In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(satisfactory arrangement, condition)orden masculinelet's get this room into some sort of order — tratemos de ordenar un poco esta habitación
- are her papers in order? — ¿tiene los papeles en regla?
- All are very much appreciated, however it is important that all items should be clean and in good serviceable order.
- We urge all readers to get their financial affairs in good order right now.
- One day I'll reorganise the sections into some semblance of order.
- The organizing committee have put much work and effort into making sure everything is in perfect order for the day.
- The local committee leave no stone unturned to ensure that everything is in perfect order for the event.
- She is young and tough, the servants respect her, and everything is in impeccable order.
- The Victorians brought order to everything - scientific research included.
- Augustine saw order as the supreme manifestation of providence.
- The field was in good order but the damp conditions hampered the accuracy of the passing between sides.
- To study history means submitting to chaos and nevertheless retaining faith in order and meaning.
- Paramount has done a fine job at making sure that everything is in working order in this picture.
- Unknown symbols flash past me as I look for a pattern, for underlying order beneath seeming chaos.
- It is now back in Wales, being restored to working order for service on the re-opened Welsh Highland Railway.
- Make occasional checks to ensure the equipment is in good order.
- Thousands of commuters faced the prospect of trying to get home as the initial chaos gave way to some semblance of order by mid-afternoon.
- The car was in excellent running order having been fully serviced by Jim, Juliette and Steffan the night before.
- Away from the administrative side, Logan feels everything is in perfect order.
- A new approach might try to impose some order, codifying the rules by which Britain is governed.
- When my room was in perfect order and everything was exactly how I wanted it we left the room.
- It is one of the least known, yet most powerful, devices for achieving pattern and order in the world.
- They train police in the use of screening devices and ensure the equipment is in good order.
- Nana's extreme love for order sort of explains my mom's fanaticism with cleanliness.
- Cleanliness, punctuality, order and method are essentials in the character of a good housekeeper.
- The general atmosphere was one of businesslike order and purpose.
- If we don't keep the hinges oiled and everything in working order, it will just seize up on you.
- Only from above, from a great height, can the logic, pattern and essential order of this garden be perceived.
- By the time the Professor returned from the airport, all public areas of the house had been restored to a semblance of order and calm.
- Perform quarterly or annual home checkups to make sure everything is in working order.
- The law has to bring some order into the relationship between cyclists and pedestrians, which at the moment is in complete chaos.
- Never stop telling them how important it is that your home have a sense of order about it.
- He had to create order and purpose in the midst of a terrible chaos.
1.2(customary state)orden masculinethe established order — el orden establecido
- it's in the order of things for difficulties to arise — es normal que surjan dificultades
2(sequence)orden masculinethey are arranged in strict alphabetical/numerical/chronological order — están colocados en / por riguroso orden alfabético/numérico/cronológico
- the photos were all in the wrong order — las fotos estaban todas desordenadas
- to put sth in(to) order — poner algo en orden
- cast in order of appearance — reparto por orden de aparición
- order of business — orden del día
- In interests of fairness, and to avoid any suggestion of judgement from me, the pieces are presented in alphabetical order.
- They serial numbers weren't in sequential order.
- Dignitaries were seated in alphabetical order, according to their countries.
- Legal requirements oblige voters to indicate a vote, in order of preference, to every candidate on the ballot paper.
- Entitled That's Life, the book has been written to no orthodox chronological order or set pattern.
- The exhibition is organized in chronological order.
- The author has selected and arranged the music compositions in order of complexity and structural content.
- Houses are listed in descending order of price, but it is up to web users to discover this for themselves.
- These activities and events are not listed in order of importance.
- Most were lined up at the back of the desk, arranged in alphabetical order by author.
- She shipped in a huge library of books and arranged all 600 of them into alphabetical order.
- According to the evolutionary sequence, the biblical order of creation is all wrong.
- It highlights the top 10 Windows and top 10 Unix issues in their relative order of importance.
- The names are in alphabetical order and first, second and third places will be announced on the night of the ceremony.
