In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- It is easy to imagine that characters frequently urge each other to ‘come’ do this or that or simply ‘come,’ where these phatic or merely gestural uses are much rarer in poetry.
- But there are many instances where the address carries no more specific a meaning than is conveyed by ‘lovely days, isn't it ’, what the linguists call phatic utterances.
- The patterns of exchange characteristic of chats are phatic, and their primary purpose is to get and maintain a social link.
- I made a phatic utterance that sounded something like ‘uhmmhmm.’
- Roman Jakobson defines the phatic as a ‘contact function’ in language, ‘serving primarily to establish, to prolong, or to discontinue communication’ between speaker and interlocutor.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.