In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(contest)carrera femininecycle/car/horse race — carrera ciclista/automovilística / de coches/de caballos
- boat race — regata
- to run in a race — tomar parte en una carrera
- she ran a good race — corrió bien
- a race against the clock/against time — una carrera contra reloj/contra el tiempo
- the race is on for the Republican nomination — ha empezado la contienda para la nominación republicana
- it was a race to finish before noon — tuvimos que hacerlo a la carrera para acabar antes del mediodía
- the presidential race — la carrera presidencial
- the arms race — la carrera armamentista / de armamentos
- It used to be drivers tried to win races because they were competitive - and certainly, the desire to win still is foremost in their minds.
- The worst horse in the race has been cruelly handicapped by its own jockey.
- I've seen him come back from laps down to win races and get himself back in contention.
- Now whether he has the horses to run the race is a whole other story.
- The skills jockeys employ to get horses to win races are largely visible and obvious - despite many attempts at mystification by a racing culture addicted to magic and superstition.
- Events varied from 20-km solo and team time trials to cross-country races, a hill climb and a dirt criterium.
- A mate of mine who's a jockey once won a race on a horse of the same name, interestingly enough.
- The day kicked off at noon with a number of children's events, including several races and potato-and-spoon time trials.
- This event was hugely successful with a Race Card of fifty-one races and over seventy generous sponsors whose names were listed on the official programme.
- In a normal race, the runners line up on the starting line to get a fair start.
- The final two races at Hawthorne Race Course on Wednesday were cancelled due to inclement weather conditions.
- His six wins in 2001 are the fewest in any of his championship seasons, but he led 100 or more laps in seven races he didn't win.
- In varsity and Olympic competition, races may involve boats with one, two, four, or eight rowers.
- But we did compete in sack races, running races, egg-and-spoon races, swimming races, whatever.
- Overall, he has won three of 30 races in the event, with a pair of seconds and four thirds.
- Traffic to the course was so heavy that some runners missed their intended races.
- Despite getting down three laps early in the race because of a problem, he fought back and finished fourth.
- But it's a bit of a pay-off, you know, driving in a race and winning a race is a fantastic thrill, they love it.
- Since then there have been 13 Olympic or world championship 100m races and 39 medals won.
- With only eight horses in the race, though, I don't think the pace will be a big factor.
1.2the races — las carreras (de caballos)
- to go to the races — ir al hipódromo
- I bet he's down at the races right now in fact instead of here talking to you people.
- I was determined not to get sucked into it, but we'd already been out all night and most of the afternoon at the races and somehow… well, it seemed the logical next step.
- They are light-hearted, and evoke both the excitement of the races and the happiness of the rare sun in England's cloudy climate.
- But, despite entering all the races, he couldn't steer home a winner and it proved a costly day out for those punters that stuck with the local man.
- Thursday was Ladies Day and, after a very wet morning, it was a handsome afternoon at the races.
- For many, the day was a chance to have a family trip out and children seemed to be enjoying the excitement of the races as much as the adults and some were even picking out winners.
- My first trip to the races was probably one of the most fun trips for me.
- In 1869, for example, a secret camera was set up on Derby Day, to take photographs of gentlemen visiting the races with ladies other than their wives.
- The association fears the races will either have to be scaled down to an invitation race in September or cancelled completely for lack of funds.
- It describes a lifetime, Mick's own lifetime, spent attending the races and punting on dogs and horses with varying degrees of success.
- Even the rain did not dampen the appetites of visitors, who have indulged in the traditional chief activities of the races - eating and drinking.
- The idea should be to advertise to potential fans, not to the ones who already are watching the races.
- It was a day for the whole family as old friends used the event as a chance to catch up over the festive break and watch the excitement of the races.
- We have a clear vision of what our goals are and are feeling motivated to work hard this winter in preparation for the races.
- Our ten grand prize finalists and their guests were treated to a VIP day at the races, each excited by the fact that they were in with a one in ten chance of winning a sleek new car.
- Everyone enjoyed the fun and excitement of the races.
- Currently in Australia, online gambling is mostly confined to wagering, a flutter on the races or sports betting.
- This ride has been a huge part of our preparation for the races over the past several years.
- We took him home that afternoon before the races started.
- There were great parties and much jubilation at the races on Thursday afternoon and a good time was had by one and all.
2.1(channel)canal masculinemill race — caz
2.2(strong current)corriente feminine
- The current will pick up and carry you out and round the point, through the area of the tidal race.
- The rescue proved timely, as the area is prone to large tidal races.
- The dhow exits the lagoon just after low tide, going against the now-incoming current but avoiding the tidal race that forms on an outgoing tide.
- The sea was grey and the tide race choppy, but it was beautiful, in a wild way.
- The Crew dropped anchor in the hope of keeping out of the tide race, which is very strong between the Isle of Eynhallow and Mainland.
- It is this submerged reef that causes fierce surges of current in the tide races in the area.
