In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(at scene)to be present — estar presente
- she was present at the ceremony — asistió a la ceremonia
- all those present — la totalidad de los presentes
- how many were present? — ¿cuántas personas había?
- he was present at the scene of the accident — presenció el accidente
- you are ever present in my thoughts — te tengo siempre presente
- a protein present in blood — una proteína que se encuentra en la sangre
- We have an inside source who was present at the rally and is familiar with the reporters involved.
- Military officials have said the order to strike again would not have been given had many bystanders been present.
- People came from far and near to be present for this special ceremony in a church that was rebuilt in 1821.
- It is a holy land, which means a place where God is uniquely present and available.
- Insiders ask whether he should have been present rather than delegating decision-making to his chief executive.
- Michael's parents, David and Marie, were present to thank everyone for their generosity.
- All ten of us were present and accounted for as we went down into the subway station for our next ride.
- Heads turned to see if the visitor was still present and available.
- I recently attended a reception in London at which the Queen was present.
- He said Mr Pepper had attended a funeral at which Frank and Thomas Murphy were present.
- Mr. Connor was present in the Townhall on Friday night but did not attend the event.
- Relatives and friends expend considerable effort to be present when death is near.
- However they were present in large numbers and settled for a short procession inside the church.
- Friends were present and they called for help - paramedics and firefighters from the Aston station attended.
- She said even if the commission did not require Rowley to attend, he would like to be present to testify.
- He was present, and ready to commence the procedure immediately.
2.1(current)(address/salary/situation) actualat the present time / moment — en este momento
- in the present case — en este caso
- the present writer — quien esto escribe
- The present situation is such that harmful chemicals are added for preservation.
- We are all fed up of the present situation, so let's work together on creative solutions and get our lives back.
- You have said that a unified movement of the peoples of the South is a prerequisite for change in the present situation.
- There is still great generosity in the heart of man, even in the present age.
- Given the present situation, it would be easy to be cynical about the magnitude of the task.
- Scepticism there may be, but the present situation is unsatisfactory and ineffective.
- And he described the present situation as one where feelings are still running high.
- Outside, the present crop is fattening up and indoors, the remains of last year's produce should see us through.
- The present Queen is thought not to be a devotee of theatre.
- The present crime situation should serve as a spring-board to unite people of all walks of life.
- Even tourists who make an occasional visit recognise the stupidity of the present situation.
- The present situation is unsatisfactory in many ways, and should not be allowed to continue.
- The present situation is intolerable both for the residents and for the Travellers.
- At the present time, none of these questions can be answered with any degree of certainty.
- It will highlight the circumstances that led her into her present situation.
- Independence doesn't necessarily mean isolation, which would be suicidal in the present world situation.
- More importantly for present purposes, however, it succeeded also under Article 13.
- It is to meet with the groups to discuss the difficulties it has with the present legislation.
- The society's ruling council said it was ‘deeply concerned’ at the present situation.
- All councillors feel that we would like to reverse the situation but the present bed shortage makes this impossible.
- There is an awful description in use about the present situation - the ‘new normal’.
- She has no doubt that the present situation is adding an extra burden to what is already a very traumatic time for people.
- Burnley chiefs will gather to discuss the present crisis at Thursday's planned board meeting.
- Could you further discuss what you mean and the present dangers language is facing?
- Conversely, others see the present situation as a buying opportunity.
- Given the present situation, it seems that no long or short term planning was ever done to meet the growing power demand.
- A tram link between Interchange and Forster Square stations would be slightly better than the present situation.
- But in his present situation, his dwindling resources could not feed even one mouth.
2.2the present tense — el presente
- the present indicative — el presente de indicativo
- the present subjunctive — el presente del subjuntivo
- the present participle — el participio activo / (de) presente
- The only problem is that it looks or sounds for the most part, therefore, exactly the same as the present tense of the verb.
- Another peculiarity of headlinese is that it is almost always in the present tense.
