In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(fourth part)cuarta parte femininecuarto masculineto divide sth into quarters — dividir algo en cuatro partes
- a quarter of a mile/century — un cuarto de milla/siglo
- a quarter of (a pound of) ham — un cuarto de libra de jamón
- an inch and a quarter — una pulgada y cuarta
- four and a / one quarter gallons — cuatro galones y cuarto
- I'll do it in a quarter of the time — lo haré en una / la cuarta parte del tiempo
- It's a brilliant metallic green beetle, about one-half inch long and about a quarter of an inch wide, so it's pretty good-sized.
- With a geometric layout, commonly segmented into four quarters, the garden would be enclosed by buildings or walls.
- Trucks represent only a quarter of the vehicles passing through the toll plaza, but will contribute more than half of the toll revenue.
- Over one quarter of the public school teachers in the United States will be retiring in the next decade.
- The silver farthing was worth a quarter of a penny.
- The first quarter of the novel takes place in Cuba, as Yara and her family wait for the government to process their visas to the United States.
- When it turned out to be actually Edgar Allan Poe's first book, it was auctioned at Sotheby's for a quarter of a million dollars.
- A quarter of Australian universities have now increased fees, most by as much as they're allowed to.
- A quarter of adults now hold college degrees, compared with just 11 percent in 1970.
- The idea of lush fertility is further emphasized by the density of the well-watered clover crop that fully occupies a quarter of the foreground.
- The flag has a large white cross, a symbol of salvation, that divides it into four quarters.
- In the last five years the Post Office has lost a third of its Girobank transactions and a quarter of National Savings and telephone bill payments.
- The simple drawing represents a stage divided into four quarters.
- Traffic in the London Road area of Devizes has increased by more than a quarter in the last four and a half years, according to a survey carried out last week by residents.
- The Commonwealth Bank owns four and a quarter percent of Woodside, that's $385 million worth of shares.
- The iliac crest is divided into four quarters, and the excursion or stage of maturity is designated as the amount of progression.
- Membrane proteins probably represent more than a quarter of all proteins encoded in genomes.
- Just as it took a quarter of a century to create the universal special education system we now have, so will it take years to find ways to realize its full potential.
- They have no choice but to turn in for work the week after half term knowing that a quarter of their class are still enjoying themselves on holiday somewhere around the world.
- A staggering half of all secondary school children and a quarter of those at primary school say they have been bullied in the last year alone.
1.2it's a quarter full — queda un cuarto
- I'm a quarter French — tengo una cuarta parte de sangre francesa
2.1(US, Canadian coin)moneda de 25 centavos feminine
- Forrest and I each dropped a Canadian quarter into the water, too.
- The gesso process comes first, and then the placement of the broken glass pieces, each about the size of a quarter.
- Suddenly, the nickels, dimes, pennies, and quarters started flying.
- Most likely you would receive a toonie, a loonie, a quarter and a nickel, for a total of four coins.
- She's more fond of pennies and dimes than quarters.
- She began digging through her cracked plastic coin purse, slapping quarters and dimes on the counter.
- The symptoms are sunken, straw-colored spots about the size of a quarter to a silver dollar.
- When John Updike began publishing short stories a milkshake cost 10 cents and a quarter kept a kid busy for a week.
- The orderly reached for his wallet and pulled out four quarters.
- Some artists rented theaters, charging people a quarter just to look at the paintings.
- To do this, carefully pour a base of white paint in a corner, no bigger than the size of a quarter.
- Collect enough nickels and dimes and quarters and dollars, and you can make billions.
- The experimenter displayed the coin, showing both sides, and informed them that the coin was a typical quarter (which it was).
- Learn when it's time to start teaching your kid the value of a dollar or even a quarter.
- Play with only nickels, dimes, or quarters, no pennies.
- He dropped sixty-one cents (two quarters, a dime, and a penny) into the cup by the one-legged Vietnam vet.
- He pulled a Canadian quarter out of the pocket of his black pants and tossed it from hand to hand.
- Discover that buses don't take bills, that it's impossible to get change, and that four dollars in quarters weighs about half a tonne.
- Dimes, quarters, half-dollars, and dollar coins are all worth more per pound than the nickel.
- Educators can creatively and imaginatively use these quarters in lessons on the geography and history of the United States.
2.2(of moon)cuarto masculinein its first/last quarter — en cuarto creciente/menguante
- The external stimulus provides the impetus to move forth from the inspirational quarter of the lunar cycle into the action quarter.
- About a week after new moon, the moon reaches first quarter and appears high in the southern sky at sunset.
- In the second quarter the gravitational pull is less, but the moonlight is strong, creating strong leaf growth.
3.1(in telling time)cuarto masculinea quarter of an hour — un cuarto de hora
- an hour and a quarter — una hora y cuarto
- it's a quarter of / to one — es un cuarto para la una
- a quarter after / past one — la una y cuarto
- at (a) quarter after / past — a las y cuarto
- The fishing vessel ‘Winsome’ reported his find to the Coastguard at quarter past twelve this afternoon.
