In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(former)(attempts/occasions) anterior(life) pasadoantiguoon past experience I should guess that … — basándome en experiencias anteriores yo diría que …
- she knew from past experience that … — sabía por experiencia que …
- in times past — antaño
- past members of the organization — antiguos / exmiembros de la organización
- prime ministers past and present — antiguos y actuales primeros ministros
- The union's offer to assist the government is completely in line with its past practices.
- However they have not made any correlation between the current problem and the past accident.
- Club captain Johnson and past captain Jacobs completed six rounds of golf in a day to raise money for charity.
- Mr Wilson said past experiences had shown voting was often done in the initial days of polls opening.
- When I left I felt ashamed that even as a seasoned traveller I had avoided this area for fear of the past conflict.
- Each is accused of a past crime that they have not yet been prosecuted for.
- Forget the past performance, you now need to focus on the future and find such investments.
- Makinen is also a past winner, all of which will make the most arduous rally in the WRC a hot contest.
- On past experience with your Journal I don't expect this pro-blood sports letter to be printed.
- The other obvious challenger is Joseba Beloki, a podium finisher in the past three Tours.
- Maple Leaf Gardens has been our town square and remains a repository of our dreams and past glories.
- However, in light of past practices, it is doubtful whether they will live up to those pledges.
- It is time to forget past differences and work together for the larger interest of the nation.
- But she would not have to reimburse the Government for any past benefits to which she had been entitled.
- Mrs Taylor-Silk said the break would give the family a chance to forget about past worries and look to the future.
- In their past nine matches they have lost seven times, and have scored just 15 times in the league all season.
- In today's Dubrovnik, you can just make out the joins where new stone has been melded with old, like the scars of a past life.
- He is a past pupil of Gortnor Abbey Convent and Anthony is now studying at GMIT Galway.
- The newly adopted Lords' amendment on smacking will inspire many parents to examine their past conduct.
- Any artist who has had their past work stamped with classic status must surely find themselves in a bind.
- On the other hand, it is also prudent for the majority of us to learn from our past mistakes and experiences.
1.2(most recent)(month/year/week) últimoin the past few days/three years — en los últimos días/tres años
- I've been very busy these past few days — he estado muy ocupado estos últimos días / últimamente
- the events of the past week — los acontecimientos de la última semana / de la semana pasada
- for some time past — desde hace tiempo
- Michelle has been doing a lot of writing over the past year and has just signed a record deal with Mercury Records.
- Last year we were in Colombo, Sri Lanka, and some of those other places that have been in the news this past week.
- Over the past week, break-ins have taken place at Kill and also in our local church at Saleen.
- For the past two weeks, the Western world has seen something remarkable occur in Ukraine.
- There is a long-established genre of writing about boys' public schools in the past century.
- In the past two Sundays I've seen two of the best club league games I've ever enjoyed.
- We only went out for two months over this past summer and it was really hard on her when we broke up.
- Millions of pounds have been spent in an attempt to revive the town in the past five years and a new high school has been created.
- In all the grim news of the past couple of weeks the Special Olympics stood out as an example of the good that is in the world.
- The government has spent more than eight trillion yen in failed attempts to bail the banks out over the past four years.
- The film Spark, which has been shot in Keighley over the past four weeks, is expected to go on general release next year.
- Listen to what the vice president had to say about the Texas governor this past week.
- Sully had skipped too much school the past week and a bit to go completely unnoticed.
- With just six hours opening yesterday, a spokesman for the store said it was probably one of the quieter days of the past month.
- The school has been through a period of ups and downs over the past year.
- The planting has been taking place over the past two weeks, with primary school children invited to help with the work.
- This past weekend saw the season home opener on Saturday night against the Rams.
- The price of a gallon of gas jumped to record highs this past week here in the United States.
- Word around Wellington in the past three weeks is that Clark's staff have been panicking.
- He has spent the past decade, and the past week, attempting to do just that.
