In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(occasions/attempts) anterior(life) pasadoantiguoon past experience I should guess that … — basándome en experiencias anteriores yo diría que …
- she knew from past experience that … — sabía por experiencia que …
- in times past — antiguamente
- past members of the organization — antiguos / exmiembros de la organización
- prime ministers past and present — primeros ministros de ayer y hoy
- The union's offer to assist the government is completely in line with its past practices.
- On past experience with your Journal I don't expect this pro-blood sports letter to be printed.
- Club captain Johnson and past captain Jacobs completed six rounds of golf in a day to raise money for charity.
- Each is accused of a past crime that they have not yet been prosecuted for.
- He is a past pupil of Gortnor Abbey Convent and Anthony is now studying at GMIT Galway.
- Makinen is also a past winner, all of which will make the most arduous rally in the WRC a hot contest.
- On the other hand, it is also prudent for the majority of us to learn from our past mistakes and experiences.
- Forget the past performance, you now need to focus on the future and find such investments.
- However they have not made any correlation between the current problem and the past accident.
- When I left I felt ashamed that even as a seasoned traveller I had avoided this area for fear of the past conflict.
- It is time to forget past differences and work together for the larger interest of the nation.
- But she would not have to reimburse the Government for any past benefits to which she had been entitled.
- Any artist who has had their past work stamped with classic status must surely find themselves in a bind.
- However, in light of past practices, it is doubtful whether they will live up to those pledges.
- The newly adopted Lords' amendment on smacking will inspire many parents to examine their past conduct.
- Mrs Taylor-Silk said the break would give the family a chance to forget about past worries and look to the future.
- In today's Dubrovnik, you can just make out the joins where new stone has been melded with old, like the scars of a past life.
- In their past nine matches they have lost seven times, and have scored just 15 times in the league all season.
- The other obvious challenger is Joseba Beloki, a podium finisher in the past three Tours.
- Maple Leaf Gardens has been our town square and remains a repository of our dreams and past glories.
- Mr Wilson said past experiences had shown voting was often done in the initial days of polls opening.
1.2(most recent)(week/month/year) últimoin the past few days/three years — en los últimos días/tres años
- I've been very busy these past few days — he estado muy ocupado estos últimos días / últimamente
- the events of the past week — los acontecimientos de la última semana / de la semana pasada
- for some time past — desde hace tiempo
- In the past two Sundays I've seen two of the best club league games I've ever enjoyed.
- The planting has been taking place over the past two weeks, with primary school children invited to help with the work.
- This past weekend saw the season home opener on Saturday night against the Rams.
- In all the grim news of the past couple of weeks the Special Olympics stood out as an example of the good that is in the world.
- For the past two weeks, the Western world has seen something remarkable occur in Ukraine.
- He has spent the past decade, and the past week, attempting to do just that.
- Listen to what the vice president had to say about the Texas governor this past week.
- Sully had skipped too much school the past week and a bit to go completely unnoticed.
- The film Spark, which has been shot in Keighley over the past four weeks, is expected to go on general release next year.
- Last year we were in Colombo, Sri Lanka, and some of those other places that have been in the news this past week.
- Millions of pounds have been spent in an attempt to revive the town in the past five years and a new high school has been created.
- With just six hours opening yesterday, a spokesman for the store said it was probably one of the quieter days of the past month.
- Word around Wellington in the past three weeks is that Clark's staff have been panicking.
- Over the past week, break-ins have taken place at Kill and also in our local church at Saleen.
- The price of a gallon of gas jumped to record highs this past week here in the United States.
- The government has spent more than eight trillion yen in failed attempts to bail the banks out over the past four years.
- There is a long-established genre of writing about boys' public schools in the past century.
- Michelle has been doing a lot of writing over the past year and has just signed a record deal with Mercury Records.
- The school has been through a period of ups and downs over the past year.
- We only went out for two months over this past summer and it was really hard on her when we broke up.
1.3(finished, gone)what's past is past — lo pasado, pasado
- that's all past now — todo eso ha quedado atrás
- all danger is now past — ya ha pasado el peligro
- in days long past — en tiempos remotos
- The Conservative Party came round to him, and by October the worst of the dangers of that year were past.
