In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1Botany Anatomynervio masculine(fiber/ending) (before noun) nerviosonerve specialist — especialista de los nervios feminine
- Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is a serious but preventable disease that affects the body's muscles and nerves.
- Multiple sclerosis is a degenerative nerve disease that damages the protective fatty sheath around nerves in the brain and spinal cord.
- Internally, there are muscles, nerves, and connective tissues.
- The peripheral nervous system includes cranial and peripheral nerves and associated ganglia.
- At each level of the spine, main nerves join the spinal cord from specific parts of the body.
- Paired nerves from the brain and ganglia innervate the body.
- The sensory nerve, arising from the branches of the superior laryngeal nerve, innervates the mucous membrane of the larynx.
- Heat on the skin, for example, results in chemical and electrical signals being sent through peripheral sensory nerves to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord.
- The spinal cord threads through the centre of each vertebra, carrying nerves from the brain to the rest of the body.
- MRI may be used to make images of every part of the body, including the bones, joints, blood vessels, nerves, muscles and organs.
- Our skin protects the network of muscles, bones, nerves, blood vessels, and everything else inside our bodies.
- The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body.
- Your spinal cord runs down through your vertebrae, and nerves pass through gaps in the spinal column.
- As a result of these changes, the spinal canal may narrow and compress the spinal cord and nerves to the arms.
- Once you're infected, the virus spreads from your muscle to your peripheral nerves to your spinal cord and brain.
- Mind and body is connected through nerves, muscle and bone.
- There is an initial multiplication of the virus in the local musculature and spread via motor or sensory nerves to the spinal cord and brain.
- The axons of both classes of interneuron enter the brain via the ocellar nerve, which also carries the axons of efferent neurons.
- With this singular exception, the sensory or dorsal root of spinal nerves is always larger than the motor or ventral root.
- MS is a chronic, progressive neurological disease that involves the loss of myelin from nerves in the brain and spinal cord.
2.1(emotional constitution)nervios masculineit has ruined my nerves — me ha destrozado los nervios
- their nerves were on edge — tenían los nervios de punta
- People lose their nerve in the middle of a sentence and walk off muttering, they sit and brood by themselves, and best yet, all the time, people are getting stupid drunk.
- Silence roared between them until he finally got up the nerve.
- But if we lose our nerve now, it may take centuries to recover the resolve to assert law over violence.
- As the difference between humans and robots dissolves, do not succumb to paranoia, do not lose your nerve.
- Kevin got up the nerve to ask Terry for her home number.
- So at this precise moment where others would lose their nerve, bottle and audience, he did what separates mere amateurs from The Greats like himself.
- I am going to take Millie, unless I lose my nerve.
- In his 46th consecutive season of racing, Smith's performance was a tribute to how well he has maintained his physical skills and kept his nerve.
- The only way America can lose, in this view, is if we lose our nerve.
- Well, the immaculately turned-up students and executives of the hospitality industry kept their nerve.
- After all, if I lose my nerve so early in the game, just imagine what they'll say back at the paint factory.
- While the 34-year-old golf unknown kept his nerve on a tough final day at Rochester, the shakers and movers of world golf crumbled behind him.
- He has kept his nerve and picked a difficult policy area - you could say the most difficult for a modern Labor leader - in which to take on the government.
- It was a tense last few moments but Rovers kept their nerve.
- Sean Kavanagh, having been quite for long periods, came good in the closing minutes and kept his nerve to kick the levelling point.
- And the youngster kept his nerve to strike two more penalties, which sealed the fate of the by now hard-pressed Castlemen.
- But it's so easy to lose your nerve and your voice to the people who are shouting the loudest, even if you know in your heart what they are shouting is garbage.
- He says he chose Shakespeare's earliest comedy because ‘you slightly lose your nerve with Shakespeare’ in such a hiatus.
- But he kept his nerve, geed up the bus system and forced it through at a time when he was politically vulnerable before the mayoral elections.
- Though things were desperate at this stage with David unable to get his grandfather up from the floor, he kept his nerve.
2.2(anxiety)nervios masculinenerviosismo masculineI had terrible nerves on the first night — la noche del estreno pasé unos nervios tremendos
- the stock market is suffering from nerves — hay cierto nerviosismo en la Bolsa
- I'm all nerves before an exam — antes de un examen me pongo nerviosísima
- a sudden fit of nerves — un ataque de nervios
- His voice was formal yet kind with a hint of nerves, for nervous he was.
- First-night nerves aside, what she fears most is being left alone… without her Tim.
- My stomach was dancing in nervousness; my nerves tense and wrought.
- Perhaps that explained her nerves: Claire were nervous that she may have to give some sort of speech.
- But this may have been an attack of literary nerves because he feared the poem would not be taken seriously unless it appeared to hang together as a coherent whole.
- The same nerves and tingles that I would get before a game when I was young made me nervous now those same nerves make me excited.
- A touch of first night nerves hit the more experienced actors hardest, as one might expect but no doubt they disappeared as the week progressed.
- Waiting to bat in a dressing-room taut with silence, he shook with nerves, but once out in the middle things seemed clearer: 18 to win and four wickets left.
- But her nerves soon turned to relief when she learnt she had scored four As.