- At a quarter to nine on the morning of September 11, 2001, I was driving down the West Side Highway in Manhattan in a car filled with scholarly texts about Greek tragedy.
- Around quarter to ten, fifteen minutes before the ball began and I was to make my grand entrance, the servants finally allowed me a glance in the mirror.
- It's a quarter past ten AM, fifteen minutes after opening, when the two men rush through the door wearing ski masks.
- You'd tell them, ‘Okay, we are on the bus at six tomorrow morning’, but we wouldn't be able to leave until a quarter to seven.
- Ms Lopez spent a quarter of an hour with the candidate and reportedly emerged a confirmed Clark fan.
- On the 1st of April, it will rise at forty-three minutes past nine in the evening, and pass the meridian at a quarter past two in the morning.
- He agreed and we spent the next quarter of an hour shelving all his books.
- A good time was had by all, though the show didn't get out until almost quarter to one in the morning.
- James Gledhill was born March 28, 1829 at quarter before three in the morning.
- He said: " I had spent a quarter of an hour speaking to the council about it.
- As such, I expect most people to continue responding, ‘quarter after five,’ instead of ‘a quarter after five.’
3.2(three months)trimestre masculineto pay by the quarter — pagar trimestralmente / por trimestres
- Under the terms of the lease there is a rent-free period of three months in the second quarter of the lease.
- Directory assistance provider Conduit said it had made a profit after tax in its last quarter, three months ahead of expectations.
- These showed that, over the previous four quarters, the Scottish economy had grown by just 0.3% compared with the four quarters.
- Exports are set to slide further in coming months because the second quarter is the ‘slow season’ for technology goods, he said.
- The world's largest media company, the parent of CNN is saying it earned almost a billion dollars in the first quarter.
- Earnings for the comparable quarter before these transactions were 19 cents.
- Woolies reveals its sales figures later this month for the fourth quarter and the financial year and annual earnings on August 23.
- IBM added to the downbeat sentiment by reporting a 13% drop in net income for the fourth quarter of its financial year.
- Outsourcing now accounts for more than a third of the company's total revenue, just over a billion dollars in the latest quarter alone.
- Productivity grew at a fast pace in the first quarter of this year; the results for the second quarter due this month will be closely watched.
- The company says it expects production to continue to rise in the third and fourth quarters of its current financial year as additional milling equipment comes online.
- It started to contribute to the profits of the Irish group in the fourth quarter of the last financial year.
- She sent the company a cheque for £96.99 as payment for the second quarter up to June, but Cleanaway denies receiving it.
- Consumer confidence sagged each month in the fourth quarter, as did auto sales.
- The NABE outlook is usually conducted late in the first month or early in the second month of a calendar quarter.
- Sky said it had added a net 81,000 subscribers in the fourth quarter of its financial year, to take its total to 7.4 million.
- It then restated its fourth quarter financial results in February, sparking a number of class action lawsuits.
- Such a strategy for building a position in a stock over several months, quarters or even years tends to reduce the risk of acquiring a full position at a price that will later be seen as an all time high for the stock.
- IBM, the world's biggest computer company, benefited from strong sales and a weak dollar in its latest quarter.
- Priest urged investors to keep in mind that the restatements will not have an adverse impact on earnings in the latest quarter or on future financial results.
4.1(district of town)barrio masculine
- Two thousand metres of walls still surround the quarter, averaging four times the height of the new fence and, in some places, over three metres thick.
- Fiona feels that being around the corner from the Brewery was also a bonus when they signed up for the studios as Highgate, Abbot Hall and Kirkland are often regarded as the cultural quarter of the town.
- The city's original good intention was to improve local living standards by pulling down the city's old quarters and setting up new ones.
- Firefighters were searching for survivors trapped under debris in the old quarter of the town of Piera, near Barcelona.
- We were standing on the roof of Mushtaq's school in Aminabad, the oldest quarter of the city and the heart of old Lucknow.
- The splendor of Havana, rather than being confined to a small quarter of the city, extends for miles.
- The city has a medieval quarter, great pubs, and an annual opera festival of international importance.
- I close the shop up at lunch time - it's an old-fashioned way to do things, but the shop looks old fashioned, and sits in the old-fashioned quarter of the town.
- In 1742, when the Qianlong Emperor had been on the throne for six years, he gave orders for a new palace and garden to be built in the north-east quarter of the Forbidden City.
- Built on the River Tagus, the medieval quarters of the city are characterised by small houses and narrow streets.
- Old City, bounded by stone walls which once formed part of a fortress, is divided into four quarters, Armenian, Christian, Jewish and Muslim.
- Most localities, from walled cities to tiny hamlets, are still divided into traditional quarters or neighborhoods.
