In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(available)is the job still open? — ¿el puesto continúa vacante?
- several options are open to us — tenemos / se nos presentan varias opciones / alternativas
- only two options remain open to us — solo nos quedan dos opciones / alternativas
- it is open to them to refuse the offer — ellos son libres de rechazar la oferta
1.2(not decided)abiertoampliothat's still an open question — eso aún está por decidirse
- it's an open question whether she would have done it — queda la incógnita de si lo habría hecho
- let's leave things open for the time being — no descartemos ninguna posibilidad de momento
- let's leave the date open — no concretemos la fecha todavía
- the result is still wide open — podría pasar cualquier cosa
2.1(ready for business)to be open — estar abierto
- is it open on Sundays? — ¿está abierto los domingos?
2.2(officially)to be open — estar abierto
- the new section is open for traffic — el nuevo tramo está abierto al tráfico
- I declare the exhibition open — queda inaugurada la exposición
3(unrestricted)(membership/enrolment) abierto al público en general(meeting/session) a puertas abiertas(meeting/session) abierto al público(reservation/ticket) abierto(order) válido hasta su revocación(trial) público(society/government) abiertoopen admission — entrada libre feminine
- to buy/sell securities in the open market — comprar/vender valores en el mercado libre / abierto
- open scholarship — beca abierta
- to sell sth open stock — vender algo por piezas / por unidad
- let's throw the topic open for debate — abramos el debate sobre el tema
- to be open to sb/sth
- the competition is open to everybody — cualquiera puede presentarse al certamen
- the park is open to the public — el parque está abierto al público
- all these documents are open to inspection — el público tiene acceso a todos estos documentos
- it's all open and aboveboard — no hay ningún tapujo
4.1(not enclosed)(country/spaces/fields) abiertoit's open country all around here — aquí estamos en pleno campo / en campo abierto
- we traveled across open country — viajamos a campo traviesa / por campo abierto
- open views across the countryside — una vista panorámica de la campiña
- on the open seas — en mar abierto
- open staircase — escalera — sin barandilla
- It was our first sight of wide open space, with nothing but mountains and huge gorges on the horizon.
- The diversity of its landscape is unique, and includes woodland, open heathland and coastal land.
- The wide, open plains of Poland were ideally suited to the rapid movement of tanks central to a blitzkrieg attack.
- There is a clause in the planning law against building development on open land.
- But the parched ground and warm and sunny temperatures meant a flood of calls to attend fires on open ground.
- There are wide open spaces for children, it is safe for them, and we are a crime-free area.
- Springbok shelter beneath trees and a lone hyena scurries across the open plain.
- The scenery is flat and open, lacking in trees and hills but with sweeping vistas across stunning landscapes.
- Winter in particular can provide some dramatic effects across the wide open spaces.
- Just north of Gardez is a wide, open plain studded with small villages.
- If you crave wide open spaces and big skies, then a place in the country would suit.
- She was fascinated by the country's wide open spaces and vast grassy plains.
- Country life benefits from wide open spaces where there is less traffic and room for country walks.
- The riverside, its wildlife, its views, its open spaces and historic features are close to all our hearts.
- The animals enjoy wide open spaces, eat natural foods and also enjoy some of the cleanest air in the world.
- Their adventure has seen them scale high peaks, sail across oceans and cycle across open wilderness and deserts.
- In the heart of Lanarkshire, just nine miles from the centre of Glasgow, lies a vast expanse of open land.
- They agreed the mast was in the wrong place and would dominate the landscape in an area of open countryside.
- They were amazed at the wide open spaces and how green everything was, but less impressed with the distance to the shops.
- Because many larks nest in open desert areas, chicks are often exposed to sun and heat.
4.2(not blocked)(tube/pathway) abiertothe road is now open to traffic once more — la carretera vuelve a estar abierta al tráfico
- the way is open to democracy — se han abierto las puertas a la democracia
- the road to freedom lay open before us — el camino de la libertad se abría ante nosotros
4.3(cheque) no cruzado British(cheque) al portador British(cheque) a la orden British
- Moreover, the holder may decide to add a crossing to an open cheque, which is then treated as being crossed.
