In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(go by, past)(shop/house) pasar poryou'll pass the station on your left — vas a pasar por la estación, a mano izquierda
- I passed him in the street this morning — esta mañana me crucé con él en la calle
- she passed me without saying a word — pasó de largo por mi lado sin decirme una palabra
- not a drop has passed my lips — no he bebido ni gota
- All drivers have to do to pass each other safely is to stay on their side of the road.
- The silence was broken by the engine of a park ranger's orange van passing along the footpath.
- I would be only too pleased to have bicycles passing my front door rather than noisy, speeding vehicles.
- The walk up the stairs took no time at all, Kyle started to move slower as they passed Jenny's room.
- Before we moved here I passed this junction twice a day for the last 12 years and I never saw an accident.
- During the eclipse, the moon passed between the sun and the Earth, leaving a bright rim of fire.
- He was passing along the road after the shooting and noticed the body before anyone else had come to investigate.
- We reached the marketplace where we did our weekly shopping every Sunday morning, passing between the hospital on the left and the public baths on the right.
- Calmly curious, they cruise right up to us before passing gently overhead, circling back for a series of fly-bys.
- As we passed along the road that led in to Hudsons Field, the first runners were already coming out and we broke into applause, cheering them on.
- He passes his brother and moves towards center stage.
- They apologised for blocking the road and let me pass, slowly crunching snow under my tyres.
- The victim was shot in the stomach at close range with a hand gun but the bullet passed through his body narrowly missing his vital organs.
- Three masked men reached a first floor office on Sunday night after passing through at least one checkpoint as well as corridors and rooms secured by coded keypads.
- In October 1999, a train passed a red signal departing Paddington Station in London.
- I am still moved every time I pass the old neighbourhood where I lived.
- As noted elsewhere in your site, boats cannot pass under low bridges.
- She moved along the edge of the cliff and he passed along the rocks to get closer.
- A shiver passed along her body.
- Whenever I pass the old drive-in cinema south of the Heavitree Gap, I get a melancholy feeling.
- Just as I was making my move and passing the table I tripped and fell, lunch tray and all.
- When the traffic finally started to move, I passed an embankment on the right hand side of the motorway which was covered with grazing sheep.
- The airport is predicting it will see 330,000 passengers pass through the terminal by Sunday.
- A police patrol passing along the road at 2 a.m. became suspicious as they were constantly being preceded by a van.
- A car passing along the street came to a halt.
- We passed the Greenbank station and went down to the railroads shops just a mile or two down the road.
- She turned and walked slowly away, passing under the light of the lamps.
- To Clark's surprise, when he passes them, the director's hand reaches out to flag his attention.
- For a while, Heather wandered with no purpose or direction, passing apartment buildings and rows of small shops.
- The journey is always brightened up for me by the miniature golf course we pass along the seafront.
- He said that he recalled something being thrown off the yacht as it passed between the pier and the other yacht.
- Upon discovering it was empty the group moved on, passing portraits and tapestries far too grimy to be determinable.
- You'll be more likely to enjoy and understand the weird places you end up if you know how you got there and what you passed along the way.
- The tour will start on the Victoria Embankment of the Thames, near Blackfriars Station, and pass the Houses of Parliament.
- The sun had been up for an hour or so when I passed the Seattle city limit sign.
- Last year, more than 125,000 paying members of the public passed through its gates.
- We passed by apples trees filled with bright red fruits.
- You travel along the coast and have some great views of the scenery, passing through several towns along the way.
- Geoff said people will get the best view at about midnight each night when Mars passes directly overhead.
- After passing a few side roads, Bastian pulled into her driveway and stopped the car.
1.2(overtake)pasaradelantarrebasar Mexicohe'll try to pass us on this bend — nos va a querer pasar / (se) nos va a querer adelantar en esta curva
- Changes in the market started way back when the Nasdaq passed its peak last year.
- You shouldn't eat any food product that has passed its 'use by' date.
- I hear that there is peace that passes understanding… there for the taking.
- On the plus side the group has already passed its peak capital investment on the network.
- At some point the limit of acceptable risk has been passed.
2.1(cross, go beyond)(limit) pasar(frontier) pasar(frontier) cruzar
3.1(convey, hand over)to pass sb sth, to pass sth to sb — pasarle algo a algn
- pass (me) the sugar, please — ¿me pasas el azúcar, por favor?
- pass me up the hammer — pásame / alcánzame el martillo
- the document was passed around the table — el documento circuló por la mesa
- they passed the buckets along the line — pasaron los baldes de mano en mano a lo largo de la fila
- your papers have been passed to me — me han pasado tus papeles
- Most family businesses suffer as they are passed from generation to generation.
