support blocks.
- Katie leaves behind her loving partner and their two young children.
- Posts are being left empty for six months at a time because of the manpower shortage.
- I was left with a curiosity about the book, but not entirely satisfied by the play.
- He shouted at her attacker telling him to leave her alone and the man, who had remained silent throughout the incident, ran off.
- Without the word, we are left with far less satisfactory means of protest.
- As a result, we were left with only 11 players, including the manager of the team.
- Campaigners were left with the prospect of returning the funding unless the council changed its mind.
- If everything is an obstacle to be knocked down it is not clear what we are left with in the end.
- Cinemas and pubs would be left empty while sports events would be cancelled.
- If at the time of her death, a widow leaves no eligible minor child, the payment of her share of the pension will cease.
5.1(have as aftereffect)(stain/scar) dejarshe left a bad impression on him — le causó (una) mala impresión
- the hurricane left a trail of devastation — el huracán dejó la mayor desolación a su paso
5.2(as evidence, sign)dejar
6.1(not attend to, postpone)dejarleave the dishes for later — deja los platos para más tarde
- Instead, it was left to his schools minister to tour the tables, introducing himself.
- He does what he can to nurture it, but otherwise leaves it to nature to do what it does.
- In other words, the quantity is dictated and it is left to the market to determine the price.
- It is is irrelevant to his day job as party leader and I think he could have left it to someone else.
- In the end, it is left to the students to stop their abuse of the B-wing stairwell, when it is reopened.
- The article leaves it to the imagination how exactly the leftover bees in the cavity are to be killed.
- If he moves the jack or the boule, he loses the advantage of measuring and leaves it to the opponent to measure.
- With careful, thoughtful technique he leaves it to his reader to find the purpose of the essay.
- But there is nothing inconsistent about leaving it to the states and not overturning the decision.
- Only a few hundred of us are able to be here this week, so it is left to us to be the yeast in the loaf.
- So it was left to the initiative of the Bar Harborites to respond to the needs of its visitors.
6.2(not disturb or interfere)dejarleave me alone/in peace! — ¡déjame tranquilo/en paz!
- I was about to start cooking — I'll leave you to it, then — iba a ponerme a cocinar — bueno, pues te dejo
- I didn't want to interfere, so I left them to it — no quise meterme, así que dejé que se las arreglaran / se las compusieran solos
- I'll leave you to your book — te dejo con tu libro
- to leave sth/sb to + inf — dejar algo/a algn + inf / que + subj
- leave her to finish on her own — déjala terminar / que termine sola
- He'd run off to the hospital, leaving me to come home from school to deal with the shock.
- He left us to deal with the news of the secret with very little time to forgive him and to understand why he did what he did.
- You could have asked her yourself if you had not just left me to deal with her on my own.
- She got over it with tickles and biscuits, then strolled out into the garden, leaving me to deal with a spider the size of a cricket ball on the carpet in the lounge.
- Don't leave me to deal with him and the men and the press, and all of that all over again.
- Why did he have to go leave me on my own, leave me to deal with everything on my own?
- Becca ran off without even looking at me, leaving me to deal with it on my own.
- He disappeared, leaving me to deal with a sore eye that would soon turn into a black eye.
- Teen years leave you to deal with a whole new choice of decisions to be made.
- I'm not leaving you to deal with this whole afterlife thing by yourself.
- Steve was quickly engulfed by his friends, leaving me to search for my own.
- His friends had long since vanished, leaving him to sort out the problem he was in by himself.
- Then they said if he was a friend they would leave him to look after me.
- How dare he leave me to deal with everything, including his death, while I have to stay stuck in this body?
- I only glared coldly at her and sidestepped, leaving her to deal with her zombie-like fans.
- Every month or so he would dump an angry dame on me, leaving me to deal with the mess.
- Her friend had left her to look at the pictures and Maria sat by herself at the edge of the gallery.
7.1(entrust)to leave sth to sb/sth — dejar(le) algo a algn/algo
- I always leave the driving to someone else — siempre dejo que otro conduzca
- leave it to me! — ¡déjalo por mi cuenta!
- I'll leave it up to you to choose the color — te dejo a ti la elección del color
- now it is left to them to take the lead — ahora les toca a ellos tomar la iniciativa
- we must leave nothing to chance — no debemos dejar nada (librado) al azar
7.2(allow, cause sb to do)dejarthe teacher left us with a lot to do — el profesor nos dejó mucho trabajo
- he left us with all the cleaning to do — nos dejó toda la limpieza a nosotros
- to leave sb to + inf — dejar que algn + subj
- he left his secretary to make the arrangements — dejó que su secretaria hiciera los preparativos
8.16 from 10 leaves 4 — si a 10 le quitamos 6, quedan 4
8.2(after deduction, elimination)that only leaves you and me — con eso solo quedamos tú y yo
- there's only me left at home — en casa solo quedo yo
- to be left — quedar
- there isn't much food/money/time left — no queda mucha comida/mucho dinero/mucho tiempo
- how much money/time do I/we have left? — ¿cuánto dinero/tiempo me/nos queda?
