In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(scope)ámbito masculinecampo masculineit's beyond the range of my study — está fuera del ámbito / del campo de mi estudio
- the range of her knowledge was vast — sus conocimientos eran amplísimos
- Both started out with a narrowly defined fictional territory, and both have tried to extend their range.
- The play shows her range and ability as a serious actor.
- Like most artists he has had to learn his craft, extend his range and gradually arrive at a mature understanding of his own gifts.
- Since then, she has gained a vast range of knowledge in all things equine.
- The acting also showed that the cast has range beyond their usual witty quips and fight scenes.
- In range and scope and significance we are not likely to see another like her.
- By doing these films back-to-back, Spielberg emphasizes his range as a director.
- Few scientists can match the range, depth and scope of his biodiversity knowledge.
- ‘My experience suggests that the ranges and medians of scientific intelligence and ability are comparable in men and women,’ he says.
1.2Musicregistro masculinehe lacks range — tiene un registro muy limitado
- For the most part, the vocal ranges are narrow and would be suitable for all voice parts.
- Its musical range spans about four octaves, and the sound has some similarities to that of a Western violin.
- It is agile yet able to be easily heard over the entire orchestra, with secure pitch and an incredible range.
- The last movement is a brilliant virtuoso movement that uses the whole range of the keyboard.
- He has what is possibly one of the best male voices and ranges in the pop music world at the moment.
- She opened on acoustic guitar with a beautiful ballad, showing the full range of her warm voice.
- The best singers started their song at a low pitch to suit the range with which their voices are able to cope, and did not try songs which required them to reach high notes.
- Moreover, the range of these scores almost always exceeds that of the pianist's hand.
- Her deep, powerful voice has quite a range and she knows how to sell a song.
- It's scored for four tenors and two basses - which confines the vocal range of the work to a mere two octaves.
- The source of this parallel intoning of liturgical melody may be traced to the natural range of the human voice.
- The majority of the tunes have a range of one octave plus an extension of a third or a fourth.
- She has a good vocal range, but her voice lacks passion and has a nasal quality that grates after a while.
- The range of your voice and the emotion you can express is really astounding.
- Her voice is attractive and even throughout its range, and she has tremendous agility and control.
- He does a superb job of showing off his vocal range as well as the softer side of his voice.
- Her voice has a tremendous range, yet never managed to coincide with the note she was trying to hit.
- They should perform a song that best shows their range of voice and must bring sheet music or their own backing track.
- All of her songs lacked harmonies in the higher voice ranges, and I spent much of the concert wondering why anyone ever really played these songs on the radio in the first place.
- Benny and Bjorn were amazing songwriters and the girls had wonderful voices with great ranges.
1.3(bracket)if your income is within that range — si sus ingresos están dentro de esos límites / son de ese orden
- a house in the middle price range — una casa dentro de un nivel medio de precios
- it's within/out of our price range — está dentro de/es más de lo que queremos gastar
- children in a given ability range — niños de un determinado nivel de aptitud
2.1(variety)variedad femininea wide range of colors/prices — una amplia gama / una gran variedad de colores/precios
- a wide range of possibilities — un amplio abanico de posibilidades
- I have a wide range of interests — mis intereses son múltiples y variados
- it has a limited range of applications — sus usos son limitados
- They're also extremely knowledgeable about their vast range of whiskies.
- The centre has a wide range of classes and activities to choose from for both adults and children.
- Fleets like to deal with manufacturers that have a large range of vehicles.
- Most universities provide a range of courses, some general and others highly focused.
- The menu covers a range of Italian style dishes, offering a choice of 23 pizzas and a variety of pasta options.
- Next to the play area is a café for adults to refuel with a range of hot and cold refreshments.
- The new savings schemes will offer a range of different investment options.
- Young York musicians have received a major boost with the donation of a range of musical instruments.
- The nature of Robert's work requires him to carry a phenomenal range of equipment with him each day.
- The bank can offer a full range of products, including trade finance, securities trading and foreign exchange.
- This room overlooks the back garden, which is mostly in lawn with a decked patio and a range of plants and shrubs.
- Nearby mountains and lakes offer a full range of outdoor activities.
- Seven of the people were taken to Daisy Hill Hospital with a range of spinal, back and head injuries.
- The bus would provide a whole range of services to the community.
- The term trawler covers a vast range of ship sizes and designs.
- We believe in independent living and we provide a whole range of services for disabled people.
- A small sample of hair is sent for testing to a lab, where it is screened for traces of a range of drugs, including cannabis and heroin.
- He is set to release his own range of luxury cars.
- The club is open to people of all ages and abilities, has a strong junior section and attends a range of competitions.
- His performance showcases his ability with a range of instruments and a diversity of styles.
2.2(selection)línea femininegama feminineour summer range is in the shops now — nuestra línea de verano está ya en los comercios
3.1(of gun)alcance masculinea range of 200m — un alcance de 200m
- at close/long range — de cerca/lejos
- at pointblank range — a quemarropa
- to come/be within range — ponerse/estar a tiro
- it was out of range — estaba fuera del alcance del arma
- The minimum and maximum ranges of the missile are 5km and 130 km.
- It seemed only moments before the natives withdrew to just outside rifle shot range.
- He was too far out of range for the shots to be effective.
- The missile has a range of 27 km with an effective ceiling of 15 km, the sources said.
- The missile has a range of 700 km.
- The drop-ship was now in range of the missile and began to lower for the cruiser.
- Correspondents say this is a substantial addition to the previously announced range of the country's missiles.
