In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(from the surface or top of)deit fell off the table — se cayó de la mesa
- he jumped off the wall — saltó del muro
- she picked the envelope up off / (criticized) off of the floor — recogió el sobre del suelo
- to eat off paper plates — comer en platos de papel
- he ordered them off the train — los hizo bajar del tren
1.2(indicating removal, absence)he lost two fingers off his right hand — perdió dos dedos de la mano derecha
- there's a button off this shirt — a esta camisa le falta un botón
- the lid was off the pan — la cacerola estaba destapada
- he knocked 15% off the price — rebajó el precio en un 15%
1.3informal (from)he bought it off a friend — se lo compró a un amigo
- I heard it off a friend — me lo dijo un amigo
- I caught the cold off her — ella me pegó el resfriado
2.1(distant from)3 ft off the ground — a 3 pies del suelo
- 300m off the target — a 300 metros del objetivo
- just off the coast of Florida — a poca distancia de la costa de Florida
2.2(leading from)a street off the square — una calle que sale de / desemboca en la plaza
- the bathroom's off the bedroom — el baño da al dormitorio
3.1(absent from)I've been off work for a week — hace una semana que no voy a trabajar / que falto al trabajo
- she's off school at the moment — está faltando / no está yendo al colegio
3.2British (indicating repugnance, abstinence)he's off his food — anda sin apetito
- I'm right off fish — le he tomado manía / asco al pescado
- I'm off liquor for Lent — no bebo alcohol durante la Cuaresma
- is he off drugs/liquor now? — ¿ha dejado las drogas/el alcohol?
1.1(removed)the lid was off — la tapa no estaba puesta
- once the old wallpaper is off … — en cuanto se quite el papel viejo …
- there are a few buttons off — faltan unos cuantos botones
- he sat there with his shirt off — estaba ahí sentado sin camisa
- he had his hat/socks off — se había quitado el sombrero/los calcetines
- he had his shoes and socks off — estaba descalzo
- the mark is off now — ha salido / se ha quitado la mancha
- off! — ¡fuera!
- hands off! — ¡no (me / lo etc.) toques!
- 20% off — 20% de descuento
1.2off with (in exclamation phrases)off with those boots! — ¡fuera esas botas!
- off with his head! — ¡que le corten la cabeza!
2(indicating departure)I must be off — me tengo que ir
- where are you off to? — ¿adónde vas?
- off we go! — ¡vámonos!
- oh, no, he's off again — ¡ya empieza / ya está otra vez!
- be off, you little rascal! — ¡lárgate, sinvergüenza!
3(distant)the nearest village is five miles off — el pueblo más cercano queda a cinco millas
- some way off — a cierta distancia
- my birthday is a long way off — falta mucho para mi cumpleaños
- voices off — voces en off
- Christmas is not so far off now — ya falta poco para Navidad
1.1(not turned on)the TV/light is off — la televisión/luz está apagada
- the handbrake is off — el freno de mano no está puesto
- make sure the electricity is off — asegúrate de que la electricidad esté desconectada
- the water's off — el agua está cortada
1.2(canceled)the game/wedding is off — el partido/la boda se ha suspendido
- the deal is off — ya no hay trato
1.3British (not on menu)lamb is off today — hoy no hay cordero
1.4(inaccurate)his calculations were off by a long way — se equivocó totalmente / estaba muy errado en los cálculos
2(absent, not on duty)(period/hour) librea day off / (US also) an off day — un día libre
- John's off today — John tiene el día libre hoy
- which day do you want off? — ¿qué día quieres tomarte libre?
- I'm off at five — salgo de trabajar / acabo a las cinco
- He just has an off day at Cheltenham and the flatter Aintree circuit suits him much better.
- Sure, everyone is due an off day, but it seemed weird that so many suffered one simultaneously.
- Woodward will be hoping that Humphreys has an off day on Saturday, however.
- How much kudos is there really in beating Milan's B team or Ajax on an off day?
- When the starting pitcher gets tired or is having an off day, a team manager calls in a reliever.
- It is the sign of a good team that they can still get something on an off day.
- Anyone can have an off day, and we'll draw a veil over which one of us it was.
- Did the Olympic sprinter lose in the final because of the intense atmosphere or because he or she had an off day?
- It could be, of course, that he just had an off night for he faded after a bright opening.
- They had a decent first half and a very good second half while Hearts, despite bags of effort, had an off day.
- We were really poor and it is strange that you get so many players having an off game.
- Millwall haven't fluked their way into the final and the Reds could have an off day.
- They're not the toughest team Switzerland, but even a weak team can beat you on an off day can't they?
- Still, as Aristotle might have said on an off day, the judges' decision is final.
- Episode II is probably the weakest so for but then we all have an off day now and then.
- We appreciate each other's input all the time, and if one of us is having an off day, the other one picks up.
- No bemoaning of luck or excuses of an off night can hide the facts this time.
- Every player experiences off nights when nothing works.
- It was a shame to be there on an off night, but the upside was quick and friendly service from the bar staff.
- Even great teams have their off moments.
3.1(poor, unsatisfactory)(season/moment/year) maloto have an off day — tener un mal día
3.2(unwell)to feel off — sentirse mal
- she's (feeling) a little off — no se siente muy bien
- Am feeling a little off today - like I might be coming down with something.
- The 19-year-old student woke up feeling ‘a bit off’ but went to her part-time job at a clothing store anyway.
- I sit out by the loft and observe the birds a lot and if one looks a bit off I can see it.
3.3British informal (rude, unfair)they didn't ask her in — that's a bit off — no la hicieron pasar — ¡qué mal estuvieron! / ¡qué poco amables!
4Cookingto be off — estar cortado
- The manager also arrived to apologise, though he did not agree with my view that the fish was off.
- The brining solution in the can may react to the metal and give the olives an off taste.
- If a wine smells off, chances are it won't taste right, either.
- Her coffee was bad, maybe the milk was off.
5(talking about personal situation)they are comfortably off — están bien económicamente
- how are you off for cash? — ¿qué tal andas de dinero?
- how are we off for time? — ¿cómo andamos de tiempo?
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