In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1Anatomy Botanynervio masculine(fiber/ending) nerviosoto strain every nerve — hacer un gran esfuerzo / un esfuerzo sobrehumano
- to touch a (raw) nerve — meter / poner el dedo en la llaga
- nerve specialist — especialista de los nervios
- Multiple sclerosis is a degenerative nerve disease that damages the protective fatty sheath around nerves in the brain and spinal cord.
- The axons of both classes of interneuron enter the brain via the ocellar nerve, which also carries the axons of efferent neurons.
- Once you're infected, the virus spreads from your muscle to your peripheral nerves to your spinal cord and brain.
- As a result of these changes, the spinal canal may narrow and compress the spinal cord and nerves to the arms.
- There is an initial multiplication of the virus in the local musculature and spread via motor or sensory nerves to the spinal cord and brain.
- At each level of the spine, main nerves join the spinal cord from specific parts of the body.
- Your spinal cord runs down through your vertebrae, and nerves pass through gaps in the spinal column.
- Paired nerves from the brain and ganglia innervate the body.
- Internally, there are muscles, nerves, and connective tissues.
- The peripheral nervous system includes cranial and peripheral nerves and associated ganglia.
- The sensory nerve, arising from the branches of the superior laryngeal nerve, innervates the mucous membrane of the larynx.
- MS is a chronic, progressive neurological disease that involves the loss of myelin from nerves in the brain and spinal cord.
- Heat on the skin, for example, results in chemical and electrical signals being sent through peripheral sensory nerves to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord.
- The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body.
- With this singular exception, the sensory or dorsal root of spinal nerves is always larger than the motor or ventral root.
- MRI may be used to make images of every part of the body, including the bones, joints, blood vessels, nerves, muscles and organs.
- Our skin protects the network of muscles, bones, nerves, blood vessels, and everything else inside our bodies.
- The spinal cord threads through the centre of each vertebra, carrying nerves from the brain to the rest of the body.
- Mind and body is connected through nerves, muscle and bone.
- Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is a serious but preventable disease that affects the body's muscles and nerves.
2.1(emotional constitution)nerviosit has ruined my nerves — me ha destrozado los nervios
- their nerves were on edge — tenían los nervios de punta
- to have nerves of steel — tener nervios de acero
- a war of nerves — una guerra de nervios
- to get on sb's nerves — sacar a algn de quicio
- to live on one's nerves — estar en permanente estado de tensión
- But he kept his nerve, geed up the bus system and forced it through at a time when he was politically vulnerable before the mayoral elections.
- I am going to take Millie, unless I lose my nerve.
- It was a tense last few moments but Rovers kept their nerve.
- Though things were desperate at this stage with David unable to get his grandfather up from the floor, he kept his nerve.
- In his 46th consecutive season of racing, Smith's performance was a tribute to how well he has maintained his physical skills and kept his nerve.
- While the 34-year-old golf unknown kept his nerve on a tough final day at Rochester, the shakers and movers of world golf crumbled behind him.
- He says he chose Shakespeare's earliest comedy because ‘you slightly lose your nerve with Shakespeare’ in such a hiatus.
- As the difference between humans and robots dissolves, do not succumb to paranoia, do not lose your nerve.
- But it's so easy to lose your nerve and your voice to the people who are shouting the loudest, even if you know in your heart what they are shouting is garbage.
- But if we lose our nerve now, it may take centuries to recover the resolve to assert law over violence.
- The only way America can lose, in this view, is if we lose our nerve.
- Kevin got up the nerve to ask Terry for her home number.
- He has kept his nerve and picked a difficult policy area - you could say the most difficult for a modern Labor leader - in which to take on the government.
- Sean Kavanagh, having been quite for long periods, came good in the closing minutes and kept his nerve to kick the levelling point.
- Well, the immaculately turned-up students and executives of the hospitality industry kept their nerve.
- And the youngster kept his nerve to strike two more penalties, which sealed the fate of the by now hard-pressed Castlemen.
- After all, if I lose my nerve so early in the game, just imagine what they'll say back at the paint factory.
- People lose their nerve in the middle of a sentence and walk off muttering, they sit and brood by themselves, and best yet, all the time, people are getting stupid drunk.
- Silence roared between them until he finally got up the nerve.
- So at this precise moment where others would lose their nerve, bottle and audience, he did what separates mere amateurs from The Greats like himself.
2.2(emotional constitution, anxiety)nerviosnerviosismo masculineI had terrible nerves on the first night — la noche del estreno pasé unos nervios tremendos
- the stock market is suffering from nerves — hay cierto nerviosismo en la Bolsa
- I'm all nerves before an exam — antes de un examen me pongo nerviosísima
- a sudden fit of nerves — un ataque de nervios
- to be a bag / bundle of nerves — ser un manojo de nervios
- Although only three points short of their 40-point safety target with seven games to play, they are anxious to settle their nerves as quickly as possible.