- Tobias shoved the first few books onto the shelves, not caring if they were in the correct order or not.
- The choice of topics and the order of their presentation clearly received careful attention.
- A stroke can affect your ability to read and write and even if you can talk, sometimes the words don't come out in the correct order.
- First, write down your goals in order of priority and then set up a timeline to achieve them.
- If there are no children and no spouse then parents, brothers and sisters, and more distant relatives roughly in that order will benefit.
- Three criticisms can be made of the present rules, which are as follows in ascending order of gravity.
3(harmony, discipline)orden masculineto restore order — restablecer el orden
- to keep order — mantener el orden
- the teacher had problems keeping order or keeping his class in order — el profesor tenía dificultades para mantener la disciplina en clase
- order in (the) court! — ¡silencio en la sala!
- Fistfights broke out in the hall and, for 20 minutes, police were unable to restore order.
- Insp Thomas, of Southend Police, said the extra officers would probably be used to keep order in the pubs and nightspots.
- When these efforts fail, city officials call in the military to help restore order.
- His country was occupied by Romans, and they had cruel methods of keeping order.
- Their job was to secure public order through terror, intimidation and violence.
- The real trick is to achieve order while upholding the rule of law.
- For those with no respect or regard for law and order, such rules and laws are irrelevant.
- Questions have been raised over the possible impact the promotion of the NPA would have on public peace and order.
- It was enough that the rules invoked were imposed on all citizens for the protection of public order.
- City prosecutors said they might charge the 21 with disrupting public order.
- Octavian from beginning to end insisted on peace and public order.
- As long as the public identifies order with law, it will believe that an orderly society is impossible without the law the state provides.
- Law, on the other hand, is a particular method of producing order.
- Public order in the city is a matter best left to the authorities and the police.
- I believe in order and justice. I believe that people are by nature good.
- It is the duty of the courts to ensure that there is order under the rule of law.
- After police restored order extra patrols were put on the streets in the area to reassure the public.
- Because once the law goes order collapses and the rule of the gun or the bully prevails.
- To maintain public order, the authorities instituted a regular, salaried police force.
- They stand for order and the rule of law in an age when disorder and lawlessness are ever more widespread.
4(established rules, procedure)orden masculinepoint of order — cuestión de orden / de procedimiento feminine
5.1(request)pedido masculineto place an order for sth — hacer un pedido de algo
- I placed an order with her for two cakes — le encargué dos pasteles
- the firm secured a major order — la empresa consiguió un pedido importante
- we're taking orders for / on the new model — estamos recibiendo pedidos para el nuevo modelo
- the books are on order — los libros están pedidos
- we make them to order — los hacemos por encargo
- the waiter took my order — el camarero tomó nota de lo que quería
- order number — número de referencia
- With Christmas just around the corner, we are now taking orders for Christmas cakes and puddings etc.
- Jim guarantees that within three weeks of placing your order, the product can be delivered.
- In the last week it has won orders worth more than £300,000.
- The books are destined to be bestsellers, with advance orders for over 400,000 already taken from booksellers nationwide.
- The company expects orders to reach at least $2.5 billion for the whole year.
- Colin dialed up a local pizza parlor and put in an order for five large pizzas.
- Just because a server is polite and brings you the correct order doesn't mean they deserve a tip.
- A spokesperson confirmed that 40 to 60 people are to be employed on a short-term basis to meet production orders.
- Once you're seated, the waitress promptly takes your order and then serves the dish.
- The skinny waiter came back with the drinks and took our orders.
- Now, factory workers place orders directly with suppliers via touchscreen computers at their work stations.
- The shop was humming with activity as waitresses whizzed to and fro, taking orders or delivering desserts to the customers.
- The factory is the biggest local employer, and many other local industries depend on orders from the firm.
- Advance orders have now reached 1.8 million worldwide.
- On the export front, the showcasing of the car in the Auto Mechanika last year has resulted in good export orders and enquiries.
- Online sellers also spend more money checking and processing orders.
- The waitress wrote down the orders and left with a smile on her face.
