In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(to produce)(cars/paint) hacer(paint/cars) fabricar(dress) hacer(dress) confeccionar formal(meal/coffee/cake/sandwich) hacer(cake/coffee/meal/sandwich) preparar(film) hacer(film) rodar(record) grabar(nest/hole/fire) hacer(will/list) hacerto make a noise — hacer ruido
- to make the beds — hacer las camas
- to make a note of sth — anotar / apuntar algo
- made with the best ingredients — hecho con los mejores ingredientes
- made in Spain/Mexico — hecho / fabricado en España/México
- made in Argentina/Peru — industria / fabricación argentina/peruana
- it's made a stain on the carpet — ha manchado la alfombra
- she's as sharp as they make 'em — es lista / viva como ella sola
- to make sth into sth
- to make sth out of / from / of sth
- I'll make this materiual into a skirt — con esta tela me haré una falda
- she made the dress out of an old sheet — se hizo el vestido con una sábana vieja
- we made another meal from the leftovers — hicimos otra comida con las sobras
- it's made of wood/plastic — es de madera/plástico
- they make them out of plastic now — ahora los hacen de plástico
- the army'll make a man (out) of you — el ejército te hará hombre
- don't make an enemy of her — no te la eches encima como enemiga
- The propeller is made of extruded, glass-filled nylon and is the usual propeller shape.
- I was helping a friend work on a video she was making, a very abstract adaptation of that play.
- Videos were made of their activities and circulated to members.
- The new café has expanded on its old range with more meals made to order and Mediterranean platters.
- I came in a little late for the pork chop dish he was making, but I saw enough to want to give it a try.
- Before talking to the family, make a list of the points you want to discuss.
- The chosen man was instructed to make a will and briefed on how he would die.
- Fleece is made from polyester and is designed to feel soft, warm and elastic.
- She goes off and makes a hot drink, carefully adds ice cubes to stop it being too hot, and brings it upstairs.
- They left the car by the side of the road, and ventured a bit into the forest, where they made a fire.
- She had to pose for photographs and drawings were made from the pictures.
- The joke, of course, is that the toothbrush is made out of even harder plastic than the packaging.
- You should see the size of the chandeliers here, they must have been made specially.
- This film has been made by the guy who gave us The Lawnmower Man and Rush Hour.
- He also plays electronic music and writes and makes his own short films.
- The pommel by and large defines the date of the sword and the site where it was most likely to have been made.
- CJ told me on the phone yesterday that he'd made himself a meal of tikka masala sauce.
- He followed this by sitting down and making a besom - a brush made from birch twigs.
- His famous vacuum cleaner is made from clear plastic, allowing the owner to see all of the working parts.
- The roof is made of high quality fabric, and when tucked away, folds into three layers on top of one another.
- I got back in time to make a big vegetable curry which will last many days.
- We set up our trusty camp-cooker in the empty kitchen and made coffee which we drank outside.
- She made a list of supplies and groceries and stared at the balance in her checkbook.
- The international cooperation needed to make such a film must be unprecedented.
- Fear not, I have a quick and simple meal that you can make that they'll think you bought!
- Congress, under the Constitution, is the body that makes laws and regulations governing the armed forces.
- We take our water and mix it with malted barley or grain to make a drink called whisky.
- A silage heap surrounded by the bales also caught fire and a fire break was made using a mechanical digger.
- Although I've made a will, it didn't even occur to me at the time to leave anything to charity.
- I was exhausted when I got to Neil's, but looking forward to the lovely chicken he'd made for dinner.
- Will they make a CD of those songs from the show?
- Dad used to make a big deal about getting the fireworks, while Chris and I made a bonfire.
- Sam had taught her to make a few basic meals and she had found that she rather enjoyed cooking.
- The film will be made in conjunction with the website Moving South and the Hayward Gallery.
- She turned to make herself a drink, and was surprised to find the coffee jar almost empty.
- Emily came back an hour ago, stating that she was going to make everyone lunch.
- At the moment he is only using what he can make from domestically available materials.
- Some years ago I met up with an estate agent who loved making fires.
