In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(promise)(funds/support) prometerhe pledged his word — dio su palabra
- to pledge sth to sb — prometerle algo a algn
- he pledged not to come back until he found her — prometió no regresar hasta encontrarla
- His company has already pledged a donation of " several thousand pounds".
- Dr Nelson announced the $6million pilot program in May, pledging that families with children who struggle to read and write in Year 3 would secure assistance.
- Donors pledged more than $4.5 billion for rebuilding the shattered country at the gathering on Monday and Tuesday.
- The UN says $1.2bn in aid has been pledged so far, for about five million survivors.
- So he was pledged financial income under commercial cover.
- The $3.7 billion pledged by donors will be just enough to sustain current programmes.
- Pembrokeshire County Council will be redoubling its efforts to market the second call centre building, pledged its leader, Councillor Maurice Hughes.
- She had one week to ensure the wages were paid or to pledge that the contractor would not be given any more business.
- World football chiefs have given the go-ahead for a single UK football team to be picked to compete in the Olympic games, pledging that it will not endanger the future of the Scotland squad.
- Japan has pledged to donate $250 million in reconstruction assistance in the first year.
- Tokyo has pledged US $5 billion in new grants and loans by 2007 for reconstruction.
- Concerns about the troubled construction and engineering firm have led campus chiefs to pledge that all students promised a room will still be housed in September.
- Contractors pledge that disruption will be kept to a minimum, following widespread complaints during the last excavation.
- The IOC has pledged US $25 million to fund the agency's first year.
- He must now seriously consider if September 13, the date he pledged to unilaterally declare independence, really is worth heralding as the momentous deadline.
- Some politicians, declaring themselves to be servants of the people, have pledged that they would be like faithful dogs.
- He also called on rich countries to pledge that more than half of the new aid promised at the Monterrey Conference in March will go to Africa.
- Transport bosses have pledged more cash for police patrols to protect passengers on night bus services in Manchester.
- Moreover, Iceland has pledged the consumer will not have to pay more for organic products, which are usually more expensive.
- Secondly, he pledged more money for flood defences.
- She pledged that, as promised on the doorsteps, during the canvass, she would now be going back to talk to people and would be listening to what they had to say.
- During the election campaign in 1964, Ayub Khan had pledged that if elected to the post of president he would remove corruption from all spheres of life.
- To pledge you need the barcode from one of their promotional packs, but no purchase is necessary - you can simply write down the barcode when you're in the supermarket.
- McConnell has pledged that pre-school children will not receive sex education and that the morning-after pill will not be handed out in schools.
- Foreign countries have pledged US $4.5 billion in aid to rebuild Sri Lanka.
- An earlier forecast of aid to be pledged at the conference was also put at $3 billion.
- He's pledged to continue to improve services so that customers get a better deal in the future.
- "You hear of all this money being pledged by the government for education.
- In November Roosevelt conveniently won re-election to an unprecedented third presidential term, while pledging that the USA would not go to war.
- At midnight tomorrow a deadline set by the US for countries to sign an agreement pledging that they will never hand over any of its citizens to the court will expire.
- A total of US $100 million is already pledged to support the participation of poorer countries.
- News reports also cited Russian officials as pledging that elections for a new Chechen president would take place within four months, as called for in the republic's constitution.
- A spokesman for the Department of Transport said the government had already pledged cash to support the three planned extensions.
- Levett pledged nurses would be on the resistance's frontline.
- In-coming President Sean Kelly has pledged that the tournament stays as long as the players want it.
- Less than half of the $5 billion pledged at an international donors conference for Afghanistan has turned up.
- Mayor Martin Winter has pledged no member of staff at the current schools will be without a job as a result of the changes.
1.2(commit)to pledge oneself to + inf — comprometerse a + inf
- she is pledged to secrecy — ha jurado que guardará el secreto
- But let's not throw sticks at her - she's pledged to become part of the order, rather than the chaos of society.
- Whereby all men were pledged to defend the rights of each man, and each man to defend the rights of all men.
- He was pledged to withdraw 1300 Spanish troops from Iraq.
- Well, I'm pledged to build this Green Party effort and to get more candidates at the local, state and national level, yes.
- He seems obsessed with the quick hit, his strategies geared more to press conferences than to long-term, practical solutions to the stuff he's pledged to protect us from.
- They originally pledged to continue action for two weeks but ultimately agreed to hold a meeting with Mr. Milloy which took place on Monday, November 15.
- As a bishop, she is pledged to uphold church law and file charges against pastors who openly defy it.
- This organization is pledged to work for justice in the church and for the implementation of due process procedures.
- He was also pledged to be married soon, after all.
- But how best we secure the reform and additional investment that are vital if we are to deliver to the people we are pledged to serve.
- But he will need more than semantics to see him through this one the more so as he is pledged to cut the public spending increase to single digits by 2004 and onwards.
- On one hand, I am pledged to be an advocate for the patient's best interests.
- Not only have reform groups solemnly pledged to bring facts and common sense to the debate, they propose societal acceptance of expanded, legal use of drugs by adults.
- City centre officers are also pledged to have more of an impact on cycle thefts and on cyclists riding in restricted areas.
- We are pledged to creating one million new homeowners by 2009.
- He's pledged to execute every family that will not bend a knee to him.
- Yet still, Americans are stationed in Europe and Americans are still pledged to risk their blood and treasure in Europe's defense.
- These are the international legal structures in place and we are pledged to abide by them.
- The world will be just as dangerous the day after we have solemnly pledged to ignore its dangers.
- He is also pledged to get rid of the secrecy that seems to bedevil things going on at the Town Hall.
