In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(mislay)perderI've lost my key — he perdido / se me ha perdido la llave
- don't lose it — que no se te pierda
- Often the end customer loses the cargo once it leaves rail-carrier control, even though it is on his own sideline in the company yard.
- They are reminded of what they have been missing, what has been long lost or forgotten.
- Forget one suitcase (which was found), imagine losing everything.
- The customer had lost his invoice. It took him a minute to pull up the information.
- It's been lost, of course, in all the wanderings and dissolutions, which is sad.
- Customers, who lose their key, are asked to choose the closest model from the hundreds of samples.
- We lost the car keys before and I used the mini torch to help me find them again.
- Second is the fact that he is a most forgetful man and loses his all the time.
1.2(be deprived of)(right/sight/territory) perderto lose one's voice — quedarse afónico / sin voz
- she lost the use of her legs — quedó paralítica
- he'd lost a lot of blood — había perdido mucha sangre
- you have a lot to lose — tienes mucho que perder
- Businesses and service organizations were losing employees and customers weekly, daily, and eventually hourly.
- Not only are they losing their jobs, they're losing their pensions as well.
- Schools in Bradford's most deprived areas could lose thousands of pounds of funding.
- But he lost his building society job because he refused to remove his eyebrow piercing.
- Players will lose time and money, people will lose jobs, and customers will lose their product.
- As for Tom, a clear sign when a forward has lost confidence or the appetite for the fray is when they choose to kick rather than take contact.
- Schools from deprived areas are still losing a proportion of their pupils, probably those with higher parental support and motivation and hence are even more deprived.
- Thousands of customers and suppliers lost money when the group collapsed into administration last year.
- Speaking from Paris, he said he was relieved at the outcome but still upset at having lost his job.
- Perhaps a third or more of all cropland is losing topsoil faster than new soil is forming, thereby reducing the land's inherent productivity.
- This de-motivates people - as a result they leave the party, they lose enthusiasm, they cease to be active.
- It's been upsetting because we have lost a lot of our local customers, who are our main supporters.
- But you know, the manufacturing jobs disappear, you lose control over your space.
- As a result, customers face losing hundreds of pounds if they no longer wish to travel.
- It only takes one bad experience for you to lose a potential lifetime customer.
- Customers stood to lose a large proportion of their capital because the value of the 30 companies plunged as the stock market nosedived.
- If family support disappears and a patient loses housing or a job or both, what can the clinician do?
- I didn't dare make a move in case she got upset and I lost my free transport.
- Customers risk losing music legally downloaded from the internet if they are not aware of small-print restrictions on which machines you can play the songs.
- Workers had been warned last week that they could lose their jobs after the site lost a major contract.
1.3(through death, disaster)(planes/wife/men) perderhe was lost at sea — pereció en el mar
- they lost 400 troops on the first day — tuvieron 400 bajas el primer día
- The pair were both touched by the work of the specialist ward when they lost children to premature deaths.
- Both my parents lost relatives very dear to them, and the wider circle of relations has suffered some tough times too.
- It is far more tragic for parents to lose a child from a sudden death; it leaves them with many unsaid things and feelings of regret.
- What about the countless German families who lost their sons and husbands during the conflict?
- Charlie survived the war unhurt, although he lost many relatives and close friends.
- In recent years, he has lost a relative and a friend to the disease.
- Her entire ship's company of 30 men were lost.
- Twelve men were lost and the ship abandoned; she later sank while under tow in the South Atlantic.
- Subsequently it became known that a second lifeboat and her crew were lost in the heroic attempt to relieve the same vessel.
- Mary, like the other voluntary members of the group, has a personal interest in the fight against cancer losing relatives and friends to the disease.
- Many of my friends, and my wife, lost grandparents during their twenties too.
- And for my mother, this is a double loss, she has lost her friend, sister and daughter.
- My heartfelt sympathy goes out to all the families who have lost sons and husbands, fathers, brothers.
- While attempting rescue a small boat manned by local men capsized and four men were lost.
- She lost her daughter and husband in an accident and at the time she was pregnant and miscarried.
- Forty additional men were lost either from gunfire or tragic mishap.
- The death of any relative is devastating but to lose three grandchildren in tragic circumstances is more than most of us could bear.
- For the thousands who had lost relatives or friends, it had the effect of a further slap in the face.
- Grief and pride bind the families who lost their sons, fathers, brothers, or husbands to war.
- The ship had 5 officers and 33 men on board when sunk, of whom 2 officers and 24 men were lost.
- Too many of us lose our mothers, sisters, daughters and friends to this disease.