- I had to cook something I could make after work, and I had an old electric range with only two rings working.
- These guys can make all these non-veg dishes using soya, mushrooms and beancurd.
- This means having food ready in the freezer to whip out and reheat, or dishes that can be made in advance and kept warm.
- He has made many recordings as a trumpet soloist; this is my first encounter with him as a conductor.
- All the great white wines are made from Chardonnay, all the great reds from Pinot Noir.
- The remaining aircraft will be brought back into service as new hubs are made.
- It is one of the few dishes I make that he eats without asking for extra anchovies.
- To begin to understand how any wine is made we must first look at the composition of the grape.
- The West Indian sauce is made from the exceedingly hot scotch bonnet pepper.
- A lab that annually makes or uses 100g or more of these chemicals must declare them.
- It is reported that the couple want to make a Hollywood film of their story.
- The film is expected to be released by next year and is being made by Titan films.
- Rose left Karrie to making the drinks, and came over to sit on the sofa at the other end to her husband.
- To celebrate their last day youngsters made their own decorated hats to wear for the occasion.
- He was making something out of a piece of scrap wood.
- Just about every tenor has made recordings similar to these, and there's no reason why Domingo shouldn't follow the pack.
- What would be great is if everybody pooled their images and made a new book.
- I find the flesh of the sweet potato makes a lovely smooth gnocchi so I often make this dish for supper.
- Having found this new shorter format so captivating I set about making my own short film.
- He got fruit ready for my lunch and made my breakfast.
- This dark, spicy, autumnal dish can be made two or three days in advance and kept in the fridge.
- His house was made of mud and had been almost wiped out, but his fence was perfect.
- Who is the man who makes a complicated French dish and videotapes it at the same time?
- The body is made of millions of cells, most of them linked together to form tissues.
- The issue of making a Constitution that will stand the test of time is neither here nor there.
2.1(to carry out)(repairs/payment/changes) hacer(payment/repairs/changes) efectuar formal(arrangements/preparations) hacer(visit/journey) hacerto make a mistake — cometer un error
- let's make a deal — hagamos un trato
- we made our escape at nightfall — nos escapamos al anochecer
- make a left (turn) here — dobla / gira a la izquierda aquí
- Several arrests were made after officers found campers carrying weapons.
- A spokesman said the changes had been made after the company had taken on board comments at a public meeting about the original proposals.
- After all, this is a area where subjective judgements are often made behind closed doors.
- It depends on what kind of deliberation we expect out of the candidates over the coming weeks and the decisions they make after they're elected.
- There are two critical mistakes an organization can make after an attack that can compromise a successful forensic investigation.
- Perez declared flatly that he had made a mistake bringing Queiroz to the club in the first place.
- We are trying to get them done as speedily as we can and making every effort to bring them to a quick conclusion.
- Sounds to me like you need to make a good few trips to your local charity shop.
- The announcement was made after a proposal from the mayor at the town council meeting on Tuesday.
- My shoes made a soft crunching sound as they crushed the dry, brown grass beneath them.
- A decision has yet to be made over whether Corbet Close will join the regeneration scheme.
- Paul makes a long boring speech, telling everyone to side with commercial development.
- They are against the Bill and hope to make changes before it reaches its final reading.
- Officers made one arrest and a dog-handling unit was brought in to assist the hunt for others.
- He moved towards me quietly, his eyes fixed on mine, his footsteps making no sound on the tiled floor.
- There is a famous tradition of creative breakthroughs being made after a good night's sleep.
- There is no opening speech from the prosecution and neither side makes closing speeches.
- An unsuccessful attempt had also been made to set fire to the main shop building.
- No decision had yet been made on whether to expand the use of such cameras, he said.
- I also think that the direct service components in particular help us keep perspective in the choices that we make after we're finished in college.
- Business is so good that Yuen and her partner have to make trips twice a week to bring in new stock.
2.2(announcement/remark/joke/promise) hacerto make a speech — pronunciar un discurso
- may I make a suggestion? — ¿puedo sugerir algo?
- He made his remarks in a BBC interview earlier this week.