- Pashto has a rich agreement mechanism, but one that is manifested differently in the present and past tenses.
- It should be clear that an apology has to be in the first person, and in the present tense.
- Most of the worst novels were written in the first person narrative present tense.
1.1(current time)the present — el presente
- to live for the present — vivir el momento
- If this is to be the future I have condemned myself to, then let my present be a little more noticeable.
- It made you realize that you simply had no control or power over your present or future.
- The play is set in the present and covers a period of around one month in Spring.
- These books, by predicting the future, have the ability to take you out of the present for a few moments.
- You see, the game takes place in two time periods: the past and the present.
- It offers stunning examples of most every architectural style, from the Middle Ages to the present.
- This provides an effective and clever bridge from the past to the present.
- The story moves between the present, the past and perhaps a little bit of an uncertain future.
- The present is always more important than the future because we know little about the future and a fair amount about what is happening now.
- One of the risks of being a historian of the present, of course, is that events can overtake you.
- He wonders if concern about the future prevents us from enjoying the present.
- Looking deep into Jim's eyes she saw her past, her present and her future.
- We cannot let our future be shaped by those who care only about their present.
- There is even talk of a book on women's cricket detailing its beginnings, its present and its future.
- The past that historians portray must be one out of which the present can plausibly have grown.
- So for now she keeps up her hopes for the future while surviving in the present.
- In other words, we can use the present to try to explain the past, and the past to explain the present.
- We have all kinds of ways of imagining the future that distract us from actually living in the present.
- The plight of Aboriginal people today has just as much to do with the past as with the present.
- The present and the future were so much more interesting than the past.
1.2the present — el presente
- But instead of referring to him in the past tense here, I've referred to him in the present.
- Headlines are written in the present: Bus kills man.
archaicLawthe parties presents — las partes contratantes
1(arise)(opportunity/problem) presentarse(opportunity/problem) surgir
- I started playing golf since about age 14, and can remember playing in rain or shine whenever the chance presented itself.
- They are not like the other girls at Moore River, and, when an opportunity presents itself, they escape.
- She does not plan large works in advance, but instead visits the designated exhibition space and waits for an idea to present itself to her.
2formal(appear)(person) presentarseto present oneself for interview/examination — presentarse a una entrevista/un examen
- to present oneself as a candidate — presentarse como candidato
3(display, show)presentarsethis is how the situation presents itself to me — así es como yo veo la situación
1(disease/patient) presentarsethe patient presented with symptoms of … — el paciente se presentó con síntomas de …
- the baby presented in the breech position — el niño venía de nalgas
- On average, one full school day was missed unnecessarily after children presented to hospital emergency departments with minor injuries.
- She presented to another hospital with cyanosis and in respiratory distress.
- However, none of the 5 tumors presenting during pregnancy and lactation that were tested were positive for either protein.
- Influenza may present as a mild respiratory illness similar to the common cold.
- Firstly, hepatitis C is not an uncommon disease presenting to general practitioners.
- A 76-year-old man presented to the emergency room with abdominal pain and fatigue.
- A 55 year old man presented to his general practitioner with a productive cough.
- Geller reported a case of acute leukemia presenting as respiratory distress in a patient with leukemic pulmonary infiltration diagnosed at autopsy.
- Gardberg et al found that 68% of fetuses presenting as occiput posterior position at birth resulted from a malrotation from an initial occiput anterior position.
- Mr. Smith is a 63-year-old man who presents to his family physician with typical anginal chest pain.
- The lesion presents as a painless, pruritic papule on exposed skin areas.
- At 12 months of age, the patient presented to the hospital with vomiting.
1.1(give, hand over)to present sth to sb — hacerle entrega de algo a algn formal
- her daughter will present the bouquet to her — su hija le hará entrega del ramo de flores
- please present my respects to … — por favor presente mis respetos a …
- to present sb with sth — obsequiar a algn con algo
- she was presented with a silver tray — la obsequiaron con una bandeja de plata
- she presented him with a daughter — le dio una hija
- Outside the factory, his good works included presenting Rowntree Park to the city and starting work on New Earswick model village.
