In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(untidiness, disorder)desorden masculinerevoltijo masculinewhat a mess! — ¡qué desorden!
- tidy up this mess! — ¡arregla este desorden!
- the bedroom was (in) a mess — el dormitorio estaba todo desordenado
- my hair is a mess — tengo el pelo hecho un desastre
- the pair of them look a mess — los dos van muy desarreglados / desastrados
- her toys were in a mess all over the floor — tenía todos los juguetes desparramados por el suelo
- he's a good cook, but he makes such a mess in/of the kitchen — cocina bien, pero deja la cocina hecha un desastre / un asco
- you can play here, but don't make any mess — puedes jugar aquí, pero no desordenes nada
- On the other hand, if you are the sort who makes a major mess of the kitchen whenever you cook anything or even when you make a cup of tea, then skip the breakfast in bed part.
- Go to Paddy's shed to avoid making a mess of the kitchen.
- A man is sitting in an armchair, papers in an untidy mess strewn all around and a lap-top sits on a coffee table in front of him, blinking in anticipation of future commands.
- The room was a mess; it was like a robber had been in the place.
- I don't want to talk to anyone, see anyone, do anything, My hair is a mess.
- It looked a mess, buildings trashed and fires burning all that the townspeople held dear.
- Each time you host a party at home, it's a total mess in the kitchen due to last minute preparations.
- Like mess in a kitchen in a shared house - they just appeared, and I don't know where they came from.
- It's probably because just the other day whilst struggling through the mess of the kitchen cupboard I found the bonnet he gave me.
- His room was a complete mess, and it didn't surprise her, but it was still gross all the same.
- Residents in Jaywick claim parts of their village are a mess as recycling bags have not been collected for weeks.
- The kitchen is a mess and I walked in, took one look around and walked out.
- He began to clean his hair, which was a mess of dirty tangles.
- Clothes were ripped and torn, and hair was a mess - just like life.
- Soon, her almost naked body was a mess of food grease and sauces.
- The room was in a mess, and there was already a thin layer of dust on the floor as if no one had cleaned it for several days.
- We don't make a mess in the kitchen and we're mostly out of the library anyway.
- We stocked up on cornflour, hoping it was the same thing, then proceeded to make one hell of a mess all over my kitchen
- The art of being a successful lazy blighter is to be organised, so the mess which is my reel collection box is only a mess to other people.
- Great Victoria Street is a mess, but the cluster of buildings around the Europa Hotel is a large chunk of the city centre.
1.2(dirt, soiling)to make a mess (of sth) — ensuciar algo
- you've made a mess of your new shirt — te has ensuciado la camisa nueva
1.3British euphemistic informal (excrement)caca feminine informaldog's/cat's mess — caca de perro/gato feminine informal
- Although there are some truly enjoyable moments, The Last Kiss is generally a mess of stories and lacks the heart that makes a romantic movie so memorable.
- According to a couple who spoke to Coun Kaye about dog mess, he told them as he left: ‘You can't educate the working class.’
- Cricklade Town Council issued a warning to dog owners after receiving numerous complaints that pavements and grass verges were littered with dog mess.
- At one point, he must have weighed close to two hundred pounds-eyes milky semi-fluid, coat a mess of folds and fatty tumors.
- I wish I had a mess of cherries off of our largest tree.
- A mess of us will convene in San Diego for this year's Comic-Con International.
- His catalogue of crimes is appalling: assaults on other children, dog mess through letterboxes, vandalism.
- A new poster campaign, warning that leaving litter and dog mess on the street is an offence, has also gone on display at key poster sites and on the city's Supertram.
- The town council asked for the dog warden to spend more time in the town after it received numerous complaints from residents that dog mess was spoiling the environment.
- She highlighted two hazards that could easily be removed without the help of any local authorities or without spending any money: dog mess left in the streets and cars parked on the pavements.
- ‘My children walk to school down that lane and there's nothing worse than standing in dog mess,’ he added.
- Police say he is responsible for pushing dog mess through letterboxes, smashing windows, damaging cars, pelting people with eggs and assaulting other youngsters.
- Frustrated Kirkby Stephen town councillors have again appealed to the public to help curb the growing problem of littering and dog mess in the area.
- Since attention has been drawn to dog fouling there has been no dog mess in the verge.
- The eggs in dog mess are not infectious for at least two weeks and there is no risk for the owners who clear up straight away.
- Bosses at the council are warning that a number of blitzes have already been carried out around the borough, and owners caught not clearing up their dog mess will be prosecuted.
- If I was to be caught not cleaning up after my dogs, I would be obliged to pay a fine, yet the bins provided for disposing of dog mess are constantly overflowing causing a disgusting stench.
- One said that the problem of dog mess had been overshadowed by abandoned condoms, empty alcohol containers and remnants of glue sniffing, which had been left of the recreation field.
- One parent was particularly upset after her four-year-old daughter stepped in dog mess on the way to school and then rode her bike over some the next day.
- He writes regularly to the council on environmental issues and has now turned lobbyist on the issue that most annoys him - dog mess along Rochdale Canal.
- Like me, most bereaved people would regard a shrine in a roadside verge, often festooned with litter and dog mess and shrouded in vehicle fumes, as anything but a fitting memorial.
- I've eaten at Kam Han several times recently, both at lunch and dinner, as well as having ordered a mess of takeout, and the food has generally been very good.
- So far she has collected bin bags full of rubbish, including engine oil and rat poison containers, bags of used disposable nappies and dog mess.
- A quarter of this is spent on cleaning up dog mess.
- The remaining hounds were staging a ‘static protest’ with their owners, to avoid a mountain of dog mess being produced on the promenade.
2(confused, troubled state)she's in such a mess, she has huge debts — está metida en un verdadero lío, tiene deudas enormes
- their marriage was (in) a mess — su matrimonio andaba muy mal
- the country is (in) a complete mess — la situación del país es caótica
- my life's a mess — mi vida es un desastre
- to get into a mess — meterse en un lío
- to get sb out of a mess — sacar a algn de un lío / de un apuro
- to make a mess of sth/ -ing
- you made a real mess of this job — hiciste muy mal este trabajo
- she made a real mess of her life — se arruinó la vida
- he made a mess of fixing the car — arregló muy mal el coche
3Militaryofficers' mess — casino de oficiales masculine Southern Cone
4USinformal(large quantity)montón masculinea whole mess of friends — un montón / la tira de amigos informal
1informal(waste time)tontearoff to bed now, kids, and no messing! — a la cama, chicos ¡y sin tontear! / ¡y nada de tonterías!
- she told him straight out and no messing — se lo dijo directamente
2Britisheuphemistic, informal(excrete)the dog messed on the carpet — el perro ensució la alfombra euphemistic
3Militarycomer el rancho
1euphemisticto mess one's pants — hacerse encima euphemistic informal
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.