- A trade that has been passed down for generations came very close to extinction in the late Nineties.
- Since manic depression is hereditary, did his parents go through a phase of feeling guilty for passing along the gene?
- Please pass this information on to anyone you know who may be interested.
- He filled three cups from a large flask, passing them round and drinking a long draught from his own, before introducing himself as Seth.
- The stories are passed from generation to generation, often in the form of songs.
- In addition, wealth is passed from one generation of the wealthy to the next.
- Will you please pass the salt, I don't think these French fries were salted.
- There is no limit on the value of business assets that may be passed to a child in this way.
- The curd tart recipe has been passed down for many years and is a closely-guarded secret.
- Tales of mermaids in these parts have been passed down over the years.
- He will provide a display of traditional techniques that have been passed down through the years.
- I've learned some things about sorting out my home archives that I will pass along to students in my database course.
- Enmities between rival factions - and even families - are passed down the years, and some go back a century or more.
- We know how tempting it can be to indulge in listening to or passing along a juicy rumor.
- The secret arts of the Egyptians were passed orally from one generation to the next.
- If you're fed up paying too much for petrol, please pass this message on.
- If you haven't received an invite, let me know, and I'll pass one along.
- The disease could not be passed between humans and was easy to cure if caught early enough.
- The newspaper's findings have now been passed to the Trade and Industry Secretary.
- He might have been better off taking his score but he elected to pass to Michael Lawlor on the edge of the square.
- I am a great believer in players improving their ability to pass the ball.
- We passed the ball well and responded well to giving a goal away.
- Everybody wants to dunk and showboat, but few can make free throws or pass the ball.
- It was a joy to watch them play: they were smart and they passed the ball brilliantly.
- Every coach has paired off players and had them pass the ball back and forth, back and forth, back and forth.
- The jerseys were too similar in colour and this led to a number of mistakes when players passed the ball to an opponent.
- He drew the cover defence to pass to Johnny McGahan who ran half the pitch to score near the posts.
- But Todd was disappointed with only a point and felt his side should have passed the ball a lot better.
- Once a player has been tackled, they pass to a team mate.
- The tagged player must then pass the ball to a teammate.
- The ball gets passed to a player who can't shoot and has never made a basket, even in practice.
- We laughed and started passing a soccer ball to one another.
- Both sides were passing the ball well and creating chances.
- The game starts and the ball is passed from player to player.
- He can pass the ball well and scores a lot of goals for a midfielder.
- He picked up the ball in the inside-right position and trotted forward, although seemingly looking for a teammate to pass to.
- She may opt to pass the ball out to a teammate instead of shooting it.
- If one watches Brazil play soccer, they play one-touch soccer, passing the ball around to create the openings.
- If the back defender stays near the basket, pass the ball to one side or the other.
3.3Law(forged banknotes) pasar
- When the FBI grabs him for passing counterfeit money, he cuts a deal.
- A counterfeit 10-dollar bill was found in Scott's wallet leading the prosecutor to charge him with attempting to pass fake currency.
- He received three concurrent sentences of four and a half years for passing bad checks.
- She was given community service after admitting passing counterfeit currency.
- One of my earlier cases was investigating a bad cheque that had been passed at a local merchant.
4(move)pasarshe passed the cloth over the table — pasó el trapo por la mesa
- pass a warm iron over it — pásale una plancha tibia
- he passed his hand across his face — se pasó la mano por la cara
5(spend)(time) pasarto pass the time (away) — pasar el rato
- we played cards to pass the time — jugamos a las cartas para pasar el rato
- to pass the time of day with sb — intercambiar algunas palabras con algn
- they passed many a happy hour there — pasaron muchas horas felices allí
- The old man had moved to Mount Akum a decade ago, keeping to himself, occasionally fishing to pass the time away.
- When I was awake I passed the time by munching on bags of sweets.
- The mistresses lead easy and extravagant lives by local standards, passing the time between trysts by playing mah-jong, eating out and shopping.
- The villagers pass the long winter nights by listening to stories.
- We passed the night in a shelter that let in all the rain.
- Without television, radio, or books, the bath was one way to pass the cold winter days.
- We'd been out sightseeing all day, and passed the evening with friends, working our way through one of those long French dinners.
6.1(succeed in)(exam/test) aprobar(exam/test) salvar Uruguayall our products have to pass a rigorous inspection — todos nuestros productos son sometidos a una rigurosa inspección
- it passes all the safety requirements — cumple con todos los requisitos de seguridad
- If pupils can't pass the modern exams, the whole system has failed completely.