- Among its ambitions could be a campaign to establish a professional quarter in the city where similar firms would be encouraged to locate.
- Swindon Council is still eyeing up the Wyvern Theatre car park for a flagship central library as well as a museum and art gallery to create a cultural quarter for the town.
- It lasts 30 minutes and the young guides give an informative commentary during the tour of the city's most historic quarters.
- This park speaks of a great bygone age, and now that the north is fast becoming the frappuccino quarter of the city it may yet thrive again.
- The custom originated in the Spanish quarter of the city.
- Explosions and light arms fire were heard in several city quarters.
- It was the first quarter of the city to be developed according to a systematic plan during the post-colonial period.
- A new bridge will provide a pedestrian and cycle link from the old town museum quarter and city centre shops.
4.2(area)parte femininein all quarters of the earth/globe — en todos los rincones de la tierra/del globo
- from every quarter — de todas partes / todos lados
- as is believed in some quarters — como se cree en ciertos ámbitos / círculos
- at close quarters — de cerca
- he seemed much older at close quarters — de cerca parecía mucho mayor
5.1(direction of wind)dirección feminine
- The weather was perfect, the course firm and the wind blowing from the quarter best suited to setting golfers the fiercest possible test on the inward nine holes.
- It makes us think of things that happened when the sky was just so; when the wind blew from the same quarter and when the sun hit the side of the house just like now.
5.2(of ship)aleta feminineon the port/starboard quarter — por la aleta de babor/estribor
- We beat the Navy on that in the sense that we saw cruise missile flashes from a guided missile cruiser off to our starboard quarter in the distance at night.
- Hitting one of these submerged boxes, in a storm, steaming with the wind on your port quarter, would have been the equivalent of colliding with a supermarket delivery lorry.
- Heinkel bombers from Crete flew to the merchant anchorages at the mouth of the Gulf of Suez and dropped a single bomb on her starboard quarter, ripping a huge vertical gash in her side.
- A number of days elapsed, and then the return journey got under way, and the La Malouine was stationed on the port quarter of the now-called convoy QP14.
- He looked round and in the moonlight saw Mr Ventouris leaning over the starboard quarter and then disappear.
- Part of it has collapsed onto the lakebed, next to the starboard quarter.
- True to his promise, the eagle rays are gently flapping and wheeling in the current off the starboard quarter, frustratingly staying just too far away to photograph.
6quarters pl(accommodation)the servants' quarters — las dependencias de servicio
- winter quarters — cuartel de invierno
- married quarter — viviendas para familias
7literary(mercy)no quarter was asked and none given — fue una guerra sin cuartel
- he showed / gave the defeated enemy no quarter — no tuvo clemencia para con los vencidos
- In his playing days, he was quite sharp, he was a pretty fierce Captain, he played to win and there wasn't much quarter given to the opponent or indeed sometimes his own side.
- Aeron took no prisoners and gave no quarter - his enemies perished at his blade.
- They learned to take no prisoners in fighting a skilled and fanatical enemy who gave no quarter and expected none.
- On occasions competition threatened to get out of hand, and both teams gave no quarter in their quest for goals and clean sheets.
- For chivalry limits wars, gives quarter to enemies, controls aggression and brokers peace.
- Both gave no quarter as each unloaded everything they had as the balance of power seesawed from Cintron to Reid.
- To all this criticism, Judt gave no quarter; indeed, he renewed his charge.
- Of course, there will be those who say that the men involved were only doing their duty, that they were fighting an equally bloodthirsty enemy who neither gave quarter nor expected it to be given to them.
- But it was by no means an easy game as Ayr gave no quarter.
- It was supposed to be a tough and ruthless decision, giving the enemy no quarter: but at its heart, it was a decision based on funk.
- Red gave no quarter: all were to be executed and villages razed.
- They were expecting that they would have no choice but to use deadly force because they could expect no mercy or no quarter themselves.
- They gave no quarter and Robert of Artois himself and more than seven hundred French knights were killed, while the remaining French beat a prudent retreat.
- Paolo Di Canio, meanwhile, gave no quarter, tackling ferociously, harrying opponents and delivering a fierce long-range drive just over the bar.
- He swatted, jumped and ran but the bees gave no quarter.
- No quarter, no mercy, this was going to be a fight to the finish, one that Scorpio planned to win.
- We will be discerning, and when failing to discern, genuinely contrite, but we will give no quarter to our enemy.
- The old rugby adage was proven correct against the Boks as the Scottish pack gave their opponents no quarter and precious little ball.
- Though respect for Brissie was great, opponents gave him no quarter.
- Both teams gave no quarter as they strived to reach the finals.
1(divide)(body/carcass) descuartizar(apple) dividir en cuatro partesto be hung, drawn and quartered — ser ahorcado, destripado y descuartizado
1cuartoa quarter pound — un cuarto de libra
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.