- Some banks charged a certain amount of money when one cashed an open cheque with them.
- He mistook the open cheque for €50,000 as a personal contribution of €5,000.
- It is an open cheque because the Government has no idea what the cost of these new rights and privileges will be.
5.1(not shut or sealed)(door/window) abierto(bottle) empezado(bottle) abierto(pores) abierto(pores) dilatado(wound) abierto(wound) no cicatrizadothe door was wide open — la puerta estaba abierta de par en par
- I can hardly keep my eyes open — apenas puedo mantener los ojos abiertos
- her mouth fell open with surprise — se quedó boquiabierta / con la boca abierta
- with open arms — con los brazos abiertos
- to cut/tear sth open — abrir algo cortándolo/rasgándolo
- he pushed the door open — abrió la puerta de un empujón
- They raided her apartment, slashed open her suitcase and stole her mobile phone.
- She found my open backpack in the closet and carefully went through all its pockets and compartments.
- I spent half the morning lolling around in bed with the windows open, enjoying the sunshine.
- He was certain that the loft hatch had been open at the time of the fire.
- The cleaners picked up an open packet of Jelly Babies from the theatre.
- At the funeral they were filing past the open coffin to pay their respects.
- Elsewhere, a cheerful member of staff is sitting at a desk which completely blocks an open doorway.
- A common occurrence is a child is left alone in a car on a hot day, even with the window slightly open.
- The animals have been known to make a nuisance of themselves by ripping open rubbish bags after smelling food.
- As he proceeds to end it all, the young man hears a haunting Mozart melody emanating from an open window.
- The sun is up and it's warm enough to have the windows wide open, and you can watch the world waking up.
- There were a lot of open bottles left in the office after the Carnival celebration.
- I have a bad habit of not closing the blinds properly or forgetting that the curtains are open.
- The front door of the house was open and the smells of the kitchen engulfed them.
- Her backpack was open, and I saw a pack of tarot cards, along with an Ouija board in it.
- His duffle bag was open in front of him on the bed, a shoelace dangling over the zipper.
- They also contain rotting rubbish smells and stop the mess caused by cats ripping open bin liners.
- At last, we all got comfortable in the living room, each of us with an open bottle of lager.
- All of the overhead lockers flew open and the red cover on the handle of the emergency exit sprang across the cabin.
- Her gym bag was open and her makeup and shampoo bottles were scattered on my bed.
- Their stomachs are ripped out, their chests crushed, their throats ripped open.
- Some reports claim that the hatches to the cargo were broken open and the casks of alcohol broached.
- Then he reached for an open bottle of red wine, took a swig from the neck.
- Finally he managed to get the door unlocked and pulled it open as quickly and quietly as he could.
- An open packet of painkillers and a bladed instrument were found next to the body.
- One of the men was holding a long open box.
- Letting out a moan, he grabs at the open bottle of pills, some of which spill onto the carpet.
- I am unable to open a window in my house as swarms of blue flies come in just as soon as a window is open.
- The doors swung fully open to reveal a man sitting behind a mahogany desk, wide arched windows flanking him.
- He reached across the table and plucked a cigarette from the open packet.
- I sat up in bed, shielding my eyes from the light which came in through the open curtains.
- The door to James' house was open slightly and through the gap you could see the place was in complete darkness.
- He knocks loudly at the door, and it swings open with a ponderous creak.
- When he didn't move to get up she marched over to the curtains and pulled them open.
- We were not far from the wall now, and my eyes were fastened upon the open gate.
- Rubbish bags in and around the Kennet area have recently been found ripped open.
- She fell and sliced open her shin.
- Blood had splattered onto every wall; Williamson's throat had been slashed open.
- She appeared in front of Kate in a moment, setting an open bottle of beer in front of her.