- Most soldiers go beyond the bare requirements of staying in shape to pass the Army Physical Fitness Test.
- All 160 boys at St Paul's School in Barnes passed all subjects with grades A * to C.
- Applicants must pass a written test.
- Since pupils must pass an examination to proceed to the next standard there is a wide age range in some of the higher grades.
- In college, the goal is not only to pass the course but hopefully remember some of it for the rest of your life.
- Also, many states now require students to pass an achievement test in order to graduate or be promoted.
- Often, he says, a student will pass a state test in elementary school only to fail by seventh or eighth grade.
- A final exam score of 70 percent is required to pass the lesson and move on to the next one.
- During her personal development course, Jenny passed exams in food hygiene, health and safety and first aid.
- All secondary school pupils will have to pass tests in the basics - literacy, maths and information technology.
- Only a small percentage of the village pupils pass the state examination at the end of sixth grade in order to go on to high school.
- The students of a good teacher pass their course, graduate and settle down with good jobs.
- The inquest heard he had only recently passed his driving test.
- There is an intense pressure on them to be successful - to pass exams and tests.
- Every two years they have to take a refresher course and pass the test.
- This year again, the percentage of candidates who passed their final exams rose.
- The best way I have found to pass exams is simply to turn up to as many lectures as possible.
- If third-grade students did not pass the test, they would be retained in third grade.
- Schools also have to present evidence of pupils having passed unit assessments throughout the year.
6.2(approve)(work/candidate) aprobarhe was passed fit for military service — fue declarado apto para el servicio militar
- Other European governments are closely watching French developments as they consider passing similar laws.
- It is clear that the parties are taking positions to pass this bill in its entirety.
- The following year he passed the Trade Disputes Act, which declared general strikes to be revolutionary and illegal.
- If Parliament - the body that passes the laws - does not uphold the law, how can we expect the public to have faith in our courts and our lawmaking institutions?
- Congress quickly passed a non-binding resolution backing him.
- The new law was passed despite opposition from the Health Ministry and medical community.
- I'd like to appeal to the Florida senators to please, please pass this new bill.
- The leg was put in plaster and Garth had to delay his flight home until doctors passed him fit to fly.
- That has been the strongest, principled position against passing the bill at this stage.
- I have a license with the Nevada State Athletic Commission and they have passed me fit to box.
- He had been put through a very rigorous test before he was passed fit.
- A few days before the full mission simulation, the medical board had passed us fit for flight.
- Parliament is expected to pass legislation approving the Prime Minister's move early this year.
- When the New York legislature failed to pass an emancipation law, some slaves ran away.
- In our system of government, he said, the legislature passes laws and then the executive interprets them.
- Laws are passed by legislatures on the basis of necessity, rather than morality.
- It is not a requirement of international law that we pass this legislation.
- The Constitution was amended to eliminate the king's power to block bills passed by parliament.
- However, I am disappointed that we could not unanimously pass this legislation today because of Democratic obstruction.
- Laws are passed with retrospective effect, late at night with bipartisan support and virtually no debate.
- In fact, if he is passed fit to play following his ankle ligament injury, he will suffer from a serious lack of match fitness.
- The motion was passed by 555 votes in favour and 4 against, 48 abstained.
- He was passed fit to ride by the doctor on Saturday morning.
- Have all administrative, legal and legislative avenues to pass a law truly been exhausted?
- He could be back in the senior squad if he is passed fit.
- My union branch committee has unanimously passed a resolution to back all the protests.
- In 1969 an Act was passed which lowered the age of all voters to 18.
6.4(be approved by)pasarthat scene will never pass the censor — esa escena de ninguna manera va a pasar la censura
- It didn't pass committee without a fight.
- That plan passed the Senate but died in the House as lawmakers wrapped up work to adjourn for the year.
- While the voucher scheme did not pass Congress, the testing proposals passed both the House and the Senate.
- The bill still has to pass the House of Lords.
- The bill was removed from the legislature's schedule, together with other bills that failed to pass committee review.
- It already has passed the Senate and the Assembly will vote on it in late-August.
- A similar bill to address the digital divide already passed the Senate unanimously.
7(utter)(remark/comment) hacer(opinion) expresarto pass sentence — fallar
- The Court also declared that only a member of the judiciary could pass a sentence and that this was out of the remit of the Home Secretary.
- The last two of the accused were found guilty today and the judge announced he will pass sentence on all the defendants tomorrow.
- North Yorkshire Police have said national guidelines prevent them from commenting on the case until sentence has been passed.
- Magistrates deliberated for over an hour before passing a four-month custodial sentence on the 32-year-old farmer.
