In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(scope)ámbito masculinecampo masculineit's beyond the range of my study — está fuera del ámbito / del campo de mi estudio
- the range of her knowledge was vast — sus conocimientos eran amplísimos
- Few scientists can match the range, depth and scope of his biodiversity knowledge.
- By doing these films back-to-back, Spielberg emphasizes his range as a director.
- The acting also showed that the cast has range beyond their usual witty quips and fight scenes.
- Both started out with a narrowly defined fictional territory, and both have tried to extend their range.
- Since then, she has gained a vast range of knowledge in all things equine.
- ‘My experience suggests that the ranges and medians of scientific intelligence and ability are comparable in men and women,’ he says.
- In range and scope and significance we are not likely to see another like her.
- Like most artists he has had to learn his craft, extend his range and gradually arrive at a mature understanding of his own gifts.
- The play shows her range and ability as a serious actor.
1.2Musicregistro masculinehe lacks range — tiene un registro muy limitado
- It's scored for four tenors and two basses - which confines the vocal range of the work to a mere two octaves.
- He has what is possibly one of the best male voices and ranges in the pop music world at the moment.
- The range of your voice and the emotion you can express is really astounding.
- The best singers started their song at a low pitch to suit the range with which their voices are able to cope, and did not try songs which required them to reach high notes.
- She opened on acoustic guitar with a beautiful ballad, showing the full range of her warm voice.
- The source of this parallel intoning of liturgical melody may be traced to the natural range of the human voice.
- They should perform a song that best shows their range of voice and must bring sheet music or their own backing track.
- Her deep, powerful voice has quite a range and she knows how to sell a song.
- Benny and Bjorn were amazing songwriters and the girls had wonderful voices with great ranges.
- All of her songs lacked harmonies in the higher voice ranges, and I spent much of the concert wondering why anyone ever really played these songs on the radio in the first place.
- Her voice has a tremendous range, yet never managed to coincide with the note she was trying to hit.
- Her voice is attractive and even throughout its range, and she has tremendous agility and control.
- Moreover, the range of these scores almost always exceeds that of the pianist's hand.
- The majority of the tunes have a range of one octave plus an extension of a third or a fourth.
- The last movement is a brilliant virtuoso movement that uses the whole range of the keyboard.
- It is agile yet able to be easily heard over the entire orchestra, with secure pitch and an incredible range.
- Its musical range spans about four octaves, and the sound has some similarities to that of a Western violin.
- She has a good vocal range, but her voice lacks passion and has a nasal quality that grates after a while.
- For the most part, the vocal ranges are narrow and would be suitable for all voice parts.
- He does a superb job of showing off his vocal range as well as the softer side of his voice.
1.3(bracket)if your income is within that range — si sus ingresos están dentro de esos límites / son de ese orden
- a house in the middle price range — una casa dentro de un nivel medio de precios
- it's within/out of our price range — está dentro de/fuera de nuestras posibilidades
- children in a given ability range — niños de un determinado nivel de aptitud
2.1(variety)variedad femininea wide range of colors/prices — una amplia gama / una gran variedad de colores/precios
- a wide range of possibilities — un amplio abanico de posibilidades
- I have a wide range of interests — mis intereses son múltiples y variados
- it has a limited range of applications — sus usos son limitados
- This room overlooks the back garden, which is mostly in lawn with a decked patio and a range of plants and shrubs.
- The term trawler covers a vast range of ship sizes and designs.
- The bank can offer a full range of products, including trade finance, securities trading and foreign exchange.
- Seven of the people were taken to Daisy Hill Hospital with a range of spinal, back and head injuries.
- The nature of Robert's work requires him to carry a phenomenal range of equipment with him each day.
- The centre has a wide range of classes and activities to choose from for both adults and children.
- He is set to release his own range of luxury cars.
- His performance showcases his ability with a range of instruments and a diversity of styles.
- The bus would provide a whole range of services to the community.
- Nearby mountains and lakes offer a full range of outdoor activities.
- The menu covers a range of Italian style dishes, offering a choice of 23 pizzas and a variety of pasta options.
- We believe in independent living and we provide a whole range of services for disabled people.
- Young York musicians have received a major boost with the donation of a range of musical instruments.
