In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(mislay)perderI've lost my key — he perdido / se me ha perdido la llave
- don't lose it — que no se te pierda
- Customers, who lose their key, are asked to choose the closest model from the hundreds of samples.
- Often the end customer loses the cargo once it leaves rail-carrier control, even though it is on his own sideline in the company yard.
- They are reminded of what they have been missing, what has been long lost or forgotten.
- Forget one suitcase (which was found), imagine losing everything.
- The customer had lost his invoice. It took him a minute to pull up the information.
- It's been lost, of course, in all the wanderings and dissolutions, which is sad.
- Second is the fact that he is a most forgetful man and loses his all the time.
- We lost the car keys before and I used the mini torch to help me find them again.
1.2(be deprived of)(sight/right/territory) perderto lose one's voice — quedarse afónico
- she lost the use of her legs — quedó paralítica
- he'd lost a lot of blood — había perdido mucha sangre
- you have a lot to lose — tienes mucho que perder
- Schools from deprived areas are still losing a proportion of their pupils, probably those with higher parental support and motivation and hence are even more deprived.
- If family support disappears and a patient loses housing or a job or both, what can the clinician do?
- As a result, customers face losing hundreds of pounds if they no longer wish to travel.
- Players will lose time and money, people will lose jobs, and customers will lose their product.
- But he lost his building society job because he refused to remove his eyebrow piercing.
- As for Tom, a clear sign when a forward has lost confidence or the appetite for the fray is when they choose to kick rather than take contact.
- Schools in Bradford's most deprived areas could lose thousands of pounds of funding.
- Businesses and service organizations were losing employees and customers weekly, daily, and eventually hourly.
- This de-motivates people - as a result they leave the party, they lose enthusiasm, they cease to be active.
- Workers had been warned last week that they could lose their jobs after the site lost a major contract.
- It's been upsetting because we have lost a lot of our local customers, who are our main supporters.
- Speaking from Paris, he said he was relieved at the outcome but still upset at having lost his job.
- Not only are they losing their jobs, they're losing their pensions as well.
- It only takes one bad experience for you to lose a potential lifetime customer.
- But you know, the manufacturing jobs disappear, you lose control over your space.
- Customers risk losing music legally downloaded from the internet if they are not aware of small-print restrictions on which machines you can play the songs.
- Thousands of customers and suppliers lost money when the group collapsed into administration last year.
- Customers stood to lose a large proportion of their capital because the value of the 30 companies plunged as the stock market nosedived.
- I didn't dare make a move in case she got upset and I lost my free transport.
- Perhaps a third or more of all cropland is losing topsoil faster than new soil is forming, thereby reducing the land's inherent productivity.
1.3(through death, disaster)(planes/wife/men) perderhe was lost at sea — pereció en el mar
- they lost 400 troops on the first day — tuvieron 400 bajas el primer día
- She lost her daughter and husband in an accident and at the time she was pregnant and miscarried.
- And for my mother, this is a double loss, she has lost her friend, sister and daughter.
- Grief and pride bind the families who lost their sons, fathers, brothers, or husbands to war.
- Both my parents lost relatives very dear to them, and the wider circle of relations has suffered some tough times too.
- What about the countless German families who lost their sons and husbands during the conflict?
- The ship had 5 officers and 33 men on board when sunk, of whom 2 officers and 24 men were lost.
- For the thousands who had lost relatives or friends, it had the effect of a further slap in the face.
- Twelve men were lost and the ship abandoned; she later sank while under tow in the South Atlantic.
- Many cats belong to elderly, lonely people, their only companion is their furry feline. To them the loss of their beloved friend is akin to losing a close relative.
- And to those who have lost relatives and friends, be assured that you are not forgotten.
- My heartfelt sympathy goes out to all the families who have lost sons and husbands, fathers, brothers.
- Too many of us lose our mothers, sisters, daughters and friends to this disease.
- While attempting rescue a small boat manned by local men capsized and four men were lost.
- Subsequently it became known that a second lifeboat and her crew were lost in the heroic attempt to relieve the same vessel.
- It seems that every week a friend of mine loses a parent.
- Her entire ship's company of 30 men were lost.
- It was so horrible not only losing my father, but losing my closest friend too!
- The death of any relative is devastating but to lose three grandchildren in tragic circumstances is more than most of us could bear.
- In recent years, he has lost a relative and a friend to the disease.
- It is far more tragic for parents to lose a child from a sudden death; it leaves them with many unsaid things and feelings of regret.
- Charlie survived the war unhurt, although he lost many relatives and close friends.
