In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(punishment) pena feminine(punishment) castigo masculine(fine) multa femininethe penalty for disobedience is death — la desobediencia está penada con la muerte
- [ S ]penalty for improper use: $50 — multa por uso indebido: $50
- before noun penalty clause — cláusula penal / punitiva
- penalty interest — interés penal / de recargo
- The interstate shipment of stolen goods offence carries a maximum penalty of ten years in prison.
- Hoax calls can carry a maximum penalty of up to three months in prison.
- Foxhunting carries a maximum penalty of six months in prison or a £5,000 fine.
- Causing death by careless driving while under the influence of drink or drugs carries maximum penalties of ten years in prison, an unlimited fine and a minimum two-year driving ban.
- Sampling would be conducted on prisoners who had been sentenced for an offence that carried a maximum penalty of more than 12 months.
- What would be the penalty for breaking this rule?
- Riot is one of the most serious political offences in the criminal code, and carries a maximum penalty of ten years imprisonment.
- Although the ID cards will not have to be carried by the holder, there are stiff penalties for people who break the rules.
- The violation carries a maximum penalty of death.
- Each count of manslaughter carries a maximum penalty of 30 years.
- The charges carry a maximum penalty of five life sentences.
- In Britain, counterfeiting and copyright theft carry maximum penalties of 10 years in prison and unlimited fines.
- The bills also take the almost unprecedented step of imposing absolute liability in relation to offences carrying a maximum penalty of life imprisonment.
- It's a summary conviction that carries a maximum penalty of a $2,000 fine and six months in jail.
- But all 67 aboard have pleaded guilty to immigration and aviation violations carrying a maximum penalty of two years in jail and a fine.
- The maximum penalty for breaking such an order is five years in prison.
- Police will have powers to impose instant £80 penalties for breaking new laws restricting their use.
- Failure to do so carries the maximum penalty of a £20,000 fine or six months jail.
- Even if he does, the maximum penalty for breaking the rules is a fine of $2,000 per violation.
- They all deny espionage, a charge which carries a maximum penalty of five years in prison or a hefty fine.
1.2(disadvantage)one of the penalties of fame — parte del precio que hay que pagar por ser famoso
2.1you have to pay a penalty — hay que pagar una prenda
- we were given a five-point penalty for the wrong answer — perdimos / nos restaron cinco puntos por contestar mal
- before noun penalty point — punto en contra
- Next, if declarer has taken fewer than 6 tricks he pays a penalty of 20 units to the pot.
- If they win one trick each, or only one or zero tricks in total, both defenders pay the penalty.
- Playing is a commitment to win at least one trick, and there is a penalty for failing to do so.
- After the Declarer has counted his books and subtracted his penalties, that number is compared with his bid.
- The same penalty is payable by the declarer if the wrong number of cards were discarded.
2.2Sport(in soccer) penalty masculine(in soccer) penalti masculine(in soccer) penal masculine Latin America(in soccer) pénal masculine Andes(in rugby) penalty masculine(in rugby) golpe de castigo masculine(in US football) castigo masculineto take a penalty — cobrar un penalty (or penalti etc.)
- before noun (in soccer) penalty kick — pénal
- But this is different because individuals will suffer a penalty in the meantime.
- If all the evidence is against him, he will suffer the harshest penalty.
- The visitors, on the other hand, took poor options in the first half, kicking for touch rather than posts when awarded penalties.
- As a result, it now seems that she may suffer a penalty, since her insurance for the tour did not include cover for her being taken ill.
- At present, people who are proven to be proactively racist in an Australian workplace stand to lose their jobs or suffer significant financial penalties.
- I also accept that there are very limited cases where a person who has a minor conviction might suffer a penalty out of all proportion to the early, minor offending.
- The breakthrough finally came when Aberdeen kicked a penalty into the corner and drove over the line on the 60-minute mark.
- The team has struggled all season with punt return penalties, and the kick coverage unit has been shaky.
- You have to give the requisite notice before making withdrawals or suffer interest penalties.
- As a result of such biases, faculty members suffer career penalties for using policies designed to help them balance work and family commitments.
- Three of their tries came from line-outs following penalties kicked into the corner and two more following forward drives.
- York continued to suffer a series of penalties, which is a seemingly weekly occurrence, suggesting that all the fault cannot be laid at the hands of a succession of misguided officials.
- After you score in hockey, you don't award the other team with a penalty shot.
- They should be locked up like other law breakers and they should suffer a financial penalty.
- That allows the play to flow and continue with the attacking team given a true advantage - if there is no gain then the whistle blows and the free kick or penalty awarded.
- Criminal's who commit the worst crimes are currently able to suffer death as the penalty.
- This new situation may counsel a penalty of even higher than five years for the most serious of the anthrax hoaxes.
- However, should the ball be hit intentionally over the back-line then a penalty corner is awarded against the defending side.
- But he admits they are now paying the penalty for running with a small squad.
- The visitors were awarded a penalty, which they kicked into the corner.
- They mounted continuous pressure on the home line and were awarded several penalties which they declined to kick.
- The referee awarded only a penalty for the foul play, and the full-back remained on the field.
- Kimi's third place reflects his poor starting position resulting from a penalty he suffered following an engine change on Saturday.
- John and his teammates were finally awarded a penalty after neither team had scored in the 20-minute competition.
- A breach of the rule will result in the opponents being awarded a penalty corner.
- Matching the number of penalties awarded was the frequency of kicks charged down by both sides.
- Almost immediately, he rifled a penalty corner shot straight into the net.
- Therefore we will suffer the same penalties as non-members.
- It remains to be seen whether it will be enough to win what is certain to be a tight contest, so tight that it will probably be won by the team making best use of their penalty corner awards.
- This is a situation where the penalty is most unfair.
- This had followed a surprising decision to kick a penalty into the corner instead of the goal, which with the help of hindsight may well have cost the home side the game.
- The home side rounded off their scoring in the 62nd minute when they elected to kick a penalty into the corner.
- In the 75th minute England were awarded a penalty within easy kicking distance of the posts.
- His speed often leads to holding or false-start penalties from opponents.
- Furthermore, if two people of the same sex (who are not related) are found to be naked together they may suffer the penalty of a hundred lashes.
- This ultimately destroys the very reason for Jesus' redemptive work on the Cross - paying the penalty of death for our sin.
- If a depositor misses just one payment they can suffer severe penalties especially in an environment where interest rates are falling.
- Zimbabwe could well do with a rare victory and are paying the penalty for arranging a tour at the height of their rainy season.
- But even if you quit the deal in the last two years, you would suffer £4,500 in penalties on a £150,000 loan.
- He was convinced his opponent had taken a penalty shot.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.