- A small sample of hair is sent for testing to a lab, where it is screened for traces of a range of drugs, including cannabis and heroin.
- Next to the play area is a café for adults to refuel with a range of hot and cold refreshments.
- Most universities provide a range of courses, some general and others highly focused.
- Fleets like to deal with manufacturers that have a large range of vehicles.
- They're also extremely knowledgeable about their vast range of whiskies.
- The club is open to people of all ages and abilities, has a strong junior section and attends a range of competitions.
- The new savings schemes will offer a range of different investment options.
2.2(selection)línea femininegama feminineour summer range is in the shops now — nuestra línea de verano está ya en los comercios
3.1(of gun)alcance masculinea range of 200m — un alcance de 200m
- at close/long range — de cerca/lejos
- at pointblank range — a quemarropa
- to come/be within range — ponerse/estar a tiro
- it was out of range — estaba fuera del alcance del arma
- The rate of fire was below average, but it had very good range and each shot was quite powerful.
- He was too far out of range for the shots to be effective.
- Ten percent of the facilities are within the range of non-strategic ballistic missiles.
- The missile has a range of 700 km.
- Correspondents say this is a substantial addition to the previously announced range of the country's missiles.
- Recovered guns and cannons had ranges of up to a mile.
- No further details, including the range of the missile's new version, were provided.
- The ammunition used will also affect the maximum range.
- The maximum range of a long bow was 400 metres but at this distance, it was far less effective.
- It seemed only moments before the natives withdrew to just outside rifle shot range.
- The maximum range of those rockets was just over five miles.
- The test of what is believed to have been a short-range missile took place Sunday.
- They were developing ground-to-ground missiles with a range of thousands of kilometres.
- The maximum effective range of the main tank gun is less than two miles.
- The drop-ship was now in range of the missile and began to lower for the cruiser.
- The minimum and maximum ranges of the missile are 5km and 130 km.
- The missile has a range of 27 km with an effective ceiling of 15 km, the sources said.
- This second generation missile improved both range and reaction time.
- It was therefore within the two kilometre range of these rockets.
3.2(of vehicle, missile)autonomía femininethe aircraft has a range of 4,000 miles — el aparato tiene una autonomía de 4.000 millas
- long-range missiles — misiles de largo alcance
- This prototype car has a range of 500 kilometers.
- The new lifeboat will have a range of 250 nautical miles and will carry a crew of six.
- Triton has a top speed of 20 knots and a maximum range of 3000 nautical miles at a speed of 12 knots.
- They warned that by 1948 increased enemy aircraft ranges would permit the extension of these attacks.
- The Gazelle could carry a maximum of four people, and had a top speed of 168 knots with a range of 300 nautical miles.
- As any pilot knows, flying trips to the limits of an airplane's range requires precise calculations.
- The more limited range of electric vehicles is less problematic when most trips are within the urban area.
- The truck's range is great, with the fuel light coming on at around 360 miles.
- The vehicle has a range of 214 miles with a maximum speed of 40mph.
3.3(sight, earshot)wait until he's within range — espera hasta que esté lo suficientemente cerca y pueda ver/oír
(mobile telephony)cobertura feminineto be out of range — estar fuera de cobertura
- to be in range — tener cobertura
- Often truck convoys and support units were out of range of each other's radios.
- You will also need to activate the infrared service on the telephone and place it within range of the receiver on the Notebook.
- Wi-Fi's strength as a broadband access technology has always been offset by its poor range.
- They were able to bounce radio waves off an aircraft out to a range of seven miles.
- This is an impressive range for a VHF radio network, and is remarkable technology.
- About 60 per cent of Europe's population already lives within range of a mobile phone transmitter.
- Look for us calling in once we get back into radio range in a few days.
- Sligo Community Radio has a transmission range of approximately 17 miles radius of Sligo town.
- Sometimes two different logging roads are close enough to be within radio range.
- The coastguard remains unaware of their plight because the boat radio has a working range of 6ft.
- Range drops with battery power too, so you might go past the edge of radio range without expecting to.
- The receiving range is determined largely by site noise and interference factors.
- Each system has a base unit which enables you to page the handset of a user, so long as they are in range.
- He was almost in radio range, but he decided to take a break at the Hangman's Pit.
