In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(in position)cercanopróximoseveral of the nearer constellations — varias de las constelaciones más cercanas / próximas
- the nearest store — la tienda más cercana
- these binoculars make everything look very near — con estos prismáticos parece que todo está muy cerca
- In the very near distance, someone sings, people cheer and utensils unremittingly hit glasses.
- When you are out in a boat you will invariably be able to chose features on the bank that you can line up with others in the near or middle distance.
- Rudy grabbed him on the shoulder and propelled him towards the nearest fence post.
- The visitor swore the children weren't near enough to the item to have moved it.
- When he'd killed, he either wasn't near enough or never saw his opponent's eyes.
- IBM officials claimed this number was around four times that of its nearest rival.
- The ball bobbled viciously as it approached the near post, but Miller adroitly launched himself into its path.
- The lads done very well to win by four points against their near neighbours.
- For a while, it was so quiet that everyone in the near vicinity could hear the faint wind in the distance.
- Once over the top the survivors had a clear view of the building in the near distance.
- Nothing can be nearer to the truth - or farther from it.
- You can't lose 12 points to your nearest challengers and expect to survive.
- Our near neighbours came out to offer support and help while those further away came to check what was going on.
- They proceed to meet each other and engage at a distance of two feet in the near position.
- In battle, bows were good at a distance, and swords were excellent at a near range.
- A bar, and a liquor store were the auto shop's nearest neighbors.
- Wales may be a near neighbour but it has traits and trends that set it well apart from Ireland and neighbouring England.
- From his map, he knows there is an oasis somewhere in the near distance.
- Although Earth's nearest neighbour, it could not be a more different world.
- Just to the right of the tall tree, in the near distance, there is a field of sheep.
- Heskey got there first to send a header spinning inside the near post.
- We had a swimming pool while our nearest rivals were still jumping in puddles.
- Gardens and trees could be seen along the railway and highway, in contrast to the vast desert in the near distance.
- The nearest neighbours are some distance away, the emergency services yet further removed.
- The rest of it is only a few doors down our street, as he is a near neighbour of ours.
- The contract for the upkeep of the scheme has been awarded in recent weeks and it is hoped that work will commence in the near future.
- I know my son and I know there will be many questions from him in the near future.
- That pressure on Canadians to pay for long-term care is likely to get worse rather than better in the near future.
- The Professor threatens to post again on this topic in the near future.
- Added to this, a further four primary schools and five secondary schools are expected to open in the near future.
- And turn off your computer, or disconnect its network cable, if you are not planning to go online in the near future.
- At a meeting of this committee recently, some proposals were made and are expected to be carried out in the near future.
- A major clean up of Coulter cemetery will take place in the near future.
- He said it was unlikely the decision would be reversed in the near future but could take place in the event of agreement on the talks.
- We look forward to having them back playing again in the near future.
- There is little hope of all these things happening in the near future.
- So I guess I'll not be moving any time in the near future after all.
- However, he insisted the EGM would be going ahead in the near future.
- The arrival would coincide with the near completion of the village's new Catholic Church.
- In the long term, in the near mid-term, I believe that we are going to have a decrease.
- Her energy and enthusiasm for singing tells me that we can expect good things coming from this Sister in the near future.
- He said he will raise the issue with the premier in the near future.
- We are going ahead with that and there will be reserves in the near future.
- Rudin says that a meeting with the judge who controls space allocation in Old City Hall is expected in the near future.
- Band launching parties are becoming popular, and a viable Mash industry is not unlikely in the near future.
1.3(in approximation)parecidothe two shades were very near — los dos tonos eran muy parecidos
- that's the nearest thing to an apology you can expect from him — eso es lo más parecido a una disculpa que se puede esperar de él
- In today's physical fitness conscious world, yoga is popular enough to assume a near cult status.
- It is a near miracle that the films are as good as they are, rivaling the books for sheer absorptive magic.
- It's always a cheap, black pair of shoes, they always last for about two years, they're always replaced by a near replica.
- One is tough enough to overcome, but both is a near impossibility.
- At the time, no other lender charged anything near that much for closing a mortgage account.
- We'll tell you about a near hit that could have been deadly when we come back.
- A bullock cart, the cause of the near disaster, materialized from the flurry.
- For Roger Barker it was a near miss he said he would never forget.
- The town grieved endlessly, and could scarcely accept the near absence of children.
- It was reported that the hospitals refused to treat the injured until deposits were paid, causing a near riot.
- The near failure of the monsoon has affected agricultural operations in 11 States.
- Despite my near despair, I was in my usual seat yesterday afternoon.
- A near record start of 21 yachts started on a lovely sunny afternoon for Monday's race with a good southerly wind.
- A family connection is a near guarantee of winning public office - though not always and not to a top post.
- This is an experimental work devoted to linking words through sound, to the near exclusion of semantics.
- As the train came to a near stand still, passengers say they heard loud bangs coming from underneath the train.
- Durrant leaned in close to his newest acquaintance and spoke in a near whisper.
- The county council says the lollipop lady had two near misses in 48 hours.
- The near defeat of the ruling party in the subsequent general election simply intensified their alarm.
- It took as its theme the near destruction by German bombers of the small Basque town of Guernica.
1.4(closely related)(relative) cercano
- In particular it provides for the election of our near cousins - the local body politicians.
- Many a times, even the near relatives do not reveal the information about the boy's family.
- So what if the near and dear ones are not able to attend the marriage?
- Other fossil animals may be assignable to the Vetulicolia or their near relatives.
- A near relative is the larger and better-known Chinese water chestnut.
- He went a few nights after with his sister to the assembly of a near relation.