- Unaccustomed to such efficient and personal service I placed my order at once, sat back and waited.
- Last month the government confirmed an order for two aircraft carriers at a cost of £3 billion.
- Now the National Books website receives millions of hits and processes tens of thousands of online transactions and book orders each day.
5.2(goods requested)pedido masculine
- The FTC takes a very aggressive stance towards retailers who fail to deliver orders on time.
- The book came today and was waiting on the kitchen table when Jill and I came in with six orders of well-done fried onion rings.
- Suppliers are also left out of pocket when they think they are delivering high-value orders to a legitimate address and their subsequent invoices go unpaid.
- The self-assembly furniture retailer said it was unable to deliver orders on time due to supply chain problems.
- It signed up its millionth customer in December, and delivered over a million orders in the run-up to Christmas.
- The fact is that the company is still losing about £4 every time it delivers an order.
- A rise in the number of volunteers available to deliver orders has made it possible for the service to be extended.
- I left the house in time to prepare the orders and get them delivered.
- I was told that their next order wasn't being delivered for another six weeks, and that I'd be better ordering it online myself.
- However, the internet retailer has been dogged by claims that it left some customers without Christmas presents after failing to deliver orders on time.
- We are busy sourcing new products and shipping orders.
- Customer service is also rated a top priority, with the company aiming to deliver 90 per cent of orders by the next day.
- In future, these businesses could lose big customers if they failed to prove they had appropriate plans to minimise disruption and ensure customer orders could be delivered.
- We only deliver an order once the payment is cleared.
- After a tiring morning I come home and find that my postman had delivered my recent order from Amazon.
6.1(command)orden feminineto give/issue an order — dar/dictar una orden
- to receive/await orders — recibir/esperar órdenes
- to carry out an order — cumplir una orden
- to obey/disobey an order — obedecer/desobedecer una orden
- I was only obeying orders — solo cumplía órdenes
- that's an order! — ¡es una orden!
- I don't take orders from anyone — a mí nadie me da órdenes
- order to + inf — orden de + inf
- he gave the order to fire — dio orden de disparar
- order that — (+ subj) orden de que
- I left orders that she was not to be disturbed — dejé órdenes de que no se la molestara
- I did it on your orders — lo hice porque usted me lo ordenó
- on whose orders are you doing this? — ¿quién le ordenó hacer esto?
- by order of … — por orden de …
- we're under orders to arrest you — tenemos orden de detenerlo
- Against Henry III's orders, Guise marched on Paris.
- The army, against orders, retreated south.
- Arrested in France on the orders of British intelligence, he then fled to Switzerland.
- Despite the doctor's order, she stood and went back to the window.
- She was at pains to stress that job losses and branch closures are hers to decide and are not based on orders from the Melbourne headquarters.
- Once they were airborne, James turned on his radio to receive any last minute instructions or orders.
- Williams dropped his headset and grabbed his weapon, shouting orders the entire time.
- The navy pilots had orders not to fire unless fired on.
- He is under strict orders to keep the subject of his investigation under wraps, but one could hazard a wild guess that it will touch on matters political.
- During World War II, a German army commander disobeyed orders to destroy the Ponte Vecchio.
- Nobody likes taking orders or advice from others.
- The president hasn't issued any orders along that line yet.
- However Portugal was reluctant to stop trading with Britain, both for economic and political reasons, and Napoleon decided to send his armies to Portugal to force them to comply with his orders.
- They are also worried that some soldiers opposed to the withdrawal will disobey orders to evacuate settlers.
- They resigned in the face of threatened reprisals if they defied a government order to return to work.
- He said they had no choice but take to orders from above.
- Kennedy moved quickly down the line shouting orders to fire and reload.
- So where did this order come from - government or senior management?
- He lives in Adelaide and has been under doctor's orders not to travel.
- The commander bellowed the orders and the men rushed to do the his bidding.
(court decree)orden feminineto issue an order — dictar / evacuar una orden
- He was acquitted on the orders of a judge on the grounds of insufficient evidence.