4(for shooting)campo de tiro masculine
- They allow the student to hear range commands over the gunfire of other students.
- Belt holsters worn on the range for practice are easy to access, but there is often a lack of concealment or security.
- Shooters are taking these fine old guns out to the range for a shot or two just to try to absorb a little of the gun's history.
- The gun club has some of the best target ranges in the world but has been forced to use a wartime prefab as an office and clubhouse.
- He was at the archery range.
- The wind is ripping away at the netting that covers the range, making sure unshot clays don't smash into us.
- Every gun was proof tested and sent to the range for at least a dozen rounds of tuning before being sent out.
- Too often these days, I see shooters at the range practicing with their hunting rifles from a bench rest.
- He was out on the firing range and after 275 shots at the target, he hadn't hit it.
- This person has the title of ‘Field Captain’ and controls the shooting on the range.
- None of these tiny revolvers are going to win medals at the target range.
- Reliability in the field or on the range can be improved by maintaining a clean shotgun.
- However, time spent on known distance ranges will give the individual shooter an understanding of where his shots fly, something ignored by most until now.
- I want to buy a shotgun and start going to the range.
- Three new target greens have been added to the range, which is covered so that players can practice in all weathers.
- I took a good buddy of mine to the local range to shoot my new Smith & Wesson revolver.
- Learn the mechanics of one-hand shooting, and do a few drills when range time permits.
- Nathan was sitting and thinking over a cup of tea, while Sean was blasting targets in the range.
- He had once gone down to the practice ranges to mock her archery skills when she'd first begun to learn.
- Their benefit is that we can carry on a normal conversation or hear range commands but still preserve our hearing.
5(chain)cadena femininea mountain range — una cordillera
- a range of hills — una sierra
- There are a few ridges and ranges in the distance.
- Causey nosed his mount into the meadow and headed for the low range of mountains in the east.
- As the sun sank behind the mountains, they entered the foothills of a broad range of peaks.
- In the opposite direction was a range of pink-brown mountains.
- Inland the ground rises quickly, to two ranges of high mountains, where there is much winter frost and snow.
- Mountain ranges are created by diverse tectonic processes, including convergence of plates and volcanic activity.
- This range of hills was impassable for early settlers and stopped westward expansion.
- By midafternoon they had reached the summit of the first range of mountains, and stopped to rest the horses.
- They successfully conquered East Anglia, but were thwarted by the first range of hills.
- On a clear day, the snow-capped range of the Atlas Mountains hangs above Marrakesh like some silvery curtain.
- To their left was a range of threatening mountains, and to their right was nothing - just endless fields.
- The entire forested mountain range is now completely protected as part of a large World Heritage area.
- Through Montana the railroad goes between two ranges of foot hills.
- Ministers face legal action by a local authority for excluding a range of mountains from the Cairngorms National Park.
- He points left to face the closest mountain range and says that the mountains are in Ethiopia.
- Mountain ranges also play a large part in local wind formation.
- Eastwards the ridge opened out in a series of bumps, dips and peaks, more like a small range of mountains than one single hill.
- The Pennines are a range of mountains running up the middle of the northern half of England.
- Mount Winnipeg was the tallest mountain in the range, and it was always the first to be capped with snow.
- Mountain ranges and oceans both provide barriers for the migration of plants.
6(stove)cocina económica feminine
- I remember clearly my mother's kitchen with a coal range and the hot water cylinder alongside with a tap on it for hot water.
- The kitchen has an Aga range, wooden shelves and storage spaces throughout.
- It was good to be sitting in the kitchen of an old Welsh cottage again, close by the range and the open door to the garden.
- They've installed oil-fired ranges and stoves.
- A fire roared in the kitchen range and sides of ham hung from a ceiling for smoking.
7.1(grazing land)pradera feminine
- Ranchers have to be careful not to put too many cattle on these ranges because overgrazing can lead to erosion.
- The owner of the range sold out, but he bought new land to open a replacement range.
- The year before, a neighbor had returned a doe after finding her out on the range, alongside his cattle.
- In the 1880s, as cattle herds spread onto northern ranges, cowboys and cattlemen congregated in Cheyenne.