- The midfielder gave a press conference at Vicente Calderon stadium after he was officially presented to the media and fans as an Atletico player.
- He went inside, the boardroom doors flew open, and Tom presented me grandly to the room.
- The prizes were presented recently at a ceremony in the Tower Hotel.
- The theatre beat off strong competition from all over the country to clinch the award, which was presented at a gala ceremony at London's Royal Court Theatre.
- Ruth, 18, offered to present the painting to Mr Bayley as a memento of York, the floods and the exhibition.
- Now, Richards, sitting next to Roberts, presents Roberts to the committee.
- A Mossi baby is formally presented to the community three days after birth for a boy, and four days after birth for a girl.
- After the game Patsy Hobbert presented the James Hobbert Memorial Cup to a delighted Stacks' captain Eoin Colgan.
- The Whitecross Hospice Fundraising Committee is presenting a cheque to Newry Hospice.
- The inaugural Bob Hope Award was to be presented to Oprah Winfrey.
- Mickey Dolenz of American band the Monkees presented one of the awards at the ceremony.
- She arranged her skirts decorously and, mere seconds later, the butler entered the parlour and presented Mr Brown-Lee to the group.
- The Special Olympics Host Town Committee presented a special prize to Cathal Quinn for scoring a hole-in-one.
- The Committee presented a cheque to St Aidan's National School on Sunday night last.
- An under-matron at Malsis school, she was presented by the wife of her cousin, Commander Ian Steel RN.
- I was presented to the Duke and also the Duchess, who is a Dane.
- Regional award winners will go forward for selection for the national special awards due to be presented in spring 2004.
- In 1944, Miss Matilda Talbot presented Lacock to the National Trust, and until recently the area known as the ‘museum garden’, was simply a grassed-over space scattered with trees and shrubs.
- Terese Capucilli's award will be presented to her at the ceremony by actor and graphics designer Bill Randolph.
- Cllr Beattie gave a short speech praising the efforts of all the exhibitors and committee members before presenting the prizes.
- The trophy was presented by best-selling author Bill Bryson who described it as a very exciting match.
- Awards will also be presented for top comeback, fair play, official and community sport volunteer.
- The Bowling Green last week Wednesday presented 27,900 baht towards the Lions club's hospital fund.
- She was presented to the Queen Mother during her 100th birthday year.
- The prize will be presented at a ceremony in New York on September 24.
- On September 14th as Marquise de Pompadour she was formally presented at court.
- The new World Bank resident representative in Sofia was presented to ministers and the media.
- The first Golden Sheaf Award was presented in 1956, when it was decided that the festival should present a grand prize.
- Nominations close on Monday, April 30, and the awards will be presented at a ceremony June 20.
1.2(confront)to present sb with sth — obsequiar a algn con algo formal
- I was presented with a bill for £500 — me pasaron una cuenta por / de 500 libras
- we were presented with a very difficult situation — nos vimos frente a una situación muy difícil
- it presents me with a whole host of problems — esto me plantea toda una serie de problemas
- Within days of arriving in Ireland, she presented herself at the Accident and Emergency department of a Dublin hospital showing symptoms of the deadly virus.
- Then one day a man appears at his door, presenting himself as John Shooter, and accuses Mort of copying a story from him.
- I view my appearance in Playboy as the first step in presenting myself to the world as I am.
- But it was a composed and prepared Smith who appeared on Newsmaker Live to present herself for public scrutiny.
- Take care over your appearance and present yourself smelling, looking and feeling as attractive as you can.
- David presented himself at the emergency room of the hospital one and one-half days after the third cystoscopy.
- Mrs Statham said: ‘When somebody presents themselves as homeless we decide which category to place them into and the appropriate support services that they require.’