1.3(finished, gone)what's past is past — lo pasado, pasado
- that's all past now — todo eso ha quedado atrás
- all danger is now past — ya ha pasado el peligro
- in days long past — en tiempos remotos
- But some argue the worst may be past.
- The days are long past when we sent children up chimneys to sweep them.
- Each sketch is an individual work of art and represents a historically accurate reflection of a time past.
- The Conservative Party came round to him, and by October the worst of the dangers of that year were past.
- Surely the age of bigotry is past.
- Several of his long-time customers commented that his produce tasted better than in years past, and was keeping for longer.
- What happened in Athens is now past.
- He is a reminder of the site's history, a unique tie to stories and advice from times past.
- Above all the book recalls some of the village's characters from days long past.
2Linguisticsthe past tense — el pretérito
- the past participle — el participio pasado / pasivo
- It's no secret that this was the case, but these comments were all made in the past tense.
- This is a bond of trust that football writers speak of only in the past tense.
- British imperialism is habitually referred to in the past tense, as if it had gone the way of the empire.
- We often use the past tense in English to describe an imagined present or future.
- Pashto has a rich agreement mechanism, but one that is manifested differently in the present and past tenses.
2(former times)pasado masculineto live in the past — vivir en el pasado
- steam trains are a thing of the past — las locomotoras de vapor han pasado a la historia
- in the past women … — antes / antiguamente / en otros tiempos las mujeres …
- let's carry on as we have in the past — sigamos como siempre / como antes
- that's all in the past — eso ya es historia
3masculine pasadofeminine historiaa city/nation without a past — una ciudad/nación sin historia
- a woman with a past — una mujer con pasado
4Linguisticspasado masculinepretérito masculinethe past historic — el pasado histórico
1British(after)it's ten past six/half past two — son las seis y diez/las dos y media
- it's half/a quarter past one — es la una y media/y cuarto
- it was past eleven — eran las once pasadas
- it's long past midnight — son mucho más de las doce
- it starts at quarter past — empieza a (las) y cuarto
- the party went on till past midnight — la fiesta siguió hasta después de la medianoche
- it's past your bedtime — ya deberías estar acostado
2(older than)once you get past 40 … — una vez pasados los 40 …
- she must be past 50 — debe tener más de 50
- I'm past the age/stage when … — ya he pasado la edad/superado la etapa en que …
3(outside, beyond)it's past belief/endurance — es increíble/intolerable
- to be past -ing
- those socks are past mending — ya no vale la pena zurcir esos calcetines
- they can do what they like, I'm past caring — por mí que hagan lo que quieran, ya no me importa
- I wouldn't put it past her — no me extrañaría que lo hiciera
- to be past it
- an athlete is past it at his age — a su edad a un atleta ya se le pasó su cuarto de hora
- they think everyone over 40 is past it — piensan que cualquiera que tenga más de 40 ya está para cuarteles de invierno
- this carpet's past it — esta alfombra ya está para la basura
4(by the side of)I go past their house every morning — paso por (delante de) su casa todas las mañanas
- she walked straight past him — pasó de largo por su lado
- we drove past her shop — pasamos por delante de su tienda (con el coche)
5(beyond)it's just past the school — queda un poco más allá de la escuela
- how did you get past the guard? — ¿cómo hiciste para que el guardia te dejara pasar?
- he shoved past the doorman — pasó pegándole un empujón al portero
- once we're past customs — una vez que hayamos pasado la aduana
- the second turning past the lights — la segunda calle después del semáforo
1(with verbs of motion)to fly/cycle/drive past — pasar volando/en bicicleta/en coche
- he hurried past — pasó a toda prisa
- I saw her as I walked past — al pasar la vi
- we watched the troops march past — vimos desfilar a las tropas
2British(giving time)it's twenty-five past — son y veinticinco
- I got there at five past — llegué a y cinco
- is it eight yet? — a few minutes past — ¿son las ocho ya? — y unos minutos / pasadas
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
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