- The pair were both touched by the work of the specialist ward when they lost children to premature deaths.
- Many of my friends, and my wife, lost grandparents during their twenties too.
- Forty additional men were lost either from gunfire or tragic mishap.
- Mary, like the other voluntary members of the group, has a personal interest in the fight against cancer losing relatives and friends to the disease.
- A friend of mine recently lost his mother to cancer after she was hospitalized for one year.
1.4(fail to keep)(customers/popularity/speed) perderI've lost everything I had — lo he perdido todo
- the pot has lost its lid — se ha perdido la tapa de la cacerola
- the novel lost a lot in translation — la novela perdió mucho con la traducción / al ser traducida
- I've lost a lot of my German — se me ha olvidado mucho el alemán que sabía
- to lose sb/sth to sb/sth
- we have lost many clients to our competitors — muchos de nuestros clientes se han pasado a la competencia
- we are losing our best teachers to industry — los mejores profesores se nos están yendo a trabajar a la industria
1.5(rid oneself of)(inhibitions/bitterness) perderto lose weight — perder peso
- Oh, thank God, we get to lose that awful two-tone weave!
- You need to lose that creep before he pressures you into more things you don't want to do.
- They need to lose that awful voiceover.
1.6(shake off)(pursuer) deshacerse de
- Once there, the gunman hoped to lose his pursuers in the maze of large buildings.
- There were no more trees with which to lose his pursuers, only a stretch of stone, snow dunes, and mountainside.
- He realised now that he would never lose such a determined pursuer in these corridors.
- He ducks into an alleyway in an attempt to lose his pursuers, but before he can scurry over a low wall, they catch up.
- He ducked and dodged around the buildings, trying to lose his pursuers but they managed to stay on his tail.
1.7(lose sight of)perder de vista
- But at Reelsville they lost the Road. He wrote, "Not a track was to be seen on the smooth green turf beneath the tall, shady oak trees."
- For several days we lost ourselves in the labyrinth of the old centre.
- So, arriving ahead of time, I lose myself for 10 minutes down a path really called Dunwoman's Lane.
- Heather pushed her way through a dense growth of rhododendrons; she had completely lost the path now.
- To add to their difficulties, when they were far advanced among the hills, their guide lost the road, and was never able to regain it.
- I began to turn away, back towards the forest that I was sure to lose myself in, but he called out in urgency.
- As for me, well my love for New York runs so deep that I would gladly have lost myself in the city and stayed forever!
- Eventually emerging onto St James's Road, we lost the path.
1.8(confuse)confundiryou've lost me there! — no entiendo
1.9(cause to lose)costarhacer perdertheir hesitation lost them the contract — la falta de decisión les costó / les hizo perder el contrato
- 'Being female lost me my job'.
- He fulfilled his duties conscientiously, but his support for the proclamation of the district as a city lost him his seat in 1950.
- But it's a game that might lose you just as many regular readers as it gets you.
- Off I went into another manic episode, one that lost me my first job as a social worker, due to my instability.
- Spending time in an alcohol detox centre lost me my career with the federal government.
- His plea of insanity lost him his job, and his credibility.
- He repeated that it was time all worked together to ensure that we did not lose such a real opportunity for the West of Ireland.
- Both chances have been lost - the first in part, the second it seems conclusively.
- Some might operate on or near the surface, losing much of their advantage.
- A great opportunity has been lost which would have rid our game of cynical fouling.
- But trains would have to reverse on departure from both, so any advantage would be completely lost.
- Tying up an opponent is usually good, but it also ties up one of yours which can lose a valuable scoring opportunity.
- For without it, the developing world and the millions in it who live in extreme poverty will lose the best chance they have of improving their lot in life.
- An opportunity will be lost, and proper democracy will remain just that bit further out of reach.
- That opportunity has been forever lost, to the relief of those who would now live under its flight path.
- Unfortunately, she was gone in a blink of an eye and the opportunity to speak was lost.
- Outside the project this investment opportunity may well be lost.
- Out in the hallway Tim cursed silently as the gunfire sounded, knowing that their slim advantage had just been lost.
- It would be a great shame for this opportunity to be lost, mostly on the grounds of increased traffic.
- Was I saying that I needed to move faster, or else I would lose all of my chances?
- If the idea of buying a sugar company scared the growers, losing such an opportunity was worse.
- Many such opportunities would be lost if the market for generic phonenames did not exist.
- Just when it seemed we were getting the go ahead, it looks like this opportunity might be lost.
- But, if we continue to bury our heads in the sand then these opportunities will be lost.