- Reportedly, he's close to a deal with the Giants, while the Yankees have yet to make an offer.
- How kind of you to take the trouble to write and make such a tempting invite.
- His competitiveness was legendary, and as hard as he was on himself, he made impossible demands on his son.
- One can only imagine the offers and entreaties made to screenwriter Simon Beaufoy.
- If you do wish to make a brief closing comment, this is the point at which you have that opportunity.
- I'm not crazy about the title, but Denning does make some very interesting points.
- If the parties are unable to agree on costs, written submissions may be made to me.
- Such a person can be held for six months, then another six, and another, as long as the request is made.
- There is one point that Mrs Wood makes that I cannot agree with, however.
- Two senators have complained that you made derogatory remarks about them, and they're asking that you tone it down.
- I'm at a point right now that if somebody makes me an offer to sell out, I'm likely to listen.
- The council hopes neighbours will work at reaching a settlement before making a formal complaint.
- But there is one response I do want to make after reading his article several times.
- I was born and bred in Liverpool and I have to say that I agree with the comments made in The Spectator.
- She said he requested the ministry to make such an inquiry in one case last November.
- An official request has been made to the county council chairman for an extraordinary meeting.
- It has been an interesting experience and I have a few observations to make after years of reader feedback.
- When an offer was made, even though the union considered it to be an insult, the union did not put it to a vote.
- In this post, he makes some very interesting and intelligent remarks about underage drinking.
3(to cause sth to be)I'll make you happy/rich/famous — te haré feliz/rica/famosa
- don't make life difficult for yourself — no te compliques la vida
- that made me sad — eso me entristeció / me apenó
- the work made me thirsty/sleepy — el trabajo me dio sed/sueño
- do I make myself clear? — ¿está claro?
- what makes me angry is ... — lo que me da rabia es ...
- make yourselves comfortable — pónganse cómodos
- make yourself at home — estás en tu casa
- they made their decision public — hicieron pública su decisión
- I couldn't make myself heard above the noise — no podía conseguir que me oyeran con el ruido
- winning the gold made her the darling of the nation — el haber ganado la medalla de oro la convirtió en la niña mimada del país
- they've made him supervisor — lo han nombrado supervisor
- he made her his wife — la hizo su esposa
- I made their relationship the subject of my book — hice de su relación el tema de mi libro
- I shall make it my business to find out — yo me ocuparé / me encargaré de averiguarlo
- she made it a rule never to drink more than three glasses of wine — tenía por norma no beber nunca más de tres vasos de vino
- if nine o'clock is too early, make it later — si las nueve es muy temprano, podemos reunirnos (/ encontrarnos etc. ) más tarde
- two large pizzas ... , no, make that three — dos pizzas grandes ... , no, mire, mejor déme tres
- he is a good, make that great, athlete — es un buen, o mejor dicho, un excelente atleta
4.1(to cause to)hacerthe heat made us sweat — el calor nos hacía sudar
- don't make me laugh — no me hagas reír
- whatever made you do it? — ¿qué te llevó a hacer eso?
- now look what you've made me do! — ¡mira lo que me has hecho hacer!
- you've made me forget what I was going to say — me has hecho olvidar lo que iba a decir
- it makes you wonder — te da que pensar ¿verdad?
- it makes me want to scream — me dan ganas de ponerme a gritar
- The strong cast is what makes this sometimes mediocre material work as well as it does.
- The meeting also heard of the problems and costs related to making the village's existing memorials safe.
- One of the steps in making my flat ready for sale is the redecoration of the entire place.
- Drew laughed softly to herself, a laugh that made Devlin wonder if she was laughing at him.
- If this bald truth makes any one of us feel uncomfortable, we can take some solace in knowing we are not the only species to exploit the lie.
- The council is now looking for new sponsors to come on board to join existing ones and help make the show a huge success.
- The steering is light and makes the car very easy to place and manoeuvre around tight spaces.
- The ultimate aim is to spread the message of laughter, by making others laugh and become happy.
- Oil heated past its smoke point usually emits a bluish smoke and makes food taste burnt.
- The blend of old and new features makes this a stylish home with character.
