In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(move upwards)(hand/head) levantar(hand/head) alzar(eyebrows) arquear(blind/window) subir(flag) izarthey couldn't raise the wreck — no pudieron sacar a flote los restos del barco
- to raise a cloud of dust — levantar una nube de polvo
- he raised his eyes from his book — levantó los ojos del libro
- Kim yelled from the platform as she raised her arms and closed her eyes.
- This pain usually is worse when you raise your arm or lift something above your head.
- To this day, he cannot raise his arms above his shoulders.
- Sit or stand with one arm raised to shoulder height in front of your body, elbow bent.
- Squeeze with your glutes and hamstrings to push your hips forward and raise your torso back to the upright position.
- However carried away you get, don't raise your arms above your head.
- It is slowly raised upright, a careful job made more arduous by high heat and humidity.
- His injuries are still with him; he cannot raise his arms above his shoulders; he still has a slight limp.
- Holding your left arm steady, raise your right arm above your head.
- The cargo worker had raised the loader platform level with the luggage hold and stepped into the hold to check everything before the flight.
- The feeling of suspicion faded as soon as she breathed the cool air of the night, the cigar smoke fading into a memory as she moved forward, raising her hood over her curls.
- The soldiers swept into a police station in the compound and raised a flag above it.
- In 1990 the tree on which they grow was blown over by a cyclone - or the fringes of one - but we managed to raise it up again.
- When the stadium plan was put to a vote in the audience, not one hand was raised in support.
- I didn't notice that the easel was on a platform raised seven inches above the ground.
- An equally well worked move resulted in Duffy raising the green flag at the other end.
- Grasp a dumbbell in each hand, and raise your arms straight above your head, keeping elbows slightly bent.
- He only stood still, fists raised in a defensive stance as he tried to relocate his opponent.
- The other two guards were stunned to see their partner raised from the ground, but their shock lasted only a heartbeat.
- Some people stood with their arms raised, as if in blessing, and they swayed slightly as they prayed.
- Some suggested that the road could be raised above normal flood levels.
- Have the trains been raised or the platforms lowered since the Alice to Darwin leg was built?
- Lee tried to throw a punch at his nemesis, but couldn't raise his arm above the level of his belt.
- He wept and lay face down on the ground until the emperor sent his servants over to raise him up and bring him.
- They suggest raising the proposed buildings on the site and demolishing and remodelling the existing stone flood barrier on the banks of the Aire to ease the flow in times of flooding.
1.2(make higher)(hem/shelf/level) subir
2.1(set upright)levantarshe bent down and gently raised him (up) — se agachó y lo levantó con cuidado
2.2(erect)(monument/building) levantar(building/monument) erigir formal
- After the barn was raised, I built a cowshed and horse stall on the east side.
- But what distinguishes the worst architect from the best of bees is this, that the architect raises his structure in imagination before he erects it in reality.
- In April we built propagation tables and raised the frame for the greenhouse.
- By raising the mill structure, the work caused the River Sow to back up upstream leading to flooding in the southern part of the town.
- Basically, it appeared it would be easier to get permission to build a nuclear reactor in downtown Toronto then raise a wind turbine.
- But when the slums are burnt down to raise high rise buildings, they are completely quiet, they don't protest.
3.1(increase)(pressure/temperature) subir(temperature/pressure) aumentar(pressure/temperature) elevar(price/salary) subir(salary/price) aumentar(volume) subir(volume) aumentarshe raised her voice to me — me levantó la voz
- I'll raise you $5 — te reviro 5 dólares más
- to raise a number to a power — elevar un número a una potencia
- to raise the school-leaving age — extender la escolaridad obligatoria
- Voices raised now stand an excellent chance of being heard.
- That nod-and-wink style of governing needlessly raises business risk.
- It is one of my aims to try to raise the level of awareness of the charity in the area and to encourage recruitment.
- And part of his brief includes managing the facility and raising its profile within the local community.
- The children and young people of our area are taking the lead in raising awareness of the amount of litter and vandalism on our streets and parks.
- The central bank is likely to raise interest rates in the next two months in response to domestic inflation topping 5%.
- The institute found that an increase in credit provision raises the rate of insolvencies.
- Besides, she thought, a little excitement would help raise her spirits.
- His role will be to raise awareness and increase the political will to tackle the disease.