- Cattle mutilations generally occur where cattle are raised and kept in quantity on ranges or in pastures.
- First, deer herds on many ranges are overpopulated, often with too many does.
- By the mid-19th century, the stocking of desert grassland ranges with cattle, sheep, and goats was progressing at a phenomenal rate.
- After 1900, droughts became more frequent, and grass cover on heavily grazed ranges declined by up to 70 percent.
- Russian knapweed is a problem in ranges and pastures in the western United States, where it grows up to 4 feet tall and takes over otherwise productive land.
- Back when the old American west was untamed, and the ranges were open and free, there lived an unassuming cowboy named Gritts.
7.2Botany Zoologyfeminine zona de distribución
- They leave northern breeding areas for winter ranges farther south or at lower elevations.
- Most populations of White-throated Sparrows are migratory, although there is some overlap of breeding and wintering ranges.
- On both sides of the mountains, the winter range varies with food sources.
- All populations of Lincoln's Sparrows are migratory, although some summer and winter ranges overlap in New Mexico and Northern California.
- A glance at a thrush distribution map reveals that summer range extends as far north as the birch scrub zone on the Kola peninsular.
- Another option is to look at creating corridors between protected lands as a way of expanding the animals' ranges.
- With dying lawns in the south and new plants extending their ranges northwards it sounds as though our gardens will be looking rather different in years to come.
- These routes used by migratory birds for passage between wintering and breeding ranges are called flyways.
- Its range extends from Portugal to China, with the largest numbers found in Spain and Russia.
- They do shift and adapt their breeding range to take advantage of new habitat.
- The pine barrens of New Jersey is the northernmost range of 109 southern plant species.
- As a result, their breeding ranges have spread until several of them overlap.
- There are 16 subspecies whose range spreads from India as far as southern China and the Philippines.
- Males are found in the northern end of the range and migrate south for breeding.
- Most Spruce Grouse do not migrate, but some do move short distances between separate summer and winter ranges.
- There are currently thought to be 19 species, their range extending from France to the Caucasus.
- Panda range once extended from eastern and southern China into North Vietnam and Myanmar.
- With the clearing of forests and the spread of farming, the cowbird's range expanded north and east.
- Why the natural ranges of plants differ and what has led each species to its current distribution pattern have always been focal questions in biogeography.
- Washington is at the extreme northern edge of the breeding range of the Acorn Woodpecker.
1(vary, extend)to range from sth to sth
- their ages range from 12 to 20 — son de edades comprendidas entre los 12 y los 20 años
- the book ranges in time from the Middle Ages to the present day — el libro abarca desde la Edad Media hasta nuestros días / comprende el período entre la Edad Media y nuestros días
- estimates range up to $20,000 — hay presupuestos de hasta 20.000 dólares
- the conversation ranged over many topics or ranged widely — la conversación abarcó muchos temas
- A curvy center corridor links the public rooms that range along Apollon Deck.
- Estimates range from a low of several hundred up to as high as 2,400.
- Prices ranged from £25 for a proof of age card to £240 for a set of fake exam qualifications.
- The cost of mattress covers ranges from $12 to $100, depending on the size and material.
- Annual precipitation ranges from 8-14 inches, and in the recent drought that has become 5-10 inches.
- Elevation ranges from 492 m along the Craig Creek drainage to 1378 m at Mountain Lake.
- Most charge an initial set-up charge (typically ranging from £100 to £500).
- Estimates of the total population of Turkish Americans vary widely, ranging from 100,000 to 400,000.
- Nest height ranges from a few centimeters above the ground to 10 to 30 meters.
- The subjects ranged in age from 20 to 60 years old.
- On the main floor the ceiling ranges in height from 12 to 25 feet, allowing daylight to fill the space.
- The lines of people ranged all the way down the long hallway.
- The 115 residential units vary in size and in price level, ranging from about $750 to $1750 a month.
- There are three featurettes that range in length from 15 to about 30 minutes.
- Time to stop a moment here, maybe, and reflect that you are who you are only in relation to the people ranged around you.
- The buildings, ranged along a street, are simple stone structures with only one room.
- The sum you may have to borrow can vary greatly, ranging from as little as €50,000 up to €300,000.
- Temperature ranged from a minimum of 22°C to a maximum of 30°C (day).
