In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(former)(occasions/attempts) anterior(life) pasadoantiguoon past experience I should guess that ... — basándome en experiencias anteriores yo diría que ...
- she knew from past experience that ... — sabía por experiencia que ...
- in times past — antaño
- past members of the organization — antiguos / exmiembros de la organización
- prime ministers past and present — antiguos y actuales primeros ministros
- Maple Leaf Gardens has been our town square and remains a repository of our dreams and past glories.
- Any artist who has had their past work stamped with classic status must surely find themselves in a bind.
- But she would not have to reimburse the Government for any past benefits to which she had been entitled.
- Forget the past performance, you now need to focus on the future and find such investments.
- In their past nine matches they have lost seven times, and have scored just 15 times in the league all season.
- Makinen is also a past winner, all of which will make the most arduous rally in the WRC a hot contest.
- Mrs Taylor-Silk said the break would give the family a chance to forget about past worries and look to the future.
- Each is accused of a past crime that they have not yet been prosecuted for.
- The other obvious challenger is Joseba Beloki, a podium finisher in the past three Tours.
- It is time to forget past differences and work together for the larger interest of the nation.
- Club captain Johnson and past captain Jacobs completed six rounds of golf in a day to raise money for charity.
- The union's offer to assist the government is completely in line with its past practices.
- On the other hand, it is also prudent for the majority of us to learn from our past mistakes and experiences.
- In today's Dubrovnik, you can just make out the joins where new stone has been melded with old, like the scars of a past life.
- When I left I felt ashamed that even as a seasoned traveller I had avoided this area for fear of the past conflict.
- However, in light of past practices, it is doubtful whether they will live up to those pledges.
- The newly adopted Lords' amendment on smacking will inspire many parents to examine their past conduct.
- On past experience with your Journal I don't expect this pro-blood sports letter to be printed.
- He is a past pupil of Gortnor Abbey Convent and Anthony is now studying at GMIT Galway.
- However they have not made any correlation between the current problem and the past accident.
- Mr Wilson said past experiences had shown voting was often done in the initial days of polls opening.
1.2(most recent)(month/week/year) últimoin the past few days/three years — en los últimos días/tres años
- I've been very busy these past few days — he estado muy ocupado estos últimos días / últimamente
- the events of the past week — los acontecimientos de la última semana / de la semana pasada
- for some time past — desde hace tiempo
- For the past two weeks, the Western world has seen something remarkable occur in Ukraine.
- He has spent the past decade, and the past week, attempting to do just that.
- Word around Wellington in the past three weeks is that Clark's staff have been panicking.
- Listen to what the vice president had to say about the Texas governor this past week.
- Over the past week, break-ins have taken place at Kill and also in our local church at Saleen.
- Millions of pounds have been spent in an attempt to revive the town in the past five years and a new high school has been created.
- This past weekend saw the season home opener on Saturday night against the Rams.
- Michelle has been doing a lot of writing over the past year and has just signed a record deal with Mercury Records.
- The government has spent more than eight trillion yen in failed attempts to bail the banks out over the past four years.
- In all the grim news of the past couple of weeks the Special Olympics stood out as an example of the good that is in the world.
- With just six hours opening yesterday, a spokesman for the store said it was probably one of the quieter days of the past month.
- In the past two Sundays I've seen two of the best club league games I've ever enjoyed.
- The planting has been taking place over the past two weeks, with primary school children invited to help with the work.
- There is a long-established genre of writing about boys' public schools in the past century.
- The school has been through a period of ups and downs over the past year.
- The film Spark, which has been shot in Keighley over the past four weeks, is expected to go on general release next year.
- Sully had skipped too much school the past week and a bit to go completely unnoticed.
- Last year we were in Colombo, Sri Lanka, and some of those other places that have been in the news this past week.
- We only went out for two months over this past summer and it was really hard on her when we broke up.
- The price of a gallon of gas jumped to record highs this past week here in the United States.
