In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(represent, signify)(symbol/word) significar(word/symbol) querer decirwhat does this word mean? — ¿qué significa / qué quiere decir esta palabra?
- this sign means stop — esta señal quiere decir / significa que debes parar
- dark clouds mean rain — los nubarrones son señal de lluvia
- that means trouble — eso quiere decir que va a haber problemas
- in a competitive market, price means everything — en un mercado competitivo, el precio lo es todo
- that doesn't mean (that) he doesn't love you — eso no quiere decir que no te quiera
- to mean sth to sb
- does the number 0296 mean anything to you? — ¿el número 0296 te dice algo?
- fame means nothing/a lot to her — la fama la tiene sin cuidado/es muy importante para ella
- my children mean the world to me — mis hijos lo son todo / son muy importantes para mí
2.1(refer to, intend to say)(person) querer decirwhat do you mean? — ¿qué quieres decir?
- do you mean (to say) that … ? — ¿quieres decir que … ?
- I'm in a difficult situation, if you know what I mean — mi situación es difícil ¿me entiendes / comprendes?
- I know exactly what you mean — te entiendo perfectamente
- that's not what I meant — no es eso lo que quise decir
- he's Swedish, I mean, Swiss — es sueco, (qué) digo, suizo
- I know who you mean — ya sé de quién hablas / a quién te refieres
- I don't know which one he meant — no sé a cuál se refería
- what do you mean you can't go? — ¿cómo que no puedes ir?
- what's that supposed to mean? — ¿a qué viene eso?
- I mean, what a nerve! — ¡pero qué descaro!
- ‘I'm glad to hear it,’ he replied, and the genuine smile he gave me let me know he meant it.
- Riley wasn't just saying the words, he meant them too.
- Mike had the feeling that, deep down inside, she genuinely meant it.
- He knew these sounded empty, these words, but he meant them.
- ‘Thank you,’ she said, and the genuine look in her eyes told me that she really meant it.
2.2(be serious about)decir en serioI mean what I say! — ¡va / lo digo en serio!
- don't worry, he didn't mean it — no te preocupes, no lo dijo en serio
3(equal, entail)significarthis means I can't take the day off — esto significa que no me puedo tomar el día libre
- being 40 doesn't mean I can't wear fashionable clothes any more — (el) que tenga 40 años no quiere decir que ya no me pueda vestir a la moda
- to mean -ing
- if we can't find it here, it means going into town — si no lo encontramos aquí, vamos a tener que ir al centro
- that would mean repainting the kitchen — eso supondría / implicaría que habría que volver a pintar la cocina
4.1(intend)he didn't mean (you) any harm — no quiso hacerte daño
- to mean to + inf
- to mean sb/sth to + inf
- I mean to succeed — mi intención es triunfar
- do you really mean to leave so early? — ¿realmente piensas salir tan temprano?
- I'm sorry, I didn't mean to do that — perdón, lo hice sin querer
- I didn't mean to make you cry — no fue mi intención hacerte llorar
- I meant to do it but I forgot — tenía toda la intención de hacerlo pero me olvidé
- I've been meaning to talk to you — hace tiempo que quiero hablar contigo
- I don't mean to pry, but … — no quiero pecar de entrometido pero …
- she meant me to tell you — quería que yo te lo dijera
- we didn't mean it to end this way — no fue nuestra intención que terminara así
- I meant it to be a surprise — yo quería que fuera una sorpresa
- I meant it as a compliment — lo dije como un cumplido / halago
- what did you mean (by) hitting your brother like that? — ¿qué pretendías pegándole así a tu hermano?
- the bullet was meant for me — la bala iba dirigida a mí
- these spoons aren't meant for soup — estas cucharas no son para sopa
- we were meant for each other — estamos hechos el uno para el otro
4.2(supposed, intended)to be meant to + inf
- our love was not meant to be — estaba escrito que nuestro amor era imposible
- you weren't meant to get the job — el trabajo no era para ti
- you weren't meant to hear that — no pensaron (/ pensé etc. ) que tú estarías escuchando
- I was never meant to be a teacher — yo no estoy hecho para enseñar
- the money was meant to last — se suponía que el dinero iba a durar
- I was meant to be there at 6 o'clock — (se suponía que) tenía que estar allí a las seis
1(miserly)(portion) mezquino(portion) miserable(person) tacaño(person) mezquino(person) agarrado informal(person) amarrete South America informal
2.1(unkind, nasty)malolend it to him, don't be so mean — préstaselo, no seas malo
- it was really mean of you — fue una maldad (de tu parte)
- you were really mean to me — me trataste muy mal
- I was in a mean temper — estaba de un humor de perros
- It isn't any excuse for him to be mean to his daughter.
- She is mean to Pip for most of his life, although at the novel's end they meet again, and she seems to be a softened, changed woman.
- They also don't like pets and are mean to small children.
- She didn't know why, but for some reason she couldn't be spiteful or mean to this man anymore.
- It made Jason sick to know that people were mean to her.
- But you still shouldn't be so mean to them if they don't get something.
- I hated him from then on because he was always mean to me.
- I didn't want to be mean to Jes, but Morgan had taken over.
- That was probably why he had been so horribly mean to Conner in his room earlier.
- I hope the other children aren't being mean to her.
- You know, people are usually mean to you for a reason.
- Jonah may always be mean to you, but that's still attention.
- He looked like a nice guy, and he hadn't been mean to them.
- The author made you hate the evil sisters who were mean to Ella.
- It was mean to laugh at her when she went but I didn't care.
- One wonders if, deep down, she couldn't stand being mean to her husband!
- She didn't mean to be mean and cruel but things slip once in while, things she can't control.
