In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(to place)ponercolocarponermeterponerput the picture higher up — coloca / pon el cuadro más arriba
- she put the ornaments on the shelf — colocó / puso los adornos sobre el estante
- to put sth in the oven — poner / meter algo en el horno
- where shall I put the suitcase? — ¿dónde pongo la maleta?
- where did I put that letter? — ¿dónde habré puesto esa carta?
- she put the documents in the safe — puso / guardó los documentos en la caja fuerte
- we put an ad in the paper — pusimos un anuncio en el periódico
- did you put salt in it? — ¿le pusiste / le echaste sal?
- she puts sugar in her coffee — toma el café con azúcar
- he put his hand on my shoulder — me puso la mano en el hombro
- put the lid on the box — ponle la tapa a la caja
- I put a coat of paint on the door — le di una mano de pintura a la puerta
- he put it in his mouth — se lo puso en la boca
- I put myself on the list — me apunté / me puse en la lista
- she put the bottle to her lips — se llevó la botella a los labios
- I've put you in the spare room — te he puesto en el cuarto de huéspedes
- I put her on the train — la acompañé hasta el tren
- not to know where to put oneself / one's face — no saber dónde ponerse / meterse
- to put sth behind one — olvidar / superar algo
- Don't put your fingers too close to the screen.
- The library includes new technology which means children can borrow a book by putting their thumb on to a machine which recognises their individual thumbprints.
- Julie reached across the table and put her hand over Caroline's.
- Scott put the note down and walked into the bathroom.
- He moved to put himself between her and the gunman.
- She said she picked up a programme and put a £5 note in the tin and took a couple of pounds out in change.
- The waitress put two mugs of hot water on the table along with a bowl of tea bags.
- Insurers had yet to put a figure on the damage, but it was likely that replacing the gutted building would cost another £5m.
- Even if we cannot yet fully count the value of the environment as such, we can put a figure on the cost of environmental destruction.
- A man crept up behind the girl, putting his hand across her face and dragging her into the undergrowth.
- I have no reference points to start figuring out how to put a dollar value on something like that.
- The Primary Care Trust was unable to put an exact figure on the number of NHS dentists in the borough.
- While it is difficult to put an exact figure on the total of undocumented Irish in the United States it's been estimated that there are tens of thousands.
- He moved closer, putting his one strong hand on her face.
- She put the note he wrote to her back on the desk and went down the stairs crying.
- He said it was impossible to put figures on the number of young people addicted to drugs who were involved in crime.
- But it's impossible to put a figure on something like that.
- Nobody can even put an exact figure on the number of children who have been excluded, which is a disgrace in itself.
- Laughing, she sips her wine, then puts the glass back on the table.
- He didn't even put his arm behind him to stop his fall.
- He enters his house and puts some books down on a desk before turning on the light.
- Today one of North Yorkshire's leading entrepreneurs put a figure on what this chaos has cost him: £150,000.
- It would be far too early to start putting a figure on how many people would lose their jobs if that were to happen.
- She told the hearing: ‘I was still trying to get her breathing by putting her over my knee and pummelling her back.’
- Why are you so shy of just putting a rough figure on it?
- A North Yorkshire County Council spokesman said school budgets were very tight, but it was not yet possible to put a figure on the average shortfall.
- It's hard to put figures on the export worth of Scotland's haggis.
- Their eyes remain locked and he puts his hand against the glass.
- Writing the letter and putting it under Angel's door, Tess felt much more at ease, knowing that he would know all there is of her past.
- I sat up, crossing my legs, putting my fist under my chin in thought.
- He put his arms under Morgan's and lifted her up off her chair.
- She broke into tears, and then her husband crossed the room to put his arm around her.
- Surely no figure can be put on the value of the experience and commitment of the Peterhead officers.
- My mom shifts her weight from one foot to the other, crossing her arms and putting one hand at her chin, staring intently at the creature.
- However he refused to put an exact figure on losses for individual years between 1999-2001.
- Council leaders have refused to put a figure on the actual cost of the case - estimated at more than £1 million.
- He declined to put a figure on the number of shops that could close or retailers that could go out of business.
- The continued lack of confidence in the Irish company make it difficult to put a value on the company.
- The agency declined to put a precise figure on the savings.
- It is difficult to put a dollar figure on the damage the rain-swollen tide from did to the property.
1.2(to install, to fit)ponerwe put a shower in the bathroom — pusimos una ducha en el baño
1.3to put sth in sb/sth
- I put my trust in you — puse mi confianza en ti
- I don't put much faith in conventional medicine — no le tengo mucha fe a la medicina convencional
2.1(with parts of the body)he put his arms around her — la abrazó
- she put her head around the door/out of the window — asomó la cabeza por la puerta/por la ventana
- he put his hand in(to) his pocket — se metió / se puso la mano en el bolsillo
- she put her head through the bars — sacó la cabeza por entre las rejas
- he put his hand up the pipe — metió la mano en el tubo
2.2(to send, to propel)he put the ball into the net — lanzó la pelota a la red
- one false move and I'll put a bullet in you! — ¡un movimiento en falso y te meto una bala!