- She stepped closer to the bed where the open suitcase lay, picking up a pearl necklace.
- Always reseal open bags to prevent the mix drying out and store it in a cool, dark environment.
- Residents found it impossible to sit outside in their gardens or have their windows open because of the racket.
- An airport screener smelled alcohol and found an open container of alcohol on the pilot.
- The spider trembled and swayed in the sudden gust from the open bathroom window.
- First of all, I used mostly milk chocolate chips because I had an open bag to get rid of.
- Amy reached the gate and pushed it open from the inside.
- In the hall, Howard discovered Deirdre and the two boys putting their coats on by the open front door.
5.2(not fastened)(shirt/jacket) abierto(shirt/jacket) desabrochadoshe wore the shirt open at the neck — llevaba la camisa con el cuello abierto / desabrochado
- His shirt is open showing his slightly muscular build.
- He was dressed simply, in black breeches and a white shirt that was open at the neck.
- I had my lightweight coat on, and that was open, so the warmth penetrated so deep I felt I was breathing it.
- She tried her best to avert her eyes from the chest that she could plainly see through the open shirt.
- But the eyewitness alerted police and they caught him with his trousers half open.
- He had an open jacket over a black t-shirt.
- He was wearing a dark maroon shirt with an open dark blue jacket over it.
- The shirt is open three or so buttons down revealing a lengthy vertical surgical scar.
- I find it sexy when a man wears an open collar shirt that reveals the top part of his chest.
- We met on his enormous yacht, and he wore a captain's cap and an open shirt with epaulets.
- After some hours, he said, they were given gowns that were open at the back.
- He was wearing a pinstriped suit and an open shirt, and he had a ponytail.
- The man was smoking a cigarette, and his shirt was open at the neck.
- The maître d' wore a jacket and an open collar shirt.
- He wore light brown leather breeches and an open leather jacket.
- He had also taken off his tie, and the few topmost buttons of his shirt were open.
- She was wearing just an open dressing-gown, her lacy cream nightgown showing beneath.
- Olivia notes the direction of his gaze, and realizes her robe has fallen open again.
- Her button up shirt was open at the top.
5.3(not folded)(book/flower/newspaper) abierto(map) abierto(map) desplegado
- There were books lying open at pages that had seemed relevant.
- He sat hunched forward on the chair, fully focused on the book which lay open on his lap.
- Beside it is another copy of the same book, open at Canaletto's view of the Grand Canal of 1746.
- A few tentative catkins are appearing on the willow and there are several flowers already open on the Japanese quince.
- She reached over and grabbed the file from the ornate hotel desk and pulled it open.
- Veronica are open, airy flowers which are ideal for arrangements, bringing both shape and a sense of relaxed style.
- I just stand there, intently examining a fully open rose, not knowing what to say.
- It looks a bit like an open lotus flower, red and green with edible silver on the outside.
- He finally faced her, and smiled as he caught sight of the open record book.
- Next to the lute is an open hymn book, identifiable as the work of the great religious reformer Martin Luther.
- Its a paperback book that doesn't easily sit open on a table where it is likely best used.
- He pulled a heavy, leather bound book off from a high shelf, and cracked it open gently.
- She laid the open atlas down on the table and began to dig through kitchen drawers.
- She quickly scanned the pages of the math book that was open and ready in front of her.
- Would you like to be caught reading a trashy novel that falls open at the rude bits?
- Her biology book was open in her lap and she was staring at me with an annoyed expression on her face.
- The entire bolts were cut off at their base when they had produced one open flower.
- He was staring down at the diary on the floor, which had fallen open when it had landed.
- She sat at her desk with her open physics book but could not make sense of a word she was reading.
- If there was not an open flower under that leaf, the flies rapidly walked down the stem and up another stem, instead of flying.
- This procedure was repeated on two consecutive days to ensure pollination of open flowers.
- Leaning on a stone parapet overlooking the Seine, a young man loses himself in a book held open in front of him.
- Books are open on every surface, and there are many pages of notebooks strewn around.