- This is not the kind of speech to make a deeply unpopular leader any more popular.
- Every time I saw his face, it made my loss all the keener.
- All credit to them for improving our Christmas lights and making Keighley very colourful.
- The river was low and clear with good light making everything clearly visible.
- With the first Toy Story film our idea was that toys are made to be played with, that they exist to make children happy.
- The decision makes her eligible for parole after serving only half, rather than two thirds, of her sentence.
- The other physics teacher, Mr. Meyer, actually makes the class interesting.
- It is a means to an end and exists to make life that little bit easier.
- So I grew my hair very long, took up smoking and tried my hardest to make everyone laugh.
- Work has been under way in recent weeks to make Walmgate ready for the changes.
4.2(to compel)obligar ahaceryou can't make me go — no puedes obligarme a ir
- you must make her see a doctor — tienes que hacer que vaya al médico
- she was made to apologize — la obligaron a / la hicieron pedir perdón
- Training didn't make me drink less, but it certainly made the hangovers less painful.
- You guys made me drive all over LA because you spotted someone whom you thought was a celebrity.
- I'm really not proud of what we did to this kid, but peer pressure makes you do weird things.
- The image was too shocking to be used in any publicity designed to make drivers slow down.
- If everyone is made to carry ID cards it will foster the idea that we are all under suspicion.
- He made me drink this glass of chalky, orangey liquid, insisting that it would make me feel better.
- His editorials claim that the men had been made to stay in the open along with their wives and children despite the torrential rain.
- I once travelled in the back of a van and the girl driving made me lie flat on the floor to prevent any passing police seeing me.
- Maybe this unexpected surge in sales might even make him reconsider his position.
- His mother Jacqueline resorted to emotional blackmail to try to make him stop.
- She was not happy about traveling because her mother always made her dress up.
- When a certain group tried to make us give into pressure, they were chased away by the ones in power.
- Unfortunately, we had an awkward situation during the race that made us lose the position.
- They made me drive out to Verdun, took all my money, my car, and left me out on the street.
- We were always being made to wait for appointments on the scanner at Scarborough.
- Even big, subsidised companies have been made to juggle sponsorships and have success.
- He directed me to get out of the car and made me walk a straight line.
- My parents kept goats when I was young, and they tried to make me drink the milk.
- So, tomorrow sees the start of looking at the reading list, and making myself go find books again.
- I haven't seen it before and try to make myself show some interest whilst cooking dinner.
5.1(to be, to constitute)serperfume makes the ideal gift — el perfume es el regalo ideal
- it would make a nice change — sería un cambio agradable
- you'd make a useless nurse — no servirías para enfermera
- you'll make sb a good husband/wife! — serás un buen marido/una buena esposa para algn
- he made a rather unlikely Falstaff — su Falstaff era poco convincente
- they make a nice couple — hacen buena pareja
- the documentary makes fascinating viewing — es un documental fascinante de ver
- This rice dish is a meal in itself and makes a lovely summer lunch dish, served warm or at room temperature.
- Baker makes an effective human hero and Adams an interesting ally.
- This makes a great dinner-party dish as it can be prepared a day ahead.
- The Alsatian makes a fine herding animal and is a certain winner in obedience trials.
- As a former forward I've my own ideas about what makes a great forward.
- We didn't realise at the time that a car seat also makes a very fine rocking chair.
- This image of A Cold Christmas Day would make a really fine Xmas card.
- If a man wipes his feet on the door mat before coming into the room, you may be sure he will make a good domestic husband.
- If there were more money in it, he would clearly have made an astute, if waspish critic.
- The apple puff pancake makes a delightful brunch dish - or a unique supper dessert.
- Now, at 10 months, she would make a fine family pet and could be quite happily kept in a garage.
- He's not just my long-term life partner; he makes a fine hot water bottle too.
- With her long features and battered trilby, she also makes a plausibly boyish Ganymede.
- He would have made a great prime minister, if only the media would have gone easier on him.
- I wish it were as light and soft as it looks; then it would make a really interesting new kind of mattress.
- In fact, as the months go by I have begun to see that Hilary would make a far finer wife than the errant Stella.