- They applauded as the judge passed a mandatory life sentence.
- She admitted she had grave misgivings about passing such a sentence, but said she was prepared to give the defendant a chance.
- On that day the Crown invited the court to proceed to pass sentence on both defendants, and to postpone the determination of a confiscation order.
- The judicial decision must be made before sentence is passed and the decision must be made obvious by the judge.
- A judge passing sentence at Preston Crown Court told her she had been convicted on overwhelming evidence.
- I was brought up not to pass remarks.
- Accordingly, he proceeded to pass the sentences of 8 years concurrent on each count.
- Each member of this court would, it should be recorded, have passed a longer sentence for that offence.
- A jail term had to be passed to deter others.
- The magistrates passed sentence after reading pre-sentence reports.
- He recently passed critical comments about the attitude of cotton farmers.
- Pope Clement VIII demanded that Bruno be sentenced as a heretic and the Inquisition passed the death sentence on him.
- Everything went smoothly until the judge was about to pass sentence in accordance with the plea bargain.
- Everyone thought they had the right to pass comment and judgement on her.
- She passed a nine years term on each of the four offences, all to run concurrently.
- They were young guys themselves and they kept passing comments.
- Although the verdict has been reached and sentence passed, all 13 defendants have the right of appeal.
- They passed a two-month consecutive term for the assault, with a concurrent 14 days for criminal damage.
- In passing sentence the judge said that the appellant had an appalling record.
- Justine said that when in company some people had passed remarks such as: ‘Have you tried to kill yourself?’
- When the sentences were passed at York Crown Court in May 2001, he walked free because of the time he had spent in custody on remand.
8Medicine(kidney stone) expulsarto pass water — orinar
- to pass wind — tirarse un pedo
- he passed blood in his urine — orinó con sangre
- Fifteen per cent of both men and women got up at night to pass urine.
- The side-effects of radiotherapy include tiredness, a burning sensation on passing urine and early menopause.
- She was seen a week ago complaining of being sore ‘down below’ and pain on passing urine for one week.
- He was still able to pass urine and there was no evidence of infection.
- Any enlargement of the prostate (cancerous or benign) can cause problems with passing urine.
- ‘He suffers from a bladder problem which means he has to pass urine frequently and urgently,’ he said.
- Catheters are thin flexible tubes which are inserted into the bladder to allow urine to be passed.
- It's important not to pass urine for at least four hours - and sometimes overnight - before a urine sample is taken.
- Urinary incontinence is passing urine when you don't mean to because of partial or total loss of control of the bladder.
- Caffeine and alcohol make you pass more urine or irritate your bladder and give you urgency.
- It affects mainly men over the age of 45 and common symptoms include a need to get up several times in the night to pass urine.
- Chlamydia can cause pain when passing urine, long-term pelvic pain and infertility.
- Men may have a discharge, pain on passing urine or painful testicles.
- He was released without charge after seven days but his beatings were so bad that he had passed blood in his urine and had blood in his ear canals.
- This is simply to help relax the muscles - no urine will actually be passed.
- This can cause pressure on the bladder, increasing the sensation of needing to pass urine.
- Some people also complain of tension headaches, stomach cramps and of having to get up repeatedly at night to pass urine.
- When you pass urine, the muscular wall of your bladder contracts, helping to squeeze urine out through a tube from your bladder called the urethra.
- The patient complained of a three year history of difficulty passing urine, being able to produce only a thin trickle of urine with straining.
- This may lead to lower abdominal discomfort or backache, or may press on the bladder causing symptoms such as needing to pass urine more often than normal.
1(move, travel)pasarpass along the car, please — córranse / pasen adelante, por favor
- many letters passed between them — se intercambiaron muchas cartas
- the bus passes by/in front of our house — el autobús pasa por casa/por la puerta de casa
- the liquid passes down the tube — el líquido baja por el tubo
- he passed into a coma — entró / cayó en coma
- the word has passed into everyday usage — la palabra ha pasado al uso común
- her name passed into history/oblivion — su nombre pasó a la historia/fue relegado al olvido
- spring passed into summer — la primavera dejó paso al verano
- we watched until he passed out of sight — nos quedamos mirando hasta que lo perdimos de vista
- we are now passing over Washington — estamos sobrevolando Washington
- the rope passes through this ring — la cuerda pasa por esta anilla
- the car has passed through many hands — el coche ha pasado por muchas manos
- the book passed through several editions — hubo varias ediciones del libro
- the thought passed through my mind — la idea (se) me pasó por la cabeza
- the road passes under a bridge — la carretera pasa por debajo de un puente
2(go, move past)pasarI was just passing — pasaba por aquí
- they passed on the stairs — se cruzaron en la escalera
- they shall not pass — ¡no pasarán!