- they put a bullet through his head — le atravesaron la cabeza de un balazo
- she put a brick through the window — rompió la ventana con un ladrillo
2.3to put the shot — lanzar la bala
3(to cause to be, cause to become)ponerthe doctor put me on a diet — el doctor me puso a régimen
- he was put on guard duty — lo pusieron de guardia
- this puts them at a disadvantage/in a difficult situation — esto los pone en desventaja/en una situación difícil
- it's not easy to put it into English — no es fácil traducirlo al inglés
- she put her hair in a ponytail — se hizo una cola de caballo
- he puts his time to good use — hace buen uso de su tiempo
- It would have been hard to find a man more suited to putting everyone at ease.
- It is a delicate issue and one stupid comment from me could put everything in jeopardy.
- Partly, this might be addressed by putting far more emphasis on education.
- They prefer to put the blame on to the parents.
- A job seeker that doesn't take advantage of this opportunity is putting themselves at a big disadvantage.
- We want the Minister to take a call to put our minds at ease that this amount has not been paid out.
- Unfortunately, Bradford's gritting operation cannot be put into effect immediately.
- This way you're putting the load on to the contractor.
- But she warned rocketing development could put at risk all that has been achieved.
- Spending 40 minutes hanging around at icy bus stops will thicken your blood, putting you at risk of coronary thrombosis, stroke, bronchitis and pneumonia.
- It puts the pressure on to the employers and government to come up with an offer that can start real negotiations.
- The hurricane put seven platforms out of action as well as damaging mobile rigs and springing leaks in oil and gas pipelines.
- This increased weight puts a strain on their backs and pressure on their disks.
- He was putting himself and other road users in grave danger.
- Under the Roman empire the system of collecting the revenue put extreme pressure on the poor.
- A Louisiana resident had his camera rolling as floodwaters poured into his home, putting him and his father in immediate danger.
- As staff leave these smaller units even greater pressure is put on those who remain.
- David stood up straight, groaning for a moment at the strain put on his calf muscles.
- He argues that other cities have already put the responsibility on the operators of horse drawn carriages to deal with the aftermath of their trade.
- Any thoughts of a shock result were quickly put to rest in the early minutes of the second half.
- I will never reprimand my horse or put pressure on him if he tries.
- Do not focus on weight or put pressure on your child to be the best person on the team.
- In effect, this means the roadworks programme has been put on hold until after the April meeting.
- The road is narrow enough without loads of cars blocking it even more and putting us all at risk of accidents.
- Perhaps entertaining the possibility of winning the series put too much pressure on many of the players.
- Controversial plans to develop the former Turner's site have been put on hold.
- It is understood that pressure is being put on education bosses to backtrack.
- He said: ‘We really want to put the fear back on to the criminal.’
- Some reporters were under the impression he died yesterday, but that story was quickly put to rest.
- But competition remains fierce, putting pressure on workers who are the worst paid in food processing.
- First of all, I couldn't believe that he was putting himself at such risk.
- His company's programme will be put on hold unless new financial backing is found.
- Anyone who goes into the test without having a solid understanding of ‘how it works’ is putting themselves at a disadvantage.
- Celebrations are being put on hold until after his last exam on June 28.
- This deal puts the focus back on to the team's future potential.
- The inquiry has been put on hold unless new evidence comes to light.
- But, crucially, it follows a similar logic of putting the responsibility on to parents to break cycles of deprivation through the sheer force of their parenting skills.
4(to cause to do, to obligate)to put sb to sth
- I don't want to put you to any trouble — no quiero causarle ninguna molestia
- he put us to a great deal of expense — nos causó / nos ocasionó muchos gastos
- I put her/them to work — la/los puse a trabajar
5.1(to instil)to put sth in(to) sth
- who put that idea into your head? — ¿quién te metió esa idea en la cabeza?
