In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(to place)ponercolocarponermeterponerput the picture higher up — coloca / pon el cuadro más arriba
- she put the ornaments on the shelf — colocó / puso los adornos sobre el estante
- to put sth in the oven — poner / meter algo en el horno
- where shall I put the suitcase? — ¿dónde pongo la maleta?
- where did I put that letter? — ¿dónde habré puesto esa carta?
- she put the documents in the safe — puso / guardó los documentos en la caja fuerte
- we put an ad in the paper — pusimos un anuncio en el periódico
- did you put salt in it? — ¿le pusiste / le echaste sal?
- she puts sugar in her coffee — toma el café con azúcar
- he put his hand on my shoulder — me puso la mano en el hombro
- put the lid on the box — ponle la tapa a la caja
- I put a coat of paint on the door — le di una mano de pintura a la puerta
- he put it in his mouth — se lo puso en la boca
- I put myself on the list — me apunté / me puse en la lista
- she put the bottle to her lips — se llevó la botella a los labios
- I've put you in the spare room — te he puesto en el cuarto de huéspedes
- I put her on the train — la acompañé hasta el tren
- A man crept up behind the girl, putting his hand across her face and dragging her into the undergrowth.
- Julie reached across the table and put her hand over Caroline's.
- Laughing, she sips her wine, then puts the glass back on the table.
- He moved closer, putting his one strong hand on her face.
- Scott put the note down and walked into the bathroom.
- He put his arms under Morgan's and lifted her up off her chair.
- The library includes new technology which means children can borrow a book by putting their thumb on to a machine which recognises their individual thumbprints.
- My mom shifts her weight from one foot to the other, crossing her arms and putting one hand at her chin, staring intently at the creature.
- It's hard to put figures on the export worth of Scotland's haggis.
- She said she picked up a programme and put a £5 note in the tin and took a couple of pounds out in change.
- The waitress put two mugs of hot water on the table along with a bowl of tea bags.
- The agency declined to put a precise figure on the savings.
- He moved to put himself between her and the gunman.
- The Primary Care Trust was unable to put an exact figure on the number of NHS dentists in the borough.
- However he refused to put an exact figure on losses for individual years between 1999-2001.
- Nobody can even put an exact figure on the number of children who have been excluded, which is a disgrace in itself.
- Their eyes remain locked and he puts his hand against the glass.
- It is difficult to put a dollar figure on the damage the rain-swollen tide from did to the property.
- But it's impossible to put a figure on something like that.
- While it is difficult to put an exact figure on the total of undocumented Irish in the United States it's been estimated that there are tens of thousands.
- I have no reference points to start figuring out how to put a dollar value on something like that.
- He declined to put a figure on the number of shops that could close or retailers that could go out of business.
- Council leaders have refused to put a figure on the actual cost of the case - estimated at more than £1 million.
- It would be far too early to start putting a figure on how many people would lose their jobs if that were to happen.
- Even if we cannot yet fully count the value of the environment as such, we can put a figure on the cost of environmental destruction.
- He didn't even put his arm behind him to stop his fall.
- The continued lack of confidence in the Irish company make it difficult to put a value on the company.
- A North Yorkshire County Council spokesman said school budgets were very tight, but it was not yet possible to put a figure on the average shortfall.
- Why are you so shy of just putting a rough figure on it?
- Don't put your fingers too close to the screen.
- He enters his house and puts some books down on a desk before turning on the light.
- She put the note he wrote to her back on the desk and went down the stairs crying.
- She broke into tears, and then her husband crossed the room to put his arm around her.
- Surely no figure can be put on the value of the experience and commitment of the Peterhead officers.
- Today one of North Yorkshire's leading entrepreneurs put a figure on what this chaos has cost him: £150,000.
- Writing the letter and putting it under Angel's door, Tess felt much more at ease, knowing that he would know all there is of her past.
- He said it was impossible to put figures on the number of young people addicted to drugs who were involved in crime.
- She told the hearing: ‘I was still trying to get her breathing by putting her over my knee and pummelling her back.’
- I sat up, crossing my legs, putting my fist under my chin in thought.
- Insurers had yet to put a figure on the damage, but it was likely that replacing the gutted building would cost another £5m.
1.2(to install, to fit)ponerwe put a shower in the bathroom — pusimos una ducha en el baño
1.3to put sth in sb/sth
- I put my trust in you — deposité mi confianza en ti
- I don't put much faith in conventional medicine — no le tengo mucha fe a la medicina convencional
2.1(with parts of the body)he put his arms around her — la abrazó
- she put her head around the door/out of the window — asomó la cabeza por la puerta/por la ventana
- he put his hand in(to) his pocket — se metió / se puso la mano en el bolsillo
- she put her head through the bars — sacó la cabeza por entre las rejas
- he put his hand up the pipe — metió la mano en el tubo
2.2(to send, to propel)he put the ball into the net — lanzó la pelota a la red
- one false move and I'll put a bullet in you! — ¡un movimiento en falso y te meto una bala!