- ‘The government has always respected and executed orders of this Court,’ they wrote.
- If no other order of the Court is made tomorrow, I would expect that he will be released tomorrow.
- The court made no order for costs against the defendant.
- The above conditions may be varied or deleted by further order of the court.
- To defy a High Court deportation order, he took sanctuary in the Church of the Ascension.
- However, added the mayor, city hall will naturally respect the court's order, whatever it may be.
- He said the group had a good case to mount a legal challenge to the administration order but would waive its right to pursue litigation once the deal was done.
- He was also made the subject of a legal order, which forced him to refrain from any discussion whatsoever of the proceedings.
- Gray was sentenced to a psychiatric and community service rehabilitation order of three years.
- The lawsuit has been put on hold by the administration order which protects a company from its creditors and gives it time to put together a rescue package.
- The government is expected to apply for a special administration order under the Railways Act in the High Court over the next few days.
- I have not seen any order of the court with regard to Dr Smith, nor have I seen the court's judgment.
- The pair were given a shared custody order by a Pasadena court on July 27, 1999 with equal rights and duties.
- The judge will pass sentence in the new year when the businessman will face either a jail term or a lengthy community service order.
- The judge will consider the confiscation order in relation to his recent convictions.
- He was given a community service order and put on probation.
- A High Court judge made an order which will result in the twins being returned to Missouri in the United States where they were born.
- They were released from custody over the weekend on the orders of a District Judge at Manchester Magistrates Court.
- He was sentenced to a 200-hour community service order and was banned from driving for 18 months.
(instructions to pay)orden femininepay to the order of John Smith — páguese a la orden de John Smith
- before noun order cheque — cheque nominativo
- He was held to be in breach of fiduciary duty when he misappropriated funds from the company's bank account by fraudulently altering the name of the payee on a payment order addressed to the bank.
- The clearing banks' role in the payment and collection of cheques and other payment orders is directly related to one of their main activities, namely the maintenance of current accounts.
8.1(kind, class)the lower orders of society — las clases bajas
- we received praise of the highest order — recibimos grandes elogios
- Genera are the smallest basic groups of related species; higher up on the taxonomic ladder, orders encompass hundreds of genera.
- This epoch is characterized by the appearance of all of the presently existing orders and families, and many of the existing genera of mammals.
- The rhinoceros beetle is one of the largest members of the order Coleoptera.
- All spiders are members of the arachnid order Araneae, which is divided into two suborders.
- There are approximately 650 to 700 extant species of cephalopods in two subclasses and five orders.
9.1(of monks, nuns)orden feminine
- In the 1200s, members of new religious orders, called friars, began to work among the people.
- There are many private schools, run primarily by Catholic religious orders.
- For four centuries it was home to members of the Cistercian order, whose lives were dominated by manual labour and prayer.
- He considered joining a monastic order but was persuaded by his parish priest to enter the secular clergy.
- He has attended several retreats at the abbey, run by the Catholic order of Benedictine monks.
- Luxembourg has also traditionally been the home of a great number of convents and religious orders, a number that has dwindled since the last century.
- With the exception of some religious orders in which monks vow to live in solitude, most of us need other people to add texture to our lives.
- In 1600 he went to Salamanca, where he joined the Franciscan Order.
- Between the ninth and eleventh centuries the Benedictines and other monastic orders expanded across Europe.
- A significant number of the monks have earned university degrees before joining the order.
- I joined the order as a First Degree member in October and have developed mixed feelings since then.
- Mersenne continued his education within the order at Nigeon and then at Meaux.
- Among the religious orders, only the friars had a vocation that by its very nature embraced the seriously poor and, indeed, the utterly destitute in the regular course of events.
- Luigi Guido Grandi was a member of the order of the Camaldolites.
- It expelled religious orders from the country and disestablished the Roman Catholic church.
- Catholic schools tend to be run by religious orders, such as the Holy Ghosts, Jesuits and Loreto nuns.
- Monks from the various orders in Europe had flocked to England to set up religious houses.