- He is a reminder of the site's history, a unique tie to stories and advice from times past.
- What happened in Athens is now past.
- Each sketch is an individual work of art and represents a historically accurate reflection of a time past.
- Surely the age of bigotry is past.
- But some argue the worst may be past.
- Above all the book recalls some of the village's characters from days long past.
- Several of his long-time customers commented that his produce tasted better than in years past, and was keeping for longer.
- The days are long past when we sent children up chimneys to sweep them.
2Linguisticsthe past tense — el pretérito
- the past participle — el participio pasado / pasivo
- British imperialism is habitually referred to in the past tense, as if it had gone the way of the empire.
- It's no secret that this was the case, but these comments were all made in the past tense.
- This is a bond of trust that football writers speak of only in the past tense.
- Pashto has a rich agreement mechanism, but one that is manifested differently in the present and past tenses.
- We often use the past tense in English to describe an imagined present or future.
1.1(former times)pasado masculinein the past women … — antes / antiguamente / en otros tiempos las mujeres …
- let's carry on as we have in the past — sigamos como siempre / como antes
- that's all in the past — eso forma parte del pasado
- Barney is more sympathetic to the suggestion that the past counts against us.
- Deep cleaning is now required, whereas in the past street cleaners were able to keep gutters and footpaths clean.
- Budding archaeologists from across the county gathered in Swindon to learn about treasures from the past.
- We have been met in the past with surly and indifferent service at many retail outlets.
- But by the standards of the past it had been a deplorable period in local eyes.
- Gradually, though, she has begun to look at other painters of the past.
- They are expressing the national agenda of their new country by documenting important moments in the past.
- For each of the men their existence has been brought back to these moments of the past.
- When I've had a drink in the past it's been to enhance the way I was feeling.
- Tennis buffs would remember them as the greatest women players from the past.
- His history classes emphasized the importance of telling stories as a way of making sense of the past.
- As irritating as romanticising the past might be to outsiders, those bound up in it must start to consider its effects.
- But something rather unexpected happened as I gazed at these images of the past.
- He offers a change from the discredited old politicians of the past.
- This may be the future of policing, but it's the policing of the past.
- Co-op stores in West Yorkshire have frequently been attacked in the past.
- Despite a rocket lending a futuristic flavour to the panto, the traditional family show also harks back to the past.
- It seems as if every new soul singer is instantly compared to one or more of the legends of the past.
- In the past it has been dirty tricks - accidental, of course - which caused concern.
- For Heavey, the performance served as a reminder of the consistency he has shown in the past.
1.2masculine pasadofeminine historiaa city/nation without a past — una ciudad/nación sin historia
- a woman with a past — una mujer con pasado
- Given Cox's past, it is hardly surprising he acquired such coping mechanisms.
- Guys don't talk to each other about our feelings, and that was especially true when you lived in a foster home with six other people with pasts you knew virtually nothing about.
- The Malabar region, like any other region in Kerala, has a very rich historic past.
- The story is beefed up with a colourful scale of playable characters who gradually join your team and unfold facets of their distinct personalities and pasts.
- As the characters drift toward a common fate, we see their pasts in luscious detail.
- The hotel has a colourful past.
- They talked about their pasts, their goals, and their futures.
- Every night after dinner my parents would sit and talk about this uncle or that aunt, talking about their individual and collective pasts.
- And it is not just the miners that use their banners as reminders of their heroic past.
- Two cities recently paid homage to their pasts and their futures by dedicating groves of life-giving trees with historic connections.
- When they die, some things will be said that haven't been said before because they are controversial figures with colourful pasts.
- We never really talked about our pasts, only our futures.
- Public archives are a tremendously rich resource of evidence about our collective past.
- The historic broadcast presents a fascinating glimpse into the past of the country and of television itself.
- We uncovered a controversial policy which allows people with serious criminal pasts to be considered for a licence if they have been ‘clean’ for as little as three years.
- Some people fear their partners' pasts, viewing them as a threat to their own relationship.
- While there are still reminders of the colonial past, Sydney is a city, in human terms, in the teenage years.
- Detectives are interested in the past of their elderly odd-job man Romka.