- Because he can't learn his new profession from books (Mr. Norrell has bought them all), Strange presents himself to his rival for tutoring.
- Quiet and well-mannered in the way he presents himself in public, he is at the age of only 25 one of snooker's elite band of millionaires.
- Next thing we know, Dewey presents himself in Ned's place at an exclusive and rather snobbish private school before a class of 10-year-olds.
- AN NHS trust has launched an internal inquiry after it emerged that a murder suspect was turned away when he presented himself at a mental health unit.
2(proffer)(passport/account/ticket/motion/bill) presentar(argument/ideas) presentar(argument/ideas) exponerthe way it's presented is very important — la presentación es muy importante
- to present a petition to the authorities — presentar una petición a las autoridades
- to present a check for payment — presentar un cheque para el cobro
- The editors have compiled a set of papers originally presented at seminars held at Harvard University in 1998 and 1999.
- In the morning an anti-war petition with a million signatures was presented to parliament.
- What follows is our summary of the key points presented at the symposium.
- A delegate meeting was convened from which the petition would be presented to parliament.
- He's kick-started the process by studying many of the proposals on offer and presenting this draft plan of action.
- None of the direct estimates presented below is wholly dependable or comparable with the others.
- The budget committee is tasked with presenting a PAP budget for approval at the leaders' summit in July.
- Quite a strong argument was presented to the committee that we should remove ancillary activities altogether from the bill.
- All you will have to do to take advantage of the offer is to present your card when you make your purchase.
- Their findings were presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Dental Research.
- A petition was presented which requested action on two roads.
- The mayor and chairmen of the four main committees will be presenting their reviews of the year and there will be a public question session.
- A budget bill will be presented to Parliament for debate and approval next month.
- The joint committee, which presents a preliminary report this autumn, comprises three Liberal Democrats, 12 Labour, seven Tories and two crossbenchers.
- The material presented here is from a lecture presented to medical and pharmacy students.
- The results were presented at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society.
- Be sure to put all important communications in writing and consider ideas carefully before presenting them.
- I often consulted with the participants and owe much of the knowledge presented here to their direct input.
- On the evidence here presented, the answer would appear to be a resounding ‘no’.
- The findings were presented yesterday at the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology in New Orleans.
- The seminars are presented by the aforementioned authors as well as various professional agencies.
3.1(constitute)serconstituirthey presented an easy target — eran un blanco fácil
- it may present an obstacle to future development — puede significar / constituir un obstáculo para el desarrollo futuro
- To me, this issue presents a more difficult question.
- Even the newer equipment presents difficult problems of ballot design.
- Don't be pushed into a software upgrade now only to find that data translation incompatibility presents major problems later.
- The steady demise of our ecosystems presents the greatest danger and is at the forefront of Ehrlich's strategic plan.
- Such difficulty as the case presented turned upon the characterisation of the facts rather than upon any ambiguity in the statute.
- Falling objects, toppling furniture and panic present the greatest dangers during an earthquake.
- The moors here present a particular challenge, the bridleways are waterlogged, rutted, rocky and really quite fantastic.
- The proposed Communications Bill presents the biggest threat to a free and objective press for more than 300 years.
- This choice presents an immediate problem, since it's infinitely more difficult to lampoon a bad movie than it is a good one.
- However, sustainable energy campaigners rubbish the notion that this presents insurmountable technical difficulties.
- These groups present more direct challenges than other groups with established Whitehall connections.
- Lack of parking presents a huge problem in relation to business on Bridge Street.
- The Atherton Gardens estate has presented endemic problems for social planning since its development.
- Now Angela's father has made a compromise offer, but it presents a tough choice for her.
- For Reeves, a Bowl concert can be intimidating, but the difficulties it presents also inspire her as a singer.
- Children with recurrent abdominal pain present a difficult conundrum for doctors.
- The white T-shirt I bought last week presents a much more difficult ethical issue.
- The lack of affordable housing presents problems for the whole of the community - if there is no one to nurse the sick, teach the children or work on the land everyone suffers.