- The church might even consider limiting bishops to two five-year terms, as many religious orders do for their leaders.
- He entered the Jesuit order in 1726 going to the Jesuit College in Piacenza in 1728 to teach literature.
- In the past the members of strict religious orders took the discipline as a matter of course.
9.2(fraternity, society)orden femininean order of knighthood — una orden de caballería
- The most radical workers and peasants, and many of the young conscripts, wanted to use their strength to overthrow the old order.
- There is a real revolutionary process under way, aiming to overturn the existing political and economic order.
- The victories of the Revolutionary and imperial armies reshaped the European order.
- Continued concern about its effect on the world's future political and economic order still remains.
- An important political component of the post-war order was the United Nations.
- A new political and economic order was quickly installed.
- the very fact of the revolution - a popular rising against the established order - placed Louis XVI beyond the scope and protection of the new regime.
- New technology always challenges the established order, and eventually a new equilibrium is reached.
- The incoming industrial order is designed to correct the shortcomings of the old.
- A political order that produces a choice between two such candidates has lost all credibility.
- It would surely work to maintain the old order and to keep Everything In Its Proper Place.
- He has his mind on overthrowing the old order, she is concerned with her own emotional and financial security.
- The fall of the old order was seen to be in the best interests of the country.
- This partially explains why the powerful challenges to the corporate order in the postwar period overwhelmingly failed.
- It is rather a political order which supports the survival of weak states.
- Amongst the most famous of these crusader orders were the Order of the Knights Templar.
- These policies have usurped traditional Maori authority while denying Maori a significant position in the newly established political and social orders.
- Only the strong leadership of John and the military orders saved the army at all; even so, thousands died that day
- The Order of the Knights Templar was formed during the crusades when many knights and squires set out for the Holy Land.
- Furthermore, the very presence of democratic institutions and values can be seen as a threat by some established social and political orders.
- The military orders, and the knights under King John put up a valiant defense and saved what they could of the army.
- Feudalism was abolished along with the Inquisition and the Church's military orders, and two-thirds of monasteries and convents were dissolved.
- They aimed to achieve a complete break from the old order of nation-states, and to create a federal constitution for Europe.
- They want a social, political and economic order in which they can feel safe - and empowered.
- As to the economic order, there was to be no going back, and no second chances.
10orders pluralReligionórdenes sagradas feminineto take (holy) orders — ordenarse sacerdote
- to be in (holy) orders — ser sacerdote
- major/minor orders — órdenes mayores/menores
- After taking orders in 1782, he became the perpetual curate of Barton-under-Needwood in 1783.
- Watson had been ordained a deacon in 1856 and he took priest's orders two years later.
- He became a monk and may have taken deacon's orders.
- He was educated at Cambridge, took priest's orders, and became known as a preacher.
11Architectureorden masculinethe Doric/Ionic order — el orden dórico/iónico
- The Pantheon in Rome is an ideal case study for understanding classical space, orders, composition, light, and character.
- The former asylum is a stately quadrangular building of stone with pillars of the Doric order.
- Work out for yourself the differences between Corinthian, Ionic and Doric orders.
- They reflect his keen appreciation of modern design, married with his admiration for classical orders.
- These columns are of different orders on each storey (Tuscan at the bottom, then Ionic, with Corinthian columns in the third storey).
- The interior of Syon Hall has a Doric order with high attic and flat-beamed ceiling.
1.1(command)(dismissal/action/retreat) ordenarto order sb to + inf — (+ subj) ordenarle a algn que
- I was ordered to leave — me ordenaron que me fuera
- to order sth (to be) done — ordenar que se haga algo
- to order that — ordenar que + subj
- she ordered that it be done straight away — ordenó que se hiciera enseguida
- he ordered me out of the room — me ordenó / me mandó salir de la habitación
- New chairman John Robinson has since ordered a review of compensation arrangements for senior managers.
- Brown was also ordered by the court to pay £250 compensation and £65 costs.
- Every person is hereby ordered to immediately evacuate the City of New Orleans.