- You have people with checkered pasts and lots of problems.
- Significant events from the town's past will also be acted out by Canon Slade School students.
2Linguisticspasado masculinepretérito masculinethe past historic — el pasado histórico
- These percentages of the simple verb form in the past were much lower than those for the simple present.
- It takes time and effort to master the vowel and consonantal changes associated with the past of irregular verbs.
- In their recounting of experience encourage them to use the past continuous and the simple past.
1.1(by the side of)I go past their house every morning — paso por (delante de) su casa todas las mañanas
- she walked straight past him — pasó de largo por su lado
- we drove past her shop — pasamos por delante de su tienda (con el coche)
1.2(beyond)it's just past the school — queda un poco más allá de la escuela
- how did you get past the guard? — ¿cómo hiciste para que el guardia te dejara pasar?
- he shoved past the doorman — pasó pegándole un empujón al portero
- once we're past customs — una vez que hayamos pasado la aduana
- the second turning past the lights — la segunda calle después del semáforo
2.1British (after)it's ten past six/half past two — son las seis y diez/las dos y media
- it's half/a quarter past one — es la una y media/y cuarto
- it was past eleven — eran las once pasadas
- it's long past midnight — son mucho más de las doce
- it starts at quarter past — empieza a (las) y cuarto
- the party went on till past midnight — la fiesta siguió hasta después de la medianoche
- it's past your bedtime — ya deberías estar acostado
2.2(older than)once you get past 40 … — después de los 40 …
- she must be past 50 — debe tener más de 50
- I'm past the age/stage when … — ya he pasado la edad/superado la etapa en que …
3(outside, beyond)it's past belief/endurance — es increíble/intolerable
- to be past -ing
- those socks are past mending — ya no vale la pena zurcir esos calcetines
- they can do what they like, I'm past caring — por mí que hagan lo que quieran, ya no me importa
1(with verbs of motion)to fly/cycle/drive past — pasar volando/en bicicleta/en coche
- he hurried past — pasó a toda prisa
- I saw her as I walked past — al pasar la vi
- we watched the troops march past — vimos desfilar a las tropas
- The defendant was cycling behind her and she stepped to one side to let him past.
- She said that from her living room she caught a glimpse of the car going past and then heard the bang.
- We watched as they came past, and then took the shortcut home, up through the sheep field to the Abbey.
- Erin McGrath witnessed the aftermath of the crash when she walked past half an hour later.
- As he spoke, a car whistled past with a loudspeaker reminding people it was polling day.
- All day I have been watching the marchers file past, a few with flags, more with placards, all in a holiday mood.
- I knew his timing, so one day I hid in the bushes at the hotel gate and photographed him as he rode past.
- He was much quicker but could not get past and unfortunately, the time deficit by the time of his first stop was too big to handle.
- We've laughed at a bloke riding past on a bike and almost falling off as he tried to see through our window.
- I watch the birds flying past in the sky, I listen to the sound of the oceans coming from the open windows.
- I joined the queue about 15 cars behind him, so it took a good twenty minutes to get past.
- Stopping at a red light, I idly watched a couple walking past, deep in an argument.
- As Chris looked out his window, he saw a small bunny rabbit hop past through the yard.
- As we rode past, a kitten stumbled out of the tall grass into the road.
- As the air rushes past it collects small quantities of the solution which are then deposited onto the skin.
- I then had to lie there, for five minutes, as boys on bikes rode past and laughed at me.
- Lone office workers bit into their lunches and watched people walk past, just as I was.
- Maria had just turned the corner when she spotted Val riding past.
- You can take your potato to a bench or a wall and watch people walk past.
- Becki pressed her face against the glass window and watched the world go past.
2British(giving time)it's twenty-five past — son y veinticinco
- I got there at five past — llegué a y cinco
- is it eight yet? — a few minutes past — ¿son las ocho ya? — y unos minutos / pasadas
- Many folks lack the courage to do so, even when the time to wait before acting is long past.
- We can recollect or retrospect the nature or character of a mental event just past.
- Be careful though, you might get into a story-telling session and find the whole day has sped past.
- The next half hour went past amazingly fast.
- Another hour will go past before they have a result.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.