In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(occasions/attempts) (former) anterior(life) (former) pasado(old) antiguoon past experience I should guess that … — basándome en experiencias anteriores yo diría que …
- she knew from past experience that … — sabía por experiencia que …
- in times past — antiguamente
- past members of the organization — antiguos / exmiembros de la organización
- prime ministers past and present — primeros ministros de ayer y hoy
- The union's offer to assist the government is completely in line with its past practices.
- On past experience with your Journal I don't expect this pro-blood sports letter to be printed.
- Club captain Johnson and past captain Jacobs completed six rounds of golf in a day to raise money for charity.
- Each is accused of a past crime that they have not yet been prosecuted for.
- He is a past pupil of Gortnor Abbey Convent and Anthony is now studying at GMIT Galway.
- Makinen is also a past winner, all of which will make the most arduous rally in the WRC a hot contest.
- On the other hand, it is also prudent for the majority of us to learn from our past mistakes and experiences.
- Forget the past performance, you now need to focus on the future and find such investments.
- However they have not made any correlation between the current problem and the past accident.
- When I left I felt ashamed that even as a seasoned traveller I had avoided this area for fear of the past conflict.
- It is time to forget past differences and work together for the larger interest of the nation.
- But she would not have to reimburse the Government for any past benefits to which she had been entitled.
- Any artist who has had their past work stamped with classic status must surely find themselves in a bind.
- However, in light of past practices, it is doubtful whether they will live up to those pledges.
- The newly adopted Lords' amendment on smacking will inspire many parents to examine their past conduct.
- Mrs Taylor-Silk said the break would give the family a chance to forget about past worries and look to the future.
- In today's Dubrovnik, you can just make out the joins where new stone has been melded with old, like the scars of a past life.
- In their past nine matches they have lost seven times, and have scored just 15 times in the league all season.
- The other obvious challenger is Joseba Beloki, a podium finisher in the past three Tours.
- Maple Leaf Gardens has been our town square and remains a repository of our dreams and past glories.
- Mr Wilson said past experiences had shown voting was often done in the initial days of polls opening.
1.2(most recent)(week/month/year) últimoin the past few days/three years — en los últimos días/tres años
- I've been very busy these past few days — he estado muy ocupado estos últimos días / últimamente
- the events of the past week — los acontecimientos de la última semana / de la semana pasada
- for some time past — desde hace tiempo
- In the past two Sundays I've seen two of the best club league games I've ever enjoyed.
- The planting has been taking place over the past two weeks, with primary school children invited to help with the work.
- This past weekend saw the season home opener on Saturday night against the Rams.
- In all the grim news of the past couple of weeks the Special Olympics stood out as an example of the good that is in the world.
- For the past two weeks, the Western world has seen something remarkable occur in Ukraine.
- He has spent the past decade, and the past week, attempting to do just that.
- Listen to what the vice president had to say about the Texas governor this past week.
- Sully had skipped too much school the past week and a bit to go completely unnoticed.
- The film Spark, which has been shot in Keighley over the past four weeks, is expected to go on general release next year.
- Last year we were in Colombo, Sri Lanka, and some of those other places that have been in the news this past week.
- Millions of pounds have been spent in an attempt to revive the town in the past five years and a new high school has been created.
- With just six hours opening yesterday, a spokesman for the store said it was probably one of the quieter days of the past month.
- Word around Wellington in the past three weeks is that Clark's staff have been panicking.
- Over the past week, break-ins have taken place at Kill and also in our local church at Saleen.
- The price of a gallon of gas jumped to record highs this past week here in the United States.
- The government has spent more than eight trillion yen in failed attempts to bail the banks out over the past four years.
- There is a long-established genre of writing about boys' public schools in the past century.
- Michelle has been doing a lot of writing over the past year and has just signed a record deal with Mercury Records.
- The school has been through a period of ups and downs over the past year.
- We only went out for two months over this past summer and it was really hard on her when we broke up.
1.3(finished, gone)what's past is past — lo pasado, pasado
- that's all past now — todo eso ha quedado atrás
- all danger is now past — ya ha pasado el peligro
- in days long past — en tiempos remotos
- The Conservative Party came round to him, and by October the worst of the dangers of that year were past.