5.2(to equal, to amount to)serfive plus five makes ten — cinco y cinco son diez
- sixteen ounces make one pound — dieciséis onzas son una libra
- that makes ten of us, including you — con eso somos diez, contándote a ti
- that makes two of us — ya somos dos
- Rachael and Stephanie make a mean sisterly duo on the hill rally circuit.
- Roughly eight million bits make a megabyte.
- It usually takes at least two or three people to order enough dishes to make a good Chinese meal.
- The history of this fish and its value to Ireland makes an interesting and readable record.
- The results of the survey will make depressing reading for the company's beleaguered shareholders.
- We made a pretty good team.
- Tell them that one and one make two, and they'll insist it makes three.
- The idea of Satan and God waging a bet makes a pretty interesting story.
- This makes the third time I have started this letter and always something comes up to interfere with its writing.
- This is true, interesting and important, but doesn't make much of a blog posting.
- The diary makes a very interesting read, and the author has an admirable sense of humour.
6.1(to gain, to earn)they made millions/a lot of money — hicieron millones/mucho dinero
- they made a loss/profit — perdieron/ganaron dinero
- they made a profit of $20,000 — ganaron / sacaron 20.000 dólares
- how much did you make on the deal? — ¿cuánto sacaste / ganaste con el trato?
- top salespeople make up to £900 a week — los mejores vendedores sacan / ganan hasta 900 libras por semana
- the owner of this bar must be making a fortune — el dueño de este bar se debe estar forrando
6.2(to acquire)(friends) hacerI made a few acquaintances there — trabé conocimiento con algunas personas allí formal
- to make a name for oneself — hacerse un nombre
- to make a name for oneself as sth — hacerse fama de ser algo
- Edwards has made a fortune as a lawyer.
- New growth companies make their money by bringing a fresh approach to the business world.
- He makes millions of dollars a year!
- Put at its most simple, private companies exist to make profit for their share holders.
- If those companies believed there were profits to be made, they were right.
- The only person who will gain will be some landlord who will make money from his rent.
- Being an artist is a way to get my songs out there, but labels are looking to make money and a profit.
- There is a community which makes a pretty good living out of ironing clothes alone.
- Descended from a long line of watchmakers, he makes a living designing timepieces.
- There's a lot of profit to be made if the volumes of the sale are particularly huge.
- Any money they make after they've paid back the loan can either be put back into the business or kept.
- I don't intend to live at my daughter's flat or benefit from any profit she may make when selling it.
- Until a couple of years ago it was making a million pounds profit a day and enjoyed high customer satisfaction ratings.
- He was duped into thinking he would make a huge profit by buying jewels being brought into Britain.
- They will make money and bring us lots of other benefits too, the promoters promise.
- If they do make a surplus that money goes back into the school to provide bursaries or development projects.
- For the rest of his life he struggled to find time and energy to compose while making a living as a teacher and performer.
- He claimed that he made little or no money from the deals and passed most of the cash to the detective.
- When things got really bad I would buy a wreck, do it up and make a bigger profit.
- Their popularity showed that there was money to be made by appealing to the baser instincts of young men.
6.3(in cards)(contract) cumplirto make a trick — ganar una baza
- On the other hand, if a declarer makes no tricks, it is a match against her.
- If a defender made one or more tricks, he subtracts one point for each trick.
- A contract to make 12 tricks is known as a small slam.
- You win less or lose more than you would by playing solo 8 and making the same number of tricks.
- As an added complication, no sequence can be counted until its holder has actually made a trick.
6.4(in US football)(yardage) adelantar
7(to calculate)what do you make the total? — ¿(a ti) cuánto te da?
- I make it 253 — (a mí) me da 253
- what time do you make it, what do you make the time? — ¿qué hora tienes?
8.1(to understand, to make out)to make sth of sth
- I could make nothing of the message — no saqué nada en limpio del mensaje
- make of that what you will — tú saca tus propias conclusiones
- I make it - what? A hundred fifty yards to the bend?
- What time do you make it?
