In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(indicating relationship, material, content)dethe son of Mr and Mrs T Phipps — el hijo de los señores Phipps
- it's made of wood — es de madera
- a box of chocolates — una caja de bombones
- a kilo of grapes — un kilo de uvas
- that piece of Schumann's — esa pieza de Schumann
- a colleague of mine/his/ours — un colega mío/suyo/nuestro
- it's no business of yours — no es asunto tuyo
- that brother of yours — el loco (or estúpido / irresponsable etc.) de tu hermano
- He was about five years older than me but I knew him as he was the son of one of my mum's friends
- Police said two of the men charged were using false identities.
- The waitress who greeted me when I arrived turned out to be a former colleague of mine.
- On the cover was a photograph of an elderly couple, a man standing behind a lady with his arms wrapped tightly around her.
- He grabbed a handful of fries and started eating.
- He is the director of the Irish Council for Civil Liberties.
- She went inside and poured another cup of coffee.
- What I'd like right now is an enormous slice of chocolate cake.
- Back in the early 1960s, the government of Italy decided to set up an agency to regulate the production of wines.
- He was wearing an old black silk shirt of Andy's, which was far too big for him.
- He wasn't interested in financial success, unlike most of his team mates.
- This is really what the island is known for - the gorgeous 12-mile stretch of fine sand.
- Kevin was an old friend of Ryan's
- Detective Superintendent Parkinson said they were keen to trace the owner of a black car parked outside the West End Bar.
- His career as television's pre-eminent art historian started with a series of programmes made for ITV.
- She decided to buy a bottle of champagne and celebrate with Michele.
- Some of the children had fallen asleep.
- Any strategy based on a reduction of the role of the qualified teacher is potentially disastrous.
- It costs a lot of money to make a movie.
2(descriptive use)the city of Athens — la ciudad de Atenas
- a girl by the name of Elizabeth — una niña llamada Elizabeth
- a boy of ten — un niño de diez años
- a woman of courage/character — una mujer valiente/de carácter
- a matter of great urgency — un asunto de extrema urgencia
- a brute of a man — una bestia de hombre
- he's a giant of a man — es un gigante
- a little gem of a play — una obra que es una joyita
- She also said that the issue of education had come up again and again during her consultations with voters.
- I like the idea of marriage as a life-long commitment.
- This Government is sending a very clear and unequivocal message to the people of New Zealand.
- There is a serious problem with this type of book.
- Two thirds of the artists were of Jewish backgrounds.
- It was a packed house, with people of all ages enjoying a brilliant night out.
- According to myth, the city of Rome was founded by twin brothers, Romulus and Remus, in 753 BC.
- He let out a muffled cry of pain and fell to his knees.
- Her mother was an attractive woman of French-Canadian descent.
- Each building will be clearly marked on a map of the city.
3.1(partitive use)there were eight of us — éramos ocho
- he invited the eight of us — nos invitó a los ocho
- six of them survived — seis de ellos sobrevivieron
- many of you — muchos de ustedes
- the whole of the second floor — todo el segundo piso
- he drank of the wine — bebió del vino
3.2(with superl)dethe wisest of men — el más sabio de los hombres
- the best of solutions — la mejor de las soluciones
- they're the happiest of couples — son una pareja muy feliz / que no podría ser más feliz
- most of all — más que nada
4(indicating date, time)the sixth of October — el seis de octubre
- it is ten (minutes) of five — son las cinco menos diez
- it is a quarter of five — son un cuarto para las cinco
- Jane, his wife of six months … — Jane, con la que llevaba/lleva casado seis meses …
- her friend of over 20 years — su amigo de hace más de 20 años
- We were still eating supper when Gabe knocked on the door at quarter of eight.
- I want you home by quarter of five because your grandma's coming for dinner at five.
- I'd love to stay here with you, but it's ten of two.
5(on the part of)it was very kind of you — fue muy amable de su parte
- how good of him to send me flowers — ¡qué detalle el suyo mandarme flores!
- it seems very cruel of them not to invite her — me parece una crueldad que no la inviten
- the stupidity of the woman! — ¡hay que ver la estupidez de esta mujer!
- He could face up to seven years in prison if found guilty of all charges against him.
- He acted out of character and is ashamed of his behaviour that night.
- This case would be coming to an end soon, he was sure of that.
- I am really proud of her and I am sure she will do well at college.
- Those guys won't bother you anymore - I'll make sure of that.
- She admits she's afraid of the dark.
- She said she panics when people are behind her and has become suspicious of men.
- In the end, we can be certain of one thing: the future is not likely to be boring.
- Well, it was kind of him to let you stay here.
6(inherent in)the senselessness of it all, that's what depresses me — es lo absurdo de todo el asunto lo que me deprime
- the worry of it nearly drove her mad — casi se vuelve loca de la preocupación
- the cheek of it! — ¡qué descaro!
7.1(indicating cause)it's a problem of their own making — es un problema que ellos mismos se han creado
- what did he die of? — ¿de qué murió?
- of itself — de por sí
- He died of a heart attack at the age of 58.
7.2archaic (by)porbeloved of all — querido por / de todos
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