- Generally, stinging mechanisms found around the mouth parts of marine creatures are used offensively, while stinging parts ranged along the back and tail are defensive in origin.
- The equipment ranges in size from 36 inches to 12 feet across.
- Their mature height ranges from 39 inches to 4 feet, making them an excellent choice for containers.
- Estimates range anywhere from 35 million to 98 million people going online to find health-care information.
- The incubation period ranges from one to 12 days.
- Mellow lights appeared in the old white villas ranged along the beach.
- Sample sizes of individual studies varied, ranging from 39 to 220, but tended to be larger than those used in previous work.
- The plants ranged in height from five centimetres to over a metre.
2.1(wander)deambularthey ranged far and wide in search of food — deambularon por todas partes en busca de comida
- the animals range through the woods — los animales vagan por los bosques
- He let his eyes range freely up and down her body, lingering particularly on her legs.
- The supervisor was often located above the workshop floor, sometimes with a small porthole window to allow his eyes to range over his charges.
- A group of people are outside - but before my eyes can range over their faces, one of them steps forwards.
- She noticed his eyes ranging over her body.
- My eyes range over the familiar faces and I receive nods and smiles from every direction.
- During the year turkeys may have ranged over more than 2,000 acres of woodlots and fields.
- Our ancestors may have ranged across large distances in the heat of the African savanna in relatively short spurts of long-distance running, as well as by walking.
- In 73 he defeated two Roman commanders and ranged over southern Italy.
- Of the species he examined, most ranged over distances larger than any proposed no-fishing zone.
- While he continued to live at home, he ranged over Upper Austria selling oil products, locating sites for petrol stations, and setting them up.
- Mosquitoes breed in static water and the emerging adults can range up to two miles.
- Twenty-five thousand people, armed to the teeth, were ranging the city in utter and ruthless defiance of law and righteousness.
- Anywhere between 30 and 70 million bison once ranged over the plains of North America.
- There were regular casualties to the foxes which ranged over the rough hills.
- He knew that the cat had once ranged throughout the Southwest.
- While some 100,000 elephants ranged across the country at the beginning of the 20th century, less than 5,000 domesticated and wild elephants survive today.
- At one time they ranged over most of southern California's deserts, and probably existed at population densities of thousands per square mile.
- This species once ranged over an enormous area.
- The bird has extremely acute vision, ranges widely in search of prey, protects its territory without compromise and remains aloft for long periods of time.
- They will range a considerable distance in search of food.
- Larger than Siberian tigers, cave lions once ranged throughout the Northern Hemisphere.
- Some species range mostly offshore, others are more often found in coastal waters.
- Chickens and turkeys ranged freely across the fields.
- Small parties of excited youths were ranging the streets outside, shouting and cheering.
- The good relations we have developed with the people who hunt on our land each year are in sharp contrast to nine years ago, when hordes of mostly unknown folks dressed in orange ranged over our property.
1(line up, place)alinearthey ranged themselves against the proposal — se alinearon en contra de la propuesta
- The job will be done soon, my text and poetry books unpacked and ranged along new shelves where I can get at them once more.
- The witnesses are ranged along the front benches, behind them the jury, then the journalists, a few photographers.
- He collects just about anything - on a nearby shelf dozens of shell jewellery boxes are ranged, and a whole series of old bound magazines fill his library.
- On the left are ranged the presidents of the US, on the right the royal line of Ur and Babylon.
- The security cameras, which are ranged right around the stadium, provide surveillance of all access points.
- Set deep into one wall is a blazing fire, all around which have been ranged deep-seated leather armchairs and settees.
- After she'd gone he had drawn up a scorecard, ranging her qualities on one side - her intellectual gifts and vivid, racy conversation - and on the other all the vicious things she'd said.
- We ranged ourselves decoratively across the stairs.
- The percussionists are ranged round the auditorium, the seats within being arranged to face several different ways.
- Cheaper hotels are mainly ranged around the Piazza Garibaldi, though the accommodation can be basic.
- Inside, 102 red plush seats are ranged on a raked floor and the walls are cushioned with carpeting (which is now getting rather grey).
2(wander over)(seas) surcar literary(hills/plain) recorrer
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