- they put a bullet through his head — le atravesaron la cabeza de un balazo
- she put a brick through the window — rompió la ventana con un ladrillo
2.3to put the shot — lanzar el peso
3(to cause to be, cause to become)ponerthe doctor put me on a diet — el doctor me puso a régimen
- he was put on guard duty — lo pusieron de guardia
- this puts them at a disadvantage/in a difficult situation — esto los pone en desventaja/en una situación difícil
- it's not easy to put it into English — no es fácil traducirlo al inglés
- she put her hair in a ponytail — se hizo una cola de caballo
- he puts his time to good use — hace buen uso de su tiempo
- The road is narrow enough without loads of cars blocking it even more and putting us all at risk of accidents.
- But competition remains fierce, putting pressure on workers who are the worst paid in food processing.
- Perhaps entertaining the possibility of winning the series put too much pressure on many of the players.
- But she warned rocketing development could put at risk all that has been achieved.
- Unfortunately, Bradford's gritting operation cannot be put into effect immediately.
- This increased weight puts a strain on their backs and pressure on their disks.
- Controversial plans to develop the former Turner's site have been put on hold.
- But, crucially, it follows a similar logic of putting the responsibility on to parents to break cycles of deprivation through the sheer force of their parenting skills.
- He said: ‘We really want to put the fear back on to the criminal.’
- I will never reprimand my horse or put pressure on him if he tries.
- First of all, I couldn't believe that he was putting himself at such risk.
- A Louisiana resident had his camera rolling as floodwaters poured into his home, putting him and his father in immediate danger.
- It puts the pressure on to the employers and government to come up with an offer that can start real negotiations.
- The inquiry has been put on hold unless new evidence comes to light.
- This deal puts the focus back on to the team's future potential.
- He argues that other cities have already put the responsibility on the operators of horse drawn carriages to deal with the aftermath of their trade.
- Any thoughts of a shock result were quickly put to rest in the early minutes of the second half.
- Anyone who goes into the test without having a solid understanding of ‘how it works’ is putting themselves at a disadvantage.
- David stood up straight, groaning for a moment at the strain put on his calf muscles.
- Some reporters were under the impression he died yesterday, but that story was quickly put to rest.
- Partly, this might be addressed by putting far more emphasis on education.
- They prefer to put the blame on to the parents.
- This way you're putting the load on to the contractor.
- In effect, this means the roadworks programme has been put on hold until after the April meeting.
- A job seeker that doesn't take advantage of this opportunity is putting themselves at a big disadvantage.
- Celebrations are being put on hold until after his last exam on June 28.
- Do not focus on weight or put pressure on your child to be the best person on the team.
- It would have been hard to find a man more suited to putting everyone at ease.
- His company's programme will be put on hold unless new financial backing is found.
- As staff leave these smaller units even greater pressure is put on those who remain.
- Under the Roman empire the system of collecting the revenue put extreme pressure on the poor.
- It is a delicate issue and one stupid comment from me could put everything in jeopardy.
- Spending 40 minutes hanging around at icy bus stops will thicken your blood, putting you at risk of coronary thrombosis, stroke, bronchitis and pneumonia.
- He was putting himself and other road users in grave danger.
- The hurricane put seven platforms out of action as well as damaging mobile rigs and springing leaks in oil and gas pipelines.
- We want the Minister to take a call to put our minds at ease that this amount has not been paid out.
- It is understood that pressure is being put on education bosses to backtrack.
4(to cause to do, to obligate)to put sb to sth
- I don't want to put you to any trouble — no quiero causarle ninguna molestia
- he put us to a great deal of expense — nos causó / nos ocasionó muchos gastos
- I put her/them to work — la/los puse a trabajar
5.1(to instil)to put sth in(to) sth
- who put that idea into your head? — ¿quién te metió esa idea en la cabeza?