- The opportunity that was lost was the opportunity to challenge the Local Plan.
- It is certainly an issue I raised at the time, but time has passed and that opportunity has been lost.
1.11(let pass)(time/opportunity) perderthere is no time/not a minute to lose — no hay tiempo/un minuto que perder
- my watch loses three minutes every day — mi reloj (se) atrasa tres minutos por día
2(fail to win)(game/battle/election) perder
- Something had to give in the Premiership game of the day when undefeated Aberdeen took on a Melrose team who have gone four games without losing a match.
- Games between these sides have always been close encounters and so this game proved with neither side deserving to lose the game.
- It was a pity that either side had to lose this game, as both contributed so much to a wonderful evening's entertainment.
- He lost in the match of the season to the current league champions and then lost a tight game away to an improving Aston Villa side.
- They failed to reach the knock out stages after narrowly losing the group games.
- Neither side deserved to lose this game but with just three minutes left on the clock Ballyhar struck for the winner.
- The Cork side have lost all four games to date, so on all known form this should result in a Naas victory.
- Neither side deserved to lose a game that see-sawed back and forth for the whole hour-plus.
- England have defaulted a match in this tournament, but are yet to lose a game on the field.
- They won all four league games and lost the final to West Indies in the Triangular in Zimbabwe.
- The bottom line is that Canada hates to lose a hockey game.
- They had been the champions, now they lost the fifth game of the first round at home.
- It was a brave decision, but the correct one as neither side deserved to lose this particular game.
- Remember last year Tour lost the same game and went on to a county final success later in the year.
- It still is a surprise when the country that invented basketball loses an international game.
- After the election, he fought to keep it in the same spot, failed, and lost the race.
- New Jersey took a 21-point lead into the final period of that contest yet lost the game.
- That said however neither side deserved to lose a game that was played under the most appalling conditions.
- Both sides, having lost their opening games to Pakistan, are without a point in the tournament.
- They failed to capitalize and ended up losing the game 6-3, coming home with the bronze medal.
1.1(be beaten)(team/party/contestant) perderthey're losing 3-1 — van perdiendo 3 a 1
- to lose to sb — perder frente a algn
1.2losing present participle(team/party) perdedorto be on the losing side — ser de los perdedores
- I've been dealt a losing hand — me han dado una mano que tiene todas las de perder
2.1(suffer losses)perderto lose on a deal — salir perdiendo en un negocio
- This has resulted in the nation losing a lot money as funds continue being spent on the same projects and in this way progress is retarded.
- These investors have been badly hit by the cutback in policy values and have lost substantial sums of money.
- They were told that the paper was losing money and there were no other interested buyers.
- Our competitors will raise their prices because they're losing money.
- He dealt with a number of restituted properties, but found he was losing money rather than profiting.
- Two of the seven ready meals factories were losing money.
- The airlines have taken away all the frills because they claim to be losing huge sums of money.
- In terms of real money, Americans are losing income faster than at any time since the Great Depression.
- On the ownership side of it, I'm the one who has to control spending, especially if you're losing money.
- Although the company claims it was not losing money, profit levels were thought to have been negligible.
- For the race promoter, every single event is a gamble between losing money, earning money, or just breaking even.
- Despite a reported rise in advertising revenue, the paper continued to lose money.
- The fund only loses money when the proposed deal is not completed for any reason.
- None of those networks wanted to show the news because it's expensive, they lose money on it.
- In fact, many of us who export are already losing money, but hoping that the dollar will drop so that our businesses will survive.
- This column has always argued that economic freedom and the opportunity to make, spend and lose money is central to a creative society.
- The society also operates a compensation scheme so clients will not lose money if funds are not recovered.
- A similar number of posts were cut in 2003 when the company, losing money heavily at the time, announced it was off-shoring some operations to India.
- That means that the government would lose money with the current tax structure.
- To the best of my knowledge it still loses money so why spend even more money breaking the company up even further.
2.2(be less effective)perderthe poem loses in translation — el poema pierde con la traducción / al ser traducido
3(clock/watch) atrasar(clock/watch) atrasarse
- They gradually fell out of step, with one clock losing 5 seconds a day in relation to the other.
- It also depends on the constancy of its rate; meaning, that a watch gains or loses the exact same amount of time each day.
- On most days, the watch loses about 0.5 seconds.
- Unfortunately the watch loses 11 seconds a day.
- For example: If your watch loses 5 seconds while being worn during the day, try to find a position in which the watch gains about 5 seconds overnight.
1ensimismarseto lose oneself in sth — ensimismarse en algo
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