- Many cats belong to elderly, lonely people, their only companion is their furry feline. To them the loss of their beloved friend is akin to losing a close relative.
- A friend of mine recently lost his mother to cancer after she was hospitalized for one year.
- It seems that every week a friend of mine loses a parent.
- And to those who have lost relatives and friends, be assured that you are not forgotten.
- It was so horrible not only losing my father, but losing my closest friend too!
1.4(fail to keep)(speed/customers/popularity) perderI've lost everything I had — lo he perdido todo
- the pot has lost its lid — se ha perdido la tapa de la cacerola
- the novel lost a lot in translation — la novela perdió mucho con la traducción / al ser traducida
- I've lost a lot of my German — se me ha olvidado mucho el alemán que sabía
- to lose sb/sth to sb/sth
- we have lost many clients to our competitors — muchos de nuestros clientes se han pasado a la competencia
- we are losing our best teachers to industry — los mejores profesores se nos están yendo a trabajar a la industria
1.5(rid oneself of)(inhibitions/bitterness) perderto lose weight — adelgazar
- You need to lose that creep before he pressures you into more things you don't want to do.
- Oh, thank God, we get to lose that awful two-tone weave!
- They need to lose that awful voiceover.
1.6(shake off)(pursuer) deshacerse de
- He realised now that he would never lose such a determined pursuer in these corridors.
- He ducks into an alleyway in an attempt to lose his pursuers, but before he can scurry over a low wall, they catch up.
- There were no more trees with which to lose his pursuers, only a stretch of stone, snow dunes, and mountainside.
- He ducked and dodged around the buildings, trying to lose his pursuers but they managed to stay on his tail.
- Once there, the gunman hoped to lose his pursuers in the maze of large buildings.
1.7(lose sight of)perder de vista
- But at Reelsville they lost the Road. He wrote, "Not a track was to be seen on the smooth green turf beneath the tall, shady oak trees."
- Eventually emerging onto St James's Road, we lost the path.
- Heather pushed her way through a dense growth of rhododendrons; she had completely lost the path now.
- So, arriving ahead of time, I lose myself for 10 minutes down a path really called Dunwoman's Lane.
- As for me, well my love for New York runs so deep that I would gladly have lost myself in the city and stayed forever!
- For several days we lost ourselves in the labyrinth of the old centre.
- To add to their difficulties, when they were far advanced among the hills, their guide lost the road, and was never able to regain it.
- I began to turn away, back towards the forest that I was sure to lose myself in, but he called out in urgency.
1.8(confuse)confundiryou've lost me there! — no te sigo
1.9(cause to lose)costarhacer perdertheir hesitation lost them the contract — la falta de decisión les costó / les hizo perder el contrato
- Spending time in an alcohol detox centre lost me my career with the federal government.
- But it's a game that might lose you just as many regular readers as it gets you.
- His plea of insanity lost him his job, and his credibility.
- He fulfilled his duties conscientiously, but his support for the proclamation of the district as a city lost him his seat in 1950.
- 'Being female lost me my job'.
- Off I went into another manic episode, one that lost me my first job as a social worker, due to my instability.
- The opportunity that was lost was the opportunity to challenge the Local Plan.
- But trains would have to reverse on departure from both, so any advantage would be completely lost.
- Both chances have been lost - the first in part, the second it seems conclusively.
- That opportunity has been forever lost, to the relief of those who would now live under its flight path.
- It would be a great shame for this opportunity to be lost, mostly on the grounds of increased traffic.
- If the idea of buying a sugar company scared the growers, losing such an opportunity was worse.
- An opportunity will be lost, and proper democracy will remain just that bit further out of reach.
- He repeated that it was time all worked together to ensure that we did not lose such a real opportunity for the West of Ireland.
- Out in the hallway Tim cursed silently as the gunfire sounded, knowing that their slim advantage had just been lost.
- A great opportunity has been lost which would have rid our game of cynical fouling.
- Outside the project this investment opportunity may well be lost.
- Was I saying that I needed to move faster, or else I would lose all of my chances?
- It is certainly an issue I raised at the time, but time has passed and that opportunity has been lost.
- Some might operate on or near the surface, losing much of their advantage.
- Tying up an opponent is usually good, but it also ties up one of yours which can lose a valuable scoring opportunity.
- Many such opportunities would be lost if the market for generic phonenames did not exist.
- Just when it seemed we were getting the go ahead, it looks like this opportunity might be lost.
- But, if we continue to bury our heads in the sand then these opportunities will be lost.