- The book was open in the middle, and it was ancient and smelled of dust.
- Erin was poring over a huge book that had been open under the side table under a dim red desk lamp.
- He gave me a quick nod of his head then carried on reading out loud from the textbook he had open in front of him.
- He stooped to pick up a book from where it lay open and spine-up on the floor and examined the cover.
- Bags have to be put on early in the season as bract damage can occur at bud stage, as well as when birds feed on the open flowers.
- This is an example of an open circuit, a gap in the loop preventing charge carriers from moving, thus preventing current.
- No or low output voltage means the transformer winding has open or shorted winding.
- In an open circuit, the free charges would simply remain on the electrodes and a voltage could be measured.
- A fingerprint is disposed to close the open circuit by making contact and thereby serving as a ‘temporary’ back electrode.
6.1(receptive)abiertoto be open to sth — estar abierto a algo
- I'm always open to suggestions — siempre estoy dispuesto a recibir sugerencias
- they were open to bribes/persuasion — se los podía sobornar/convencer
- to have an open mind — tener una actitud abierta
- I'm keeping an open mind about it/him/her — no quiero prejuzgar/prejuzgarlo/prejuzgarla
- It is about having an open mind, about finding potential solutions.
- I'm just going to go in there with an open mind and try to handle it as appropriately as I can.
- If you go with an open mind and accept it for what it is you can't fail to have a good time.
- I'd never heard of the guy before, so I approached the movie with an open mind.
- I think the biggest thing I have learned is to always keep an open mind and always look for a new approach.
- Those who have learnt to approach art with an open mind know that it's rewarding.
- Be patient with the people who matter most, and listen to their ideas with an open mind.
- Keep an open mind when it comes to exercise and don't be afraid of change.
- My father is extremely well read and from him I've learned the value of an open mind.
- They have said that they are still keeping an open mind and would not be drawn on whether it is now a murder or missing person inquiry.
- You have to show yourselves as people with open minds, receptive to the ideas of independent voices in the boardroom.
- You want people to go in with an open mind and just enjoy what they see.
- No one ever said it was going to be easy but with an open mind anything is possible.
- Wander the streets and markets alone, with an open mind, friendly face and polite gestures.
- I always come into these things with an open mind, but they need to be justified.
- You should keep an open mind while reading any book and adopting any style from these books.
- The more you understand why something has turned out the way it has, the more you can empathise and think with an open mind.
- At this stage we have an open mind on all the options - that is what the consultation is about.
- We are keeping an open mind on what other criminal activities he may have been involved in.
- There are no qualifications needed other than an open mind and a willingness to listen.
6.2(frank, candid)abiertosincerofrancoshe has a very open nature — es muy abierta
- to be open with sb — ser sincero / franco con algn
- I'll be open with you — te voy a ser sincero / franco
- The second challenge is how to convince the drug industry to be more open about their ongoing trials.
- The filmmakers are relatively open about their lack of interest in the problem.
- Personally I find it rather sad that couples aren't more willing to be open about their money.
- Be open about your worries - it's only by sharing them that the staff can arrange the support that you need.
- Throughout the interview John is frank and open - except when it comes to money.
- He was frank, open and polite.
- She's very open about her relationship, and Alice, her partner, is someone we like enormously.
- I found that older women can be incredibly open about sex, the good and the bad.
- I found them to be open and frank about some of the challenges that still lie ahead and I think it this is important.
- It's difficult to be open and honest about deficiencies in your hospital or practice.
- You do not have to worry about showing your notes to anyone, so be free and open.
- Nevertheless, journals might become more open about the basis upon which they select books and reviewers.
- Up to this time he had been open and free in giving out information and revealing discoveries.
- If you are open and honest from the beginning a mutually satisfactory agreement can be worked out.
- Max is of a generation who are able to be open about their sexuality with relative impunity.
- We must treat everyone fairly, be open and honest and prepared to justify our decisions when challenged.
- It will make those around you more open and accessible to sharing themselves with you.