- British commanders were so confident they ordered their troops to walk slowly towards the German lines.
- The government responded by imposing a state of emergency in late November and ordering its regular army to fight the rebels.
- And Bingley magistrates yesterday ordered him to pay what he owed at a rate of £1, 000 a month.
- Just when he felt he could go no farther, his lieutenant ordered the unit to drop their 100 lb backpacks.
- As the firefight continues, the commander orders his men to conserve ammunition.
- ‘Stop the car!’ he ordered.
- The judge ordered an inquiry into the incident.
- The judge ordered that he and his family be placed in a witness protection programme.
- Hartlepool magistrates yesterday ordered the forfeiture and destruction of the cannabis plants.
- He was taken before a judge last Thursday who ordered that he be held in custody.
- Their commanding officer ordered them to stop because this was disrespectful.
- Bosses at Metrolink have also ordered ticket inspectors to take a tough line against anyone caught without a ticket.
- The judge also ordered the defendant to attend an alcohol awareness programme.
- Air marshals pursued and ordered the passenger to get down on the ground.
- His behaviour is said to have included regularly dressing down officers in front of other staff and ordering them to do menial tasks when they were tired.
- Officers will have the power to order gangs of yobs to disperse or face arrest.
- ‘Begin the treatment,’ the doctor ordered sharply.
1.2Medicinemandarthe doctor ordered a course of antibiotics — la médica le recetó / le mandó unos antibióticos
- he ordered complete rest — le mandó hacer reposo absoluto
2(request)(drink/dish) pedir(goods) pedir(goods) encargarto order a taxi — llamar un taxi
- can you order me a copy? — ¿me puede pedir / encargar un ejemplar?
- they ordered 200 monitors from a German firm — hicieron un pedido de / encargaron 200 monitores a una compañía alemana
- As we were waiting for our food, we decided to order a few pitchers of beer to pass the time.
- Jen had just ordered her pizza and went outside to enjoy the cold February air.
- I almost always order a grilled sole served with green beans or spinach.
- I went back to the bar to order the food, only to be informed that they finished serving food an hour ago.
- Shoppers will be able to order groceries on the internet, then collect them at their leisure.
- I ordered goods for delivery by a specific date, which has since passed.
- The waitress comes along to see if we would like to order a drink and he perused the wine list.
- When the maître d' took them to their table, Trent immediately ordered a bottle of red wine.
- He likes to be able to get by in new countries, and where better to start than to learn how to order drinks in bars?
- In a nutshell, if you want to stay in the business, all your guests have to be treated like VIPs - not just the ones ordering champagne and foie gras.
- It is always a good sign when there is so much you want to taste that you have great trouble deciding what to order.
- Five hundred copies have already been ordered in advance.
- I order shoes straight from Manolo Blahnik, or I buy them from Harrods.
- She was 15 and alone in a country where she barely knew how to order a cup of coffee.
- The best thing about it was that if they didn't have a particular album, they'd order it for you from a catalogue.
- I've just ordered a pizza to go and collect in 10 minutes or so.
- She ordered the lobster, crab and prawn terrine.
- She snuck a glance in the direction of the bar but Nathan was busy ordering their drinks.
- The director promptly ordered a glass of kir royale, and we followed his lead.
- I ordered it out of the catalog two weeks ago and I haven't heard a word about it since.
3(put in order)(affairs/work/life) ordenar(affairs/life/work) poner en orden
- Jenny admits that with two small children, she has to order her time very carefully.
- In fact one of the characteristics of Dietrich as a thinker is the systematic way in which he not only orders his thoughts but his treatises as well.
- The exhibition catalogue is ordered by the artists' dates of birth.
- As his previously well-ordered life slips away from him he loses control and his judgement deserts him.
- I have to order my notes once, twice, three times before I can start actually using them.
- She sat on the edge of her bed, trying to order her thoughts.
- It's in alphabetical order, because ordering them by preference would just be too difficult.
1(in restaurant)are you ready to order? — ¿ya han decidido qué van a tomar / pedir?
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