- There were perhaps inevitably some first-night nerves last night, but these were overcome by an excellent display of team spirit.
- I don't normally get stage fright or nerves before a performance but today I'm like a child on Christmas Eve.
- Waiting to bat in a dressing-room taut with silence, he shook with nerves, but once out in the middle things seemed clearer: 18 to win and four wickets left.
- He added that a slow striptease over the rehearsal months would help quash first-night nerves.
- Medicated for her nerves, she shakes as she recounts violent attacks she suffered at the hands of the man who once vowed to love, honour and cherish her forever.
- It is rare, if now surreal, for a reviewer to suffer first night nerves but that was the case for yours truly on Monday night.
- First-night nerves aside, what she fears most is being left alone… without her Tim.
- I don't know about nerves and tension but we were low before the game, we've been low all week but it wasn't all negative - we were positive about winning the game.
- But her nerves soon turned to relief when she learnt she had scored four As.
- The same nerves and tingles that I would get before a game when I was young made me nervous now those same nerves make me excited.
- He was visibly, rather endearingly, anxious, shaking with nerves at some points; she kept erupting into fits of maniacal chuckles at some secret joke.
- But this may have been an attack of literary nerves because he feared the poem would not be taken seriously unless it appeared to hang together as a coherent whole.
- I think live radio is a permanent state (damn, here's a taxi bearing down on me) of first-night nerves.
- My stomach was dancing in nervousness; my nerves tense and wrought.
- A touch of first night nerves hit the more experienced actors hardest, as one might expect but no doubt they disappeared as the week progressed.
- Perhaps that explained her nerves: Claire were nervous that she may have to give some sort of speech.
- His voice was formal yet kind with a hint of nerves, for nervous he was.
- It is a punishing consequence of their defeat by Greece on the opening day, when their problems were first-night nerves and a lack of competitive-match practice.
- When we would do a show we worked so hard together and went through everything together including the first night nerves and the elation when everything went right.
3.1(resolve)valor masculinecoraje masculineto lose/keep/regain one's nerve — perder/mantener/recuperar el valor
- the race is a test of nerve — la carrera es una prueba de aguante / resistencia
- it takes some nerve to do it — hay que tener coraje para hacerlo
3.2informal (effrontery)frescura feminine informalcara feminine informalyou've/he's got a nerve! — ¡qué frescura / cara tienes/tiene!
- to have the nerve to + inf — tener la frescura / la cara de + inf
- she had the nerve to ask me for it — tuvo la frescura / la cara de pedírmelo
- what a nerve!, of all the nerve! — ¡qué frescura / cara!
- Three years back, I wouldn't have had the nerve to kneel down in public and feed a stray cat by myself, while people edged around me.
- Someone even had the nerve to ask me why I did what I did that morning, suggesting there was something odd or wrong in my daringly unconventional and intensely original appearance.
- One of them had the nerve to tell me that the election was too close.
- I only wish I had the nerve to try some of the more hair-raising pastimes enjoyed by some of our older citizens, but am far too much of a coward and layabout!
- And then they had the nerve to get snarky with me when I said they damn well better not.
- Then she had the nerve to call my dreadlocks cute.
- Today very nearly featured a mercy mission to the local hospital, until the patient in question had the nerve to be discharged before Lisa and I could turn up with the grapes.
- We then made our way inside, where we were abused by the receptionist, who clearly wasn't happy that we didn't have a degree in bingo procedure and had the nerve to ask her what to do.
- In any case, I figure he is due the embarrassment given that he had the nerve to compare my beloved Moleskine to his dollar-notebook.
- I am so angry they even had the nerve to appeal in the first place.
- She actually had the nerve to be sarcastic with me this morning, which meant I said goodbye immediately to ms-nice-woman personality.
- Most readers will probably think me petty and wonder at how I have had the nerve to bring my personal grievances into the world of scholarly discourse, and yet all of this is very much to the point.
- ‘She had the nerve to lecture me about morals on the programme and now look at her,’ she said.
- Then he had the nerve to start hovering around the turntables.
- I'm glad someone had the nerve to write what they really think.
- Yes, he actually said ‘disassemble’ - and then had the nerve to be snotty about it and define it.
- All sights, all things which are Lhasa's own beauty and peculiarity, would have to be seen by the lone woman explorer who had had the nerve to come to them from afar, the first of her sex.
- I haven't had the nerve to tell her I'm also crushing on him.
- But the stupid man had the nerve to tell Bel something equally disgusting upon hearing that Bel was her husband.
- He, that horrible horrible man, had the nerve to nuzzle her neck!
to nerve oneself
1armarse de valorto nerve oneself for sth — armarse de valor para algo
- I nerved myself to face the boss — me armé de valor para enfrentarme al jefe
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