- Both inflammatory and antiinflammatory responses were attenuated, whereas the innate cell function of granulocytes and monocytes was preserved.
- In response to infectious pathogens or their by-products, monocytes and macrophages generate and release proinflammatory cytokines.
- In some animal studies, it stimulates natural killer cells and monocytes, which the immune system uses to fight off viruses.
- Microglia, brain cells equivalent to the monocytes of the immune system, surrounded the plaques that were not yet cleared.
- In vivo studies have demonstrated that glutamine is essential for optimal immune cell functioning for monocytes, lymphocytes and neutrophils.