- The activity documentation form often presents the greatest difficulty to applicants.
- And we have seen that sexism presents a greater difficulty than racism in this regard as well.
3.2(provide)(perspective/view) presentar(perspective/view) ofrecer
- The public prosecutor normally begins to present his evidence in court after about three months.
- When a cheque is presented for payment the paying bank, as we know, must comply strictly with its customer's mandate.
- Judges are obliged to remain open-minded about the outcome of a case until the relevant evidence has been presented in court.
- The claim form in this action was issued on 19th April 2001 and the Petition was presented to the court on the same day.
- Like other types of bills of exchange payable on demand, a cheque has to be presented for payment within a reasonable time.
- We had paid the bill that had been presented to us and might easily have been unaware of the mistake.
- Your bank will honour the cheque when the holder presents it for payment.
- No evidence was presented to the court that any party ever gave Mr. MacRae permission to park vehicles on the right-of-way.
- Mr. Jones then presents the $100 bill to Mr. Roberts in payment for his house.
- While interim Motions are important to all parties, the affidavits to be presented to the Court must be succinct and to the point.
- The builder simply presented his bill for payment.
- On 3 June 1992 it was wound up by the High Court on a petition presented by the Bank of England.
- The event was videoed and, three days later, Rhodes got a call from an independent television producer, asking whether he would consider presenting a ten-minute cookery slot.
- Simon Barnes presents Back to Front, a series of 30-minute documentaries on famous sporting events, starting today on BBC Radio 4 at 10.30 am.
- The athlete, who won four gold medals at the Paralympic Games in Sydney, will be presenting shows on her local station, BBC Radio Cleveland.
- In the 1990s he graced fashion shoots in glossy magazines and presented countless forgettable television shows.
- The Lismore Theatre Company presents the Rochdale Follies - a wonderful evening of humour and song performed by some of our top local talent.
- The event was well supported by Thai and international companies presenting their latest products set up at booths.
- Mark Radcliffe presents his Radio 2 show live from Moshulu, with special guest KT Tunstall.
- Sam Dowling's energetic and innovative Roscommon-based experimental theatre company presents its exciting new production.
- Hewitt met her when they presented a radio show together.
- She has frequently appeared on television, and conceived and presented the BBC television series Ballerina in 1987.
- This year, the Public Art Fund presents an exhibition of new work by five artists who explore diverse notions of leisure and leisure-time activities.
- In November, the company presents Charles Gounod's Romeo and Juliet, starring tenor Marc Hervieux and soprano Kathleen Brett.
- His brother, Grant Stott, 35, presents a radio show on Edinburgh's Forth One.
- The Misfit Theatre Company presents the award-winning play from Rona Munro, whose play Iron won critical acclaim at the Fringe.
- The Carl Rosa company presents Franz Lehar's light opera set in the heady Paris of the Moulin Rouge just a few years before the outbreak of the first world war.
- Hull Truck Theatre Company presents Black Tie and Tales, written and directed by John Godber.
- Jaffrey has authored 15 cookery books and has presented several television shows.
- Riddoch has spent the past five years on Radio Scotland, presenting a daily show that tackles issues high on the national news agenda.
- Sara Cox and Vernon Kay will join a large number of stars in presenting BBC radio coverage of the world's biggest rock event on July 2.
- The Royal Shakespeare Company presents this ‘magic, myth-making and mischief of modern India’ on May 13-17.
- Retina Dance Company presents contemporary pieces inspired by our prevailing fascination with gameshows and the shallow, short-term celebrity they provide.
- We see a touring theatre company presenting a Shakespeare play with an ex-husband and wife in the lead roles.
- Noel Edmonds returns to his radio roots to present Radio 2's Drivetime show for two months.
- The Multi Storey Theatre Company is presenting the hour-long show, ideal for families with children over the age of five and an adult audience too.