- He is a reminder of the site's history, a unique tie to stories and advice from times past.
- What happened in Athens is now past.
- Each sketch is an individual work of art and represents a historically accurate reflection of a time past.
- Surely the age of bigotry is past.
- But some argue the worst may be past.
- Above all the book recalls some of the village's characters from days long past.
- Several of his long-time customers commented that his produce tasted better than in years past, and was keeping for longer.
- The days are long past when we sent children up chimneys to sweep them.
2Linguisticsthe past tense — el pretérito
- the past participle — el participio pasado / pasivo
- British imperialism is habitually referred to in the past tense, as if it had gone the way of the empire.
- It's no secret that this was the case, but these comments were all made in the past tense.
- This is a bond of trust that football writers speak of only in the past tense.
- Pashto has a rich agreement mechanism, but one that is manifested differently in the present and past tenses.
- We often use the past tense in English to describe an imagined present or future.
1.1(former times)pasado masculinein the past women … — antes / antiguamente / en otros tiempos las mujeres …
- let's carry on as we have in the past — sigamos como siempre / como antes
- that's all in the past — eso forma parte del pasado
- Barney is more sympathetic to the suggestion that the past counts against us.
- Deep cleaning is now required, whereas in the past street cleaners were able to keep gutters and footpaths clean.
- Budding archaeologists from across the county gathered in Swindon to learn about treasures from the past.
- We have been met in the past with surly and indifferent service at many retail outlets.
- But by the standards of the past it had been a deplorable period in local eyes.
- Gradually, though, she has begun to look at other painters of the past.
- They are expressing the national agenda of their new country by documenting important moments in the past.
- For each of the men their existence has been brought back to these moments of the past.
- When I've had a drink in the past it's been to enhance the way I was feeling.
- Tennis buffs would remember them as the greatest women players from the past.
- His history classes emphasized the importance of telling stories as a way of making sense of the past.
- As irritating as romanticising the past might be to outsiders, those bound up in it must start to consider its effects.
- But something rather unexpected happened as I gazed at these images of the past.
- He offers a change from the discredited old politicians of the past.
- This may be the future of policing, but it's the policing of the past.
- Co-op stores in West Yorkshire have frequently been attacked in the past.
- Despite a rocket lending a futuristic flavour to the panto, the traditional family show also harks back to the past.
- It seems as if every new soul singer is instantly compared to one or more of the legends of the past.
- In the past it has been dirty tricks - accidental, of course - which caused concern.
- For Heavey, the performance served as a reminder of the consistency he has shown in the past.
1.2(of person) pasado masculine(of place) historia femininea city/nation without a past — una ciudad/nación sin historia
- a woman with a past — una mujer con pasado
- Given Cox's past, it is hardly surprising he acquired such coping mechanisms.
- Guys don't talk to each other about our feelings, and that was especially true when you lived in a foster home with six other people with pasts you knew virtually nothing about.
- The Malabar region, like any other region in Kerala, has a very rich historic past.
- The story is beefed up with a colourful scale of playable characters who gradually join your team and unfold facets of their distinct personalities and pasts.
- As the characters drift toward a common fate, we see their pasts in luscious detail.
- The hotel has a colourful past.
- They talked about their pasts, their goals, and their futures.
- Every night after dinner my parents would sit and talk about this uncle or that aunt, talking about their individual and collective pasts.
- And it is not just the miners that use their banners as reminders of their heroic past.
- Two cities recently paid homage to their pasts and their futures by dedicating groves of life-giving trees with historic connections.
- When they die, some things will be said that haven't been said before because they are controversial figures with colourful pasts.
- We never really talked about our pasts, only our futures.
- Public archives are a tremendously rich resource of evidence about our collective past.
- The historic broadcast presents a fascinating glimpse into the past of the country and of television itself.
- We uncovered a controversial policy which allows people with serious criminal pasts to be considered for a licence if they have been ‘clean’ for as little as three years.
- Some people fear their partners' pasts, viewing them as a threat to their own relationship.
- While there are still reminders of the colonial past, Sydney is a city, in human terms, in the teenage years.
- Detectives are interested in the past of their elderly odd-job man Romka.