- it was that remark that put the suspicion in her mind — fue ese comentario el que la hizo sospechar
- technically she's very good, but she doesn't put enough feeling into it — técnicamente es muy buena, pero le falta sensibilidad / sentimiento
5.2(to cause to have)to put sth on sth
- to put a shine on sth — sacarle / darle brillo a algo
- to put sth in(to) sth
- the fresh air put some color into his cheeks — el aire fresco les dio un poco de color a sus mejillas
- she put a wave in my hair — me hizo una onda en el pelo
- you've put a hole in it — le has hecho un agujero
- I put a dent in the bumper — abollé el parachoques
6.1(to rank)ponershe puts herself first — se pone ella primero / en primer lugar
- to put sth above/before sth
- I put honesty above all other virtues — para mí la honestidad está por encima de todas las demás virtudes
- he puts his art before everything else — para él su arte está antes que nada / es lo primero
6.2(in competitions, elections)this victory puts them into the lead — con esta victoria pasan a ocupar la delantera
- the final count put the Republicans second — luego del escrutinio final los Republicanos quedaron en segundo lugar
6.3(to estimate)he puts the cost somewhat higher — calcula que el costo sería algo mayor
- to put sth at sth
- the organizers put the number of demonstrators at 200,000 — según los organizadores, el número de manifestantes fue de 200.000
- I'd put the figure at closer to $40,000 — yo diría que la cifra es más cercana a los 40.000 dólares
7(to express)deciras Jane puts it — como dice Jane
- her designs are, how shall I put it, unusual — sus diseños son, cómo te diría, diferentes
- I don't know how to put this — no sé cómo decirlo
- let me put it another way — digámoslo de otro modo
- (let me) put it this way: I wouldn't invite him again — te digo lo siguiente: no lo volvería a invitar
- to put sth well/badly — expresar algo bien/mal
- it's very succinctly put — está expresado de manera muy sucinta
- Another distinguished citizen, who prefers not to be named, puts it another way.
- As ever, the finely nuanced statement did not put matters quite so bluntly.
- My room was like a pigsty, to put it frankly.
- As Cross puts it, modern humans can transfer insights from one domain to another, often to a domain that is metaphoric or symbolic.
- As some perceptive reviewer put it, Barry writes like an angel, but an angel on the side of the fallen.
8.1(to invest)to put sth into sth — invertir algo en algo
- we've put $15 million into this project — hemos invertido 15 millones de dólares en este proyecto
- I've put a lot of time into it — le he dedicado mucho tiempo
- he puts great effort into his work — se esfuerza mucho en su trabajo
- she had put a lot of thought into it — lo había pensado mucho
- you won't get much out of life unless you put a lot into it — no vas a sacar mucho de la vida si no te lo propones
8.2(to bet, to stake)to put sth on sth — apostar / jugarse algo a algo
- he put his whole salary on a horse — apostó / se jugó todo el sueldo a un caballo
8.3(to contribute)to put sth toward sth — contribuir con/ poner algo para algo
- she put $50 toward the drinks — contribuyó con / puso 50 dólares para las bebidas
9.1(to assign, to attribute)to put sth on sth
- I couldn't put a price on it — no sabría decir cuánto vale
- I put a high value on our friendship — valoro mucho nuestra amistad
- it's difficult to put a date on it — es difícil establecer de qué fecha data
9.2(to impose)to put sth on sth/sb
- the decision to put a special duty on these goods — la decisión de gravar estos artículos con un impuesto especial
- don't put the blame on me! — ¡no me eches la culpa a mí!
- that put a great strain on their relationship — eso sometió su relación a una gran tensión
- they put pressure on him to accept the terms — lo presionaron para que aceptara las condiciones
9.3British (to add)to put sth on sth/sb
- this will put 20p on a bottle of wine — con esto una botella de vino va a costar 20 peniques más
- the experience put ten years on her — la experiencia la hizo envejecer diez años / le echó diez años encima
10(to write, to indicate, to mark)ponerwhat shall I put? — ¿qué pongo?
- put a comma here — pon una coma aquí
- did you put your address on the back of the envelope? — ¿puso su dirección en el reverso del sobre?
- she put a line through the word — tachó la palabra
- We always use an assumed name when putting our names on waiting lists at restaurants.
- They have themselves to blame for putting their signatures to a document that was so evidently not ready for implementation.
- Everyone that wanted a seat put their name on a slip that went into a coffee can.
- The council is appealing to key workers and existing housing association tenants to put their names down on the shared ownership register.
- Reasons for the high figures include misunderstanding of the forms and voters being unhappy about putting their signatures on to a secret ballot paper.
- I really hope you two don't mind me putting your pen names on this.
- Is your complaint that the number that has been put on the respondent's document is the wrong number?
- It may also be pointed out that it was quite possible to register employees who were not really employed, by putting all sorts of names on a staff list for the sake of meeting the requirement.
- When Christianity came into the picture, the church tried to change the practice by putting saints' names in the box instead.
- It does not matter which candidate's name you elect to put your cross against so long as you make your choice.
- Company directors have expressed concerns over being held responsible for putting their names to a statement that they believed to be true at the time of signing but which later turned out to be incorrect.
- The organisers had named four for every position and then over to you to put X over the name of your choice.
11(to present)(views/case) exponer(case/views) presentar(proposal) presentarto put sth before sb/sth
- the plan will have to be put before the committee — habrá que presentar el plan ante la comisión
- I decided to put my complaint before the director — decidí presentar mi queja al director
- to put sth to sb
- to put a question to sb — hacerle una pregunta a algn
- the employers' offer will be put to a mass meeting — la oferta de la patronal será sometida a votación en una asamblea
- I put it to him straight — se lo dije sin rodeos
1to put to sea — zarpar
- we were forced to put back to port — nos vimos forzados a volver al puerto
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