- It is the fourth time the Bank has raised interest rates since November.
- Last week, both the United States Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank raised interest rates.
- Read has been active for 23 years and aims to raise the quality of education and increase the literacy rate in South Africa.
- The bizarre sight of two snorkellers in wetsuits and extreme wet weather gear at the crossroads in Regent Street was aimed at raising awareness of how climate change is increasing the risk of flooding.
- We have worked hard over the last few months to raise the awareness and interest for broadband and had a meeting on Monday evening to collate all the forms.
- The night is being organised by World Snooker as part of their initiative aimed at increasing participation levels and raising playing standards within snooker.
- The rankings reflect how education systems manage to raise the achievement of less able pupils.
- The increase comes amidst reports that all banks are set to raise interest rates after years of offering cheap credit.
- Until now, health officials have had to work hard to raise awareness and increase demand for the flu shots among these groups.
- The Bank of England has raised interest rates four times since last November.
- But there are some advantages in taking direct action: it certainly raises public awareness.
3.2(improve, heighten)(consciousness/awareness) aumentar(consciousness/awareness) acrecentar(reputation/standing) aumentarto raise quality standards — mejorar el nivel de calidad
- don't raise his hopes — no le des demasiadas esperanzas
- that gesture raised him in my estimation — con ese gesto subió en mi estima
4(promote)to raise sb to sth — ascender / elevar a algn a algo
- he was raised to the peerage — le concedieron un título nobiliario
- Thomson was knighted in 1866 and raised to the peerage as Lord Kelvin of Largs in 1892.
- Auchinleck's successful career in the Indian Army had, by 1939, raised him to the rank of maj-general.
- Thus by virtue of her humility she was raised to a higher rank.
- He deftly sidestepped the falls of Anne Boleyn and Thomas Cromwell and was raised to the peerage.
- In September 1945 he was raised to the peerage, and retired the following March.
5.1(funds/money) recaudarwe raised $20,000 — recaudamos 20.000 dólares
- to raise a loan (against sth) — conseguir / obtener un préstamo (poniendo algo como garantía)
- to raise an invoice — preparar una factura
- A bring and buy sale at the library on Saturday attracted a lot of support and raised £400.
- The raffle raised £80 to support an orphanage for street children in Romania.
- They raised a force of 6,000 to join the army - raw recruits, including many London apprentices.
- The school raised £50,000 in support of its bid, which will mean a massive funding boost if it succeeds.
- Trustees who run the facility are trying to raise £800,000 to build a roof so it can be used all year and generate more cash.
- Put another way, the government cannot raise large amounts of revenue from a tax that can easily be avoided.
- The campaign helped the company raise money and generate partnership interest.
- The money raised provides ongoing support for AIDS orphaned children in Zambia.
- The funding to purchase these properties was raised from individual investors who purchased shares in the companies.
- The royal bodyguard and a navy were maintained and the revenue to support them raised.
- They had built Fort St. David in Cuddalore and they raised an army here and began their ascent to power.
- There is little prospect of raising the required amount.
- The money raised by this collection was used to paint the corridors of the school.
- Different student clubs within the community are planning events to raise funds and provide resources for the relief effort.
- Clark hopes to raise up to $50 million from investors in the first year.
- Supporters have raised more than £100,000 towards the planned takeover deal.
- He was finally appointed lieutenant colonel and authorized to raise a regiment.
- He had to sell part of the stamp collection to raise funds.
- The club flourished and became a limited company in 1894 and capital was raised to build a new super stadium at Burnden Park.
- She pledged to raise cash to buy play equipment so that residents could build a new play park.
- It collided with the ground, raising up a good deal of dirt and dust.
6.1(doubt/fears) suscitar(doubt/fears) dar lugar ahe managed to raise a smile — pudo sonreír
- to raise the alarm — dar la alarma
6.2(rebellion) impulsar(rebellion) provocar
7(subject) sacar(objection/question) formular(objection/question) hacer(objection/question) plantearthere's a point I'd like to raise — hay un asunto que quisiera mencionar / plantear
- to raise sth with sb — tratar algo con algn
- there are a couple of matters I want to raise with you — hay un par de asuntos que quisiera plantearle / que quisiera tratar con usted
- These findings necessarily raise disturbing questions about the validity of the opinions expressed by medical experts in the courts.