1.3(finished, gone)what's past is past — lo pasado, pasado
- that's all past now — todo eso ha quedado atrás
- all danger is now past — ya ha pasado el peligro
- in days long past — en tiempos remotos
- Above all the book recalls some of the village's characters from days long past.
- Each sketch is an individual work of art and represents a historically accurate reflection of a time past.
- What happened in Athens is now past.
- But some argue the worst may be past.
- He is a reminder of the site's history, a unique tie to stories and advice from times past.
- Several of his long-time customers commented that his produce tasted better than in years past, and was keeping for longer.
- Surely the age of bigotry is past.
- The Conservative Party came round to him, and by October the worst of the dangers of that year were past.
- The days are long past when we sent children up chimneys to sweep them.
2Linguisticsthe past tense — el pasado
- the past participle — el participio pasado / pasivo
- British imperialism is habitually referred to in the past tense, as if it had gone the way of the empire.
- It's no secret that this was the case, but these comments were all made in the past tense.
- We often use the past tense in English to describe an imagined present or future.
- This is a bond of trust that football writers speak of only in the past tense.
- Pashto has a rich agreement mechanism, but one that is manifested differently in the present and past tenses.
1(former times)pasado masculineto live in the past — vivir en el pasado
- steam trains are a thing of the past — las locomotoras de vapor han pasado a la historia
- in the past women ... — antes / antiguamente / en otros tiempos las mujeres ...
- let's carry on as we have in the past — sigamos como siempre / como antes
- that's all in the past — eso forma parte del pasado
2masculine pasadofeminine historiaa city/nation without a past — una ciudad/nación sin historia
- a woman with a past — una mujer con pasado
3Linguisticspasado masculinepretérito masculinethe past historic — el pasado histórico
1(by the side of)I go past their house every morning — paso por (delante de) su casa todas las mañanas
- she walked straight past him — pasó de largo por su lado
- we drove past her shop — pasamos por delante de su tienda (con el coche)
2(beyond)it's just past the school — queda pasando la escuela
- how did you get past the guard? — ¿cómo hiciste para que el guardia te dejara pasar?
- he shoved past the doorman — pasó pegándole un empujón al portero
- once we're past customs — una vez que hayamos pasado la aduana
- the second turning past the lights — la segunda calle después del semáforo
3British(after)it's ten past six/half past two — son las seis y diez/las dos y media
- it's half/a quarter past one — es la una y media/y cuarto
- it was past eleven — eran las once pasadas
- it's long past midnight — son mucho más de las doce
- it starts at quarter past — empieza a (las) y cuarto
- the party went on till past midnight — la fiesta siguió hasta después de la medianoche
- it's past your bedtime — ya deberías estar acostado
4(older than)once you get past 40 ... — después de los 40 ...
- she must be past 50 — debe tener más de 50
- I'm past the age/stage when ... — ya he pasado la edad/superado la etapa en que ...
5it's past belief/endurance — es increíble/intolerable
- to be past -ing
- those socks are past mending — ya no vale la pena zurcir esos calcetines
- they can do what they like, I'm past caring — por mí que hagan lo que quieran, ya no me importa
- I wouldn't put it past her — no me extrañaría que lo hiciera
- to be past it
- an athlete is past it at his age — a su edad un atleta está acabado
- they think everyone over 40 is past it — piensan que cualquiera que tenga más de 40 ya está para cuarteles de invierno
- this carpet's past it — esta alfombra ya está para la basura
1(with verbs of motion)to fly/cycle/drive past — pasar volando/en bicicleta/en coche
- he hurried past — pasó a toda prisa
- I saw her as I walked past — al pasar la vi
- we watched the troops march past — vimos desfilar a las tropas
2British(giving time)it's twenty-five past — son y veinticinco
- I got there at five past — llegué a y cinco
- is it eight yet? — a few minutes past — ¿son las ocho ya? — y unos minutos / pasadas
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.