- We are currently at 13,000, excuse me, make that 14,200 feet above sea level, looking out over a sea of clouds.
8.2(to think)to make sth of sb/sth
- what did you make of him? — ¿qué te pareció?
- I don't know what to make of it — no sé qué pensar
9(to make a fuss of)they like to make a lot of their grandchildren — les gusta mimar mucho a sus nietos
- I think you're making too much of what she said — creo que le estás dándo demasiada importancia a lo que dijo
- do you want to make something of it? — ¿estás buscando pelea?
10.1(to manage to attend, reach)I'm afraid I can't make Saturday — me temo que el sábado no puedo
- I couldn't make it to the party — no pude ir a la fiesta
- we just made the 3 o'clock train — llegamos justo a tiempo para el tren de las tres
- the deadline's on Friday and we're not going to make it — el plazo vence el viernes y no vamos a poder terminar
- we should make London by two o'clock — deberíamos estar en Londres antes de las dos
- I just made it home before it started to rain — llegué a casa justo antes de que empezara a llover
- she won't make her 60th birthday at this rate — como siga así / si sigue así, no va a llegar a los 60 / a cumplir 60
- the story made the front page — la noticia salió en primera plana
- he never made more than assistant manager — nunca pasó de subgerente
- to make it
- she made it fairly late in her career — alcanzó el éxito bastante tarde en su carrera
- they made it through to the finals — llegaron a la final
- you're good enough to make it to the top — tú eres capaz de llegar a donde te propongas
- Due to some fab driving and running three red lights we made it with two minutes to spare.
- She only makes it to the terminal thanks to two blokes in a red pickup truck who give her a lift.
- He wasn't in so much of a hurry to leave and managed to kiss and hug us all before being shunted off to make his plane.
- Sorry to mess you around, but I am not in the office again today so will not be able to make the meeting.
- I will have to travel a distance to make it there and do not want to find it closed upon arrival.
- If I can get to Hammersmith by twenty to one in the morning I can make the very last train into Richmond.
- It's too bad that I can't make her party tomorrow night.
- Seems he and Abi had a gig and it was such short notice that his band couldn't make it.
- The only way we could make it on time was to start driving on Thanksgiving Day and keep going way into the night.
- What will be done to improve them and when can we expect to start making it to our classes on time?
- Only thing is, we now have to get back to Wimbledon to pick up the car to make a 1pm lunch date in Folkestone!
10.2slang (to have sex with)acostarse contirarse vulgar slangcoger Mexico River Plate vulgar slangto make it with sb — echarse un polvo con algn slang
- He drove a Ferrari, he had long hair, and rumour had it he had even made it with a girl!
- Is it possible that this is just a guy on the make, doing everything he can, just to make it with a woman?
- He never tried to make her, never laid a hand on her.
11(to assure the success of)this is the movie that made him — esta es la película que lo consagró
- her performance really made the play — en realidad fue su actuación la que hizo de la obra un éxito
- the hat really makes the whole outfit — el conjunto no sería lo que es sin el sombrero
- if you go to Harvard, you're made for life — si vas a Harvard, tienes el futuro asegurado
- to make or break sth/sb — ser el éxito o la ruina de algo/algn
- it's make or break now for the German athlete — este es el momento de la verdad para el atleta alemán
12to make believe
- the children made believe the table was a ship — los niños jugaban a que / se imaginaban que la mesa era un barco
- you can't just make believe it never happened — no puedes pretender que no sucedió
- to make do (with sth), to make sth do — arreglárselas con algo
- we'll have to make do with what we have/to make that do — tendremos que arreglárnoslas con lo que tenemos/con eso
1(to make a preliminary move)to make as if / as though to + inf — hacer ademán de + inf
- she made as if to get up — hizo como si se fuera a levantar
- he made as if / as though to hit me — hizo ademán de pegarme
2USdated, slang(to pretend)make like you're real dumb — hazte el idiota
3(to move, to proceed)dirigirsethey made toward the door — se dirigieron hacia la puerta
1(brand)marca femininewhat make is it? — ¿de qué marca es?
2to be on the make — estar de pinche Chile informal
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
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As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.