- his mistake passed unnoticed — su error pasó desapercibido
- it was a stupid remark, but let it pass — fue un comentario estúpido pero dejémoslo correr / no hagamos caso
- I can't let that pass — eso no lo puedo consentir
3(overtake)adelantarserebasar Mexicolet him pass — deja que se adelante / que nos pase
- no passing — prohibido rebasar
4Sportpasar la pelotapasar la pelota Latin America Spainpasar el balón Latin America Spainto pass to sb — pasar(le) la pelota (/ el balón etc. ) a algn
5(be transferred)(estate/crown/title) pasarto pass to sb — pasar(le) la pelota (/ el balón etc. ) a algn
6(elapse)pasartranscurrir formaltime passed — pasó el tiempo
- many years passed — transcurrieron muchos años
7(disappear)(pain/feeling) pasarselie down until it passes — acuéstate hasta que se te pase
8archaic(happen)to come to pass — suceder
- it came to pass that ... — acaeció que ... / aconteció que ...
9(be acceptable)pasarit's not brilliant, but it'll pass — una maravilla no es, pero pasa
- that may pass in the country, but it won't here — eso estará bien en el campo, pero aquí no
- to pass as sth — pasar por algo
10(in an exam)aprobarpasarsalvar Uruguay
11(be approved)(bill/motion) ser aprobado
12(decline chance to play)pasar¡paso!I'll pass on the dessert, thanks — voy a pasar del postre, gracias informal
13to pass on
1masculine pasemasculine abonobus/rail pass — abono de autobús/tren
- press pass — pase de prensa
- 24-hour pass — permiso de 24 horas
2British(in test, examination)aprobado masculineto get a pass — sacar un aprobado
- before noun a pass mark — un aprobado
- what's the pass mark? — ¿cuál es la nota mínima para aprobar?
- pass rate — porcentaje de aprobados
3Sportpase masculineto make a pass — hacer un pase
4(sexual advance)to make a pass at sb — intentar ligarse a algn Spain informal
5(state of affairs)things had reached such a pass that ... — las cosas habían llegado a tal extremo que ...
- things have come to a pretty pass — hay que ver a dónde hemos llegado
6(sweep)pasada femininemasculine pase
1(in hills, mountains)paso masculineto sell the pass — traicionar a la causa
- By late afternoon they had reached the valley of the mountain pass and the south road.
- The mountain passes are high and demanding, the climate gives extremes of weather conditions, the infrastructure is primitive and the hidden wastelands are boundless.
- The government's weakness and Washington's fear that terrorists might set up camp in the country's mountain passes have kept it there.
- So he goes out and zooms around the mountain passes of California for a week, and I wish him a fond farewell, but I don't go on these trips with him.
- Soon the winter weather will close in and, in the high reaches of the Hindu Kush and Karakoram ranges, the mountain passes will be closed when the temperature drops below freezing for months on end.
- What it is Off-road running on dirt tracks and mountain passes.
- There were more twists and turns in the BMW International Open over the flatlands of Nord-Eichenried than on the most serpentine of mountain passes.
- The mountain pass is a difficult road to travel and it appears as though you are not apothecaries or wandering salesmen.
- We drove north, broken-down trucks littering the road as we travelled up to the summit of the pass through the mountain.
- Beware of what appear to be shortcuts on maps - these often turn out to be unpaved roads or mountain passes.
- The best hope of that will be in July and August, when the snow will melt, as much as it ever does, and the mountain passes are at their most accessible.
- Police believe that Mr Johnson was trying to avoid the high mountain Alpine passes in the park, but may have been forced to attempt the route by the prevailing conditions.
- Snow levels will be dropping throughout the daytime tomorrow from above the mountain passes down to below the mountain passes.
- Militants' camps have never been completely wound up and infiltration takes place after the melting of snow at the passes straddling over the mountains.
- During December and January the ground was frozen hard, and even travelling to the site over mountain roads and passes proved hazardous.
- The road twisted and hairpinned and climbed, but as scary mountain passes go, it was pretty tame.
- She has breathtaking pictures of a mountain pass so high, that the clouds may be seen way down below.
- The brothers travelled clandestinely through Iran, and crossed illegally into Turkey over a mountain pass.
- Thus, there are prayer flags, wheels, mani stones and mantras everywhere - on the terraces of housing blocks and at the most desolate of mountain passes.
- Rather than retrace our steps, we continued southwards, traversing the mountain down to a pass called Bwlch Tryfan.
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