- The overriding message from residents was a wish for councillors to be held to account and to be open.
- The decision to be open about her illness has brought her both solace and stress.
- They were very open about their relationship and their plans for their future life together.
7(not concealed)(hostility/resistance/resentment) abierto(hostility/resentment/resistance) manifiestothey were in open revolt — estaban en franca rebeldía
8.1(widely spaced)(columns/ranks) abiertoopen compound — sustantivo compuesto formado por dos palabras separadas
- Look for a natural fabric with a loose, open weave such as burlap or some types of cotton and linen.
- It is a poly cotton blend with an open knit.
- Fabrics of these fibers often burn easily because of an open fabric weave.
- It's usually done with a tack cloth which is an open weave fabric treated with a wax.
8.2(of fabric)(weave) abierto
9(vowel) abierto(vowel) libre
10(activated, live)(switch) encendido(channel/line) abierto(line/channel) conectado
11.1(not covered)(carriage) abierto(carriage) descubierto(sewer) a cielo abierto(sewer) descubiertoan open fire — una chimenea
- Like all old houses, many of the rooms had open fires, but dampness and condensation was a problem.
- Some new fireplaces have an integral glass screen, making them safer than conventional open fires.
- The open drain has been covered.
- These areas are flood prone, and after a big flood the toxic sites are left open and exposed.
- At least twenty people were on crutches, had parts bandaged, or with open wounds not even covered.
- This rustic farmhouse offers beef or lamb, roasted on an open log fire.
- Clothes, covers, and hat help to maintain body temperature of newborns when they are nursed in an open cot
- They walked up the stairs to the open sun deck, which was already crowded with people.
- The elegant lounges are made to relax in, with their welcoming open fires and fresh flowers.
- The house had an open courtyard and you could hear the protestors chanting down the street.
- The sewage drains are open and the only sources of water are the borewells that are drying up.
- The dirt and the filthiness of the city and its open drains nauseate her.
- At the moment, heating comes from open fires or stoves in each room.
- This waste is usually held in large, open tanks or pits before being spread onto farmer's fields.
- The manhole cover was missing and the open hole was surrounded by long grass and hidden from view.
- In the midst of farmland just to the west of York is a huge open tip.
- Instead, the food is cooked over open fires, causing serious deforestation.
- Smokers crossing the Irish Sea could find themselves banished to the open decks of all ferries to and from the Republic.
- At the end of the procedure the wound should be washed with copious quantities of saline and then left open.
- Beside me are open sewers and the debris of a house destroyed three years ago.
11.2(exposed, vulnerable)open to sth — expuesto a algo
- to lay / leave oneself open to sth — exponerse a algo
- you're laying yourself open to blackmail — te estás exponiendo a que te chantajeen
- we're leaving ourselves wide open to attack/criticism — estamos exponiéndonos a que nos ataquen/critiquen
- this is open to misunderstanding/abuse — esto se presta a malentendidos/a que se cometan abusos
- he missed an open goal — falló con el arco desprotegido
- His general manner and the way he conducts himself does leave him open to criticism.
- The case left the Scottish justice system open to claims its fingerprint evidence was unsafe.
- This rule needs to be amended as it is currently open to abuse by disgruntled minority groups.
- The unarticulated aims of the movement are, surely, what leaves it open to criticism.
- His suspension leaves him open to possible victimisation by a brigade that is already trying to impose cuts.
- The scheme remains entirely voluntary and open to abuse.
- You'd have to give him credit for going out and playing because he was open to all kinds of criticism.
- Because of the delay, the election results in the areas affected could now be open to legal challenge.
- He accepts he used terms in the article that laid him open to criticism.
- How can it be made easier to do business here, without leaving the system open to even more abuse?
- As many people could not read or write, the system was open to abuse and corruption.
- There is no evidence postal ballots are more open to fraud than the current system.
- Laws that are open to such obvious abuse are bad laws, however good the intentions behind them.
- It would leave him wide open to the criticism that he has become a liability to the party.