- The ease with which electronic content can be copied and reproduced raises a multitude of copyright, trademark, database and passing off issues.
- More broadly, this raises not just a practical point but a moral one.
- They raise serious doubts about her past and present conduct, and whether she should have been allowed to settle in Australia.
- The committee also raised doubts about the Ministry's ability to learn the lessons from previous conflicts.
- I hope I clarified some of the questions without raising too many others.
- There is nothing to forgive anyone for; no one need feel guilty about raising any doubts about the proposal.
- He raises some doubts about some of this information.
- Other stories in this issue also raise what might be called legacy questions.
- Nowhere during the campaign did I hear or see the question of support for poorer students raised with candidates or in the media.
- The group use the hand waves to signal their agreement or disagreement, and a minute-taker speaks only to clarify points raised.
- Another issue raised by submitters was the extension to the criminal limitation period.
- We were just in the process of proceeding to a party vote when points of order were raised about the calling of the voice vote.
- Reasonable doubt has been raised about the accuracy of the survey.
- He instantly raised the alarm and neighbours entered the smoke filled kitchen and pulled her from the dwelling.
- Workers claim that they have been harassed and intimidated after complaining about working conditions and raising the issue of unionization.
- The decision to build a centre was first raised at a local meeting in 2000.
- It was only in response to the application that the issue of retroactive child support was raised.
- A point of order was raised earlier concerning the lodging of written questions.
- New public management, with its heavy emphasis on networks and partnerships, raises new questions about record keeping.
8.1(child/family) criar(child/family) educarI was raised in Alabama — crecí / me crié en Alabama
- Stay-at-home pops like me enthusiastically welcome this affirmation; it validates the decision to let our salaried lives fall by the wayside in favor of raising our kids.
- You know it's a shame to be raised up in a world where there's nothing but fighting.
- Moses was saved and raised up as an Egyptian; later he set the remaining Israelites free.
- Born in Indiana, raised by the 1960s, he has never retreated from the fight against the squares.
- Traditionally, the mother was the primary caregiver, but recently the father and other family members have been recognized as equally important in raising infants.
- Born in Hunan and raised by his grandparents while his parents worked in another region, Tan had a carefree childhood.
- It's because women drop out of the workforce, raise children, prefer jobs where they can work at home.
- Born and raised Mormon, he comes to all his shows dressed as a missionary.
- My dad was the only one raising us and he became seriously ill.
- We must ensure that the debate begins, and not ends, on how we protect children born and being raised in households blighted by drugs.
- He was born in Auckland but raised by his aunt and uncle in Tonga from the age of 1 until he was 7.
- Infants are raised principally by the mother with the help of extended kin.
- One of the strangest things that happens to you when you are raising a toddler is how the normally mundane things get you incredibly excited.
- What's really annoying about this is that it's quite easy to raise a healthy infant on a vegan diet.
- Born in Canberra and raised by an adoptive Spanish mother and Paraguayan father, he has no doubt about his loyalty.
- An infant is raised by one or two parents and acquires an attachment, usually a strong one, to these people.
- King wrote new rules for raising infants - strict four-hourly feeding, no night feeds, potty training from an early age and fresh air day and night.
- A divorced woman raising a youngster is nearly three times more likely to file for bankruptcy than her single friend who never had children.
- They settled in Brooklyn and all of the children were raised and other generations born here.
- This will reduce the number of latch-key kids, reduce loitering and crime on the streets and decrease the stress on mothers who try valiantly to juggle jobs, while at the same time looking after and raising a family.
8.2(wheat/corn) cultivarthey raise cattle — se dedican a la cría de ganado
- The workers raise chickens, grow their own vegetables, have a fish tank and rent out space for horses.
- Livestock and sheep are raised, and the principal crops are cereals, fruits, citrus, and tobacco.
- To raise the best crop, growers have to find that delicate balance between the two extremes.
- Many farms also raise poultry and livestock, and almost all farm families have at least one or two pigs.
- He comes from Bulgaria, where his family has a small farm and raises a few goats.
- Danish agriculture is so different, even though we raise the same crops and face the same challenges as the States.
- In the wild, fruit trees are raised from seed, but when they are domesticated they need to be propagated by taking cuttings and grafting.
- They raised crops and pastured their flocks in Morocco's mountainous inland regions.
