In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(indicating alternative)onido you want the red coat or the black one? — ¿quieres el abrigo rojo o el negro?
- would you like milk or sugar? — ¿quieres leche o azúcar?
- that's not clever or funny — eso no tiene ni ingenio ni gracia
- We are just interested in your honest opinions - there are no right or wrong answers.
- The café is a great place for locals to meet up for a chat over a cup of tea or coffee.
- Research in New York showed men with cats or dogs had lower blood pressure.
- In cities and towns most people wear Western clothing - pants or blue jeans and shirts.
- We don't mind if we have a boy or a girl, we just want a healthy, happy baby.
- She never learned to read or write.
- School administrators should work to ensure that the majority of students can walk or bike to school.
1.2either … or … → either
1.3(in approximations)onine or ten — nueve o diez
1.4(showing alternative designation)oan environmentalist, or green, policy — una política ecologista o verde
- Joshua was born weighing just 18 ounces - half a kilo or just over a pound.
- By early Tuesday he was dead - a victim of the most deadly of the world's culinary delicacies, the blowfish or fugu.
- Spain entered the twentieth century having lost its colonies in the New World and the Pacific in the Spanish-American War or, as it is known in Spain, the War of 1898.
2.1(otherwise)odo as I say, or else! — ¡haz lo que digo o vas a ver!
- give it to me! — or (what)? — ¡dámelo! — ¿y si no, qué?
- I'd better tell him myself or I'll get in even more trouble.
- We do have to leave now or we won't be back until after sunset.
- Do as you're told Beth or you'll get hurt.
- Hurry up, or you'll be late for class.
2.2(adding afterthought)oso John and I … or am I boring you? — así que John y yo … ¿(o) te estoy aburriendo?
- Emily, unaware of the mental battle that was going on in his mind (or was she?), kept on walking towards him.
- It was just an accident or was it?
The usual translation of or, o, becomes u when it precedes a word beginning with o or ho.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.