- For without it, the developing world and the millions in it who live in extreme poverty will lose the best chance they have of improving their lot in life.
- Unfortunately, she was gone in a blink of an eye and the opportunity to speak was lost.
1.11(let pass)(time/opportunity) perderthere is no time/not a minute to lose — no hay tiempo/un minuto que perder
- my watch loses three minutes every day — mi reloj (se) atrasa tres minutos por día
2(fail to win)(game/battle/election) perder
- That said however neither side deserved to lose a game that was played under the most appalling conditions.
- They won all four league games and lost the final to West Indies in the Triangular in Zimbabwe.
- They failed to capitalize and ended up losing the game 6-3, coming home with the bronze medal.
- He lost in the match of the season to the current league champions and then lost a tight game away to an improving Aston Villa side.
- They failed to reach the knock out stages after narrowly losing the group games.
- England have defaulted a match in this tournament, but are yet to lose a game on the field.
- Neither side deserved to lose a game that see-sawed back and forth for the whole hour-plus.
- Both sides, having lost their opening games to Pakistan, are without a point in the tournament.
- Games between these sides have always been close encounters and so this game proved with neither side deserving to lose the game.
- Something had to give in the Premiership game of the day when undefeated Aberdeen took on a Melrose team who have gone four games without losing a match.
- Neither side deserved to lose this game but with just three minutes left on the clock Ballyhar struck for the winner.
- It still is a surprise when the country that invented basketball loses an international game.
- Remember last year Tour lost the same game and went on to a county final success later in the year.
- The bottom line is that Canada hates to lose a hockey game.
- New Jersey took a 21-point lead into the final period of that contest yet lost the game.
- It was a brave decision, but the correct one as neither side deserved to lose this particular game.
- After the election, he fought to keep it in the same spot, failed, and lost the race.
- They had been the champions, now they lost the fifth game of the first round at home.
- It was a pity that either side had to lose this game, as both contributed so much to a wonderful evening's entertainment.
- The Cork side have lost all four games to date, so on all known form this should result in a Naas victory.
1.1(be beaten)(team/contestant/party) perderthey're losing 3-1 — van perdiendo 3 a 1
- to lose to sb — perder frente a algn
1.2losing present participle(party/team) perdedorto be on the losing side — ser de los perdedores
- I've been dealt a losing hand — me han dado una mano que tiene todas las de perder
2.1(suffer losses)perderto lose on a deal — salir perdiendo en un negocio
- The society also operates a compensation scheme so clients will not lose money if funds are not recovered.
- Two of the seven ready meals factories were losing money.
- That means that the government would lose money with the current tax structure.
- This column has always argued that economic freedom and the opportunity to make, spend and lose money is central to a creative society.
- The fund only loses money when the proposed deal is not completed for any reason.
- To the best of my knowledge it still loses money so why spend even more money breaking the company up even further.
- This has resulted in the nation losing a lot money as funds continue being spent on the same projects and in this way progress is retarded.
- In terms of real money, Americans are losing income faster than at any time since the Great Depression.
- For the race promoter, every single event is a gamble between losing money, earning money, or just breaking even.
- Our competitors will raise their prices because they're losing money.
- He dealt with a number of restituted properties, but found he was losing money rather than profiting.
- The airlines have taken away all the frills because they claim to be losing huge sums of money.
- They were told that the paper was losing money and there were no other interested buyers.
- In fact, many of us who export are already losing money, but hoping that the dollar will drop so that our businesses will survive.
- Although the company claims it was not losing money, profit levels were thought to have been negligible.
- Despite a reported rise in advertising revenue, the paper continued to lose money.
- A similar number of posts were cut in 2003 when the company, losing money heavily at the time, announced it was off-shoring some operations to India.
- These investors have been badly hit by the cutback in policy values and have lost substantial sums of money.
- On the ownership side of it, I'm the one who has to control spending, especially if you're losing money.
- None of those networks wanted to show the news because it's expensive, they lose money on it.
2.2(be less effective)perderthe poem loses in translation — el poema pierde con la traducción / al ser traducido
3(clock/watch) atrasar(clock/watch) atrasarse
- They gradually fell out of step, with one clock losing 5 seconds a day in relation to the other.
- On most days, the watch loses about 0.5 seconds.
- It also depends on the constancy of its rate; meaning, that a watch gains or loses the exact same amount of time each day.
- Unfortunately the watch loses 11 seconds a day.
- For example: If your watch loses 5 seconds while being worn during the day, try to find a position in which the watch gains about 5 seconds overnight.
1ensimismarseto lose oneself in sth — ensimismarse en algo
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.