- Wild In Your Garden presented by Bill Oddie is a week long event revealing the secret lives of the animal neighbours that live in gardens, towns and cities.
- The company presented Opel Signum and Chevrolet Evanda models.
- Wogan alone is said to earn £800,000 a year for presenting Radio 2's breakfast show.
- Fishamble Theatre Company presents the work of one of Ireland's most acclaimed writers, Maeve Binchy, adapted and directed for the stage by Jim Culleton.
- Rob appears regularly on television and radio, has presented live radio and webcast shows, and has recorded video and CD-Rom programmes.
- The six-part series, presented by Scottish television presenter Stephen Jardine, is due to be screened in June.
- If you're looking for a little more poetry in your fringe theatre, The Shakespeare Company presents its third annual Inspired Shakespeare Shorts the very next week.
- He wrote and presented Charles: the Battle of the Palaces, for Channel 4 in April 2003.
- She will liaise with local retailers and producers in a county-wide attempt to highlight the variety of products and the ways that Orkney firms are presenting these to the public.
- In addition, earlier this year the company presented a newly developed fuel cell powered vehicle at the Geneva motor-show.
- In celebration of the opening of West Bay Fine Art, the company presents the release of four canvas limited editions by the newly signed, pastel artist Julene Baker.
- NTC Touring Theatre Company presents a second show, The Stars Look Down, on Tuesday.
- He went on to present other television programmes, particularly interviews of major political figures.
- At that time, Pat had his own sponsored programme on Radio Eireann which was presented weekly by Ken Stewart.
- In another, a French shoe company presents an Arab-style slipper decorated with the stars and stripes alongside the word ‘Peace’.
- Last year, her profile beyond the farming community received a boost when she presented the reality television show Celebrity Farm.
4.2Radio Television(show) presentar
5formal(introduce)presentarmay I present my husband? — permítame presentarle a mi marido
- to be presented at court — ser presentado en la corte
- to present sb to sb — presentarle algn a algn
- I presented him to my parents — se lo presenté a mis padres
1(gift)regalo masculineobsequio masculine formalpresente masculine formalit's (for) a present — es (para) un regalo
- I got it as a present — me lo regalaron
- to give sb a present — regalarle algo a algn
- Neil said that the idea of asking for donations instead of presents came after the death of his best friend, Steve.
- And the rise of clinics selling gift vouchers means that friends and family can contribute to presents of an operation for their loved ones.
- Decorative serving platters also make great presents for the culinarily gifted.
- ‘That's weird,’ I said looking around me at the piles of presents, cards and gift certificates.
- We make the same mistakes when it comes to wedding gifts, birthday presents, anniversaries, house-warming gifts etc.
- Practical presents are now a favourite of mine: getting gifts that you like but wouldn't necessarily buy yourself.
- I've read other blogs and things bemoaning the fact that Christmas in Japan is not about religion, only about presents.
- Over £900 was raised for the Southern Area Hospice Services from donations placed instead of presents for Jimmy.
- Unruly children have traditionally been threatened with coal instead of presents in their Christmas stockings.
- We leisurely opened presents and stockings and had brunch around 3 pm.
- Instead of giving my grandmother a normal gift (she's very hard to buy presents for), we decided to take her away for a weekend.
- But I'd have loved presents and a stocking as well.
- Camelot believes the scratchcard, launched tomorrow, will appeal to people who buy record or gift tokens as presents.
- This latest appeal involved the donation of presents for the children and, as shown in the photographs, they were thrilled.
- Teresa wraps presents in tea-towels - saves paper and is a handy gift in itself!
- Anyway, full marks to them for having their wedding at home rather than running off abroad and also for the presents for charity idea.
- In addition to this, think of all the presents, the toys, gift sets and, most importantly, all that wrapping paper.
- They give you gifts and presents and refuse to take ‘no’ for an answer.
- They also have a gift shop with lots of presents suitable for Mum on Mother's Day.
- It first started with one gift, then the rest of the presents on Christmas morning.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.