1(in competition)corrercompetirhe will not be racing in Monaco — no correrá / no competirá en Monaco
- let's race to that tree — vamos, te echo una carrera hasta aquel árbol
2(rush)she raced down the hill on her bike — bajó la cuesta en bicicleta a toda velocidad
- I had to race to the store — tuve que ir corriendo a la tienda
- the time simply raced by — el tiempo pasó volando
- he raced through the ceremony — celebró la ceremonia a toda prisa
3(pulse/heart) latir aceleradamente(engine) acelerarsemy mind was racing — las ideas se me agolpaban en la cabeza
1(compete against)echarle una carrera ajugarle una carrera a River PlateI'll race you! — ¡te echo una carrera!
2(car/horse) correr conI raced a Ferrari last season — la temporada pasada corrí con un Ferrari
3(make go too fast)(engine) acelerar
1Anthropologyraza femininethe black/white race — la raza negra/blanca
- the human race — la raza humana
- he is of mixed race — es mestizo
- to be a race apart — ser de otra casta
- before noun race discrimination — discriminación racial
- race hatred — odio racial
- They belong to everyone without distinction as to sex, marital status, race or nationality.
- Haitians have been excluded because of their race and economic condition.
- I'd raised a little hell about the way the newspaper identified people by race.
- Many Tlingit people marry Euro-Americans, and a few marry into other races or other tribes.
- My earliest recollection of race is seeing the racial differences between me and some of my family members.
- Christina had thought the German Swiss a hard unsympathetic race.
- I became friends with many people of different nationalities, religions, colours, races, sexual orientations and from very many different backgrounds.
- In particular they need young men and people from ethnic minorities and mixed race to join.
- For Barres, this constituted a menace to the French nation, indeed to the French race, for it was a German ideology.
- They are a distinct race, being of light skin and Caucasian features.
- He was deriding the Anthropological Society's attempts to categorise humanity into inferior and superior races based on physical appearance.
- The absence of meaningful dialogue at the national level about the role of race in teacher quality is perplexing.
- We Scots might be handsome but, as a race, we're not renowned for our height.
- He wishes to claim that in this society sex is a more fundamental fact about people than race.
- Like gender, race and racial discourse played a key role in the health discourse.
- Racism is the spurious belief that human characteristics and abilities are determined by race or ethnic origin.
- He persistently locates race and racial identity within the social relations of production between groups.
- The fact that I've grown up in an ethnically diverse society and had friends of all colours, races and religions doesn't seem to matter.
- We are trying to find out why the British as a race find it amazingly funny to take their clothes off.
- He stated that if the wide gap between the two major races continued to exist it could lead to serious threats to security and economic development.
- People of mixed race are being excluded from society and face prejudice from both sides.
- Natural selection did not stop operating on brain genes once humanity developed into distinct races.
- Almost all physical differences between the races are the result of adaptation to environment.
- We belonged to the only race on earth more arrogant and sure of itself than Swedes.
- One of the men is described as possibly Asian, or mixed race with a pale complexion.
- People of European origin, Asians, and people of mixed race enjoy the best standard of living.
- The report identifies wide variations in survival associated with race and ethnicity.
- And many issues affecting race relations and racial equality still haven't been resolved.
- The punishments for violating the statute did not vary by condition, but by race and gender.
- We found, in fact, that the teachers repeatedly shifted the focus from race to socioeconomic status.
- Different races clearly have different physical characteristics, but the case for a generalised superiority of one race over the other is weak.
- On the other hand, it also means that many whites simply don't know the facts about race today.
- Jews represent a group of people rather than a distinct race or ethnicity.
- It is possible that a study of gender and race might reveal that racial identity was more muted and class affinity bolder.
- The term racial discrimination denotes all forms of differential behaviour based on race.
- Intermarriage among races over centuries accounts for the diverse physical features of Jamaicans.
- The researchers also found discrepancies based on race and economic status.
- America is becoming a diverse melting pot of cultures, races and ethnic groups.
- I think that America is still struggling with the question of race and racial other.
- Music does not distinguish between races or nationalities.
- We need to help find ways for nations, races and tribes to put aside differences, and join together for the good of everyone.
- They sought to weld the country's diverse ethnicities into a Brazilian race defined in historical and cultural terms.
- They are not a race apart - it could happen to any one of us at any time.
- And the Kembles, as one Victorian novelist's daughter observed, strode through the world as a race apart.
- Forget stockies or naturally reproducing brown trout, saltwater sea trout are a race apart.
- They treat the elderly like they treat travellers or gays or ethnic groups or women or whoever as a race apart, not as normal citizens.
- This sedentary behaviour is apparently turning our kids into a race of slothful fatties who risk a reduced lifespan and other problems.
- As a matter of fact isn't ‘redneck’ a word used in disdain to describe a race and class of people?
- He rejected environmental factors and claimed to have discovered a race of ‘born criminals’, who were marked out by certain cranial and facial irregularities.
2(group)estirpe femininethe new race of young professionals — la nueva estirpe de jóvenes profesionales
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.