- to leave much/a lot to be desired — dejar mucho/bastante que desear
8.3(make available)dejarleave a space — deja un espacio
- leave some cake for me — déjame un poco de pastel
- I was left with only $200 — me quedaron solo 200 dólares
- you leave me no alternative but to resign — no me deja otra alternativa que dimitir
- there's nothing left for it but to give in — no queda más remedio que ceder
9.1(bequeath)to leave sth to sb/sth — dejar(le) algo a algn/algo
9.2(after bereavement)dejarhe leaves a wife and two sons — deja esposa y dos hijos
1irsemarcharse Spainwe'll leave when the rain stops — nos iremos cuando pare de llover
- the train/plane leaves at 5 o'clock — el tren/avión sale a las 5 en punto
- to leave for sth — salir para algo
- he's already left for the airport — ya ha salido para el aeropuerto
1(authorized absence)permiso masculinelicencia feminine Latin AmericaMilitary licencia feminineMilitary permiso masculinehe asked for one year's leave of absence — pidió un año de excedencia Spain
- maternity/paternity leave — permiso (/ licencia etc. ) por maternidad/paternidad
- to take a week's leave — tomarse una semana de licencia
- to be/go on leave — estar/salir de licencia
- A lot of soldiers from Fort Gordon took leave to man the scoreboards.
- This has serious repercussions for a largely immigrant workforce who may have to take leave to visit family abroad.
- Apparently she's still feeling unwell after it and is taking leave to convalesce.
- You are not allowed to enroll full-time in another university while on a leave of absence from Duke.
- International students on medical leaves of absence may remain in the United States legally while getting treatment.
- We support his decision to take leave to do that and we anticipate him returning as leader in early February in time for the next sitting period.
- If you are on a leave of absence with pay, your and the University's normal contributions will continue.
- You may continue group coverage for up to 36 months of leave of absence by prepaying the monthly premiums.
- What is the reason for the leave of absence deadline on the Academic and Administrative Calendar?
- Many have been told by their doctors to take leave to protect their health and would step down from the job if they could keep their allowances and pension entitlements.
- Cycling to college, Singh taught agriculture economics and macro economics but he soon took leave to go to Cambridge on scholarship.
- Further, some may argue that annual leave provides a sufficient number of days for fathers to take leave to care for their children.
- While on leave of absence without pay, the employee is not eligible to utilize tuition benefits.
- Full-time officers of research may take leaves of absence according to the policies described below.
- All leaves of absence should be applied for at least 30 days in advance if possible.
- Every officer and employee shall be entitled to such leaves of absence on days when elections are held within the city as are authorized by Section 14350 of the Elections Code.
- Supervisor's Note: Detailed information regarding all leaves of absence is available in the Employee Benefits Handbook.
- Requests for consecutive years of leave of absence shall be for the reasons provided in this policy.
- Staff do not accrue university service credit during discretionary leaves of absence such as education leaves, political leave of absence, and other leaves of absence.
- The term ‘leave of absence’ applies, in most cases, to leaves of absence without pay.
- He sought leave to make an application to discharge the court order made last April.
- The appellant now appeals against sentence by leave of the single judge.
- I seek leave to take a call on behalf of the leader of the National Party.
- Though she was refused leave to appeal, she is likely to seek leave to do so from the Appeal Court itself.
- It is a very narrow debate, unless members seek leave to widen the debate.
- The applicant seeks leave to appeal from a decision of the Full Court of the Federal Court.
- You will have a right to appeal against my decision by leave of the Court to a Full Court.
- She now appeals against conviction by leave of the single judge.
- So it is with a heavy heart that we seek your leave to return to the subject.
- I heard Mr Burton seek leave to table the minutes of that particular meeting.
- Under the Children Act 1989, any person may apply to the court for leave to seek an order relating to the child.
- I also seek leave to file in Court and read an affidavit sworn today.
- I wondered why the member had to seek leave to do that in this particular instance, when the vote has not yet been put.
- That being the case, I seek leave to ask the Minister whether he will provide us with that legal opinion.
- I also seek leave to table the transcript in which the Prime Minister said there were no positive tests.
- I seek leave to table the list of 101 projects funded by the Sustainable Farming Fund.
- I seek leave to table two media reports identifying people who confirm the nature of that police advice.
- I seek leave to present the report of the High Court on the Tauranga electoral petition.
- Instead, able-bodied men in their thousands had leave to seek a livelihood abroad.
- It is against that dismissal that the applicant seeks leave to appeal to this Court.
- There's a place where the wife is dealing with her husband leaving her.
- One woman phoned us to say she would leave but her partner threatened to do to her what he did to his wife if she did.
- Worse, eight out of ten find a PC failure more stressful than being left by their partner.
- Relationships come to an end through bereavement or because one or both partners want to leave.
- How often do older men leave their high school sweethearts and marry a younger woman?
- Fathers prefer boys to such an extent that if they only had girls, they were more likely to leave their wife or partner.
- It can also happen if one partner leaves due to the relationship having become unworkable.
2formal(permission)permiso masculineshe begged leave to speak — pidió la palabra
- without so much as a by your leave — sin ni siquiera pedir permiso
3formal(departure)to take leave of sb — despedirse de algn
- have you taken leave of your senses? — ¿te has vuelto loco?
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.