- She explains that she raises beef cattle and grows grain, potatoes, hay, and also tends a small vegetable garden.
- Being a farm girl, I felt certain I could raise crops, tend livestock, and hunt game to feed my family.
- A few years ago, the Hills began selling pork, and they're raising beef cattle for the first time this year.
- A project in the Himalayas diverts 6 million litres of sewage per day that would otherwise be dumped into the Ganges and uses it to raise fodder crops.
- Once they have achieved that goal, they raise a cash crop.
- He now has no land to grow crops or raise cattle.
- If you don't live where citrus grows outdoors, you can raise plants in containers in greenhouses or solariums.
- He didn't grow any crops or raise any animals but still he always seemed to prosper.
- He raised cattle and later added pigs and sheep to gain a steadier income to support his family.
- Manure gives him enough nitrogen, and more than enough phosphorous and potassium, to raise his crop.
- The research should also benefit those who raise sheep, since the genetic makeup of sheep is very similar to that of cattle.
- Furthermore, how many of us really know that we can raise crops without using pesticides and chemicals, and the benefits of using herbs in cooking?
9.1(by radio)ponerse en contacto con
- He raised the U.S. Coast Guard on VHF radio but was unable to provide his coordinates.
- She figured she was safe enough to try raising the prison, so she configured the radio and transmitted a hailing.
- Later that afternoon, I heard another climber raising his partners farther down the mountain on his two-way radio.
- He was part of a diving group that were using inflatable equipment to raise a boat which had gone down earlier.
- The Manx government spent more than £1 million on the recovery operation, using divers to retrieve the bodies in February and finally raising the boat in June.
- Cousteau raised the vessel and had it transported to France to await restoration.
- Earlier this year another group found and raised the ship's bell and the name was confirmed.
- It was not until the middle of March that the submarine was raised properly and the bodies of the dead could be recovered.
- The Japan Coast Guard filmed the body of the ship last week using an underwater camera, and plans to conduct a further probe in late April using divers and submersible vessels before raising it.
- Last month experts began the tricky task of raising the first section, the range finder - the first move in what is expected to be at least a three-year operation.
- In December the Council raised the vessel, with the use of airbags, then towed it to a slipway before pumping it out.
- In stark contrast to the days in which this unseen force served, the boats have now been raised as monuments for all to see.
- He thinks that if he can raise the boat he can refloat his dad, but he needs $5,000.
- The submarine could not be raised for six weeks, at which time the bodies on board were recovered
- It is up to them to decide whether to raise the ship.
- He even turned his hand to inventing, designing, among other things, a device for raising sunken vessels and a smoke helmet for firemen.
- One thing that fascinated me on hearing that the Russians were bent on raising the crippled sub was exactly how one goes about lifting it, with live torpedoes still aboard?
- Attached were the steel cables that would allow the Kursk to be raised to the surface.
- I think at the time they probably salvaged the shell that was on board and they were hoping to perhaps raise the vessel and restore it and get it going again.
- Nobody is suggesting that munitions be raised to the surface.
- We'll do whatever it takes to recover the bodies and to raise the submarine and to figure it out.
- He said an attempt would be made to raise the submarine from the seabed and that financial assistance will be offered to the families of the dead.
- Divers have been visiting the wreck for the first time since the main part of the ship was raised in 1982.
- Even our closest allies in the US and UK were shocked and mortified, raising the ghost of the White Australia policy.
- Joan is captured by York while raising demonic spirits.
- Witches are thought to have the power to raise angry spirits, and the anger of a spirit may or may not be justified in the view of the affected family.
- The idea of an expanding U.S. commitment, however, is precisely what raises the specter of quagmire for critics, raising ghosts of Vietnam.
11(cause to form)(blisters/bumps) levantar
12(bring to an end)(siege) levantar
- In 244 he seized Eryx in Sicily but was unable to raise the siege of Drepana.
- The Jeanne D'Arc of this film is no longer the heroic leader who raised the siege of Orleans.
- On the approach of the Frankish army he again raised the siege, but this time the Franks gave battle.
- In May 1645 Prince Rupert captured Leicester, forcing the parliamentarians to raise the siege of Oxford.
- In 1836 the British Legion helped raise the siege of San Sebastián, and regular Royal Marines arrived to garrison a nearby port.
1aumento de sueldo masculinesubida de sueldo feminine
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.