- I felt a little bad about being so mean to him but he deserved it.
- He gave me a disappointed look and I felt guilty remembering all of the times I was mean to Corbin without an excuse.
- None of this would have happened if he hadn't been mean to her sister.
2.2(US) (slang) (excellent)genialfantásticohe makes a mean guacamole — hace un guacamole genial / fantástico
- We opt for number two, and discover the dipso cooks a mean cheese omelette.
- She was known to make a mean grilled cheese and would do so.
- Day has an incredibly luminous screen presence, and in every scene they share, she matches Cagney's swagger with a mean strut of her own.
- I see someone funny and sweet who cooks a mean steak and does a lousy John Wayne impression.
- They do a mean curry in this place, but I opt for a hot sandwich instead.
3literary(inferior, humble)humildethat's no mean feat/achievement — no es moco de pavo
- she's no mean swimmer — es una nadadora de primera
1USinformal, dialectthey treated us real mean — nos trataron muy mal
- he acts so mean — es tan malo
1media femininepromedio masculinearithmetic/geometric mean — media aritmética/geométrica
1mediothe mean annual rainfall — la precipitación pluvial media anual
- They were horrible - greedy and interfering, and mean and small-minded.
- And if you keep being so mean with the price, people might be so angry about it, and they might even burn things down.
- Our favored aggregate is the R2 weighted aggregation, but we also report the simple mean of the forecasts and the median.
- Profits per employee is the deviation from industry mean of the ratio of a firm's operation profits to total employees.
- Note that the displayed means are weighted means of the non-log version of the variable.
- The tests were all performed ten times and the mean of the measurements was taken as the result for the test.
- The price may rise and fall, but the average mean is what the cost will turn out to be.
- Consider the jellybean example: if there is a large glass sphere hidden among the jellybeans, then you will get a normal distribution of guesses centred on the wrong mean.
- These changes are evaluated at the mean of the explanatory variables.
- The cancer patients had used their phone for a mean of 2.8 years while the control group averaged 2.7 years.
- Provided that the conditional mean was correctly specified, the model was consistent.
- The means and coefficients of variation of output and input variables are reported in Table 1.
- The survey results for the means of each listed variable are reported in Table 3, Column 1.
- Centering consists of subtracting the sample mean from each independent variable.
- The mean and the mean of the sum of squares are combined into one loop through the entire data set.
- Such conditions produce overdispersion, wherein the variance exceeds the mean.
- There are two ways to calculate WTP from the estimated logistic function: its mean and its median.
- The means associated with both dependent variables in all experimental conditions are presented in Figure 2.
- A mean of 2.63 was reported for the number of courses completed.
- The median is a more conservative estimate of WTP than the mean, since it gives less weight to extreme observations on the high side.
- What did you mean when you said her emotion seemed more genuine in the last chapter?
- I'm not sure what Beckett meant by referring to our ‘showing off’, but let me now do so!
- The word is Japanese, meaning tray planting, but the practice originated in China.
- I pressed the search button to see what the words meant and what language they were.
- This word means fiery ones, in allusion, as is supposed, to their burning love.
- She seemed to sigh heavily, and, from all my experience, I knew that heavy sighs meant that you had something bad to say.
- This could mean heaven, but most likely it represents a church.
- ‘You're absolutely right ’, Devlin interrupted, genuinely getting what she meant.
- Lenin named his small movement the Bolsheviks, a word meaning majority.
- Matt never quite understood what he had meant by those words.
- The word also means a narrowing of the eyes so that you can get a clearer view, and an affliction where the eyes are not in line.
- The name comes from the Greek word lithos which means stone.
- Cadet, a 17th Century French word meaning a young trainee in the armed forces or the police force, is commonly used in India.
- Ziana began to understand what her grandfather had meant by those words.
- And I understand perfectly what you mean about the characters being revolting.
- Tash looked after her, wondering what she could have meant by her words.
- It was a slow kiss, intended to mean a promise of a future together.
- The boy waved his hand in the air, indicating that he meant the alleyway, in which they stood.
- ‘Hey freak,’ Jesse greeted, his tone implying that he had meant it strictly as an insult.
- They took his remark as a joke although he had meant it as a spurn to their stupidity.
- The word patriotism comes from a Greek word meaning fatherland.
- ‘I did know what you meant this afternoon,’ referring to our earlier conversation.
- Confused, he suggests she means his brother, who has just married Lucy Steele.
- The word myco, is derived from the Greek word which means fungus.
- The word once meant the description of a work of visual art within a poem, but has come to mean poetic description more generally.
- Oh yes, she meant the children she supposedly tutored in the day.
- Frass is an arcane English word meaning the excrement or droppings of insects.
- ‘The last two words mean the same thing,’ I interrupted aggravatingly.
- He means that death repeals the whole implied adventure of being missing, and a certain tantalising ambiguity enters the picture.
- Andrew didn't really know what the results meant because he didn't know what the normal values for the tests would be.
- The use of the original Greek word to mean an instrument of music did not occur until the 5th century ad.
- The word icon comes from the Greek word eikon, which means image.
- The word magazine derives from an Arabic word meaning a storehouse, a place where goods are laid up.
- In short, they are ‘blogs,’ an invented word meaning Web diarist.
- The men had meant her clothing when they referred her to a boy.
- The word error once meant a wandering or roving course.
- Obviously the word meant something different to him than it did to her.
- Parcours is a French word meaning the route, the trip or the journey.
- The question is whether that means it intends to triple its workforce.
- Either way, being a performer meant being involved in the compositional process.
- A day out in Edinburgh does usually mean walking around the city, but suppose we just stayed in-doors.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.