- It is a punishing consequence of their defeat by Greece on the opening day, when their problems were first-night nerves and a lack of competitive-match practice.
- I don't know about nerves and tension but we were low before the game, we've been low all week but it wasn't all negative - we were positive about winning the game.
- There were perhaps inevitably some first-night nerves last night, but these were overcome by an excellent display of team spirit.
- He added that a slow striptease over the rehearsal months would help quash first-night nerves.
- When we would do a show we worked so hard together and went through everything together including the first night nerves and the elation when everything went right.
- I don't normally get stage fright or nerves before a performance but today I'm like a child on Christmas Eve.
- I think live radio is a permanent state (damn, here's a taxi bearing down on me) of first-night nerves.
- It is rare, if now surreal, for a reviewer to suffer first night nerves but that was the case for yours truly on Monday night.
- Although only three points short of their 40-point safety target with seven games to play, they are anxious to settle their nerves as quickly as possible.
- Medicated for her nerves, she shakes as she recounts violent attacks she suffered at the hands of the man who once vowed to love, honour and cherish her forever.
- He was visibly, rather endearingly, anxious, shaking with nerves at some points; she kept erupting into fits of maniacal chuckles at some secret joke.
3.1(resolve)valor masculinecoraje masculineto lose/keep/regain one's nerve — perder/mantener/recuperar el valor
- the race is a test of nerve — la carrera es una prueba de aguante / resistencia
- it takes some nerve to do it — hay que tener valor para hacerlo
3.2informal (effrontery)frescura feminine informalcara feminine informalyou've/he's got a nerve! — ¡qué frescura / cara tienes/tiene!
- to have the nerve to + inf — tener la frescura / la cara de + inf
- she had the nerve to ask me for it — tuvo la frescura / la cara de pedírmelo
- All sights, all things which are Lhasa's own beauty and peculiarity, would have to be seen by the lone woman explorer who had had the nerve to come to them from afar, the first of her sex.
- ‘She had the nerve to lecture me about morals on the programme and now look at her,’ she said.
- Then she had the nerve to call my dreadlocks cute.
- We then made our way inside, where we were abused by the receptionist, who clearly wasn't happy that we didn't have a degree in bingo procedure and had the nerve to ask her what to do.
- Most readers will probably think me petty and wonder at how I have had the nerve to bring my personal grievances into the world of scholarly discourse, and yet all of this is very much to the point.
- I only wish I had the nerve to try some of the more hair-raising pastimes enjoyed by some of our older citizens, but am far too much of a coward and layabout!
- One of them had the nerve to tell me that the election was too close.
- Someone even had the nerve to ask me why I did what I did that morning, suggesting there was something odd or wrong in my daringly unconventional and intensely original appearance.
- He, that horrible horrible man, had the nerve to nuzzle her neck!
- Then he had the nerve to start hovering around the turntables.
- In any case, I figure he is due the embarrassment given that he had the nerve to compare my beloved Moleskine to his dollar-notebook.
- I'm glad someone had the nerve to write what they really think.
- Three years back, I wouldn't have had the nerve to kneel down in public and feed a stray cat by myself, while people edged around me.
- I am so angry they even had the nerve to appeal in the first place.
- And then they had the nerve to get snarky with me when I said they damn well better not.
- Today very nearly featured a mercy mission to the local hospital, until the patient in question had the nerve to be discharged before Lisa and I could turn up with the grapes.
- She actually had the nerve to be sarcastic with me this morning, which meant I said goodbye immediately to ms-nice-woman personality.
- Yes, he actually said ‘disassemble’ - and then had the nerve to be snotty about it and define it.
- I haven't had the nerve to tell her I'm also crushing on him.
- But the stupid man had the nerve to tell Bel something equally disgusting upon hearing that Bel was her husband.
1armarse de valorto nerve oneself for sth — armarse de valor para algo
- I nerved myself to face the boss — me armé de valor para enfrentarme al jefe
- I nerved myself and glanced down at the knife through my leg.
- I was a little alarmed by her at first, but later nerved myself to argue with her.
- Again she nerved herself to search him over, hoping to and finding his I.D. tag.
- Now nerve yourself for the revelations in his latest diary.
- I nerve myself to pursue this contradiction anyway.
- Then Eder, a brilliant forward with a reputation for fierce shooting, ran at goalkeeper Alan Rough, who nerved himself to deal with a powerful shot.
- She developed a particular interest in helping to update the Internet pages and she seemed to be nerving herself to buy her first computer so that she could get on the Internet at home.
- They flinch at the sound of that laugh, but they keep edging forward, nerving themselves for the final rush.
- Soon this chaos will become the magazine, and to nerve myself up, I'm sipping a take-out coffee.
- We just have to nerve ourselves up, overcome the surprising yet overwhelming craving for some beta-blockers and a Marlboro Red, and do the best we can.
- But after I'd dragged myself out of bed this afternoon and nerved myself to replay what I somehow knew was bound to be bad news, I pressed the button and heard.
- I concentrated on an image of Autumn's exquisite, frightened visage, nerving myself.
- Why, to nerve herself for an adulterous affair, does she reread The Red and the Black in English?
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.