- That could leave the council open to fresh criticism from Government Ministers.
- Indeed as it stands, the postal voting system leaves itself open to fraud.
- She has now withdrawn this claim, leaving her open to possible prosecution for perjury.
- Senior electoral officers in the city admit the system could be open to abuse.
- The disease attacks bark, leaving it open to infection, and makes brittle branches prone to fall off.
- Credit unions are more open to serious bad debt problems than other financial institutions.
1(drawer/box/door/parcel) abrir(bottle) abrir(bottle) destapar(mouth/eyes) abrir(legs) abrir(legs) separar(artery/vein) abrir(pores) abrir(pores) dilatarto open ranks — abrir filas
- I have to open the store this morning — hoy tengo que abrir yo la tienda
- it won't keep once it's been opened — una vez abierto, no se puede conservar mucho tiempo
2(unfold)(book/newspaper) abrir(map) abrir(map) desplegaropen your book at page 10 — abre el libro por la página 10 Spain
3(clear, remove obstructions from)(channel/road) abrirthis opens the way for further negotiations — esto abre las puertas / deja la vía libre a nuevas negociaciones
- to open one's bowels — hacer de vientre
4(make accessible, available)abrirto open sth to sb/sth — abrir algo a algn/algo
- they have opened the house to the public — han abierto la casa al público
- I should like to open the meeting to our colleagues from France — quisiera dar la palabra a nuestros colegas franceses
5(reveal)abrirmy trip opened new horizons to me — el viaje me abrió nuevos horizontes
6(set up, start)(department/branch) abrir(business/shop) abrir(business/shop) ponerComputing abrirFinance abrir(dossier) abrir
7(declare open)(hospital/expressway/exhibition) abrir(expressway/hospital/exhibition) inaugurar
8(begin)(debate) abrir(debate) iniciar(meeting) abrir(meeting) dar comienzo a(bidding) iniciar(talks/negotiations) entablarto open the case for the prosecution — hacer la primera presentación por parte de la acusación
- to open the scoring — inaugurar el marcador
- to open fire on sb/sth — abrir fuego contra algn/algo
9(make receptive)to open sth to sth — abrir algo a algo
- to open one's heart to God — abrirle el corazón a Dios
- you must open your mind to new ideas — debes abrirte a nuevas ideas
10(turn on)(switch) encender
1(wound) abrirse(door/window) abrirseall of a sudden the door opened and … — de pronto se abrió la puerta y …
- the door won't open — no puedo (/ podemos etc. ) abrir la puerta
- the window opens outward — la ventana (se) abre hacia afuera
- her mouth opened wide with surprise — se quedó boquiabierta
- open wide! — abra bien grande
- suddenly his eyes opened — de repente abrió los ojos
- the heavens / skies opened — empezó a diluviar
2(unfold)(flower/bud/map) abrirse(parachute) abrirse
3(be revealed)extendersethe plains opened before us — la llanura se extendió ante nuestra vista
4(give access)to open onto / into sth — dar a algo
- the windows open onto the garden — las ventanas dan al jardín
- the door opened into a corridor — la puerta daba a un pasillo
5(for business)(museum/shop) abrirwhat time does the library open? — ¿a qué hora abre la biblioteca?
6(begin)(book/play) comenzar(play/book) empezarshe opened with a high card — abrió (el juego) con una carta alta
- her new movie opens in London next week — su nueva película se estrena en Londres la semana próxima
- the concert opened with the national anthem — el concierto comenzó / se inició con el himno nacional
1(in the open air)in the open — al aire libre
- we spent the night in the open — pasamos la noche al aire libre / a la intemperie / al raso
- I feel better now it's all out in the open — me siento mejor ahora que todo el mundo lo sabe
- to bring sth (out) into the open — sacar algo a la luz
- they were forced to come out into the open with their allegations — se vieron obligados a hacer públicas sus acusaciones
2Sportabierto masculinecampeonato abierto masculineOpen masculine
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