- You have people with checkered pasts and lots of problems.
- Significant events from the town's past will also be acted out by Canon Slade School students.
2Linguisticspasado masculinepretérito masculinethe past historic — el pasado histórico
- These percentages of the simple verb form in the past were much lower than those for the simple present.
- It takes time and effort to master the vowel and consonantal changes associated with the past of irregular verbs.
- In their recounting of experience encourage them to use the past continuous and the simple past.
1.1(by the side of)I go past their house every morning — paso por (delante de) su casa todas las mañanas
- she walked straight past him — pasó de largo por su lado
- we drove past her shop — pasamos por delante de su tienda (con el coche)
1.2(beyond)it's just past the school — queda un poco más allá de la escuela
- how did you get past the guard? — ¿cómo hiciste para que el guardia te dejara pasar?
- he shoved past the doorman — pasó pegándole un empujón al portero
- once we're past customs — una vez que hayamos pasado la aduana
- the second turning past the lights — la segunda calle después del semáforo
2.1British (after)it's ten past six/half past two — son las seis y diez/las dos y media
- it's half/a quarter past one — es la una y media/y cuarto
- it was past eleven — eran las once pasadas
- it's long past midnight — son mucho más de las doce
- it starts at quarter past — empieza a (las) y cuarto
- the party went on till past midnight — la fiesta siguió hasta después de la medianoche
- it's past your bedtime — ya deberías estar acostado
2.2(older than)once you get past 40 … — después de los 40 …
- she must be past 50 — debe tener más de 50
- I'm past the age/stage when … — ya he pasado la edad/superado la etapa en que …
3(outside, beyond)it's past belief/endurance — es increíble/intolerable
- to be past -ing
- those socks are past mending — ya no vale la pena zurcir esos calcetines
- they can do what they like, I'm past caring — por mí que hagan lo que quieran, ya no me importa
1(with verbs of motion)to fly/cycle/drive past — pasar volando/en bicicleta/en coche
- he hurried past — pasó a toda prisa
- I saw her as I walked past — al pasar la vi
- we watched the troops march past — vimos desfilar a las tropas
- The defendant was cycling behind her and she stepped to one side to let him past.
- She said that from her living room she caught a glimpse of the car going past and then heard the bang.
- We watched as they came past, and then took the shortcut home, up through the sheep field to the Abbey.
- Erin McGrath witnessed the aftermath of the crash when she walked past half an hour later.
- As he spoke, a car whistled past with a loudspeaker reminding people it was polling day.
- All day I have been watching the marchers file past, a few with flags, more with placards, all in a holiday mood.
- I knew his timing, so one day I hid in the bushes at the hotel gate and photographed him as he rode past.
- He was much quicker but could not get past and unfortunately, the time deficit by the time of his first stop was too big to handle.
- We've laughed at a bloke riding past on a bike and almost falling off as he tried to see through our window.
- I watch the birds flying past in the sky, I listen to the sound of the oceans coming from the open windows.
- I joined the queue about 15 cars behind him, so it took a good twenty minutes to get past.
- Stopping at a red light, I idly watched a couple walking past, deep in an argument.
- As Chris looked out his window, he saw a small bunny rabbit hop past through the yard.
- As we rode past, a kitten stumbled out of the tall grass into the road.
- As the air rushes past it collects small quantities of the solution which are then deposited onto the skin.
- I then had to lie there, for five minutes, as boys on bikes rode past and laughed at me.
- Lone office workers bit into their lunches and watched people walk past, just as I was.
- Maria had just turned the corner when she spotted Val riding past.
- You can take your potato to a bench or a wall and watch people walk past.
- Becki pressed her face against the glass window and watched the world go past.
2British(giving time)it's twenty-five past — son y veinticinco
- I got there at five past — llegué a y cinco
- is it eight yet? — a few minutes past — ¿son las ocho ya? — y unos minutos / pasadas
- Many folks lack the courage to do so, even when the time to wait before acting is long past.
- We can recollect or retrospect the nature or character of a mental event just past.
- Be careful though, you might get into a story-telling session and find the whole day has sped past.
- The next half hour went past amazingly fast.
- Another hour will go past before they have a result.
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