2BritishMotor Vehicles Ridingizquierdothe near front wheel — la rueda delantera izquierda
3(virtual)there was near panic when the alarms sounded — casi se produjo el pánico cuando sonaron las alarmas
- in a state of near exhaustion — prácticamente en estado de agotamiento
1.1(in position)cercaI go home for lunch as I live quite near — voy a almorzar a casa porque vivo muy cerca
- I've got a cold, so don't come any nearer — estoy resfriado, así que no te (me) acerques
- don't go any nearer to the edge — no te acerques más al borde
- from near and far — de todas partes
- He scares away anyone who comes near and then feels sorry for himself when he realizes he is alone.
- When I see Tom Langston again the nurse had better be near or else he might just bleed to death.
- This mystery of the incarnation involves drawing near, reducing the distance.
- Cars from near and far converged in the night to watch the mountains glow red.
- Our conductor routinely announced the names of towns as we got near and also did a reminder of how many minutes we were to spend.
- How could she live without falling into despair with love so near and yet unattainable?
- After he moved in he didn't know if he would be able to sleep with her so near and not hold her in his arms.
- Also, periodically focus on an object that is near and then focus on one that is farther away.
1.2(in time)your birthday's getting near now — se acerca tu cumpleaños
- we're getting near to Christmas — ya falta poco para Navidad
- we'll have another rehearsal nearer to the actual day — haremos otro ensayo cuando estemos más cerca de la fecha
1.3(in approximation)it's not exactly the same, but it comes pretty near — no es exactamente igual pero le anda cerca informal
- her work is very near to perfect — su trabajo es casi perfecto
- the total will be nearer to $1,000 than $500 — el total va a estar más cerca de 1.000 que de 500 dólares
- this is the nearest to what you want — esto es lo más parecido a lo que tú quieres
1.4(on the verge of)near to sth/-ing
- she was near to tears — estaba al borde de las lágrimas / a punto de echarse a llorar
- management and unions are near to an agreement — la empresa y los sindicatos están a punto de llegar a un acuerdo
- I came very near to hitting him — por poco le pego
- I near shrieked as he fell to the floor, a perfect, coin shaped hole, dotted between his eyebrows.
- I near laughed as a dozen officers were suddenly in front of the team offering coffee, asking of the flight.
- I damn near laughed at the pathetic expression on his face as he holds up his decapitated hand!
- That smirk that he does damn near every class period had return, I smile cheesily back to him.
- We damn near won against the most corrupt and well-oiled slime machine in history.
- And in the thirties we had the Depression, when people damn near starved in both the US and the UK.
2(nearly)casiare you anywhere near finished? — ¿te falta poco para terminar?
1(in position)cerca deI live near the station — vivo cerca de la estación
- the room nearest the entrance — la habitación que está más cerca de la entrada
- don't go too near the fire — no te acerques demasiado al fuego
- is there a pay phone near here? — ¿hay algún teléfono público por aquí cerca / cerca de aquí?
- she won't let anyone near the kitchen — no quiere que nadie se meta en la cocina
2(in time)we're getting very near Christmas — falta muy poco para Navidad
- we'll discuss it again nearer the time — lo discutiremos de nuevo más cerca de la fecha
- the Monday nearest New Year's Day — el lunes más próximo al día de Año Nuevo
3(in approximation)damage was estimated at somewhere near $2,000 — los daños se calcularon en cerca de 2.000 dólares
- I'd say he's nearer 70 than 60 — yo diría que está más cerca de los 70 que de los 60
- the carpet is nearer orange than yellow — la alfombra es más bien naranja que amarilla
- no one comes near her in stamina — los deja a todos muy atrás en resistencia
4(on the verge of)to be/come near sth/-ing
- the project is now near completion — el proyecto está a punto de acabarse
- we are no nearer an agreement — seguimos sin llegar a un acuerdo
- I came very near giving up — estuve a punto de desistir
1acercarse awe are nearing our destination — nos estamos acercando a nuestro destino
- he must be nearing his 80th birthday — debe faltarle poco para cumplir los 80
- the project is nearing completion — falta poco para terminar el proyecto
- As this century nears the end, we know that our priorities aren't quite right.
- Ali is first seen in Lawrence as a tiny dot on a desert horizon that shimmers in the heat; he gradually becomes more distinct as he nears the camera.
- After three years of proposals and modifications they are finally nearing the planning application stage.
- Like little fireflies these lights danced in the dark, nearing ever closer.
- Construction has been ongoing over the past few months and is now nearing completion.
- They walked like that until mid-morning, when Margaret finally neared the edge of the forest.
- The day of the amateur at the top table of Irish football is nearing extinction.
- Residents fighting the decision to redevelop green belt land are fearing the worst as the Government nears a final decision.
- It was nearing lunchtime when they finally arrived at the palace gates.
- The final phase of the restoration project is currently nearing completion.
- The spring is here, and elections are nearing - the season of hopes has begun.
- Scientists have said cod in particular is nearing extinction and called for a total moratorium.
- He himself was then nearing retirement, though he looked remarkably young and alert.
- When I heard footsteps nearing the door, I quickly pretended to be asleep again.
- Rehearsals began in earnest in August and the first act is now nearing completion.
- The rumor mill is going at top speed as the March 11 trading deadline nears.
- And since the re-opening of the pool in June visits are already nearing record levels.
- Then, I saw a figure shifting in the distance, slowly nearing.
- Both projects were nearing the finish, but Franklin was pipped at the post.
- As the election nears, a fair assessment is that the economy is actually doing well.
- We are currently nearing the end of Phase 1 of a two-phase program.
- Many teachers are nearing retirement with more than half being age 40 or older.
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