In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
noun
1
1.1(conclusive evidence)
prueba femininewhere's your proof? — ¿qué pruebas tienes?- we have no proof of that — no tenemos prueba(s) de eso
- you'll need proof of identity — necesitará un documento de identidad
- as a proof of — como prueba de
- by way of proof — como prueba
- proof of purchase — comprobante / prueba de compra
- There was, after all, too much proof to the contrary.
- A little while later he emailed me with irrefutable proof of my guilt.
- The critics will point to this as irrefutable proof of their argument that vouchers undermine the public school system.
- If there is a variation, you may need to supply proof of identity.
- That's completely absurd and there's no proof to validate that statement.
- However, these customers would also have to provide documentary proof of their claims.
- A retrospective glance at the 2000-2001 regular season offers ample proof of blatant mismatches.
- That statement is proof of my existence, for how can you make nothing?
- Therefore, a total ban on private use of the lagoon requires concrete scientific proof of negative influences.
- Always check the seller's identity by asking for proof of name and address and be wary of sellers who want to meet you anywhere other than their home.
- Many atheists demand a scientific proof for the existence of God.
- They are based on the false assumption that the substantive offence requires proof of a fact that life is endangered.
- It is too easy to find fault, to point a finger, without any facts or proof.
- His silence is a matter which is neutral in terms of providing positive proof of his guilt.
- The author finally attempts to provide conclusive proof of Germany's decline in chapter 7.
- The government had no definitive proof of ownership, so therefore everyone was guilty.
- The numbers themselves do not constitute definitive proof.
- You will need proof of your identity and the address where you are living on election day.
- One of the most important properties I'm interested in when I'm looking for arguments or evidence or proofs or persuasive cases is strength and the ability to bear a lot of weight.
- No story describing a problem or social phenomenon was complete without a few meaningless statistics passed off as hard fact or proof of some assertion.
1.2literary (test)
prueba feminineto put sth to the proof — poner algo a prueba1.3Mathematics
prueba feminine- In a nutshell, it asks for the simplest proof of any theorem.
- On the other hand he had only a vague idea of what constitutes a mathematical proof.
- How many proofs do mathematicians publish each year?
- The proof of this theorem makes essential use of free choice sequences.
- So, in the absence of a mathematical proof deciding this question, none of us has any a priori knowledge about this question in either direction.
- We wish to expound in detail some of the many proofs of this theorem.
- I shall carry out such a consistency proof for elementary number theory.
- This faith in the indubitable certainty of mathematical proofs was sadly shaken around 1900 by the discovery of the antinomies or paradoxes of set theory.
- An argument becomes a proof when the mathematical community agrees it is such.
- His publications include a biography of Leonhard Euler and a booklet on mathematical proofs.
- Mathematical proofs of conjectures, however, require more than overwhelming numerical evidence.
- The only thing that's missing is perhaps a very solid idea of what it means to do a mathematical proof.
- His main work involved applying philosophy to mathematics, the philosophy taking precedence over rigorous mathematical proofs.
- Mathematicians later found proofs for other special cases.
- It gives a proof that every whole number has a Fibonacci number for which it is a factor.
- Fermat subsequently died, leaving mathematicians to search for 350 years for a proof of the theorem.
- Euclid changed the proofs of several theorems in this book so that they fitted the new definition of proportion given by Eudoxus.
- Nguyen's work is one manifestation of her longstanding love for rigorous and creative mathematical proofs.
- For example, in proofs about sets, Venn diagrams provided a useful part of a concept image in some cases.
- From such a viewpoint, it would seem possible to arrange mathematical proofs into strata characterized by their degree of simplicity.
2
2.1Printing
prueba (de imprenta) femininebefore noun proof copy — ejemplar de prueba feminine- proof stage — fase de lectura de pruebas
- Oscar Marshall may also have offered a limited number of hand-signed proofs.
- Dürer published quite large numbers of his woodcut series in proofs before text on the reverse of the sheet.
- This exhibition - including so many large prints, so many of their proofs and their matrices - demands a lot of wall space.
- Sometimes artist's proofs are used to hide the real number of an edition.
- He owned eight paintings and fourteen drawings, nine etchings on Japanese paper, fifty-nine separate proofs and an almost complete set of his prints.
2.2Photography
prueba feminine- The trial proofs were rejected, and the finished photographs never made.
- About 6000 of Robert's negatives and picture proofs are held by the Alexander Turnbull Library in Wellington.
- Artist's proofs can be numbered, but often they are not.
- I found your article on the value of so-called artist's proofs extremely interesting.
3
(alcoholic strength)feminine graduación alcohólica70 proof — 35% de alcohol / 35° (GL)- (British system) 70 degrees proof — 40% de alcohol / 40° (GL)
- under proof
- Before aging, bourbon's proof must be lowered to no higher than 125 proof using distilled water.
- Your liver processes alcohol out of your system at an average rate of about 1.5 ounces of 80 proof alcohol an hour.
- This hand-selected whiskey was bottled at 94 proof in elegantly sculpted decanters.
adjective
to be proof against
1
ser a prueba dethe shields are proof against most projectiles — los escudos son a prueba de la mayoría de los proyectiles- she was proof against his flattery — era inmune / no era vulnerable a sus halagos
- We need proper sanitation and proper rat-proof construction.
- Work has protected wildlife along the route, including measures to keep a colony of protected great crested newts safe, badger tunnels and deer-proof fencing.
- Maybe it's just as well that we have these idiot-proof tills, because without them the numerically challenged would be all but unemployable and we'd have to support them through a lifetime on the dole.
- Inclinations towards freedom, however, are not proof against systematic countermeasures.
- Beat the mixture lightly and pour it into individual oven-proof pots.
- She explained that 12 staff joined colleagues from across the county to update their training in the use of the chemical-proof suits.
transitive verb
1
impermeabilizar
Further reading
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Find out moreMany words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?