In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- When was the last time that you met an American-born person suffering from rickets, scurvy, beriberi, pellagra, or any other disease caused entirely by malnutrition.
- The troops suffered from malaria, dengue fever, beriberi, hookworm and pellagra.
- A 67 year old Zambian woman presented to our mission hospital with diarrhoea, dementia, and dermatitis, which are the classic features of pellagra.
- Deficiency leads to pellagra, a condition characterized by dermatitis, diarrhea and certain mental health problems.
- Hypoproteinemia and pellagra are caused when tryptophan (ie, an essential amino acid) is used for serotonin production instead of for protein and niacin synthesis.
- Despite differing reports about the initial symptoms of this wasting disease, pellagra is characterized by diverse clinical manifestations mainly involving the dermatological, gastrointestinal, and neurological systems.
- In 1902, the American South was swept with an epidemic of pellagra (a niacin and tryptophan deficiency).
- The cutaneous changes were among the first symptoms of pellagra to appear in anorexia nervosa patients.
- Severe deficiency of vitamin B - 6 may lead to pellagra, a neurological illness with features of dementia.
- He is best known for his work on the disease pellagra, the ‘scourge of the south,’ in which he discovered that the cause of pellagra was a dietary insufficiency, later identified as vitamin B niacin.
- But due to peasant resistance and initiative, maize became the primary crop, supporting grain and livestock production and providing the peasant's major food, a dependence that later produced the scourge of pellagra.
- Those highly dependent on corn as a food might develop pellagra and this chronic disease, causing dermatitis, diarrhea, and ultimately dementia, battered the population of European corn growing regions during the nineteenth century.
- There, in the camp, he almost died of hunger, developed dystrophy and pellagra, and almost lost his central vision.
- The occurrence of pellagra started to be associated from the mid 1700s with a poor diet of maize-meal without meat or milk in different parts of the world, and this link was still occurring in the US well into the twentieth century.
- We now know that a niacin or tryptophan deficiency causes pellagra.
- His work on pellagra saved thousands of lives.
- The severe symptoms, depression, dermatitis and diarrhea, are associated with the condition known as pellagra.
- A deficiency of niacin causes the disease pellagra.
- Nongovernment organizations have initiated public health programs such as the Rockefeller Foundation which undertook eradication of pellagra and hookworm.
- Inadequate amounts of this vitamin cause a disease called pellagra, which is characterized by skin disorders, weak muscles, diarrhea, and loss of appetite.
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