- it was that remark that put the suspicion in her mind — fue ese comentario el que la hizo sospechar
- technically she's very good, but she doesn't put enough feeling into it — técnicamente es muy buena, pero le falta sensibilidad / sentimiento
5.2(to cause to have)to put sth on sth — apostar / jugarse algo a algo
- to put sth in(to) sth
- to put a shine on sth — sacarle / darle brillo a algo
- the fresh air put some color into his cheeks — el aire fresco les dio un poco de color a sus mejillas
- she put a wave in my hair — me hizo una onda en el pelo
- you've put a hole in it — le has hecho un agujero
- I put a dent in the bumper — abollé el parachoques
6.1(to rank)ponershe puts herself first — se pone ella primero / en primer lugar
- to put sth above / before sth
- I put honesty above all other virtues — para mí la honestidad está por encima de todas las demás virtudes
- he puts his art before everything else — para él su arte está antes que nada / es lo primero
6.2(in competitions, elections)this victory puts them into the lead — con esta victoria pasan a ocupar la delantera
- the final count put the Republicans second — luego del escrutinio final los Republicanos quedaron en segundo lugar
6.3(to estimate)he puts the cost somewhat higher — calcula que el costo sería algo mayor
- to put sth at sth
- the organizers put the number of demonstrators at 200,000 — según los organizadores, el número de manifestantes fue de 200.000
- I'd put the figure at closer to $40,000 — yo diría que la cifra es más cercana a los 40.000 dólares
7(to express)deciras Jane puts it — como dice Jane
- her designs are, how shall I put it, unusual — sus diseños son, cómo te diría, diferentes
- I don't know how to put this — no sé cómo decirlo
- let me put it another way — digámoslo de otro modo
- (let me) put it this way: I wouldn't invite him again — te digo lo siguiente: no lo volvería a invitar
- to put sth well/badly — expresar algo bien/mal
- it's very succinctly put — está expresado de manera muy sucinta
- As Cross puts it, modern humans can transfer insights from one domain to another, often to a domain that is metaphoric or symbolic.
- As some perceptive reviewer put it, Barry writes like an angel, but an angel on the side of the fallen.
- My room was like a pigsty, to put it frankly.
- As ever, the finely nuanced statement did not put matters quite so bluntly.
- Another distinguished citizen, who prefers not to be named, puts it another way.
8.1(to invest)to put sth into sth — invertir algo en algo
- we've put $15 million into this project — hemos invertido 15 millones de dólares en este proyecto
- I've put a lot of time into it — le he dedicado mucho tiempo
- he puts great effort into his work — se esfuerza mucho en su trabajo
- she had put a lot of thought into it — había cavilado mucho sobre el asunto
- you won't get much out of life unless you put a lot into it — no vas a sacar mucho de la vida si no te lo propones
8.2(to bet, to stake)to put sth on sth — apostar / jugarse algo a algo
- he put his whole salary on a horse — apostó / se jugó todo el sueldo a un caballo
8.3(to contribute)to put sth toward sth — contribuir con / poner algo para algo
- she put $50 toward the drinks — contribuyó con / puso 50 dólares para las bebidas
9.1(to assign, to attribute)to put sth on sth — apostar / jugarse algo a algo
- I couldn't put a price on it — no sabría decir cuánto vale
- I put a high value on our friendship — valoro mucho nuestra amistad
- it's difficult to put a date on it — es difícil establecer de qué fecha data
9.2(to impose)to put sth on sth/sb
- the decision to put a special duty on these goods — la decisión de gravar estos artículos con un impuesto especial
- don't put the blame on me! — ¡no me eches la culpa a mí!
- that put a great strain on their relationship — eso sometió su relación a una gran tensión
- they put pressure on him to accept the terms — lo presionaron para que aceptara las condiciones
9.3British (to add)to put sth on sth/sb
- this will put 20p on a bottle of wine — con esto una botella de vino va a costar 20 peniques más
- the experience put ten years on her — la experiencia la hizo envejecer diez años / le echó diez años encima
10(to write, to indicate, to mark)ponerwhat shall I put? — ¿qué pongo?
- put a comma here — pon una coma aquí
- did you put your address on the back of the envelope? — ¿puso su dirección en el reverso del sobre?
- she put a line through the word — tachó la palabra
- We always use an assumed name when putting our names on waiting lists at restaurants.
- Is your complaint that the number that has been put on the respondent's document is the wrong number?
- I really hope you two don't mind me putting your pen names on this.
- When Christianity came into the picture, the church tried to change the practice by putting saints' names in the box instead.
- They have themselves to blame for putting their signatures to a document that was so evidently not ready for implementation.
- Everyone that wanted a seat put their name on a slip that went into a coffee can.
- It may also be pointed out that it was quite possible to register employees who were not really employed, by putting all sorts of names on a staff list for the sake of meeting the requirement.
- Reasons for the high figures include misunderstanding of the forms and voters being unhappy about putting their signatures on to a secret ballot paper.
- The council is appealing to key workers and existing housing association tenants to put their names down on the shared ownership register.
- The organisers had named four for every position and then over to you to put X over the name of your choice.
- Company directors have expressed concerns over being held responsible for putting their names to a statement that they believed to be true at the time of signing but which later turned out to be incorrect.
- It does not matter which candidate's name you elect to put your cross against so long as you make your choice.
11(to present)(views/case) exponer(views/case) presentar(proposal) presentarto put sth before sb/sth
- to put sth to sb
- the plan will have to be put before the committee — habrá que presentar el plan ante la comisión
- I decided to put my complaint before the director — decidí presentar mi queja al director
- to put a question to sb — hacerle una pregunta a algn
- the employers' offer will be put to a mass meeting — la oferta de la patronal será sometida a votación en una asamblea
- I put it to you that ... — mi opinión es que ...
- I put it to him straight — se lo dije sin rodeos
1to put to sea — hacerse a la mar
- we were forced to put back to port — nos vimos forzados a volver al puerto
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