2.1(offer as guarantee)entregar en garantíaentregar en prendathey pledged their furniture to a moneylender — entregaron los muebles como garantía a un prestamista
- I'd be willing to pledge anything for his honesty — pondría las manos en el fuego por su honestidad
- The manager says in his statement that those shares had been pledged as security for another loan.
- The courts therefore ruled that wives could pledge their husbands' credit for ‘necessaries’ but not for luxuries.
- When the land is pledged for a loan of Rs.500 the oral deal between Shamu's mother and the money lender Lala is that until the loan is paid, one fourth of the harvest will be paid to Lala towards interest.
- Each called for the periodic restoration of land which had been pledged as security and forfeited for unpaid debt.
- In England it is possible to pledge bearer securities by handing over the certificates themselves.
2.2(fraternity/sorority) aceptar ser miembro provisional de US
1.1(promise)promesa femininea solemn pledge — una promesa solemne
- election pledge — compromiso electoral
- (in US) the Pledge of Allegiance — la jura de (la) bandera
- to honor / keep a pledge — cumplir una promesa
- to make a pledge to + inf — prometer + inf
- she made a pledge to repay all the money — prometió devolver todo el dinero
- to sign / take the pledge (History) or (humorous) — jurar no probar el alcohol
- That should be a solemn pledge for anyone who works in the space program, he said.
- There have been persistent reports by the Director General of violations of Iran's nuclear pledges, its promises and commitments and its treaty obligations.
- The conclusion is a pressing exhortation to Catholics to be discerning, and a pledge to undertake a critical dialogue with those affected by New Age influences.
- As part of their membership, each scout has to make a pledge and promise to do duty to God, their country and others.
- Under twinkling lights and shimmering tulle, 150 or so teens in Central Texas made a solemn pledge.
- Just bear with me as I stand aside to raise my hand and utter a solemn pledge that the following paragraph will make more sense than the first.
- Does it seem to you that Americans are particularly fond of symbols and pledges and oaths?
- In amongst this vast morass of loosely worded pledges was an absolute gem, a truly marvellous item, something which we've been waiting for far too long to see on the statute books.
- The boys took a solemn pledge at a nondescript hockey stadium in Poland.
- This must be a solemn pledge secure in the knowledge that in serving the best interests of children, one serves the best interests of all humanity.
- After the poll is over, the promises and pledges will be shelved and the program of big business will prevail no matter what its impact on working people.
- We had shaken on it, writing it down as a solemn pledge against dating one boy.
- Underfunding the United Nations seems both unwise, and contrary to solemn pledges.
- Unity was the work of leaders, he said, adding: ‘This is my solemn pledge: I will work to build a single nation of justice and opportunity.’
- The court remonstrated that the edict did away with the last vestiges of its authority despite solemn pledges of previous kings.
- Now, both parties had made a solemn pledge never to do this.
- They have given me their solemn pledge, and I hope that they will be able to resist the many temptations around them.
- The solemn pledge taken included an oath swearing to quit the drug habit and to avoid association with former friends and others still involved with drugs.
- Would you sign a pledge to limit the number of flights you take each year?
- Concurrently, they were making solemn pledges that they had no intention to do so.
1.2(of money)cantidad prometida femininedonativo prometido masculine
- With pledges and donations throughout the day he has raised £140 but hopes the amount will increase.
- Eighty firms responded, and although half expressed a serious intent to meet pledges, they acknowledged they could not give a guarantee about the future.
- Others had made pledges but not actual donations.
- A total of 402 households have responded through gifts or pledges and the total amount pledged represents more than twice the target figure of 96,170 euro.
- According to Associated Press, the US and other nations were expected to announce pledges totalling $4.5 billion at the London meeting.
- The Trust has received more than £225,000 in donations and pledges towards its fund-raising target of £500,000.
- He had charitable pledges and estates fees totaling some $9 million, according to J.P. Morgan sources.
- A further £30,000 will be added to the total if pledges made then are realised now.
- In addition to that money, the Trust has now received more than £200,000 of donations and pledges towards the target.
- But with most big pledges made, further donations were expected to slow to a trickle.
- Additional pledges and donations are actively sought and encouraged.
- The money is a welcome boost to the donations and pledges of cash already made since the appeal's launch in September.
- Despite the pledges and promises of money, none had actually materialised.
- So far the charity has received donations and pledges from the public amounting to around £9,200 but needs £50,000 to survive until the next financial year.
- An hour later Abe turns to his wife and asks, ‘Esther, did we pay our charity pledge cheque to Beth Shalom Synagogue yet?’
- On that night, the velodrome will be welcoming donations and pledges for Dave's rehab, prosthetics and education.
- During the show many people of prominence and film and singing stars will be on hand to receive phone calls and accept pledges of donations.
- I have set up a PayPal account specifically for donations and pledges.
- Bath rugby players joined them at their Trowbridge offices to take pledges for the charity.
- Donations and pledges from fans neared £13,000.
1.3US (in fraternity, sorority)
estudiante que se va a convertir en miembro
2.1(token)prenda feminineas a pledge of his love — como prenda de su amor
- The borrower retains ownership of the pledge except on default on the loan, and then the pawnbroker has the opportunity to sell those goods.
- The sense of the pledge as debt implied by both translations suggests that the vow or promise is predicated on a loss already inscribed in the speech act.
- In the table below, enter the information specific to your Pledge of Security and Loan Agreement.
2.2(collateral)garantía feminineaval masculine
2.3(pawned object)prenda feminineto redeem a pledge — desempeñar una prenda
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