In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
noun
1
1.1(conclusive evidence)
prueba femininewhere's your proof? — ¿qué pruebas tienes?- we have no proof of that — no tenemos prueba(s) de eso
- you'll need proof of identity — necesitará un documento de identidad
- as a proof of — como prueba de
- by way of proof — como prueba
- proof of purchase — comprobante / prueba de compra
- It is too easy to find fault, to point a finger, without any facts or proof.
- That statement is proof of my existence, for how can you make nothing?
- Therefore, a total ban on private use of the lagoon requires concrete scientific proof of negative influences.
- One of the most important properties I'm interested in when I'm looking for arguments or evidence or proofs or persuasive cases is strength and the ability to bear a lot of weight.
- The government had no definitive proof of ownership, so therefore everyone was guilty.
- A little while later he emailed me with irrefutable proof of my guilt.
- A retrospective glance at the 2000-2001 regular season offers ample proof of blatant mismatches.
- The numbers themselves do not constitute definitive proof.
- You will need proof of your identity and the address where you are living on election day.
- If there is a variation, you may need to supply proof of identity.
- That's completely absurd and there's no proof to validate that statement.
- There was, after all, too much proof to the contrary.
- His silence is a matter which is neutral in terms of providing positive proof of his guilt.
- The critics will point to this as irrefutable proof of their argument that vouchers undermine the public school system.
- Many atheists demand a scientific proof for the existence of God.
- Always check the seller's identity by asking for proof of name and address and be wary of sellers who want to meet you anywhere other than their home.
- They are based on the false assumption that the substantive offence requires proof of a fact that life is endangered.
- No story describing a problem or social phenomenon was complete without a few meaningless statistics passed off as hard fact or proof of some assertion.
- The author finally attempts to provide conclusive proof of Germany's decline in chapter 7.
- However, these customers would also have to provide documentary proof of their claims.
1.2literary (test)
prueba feminineto put sth to the proof — poner algo a prueba- the proof of the pudding is in the eating — no se sabe si algo es bueno hasta que se lo pone a prueba
- we shall see, the proof of the pudding is in the eating — ya se verá a la hora de la verdad
1.3Mathematics
prueba feminine- Nguyen's work is one manifestation of her longstanding love for rigorous and creative mathematical proofs.
- The only thing that's missing is perhaps a very solid idea of what it means to do a mathematical proof.
- Fermat subsequently died, leaving mathematicians to search for 350 years for a proof of the theorem.
- Mathematicians later found proofs for other special cases.
- It gives a proof that every whole number has a Fibonacci number for which it is a factor.
- So, in the absence of a mathematical proof deciding this question, none of us has any a priori knowledge about this question in either direction.
- His main work involved applying philosophy to mathematics, the philosophy taking precedence over rigorous mathematical proofs.
- In a nutshell, it asks for the simplest proof of any theorem.
- Mathematical proofs of conjectures, however, require more than overwhelming numerical evidence.
- This faith in the indubitable certainty of mathematical proofs was sadly shaken around 1900 by the discovery of the antinomies or paradoxes of set theory.
- For example, in proofs about sets, Venn diagrams provided a useful part of a concept image in some cases.
- An argument becomes a proof when the mathematical community agrees it is such.
- From such a viewpoint, it would seem possible to arrange mathematical proofs into strata characterized by their degree of simplicity.
- Euclid changed the proofs of several theorems in this book so that they fitted the new definition of proportion given by Eudoxus.
- His publications include a biography of Leonhard Euler and a booklet on mathematical proofs.
- On the other hand he had only a vague idea of what constitutes a mathematical proof.
- We wish to expound in detail some of the many proofs of this theorem.
- The proof of this theorem makes essential use of free choice sequences.
- How many proofs do mathematicians publish each year?
- I shall carry out such a consistency proof for elementary number theory.
2
2.1Printing
prueba (de imprenta) femininebefore noun proof copy — ejemplar de prueba feminine- proof stage — fase de lectura de pruebas
- He owned eight paintings and fourteen drawings, nine etchings on Japanese paper, fifty-nine separate proofs and an almost complete set of his prints.
- Sometimes artist's proofs are used to hide the real number of an edition.
- Oscar Marshall may also have offered a limited number of hand-signed proofs.
- This exhibition - including so many large prints, so many of their proofs and their matrices - demands a lot of wall space.
- Dürer published quite large numbers of his woodcut series in proofs before text on the reverse of the sheet.
2.2Photography
prueba feminine- I found your article on the value of so-called artist's proofs extremely interesting.
- About 6000 of Robert's negatives and picture proofs are held by the Alexander Turnbull Library in Wellington.
- The trial proofs were rejected, and the finished photographs never made.
- Artist's proofs can be numbered, but often they are not.
3
(alcoholic strength, American system, British system)graduación alcohólica feminine70 proof — 35% de alcohol / 35° (GL)- (British system) 70 degrees proof — 40% de alcohol / 40° (GL)
- under proof
nótese que el sistema británico difiere del norteamericano
adjective
1
ser a prueba dethe shields are proof against most projectiles — los escudos son a prueba de la mayoría de los proyectiles- she was proof against his flattery — era inmune / no era vulnerable a sus halagos
transitive verb
1
impermeabilizar
Further reading
12 ways to say goodbye in other languages
Find out moreEnglish has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
55 words ending in ‘ster’ you didn’t know you needed to know
Find out moreMany words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?