- Ten percent of the facilities are within the range of non-strategic ballistic missiles.
- It was therefore within the two kilometre range of these rockets.
- The rate of fire was below average, but it had very good range and each shot was quite powerful.
- Recovered guns and cannons had ranges of up to a mile.
- The maximum range of those rockets was just over five miles.
- This second generation missile improved both range and reaction time.
- The maximum range of a long bow was 400 metres but at this distance, it was far less effective.
- The maximum effective range of the main tank gun is less than two miles.
- The ammunition used will also affect the maximum range.
- The test of what is believed to have been a short-range missile took place Sunday.
- No further details, including the range of the missile's new version, were provided.
- They were developing ground-to-ground missiles with a range of thousands of kilometres.
3.2(of vehicle, missile)autonomía femininethe aircraft has a range of 4,000 miles — el aparato tiene una autonomía de 4.000 millas
- long-range missiles — misiles de largo alcance
- The truck's range is great, with the fuel light coming on at around 360 miles.
- The new lifeboat will have a range of 250 nautical miles and will carry a crew of six.
- The vehicle has a range of 214 miles with a maximum speed of 40mph.
- This prototype car has a range of 500 kilometers.
- As any pilot knows, flying trips to the limits of an airplane's range requires precise calculations.
- The more limited range of electric vehicles is less problematic when most trips are within the urban area.
- The Gazelle could carry a maximum of four people, and had a top speed of 168 knots with a range of 300 nautical miles.
- Triton has a top speed of 20 knots and a maximum range of 3000 nautical miles at a speed of 12 knots.
- They warned that by 1948 increased enemy aircraft ranges would permit the extension of these attacks.
3.3(sight, earshot)wait until he's within range — espera hasta que esté lo suficientemente cerca y pueda ver/oír
(mobile telephony)cobertura feminineto be out of range — estar fuera de cobertura
- to be in range — tener cobertura
- Range drops with battery power too, so you might go past the edge of radio range without expecting to.
- The receiving range is determined largely by site noise and interference factors.
- Sometimes two different logging roads are close enough to be within radio range.
- The coastguard remains unaware of their plight because the boat radio has a working range of 6ft.
- Each system has a base unit which enables you to page the handset of a user, so long as they are in range.
- Often truck convoys and support units were out of range of each other's radios.
- Look for us calling in once we get back into radio range in a few days.
- You will also need to activate the infrared service on the telephone and place it within range of the receiver on the Notebook.
- About 60 per cent of Europe's population already lives within range of a mobile phone transmitter.
- They were able to bounce radio waves off an aircraft out to a range of seven miles.
- Wi-Fi's strength as a broadband access technology has always been offset by its poor range.
- This is an impressive range for a VHF radio network, and is remarkable technology.
- Sligo Community Radio has a transmission range of approximately 17 miles radius of Sligo town.
- He was almost in radio range, but he decided to take a break at the Hangman's Pit.
4(for shooting)campo de tiro masculine
- He was at the archery range.
- Three new target greens have been added to the range, which is covered so that players can practice in all weathers.
- This person has the title of ‘Field Captain’ and controls the shooting on the range.
- Too often these days, I see shooters at the range practicing with their hunting rifles from a bench rest.
- Shooters are taking these fine old guns out to the range for a shot or two just to try to absorb a little of the gun's history.
- The gun club has some of the best target ranges in the world but has been forced to use a wartime prefab as an office and clubhouse.
- Belt holsters worn on the range for practice are easy to access, but there is often a lack of concealment or security.
- None of these tiny revolvers are going to win medals at the target range.
- Nathan was sitting and thinking over a cup of tea, while Sean was blasting targets in the range.
- Their benefit is that we can carry on a normal conversation or hear range commands but still preserve our hearing.
- Every gun was proof tested and sent to the range for at least a dozen rounds of tuning before being sent out.
- I want to buy a shotgun and start going to the range.
- They allow the student to hear range commands over the gunfire of other students.
- Reliability in the field or on the range can be improved by maintaining a clean shotgun.
- He was out on the firing range and after 275 shots at the target, he hadn't hit it.
- The wind is ripping away at the netting that covers the range, making sure unshot clays don't smash into us.
- I took a good buddy of mine to the local range to shoot my new Smith & Wesson revolver.
- Learn the mechanics of one-hand shooting, and do a few drills when range time permits.
- However, time spent on known distance ranges will give the individual shooter an understanding of where his shots fly, something ignored by most until now.
- He had once gone down to the practice ranges to mock her archery skills when she'd first begun to learn.
5(chain)cadena femininea mountain range — una cordillera
- a range of hills — una sierra
- He points left to face the closest mountain range and says that the mountains are in Ethiopia.
- Mountain ranges also play a large part in local wind formation.
- Eastwards the ridge opened out in a series of bumps, dips and peaks, more like a small range of mountains than one single hill.
- Mountain ranges are created by diverse tectonic processes, including convergence of plates and volcanic activity.
- In the opposite direction was a range of pink-brown mountains.
- On a clear day, the snow-capped range of the Atlas Mountains hangs above Marrakesh like some silvery curtain.
- As the sun sank behind the mountains, they entered the foothills of a broad range of peaks.
- By midafternoon they had reached the summit of the first range of mountains, and stopped to rest the horses.
- This range of hills was impassable for early settlers and stopped westward expansion.
- To their left was a range of threatening mountains, and to their right was nothing - just endless fields.
- Mount Winnipeg was the tallest mountain in the range, and it was always the first to be capped with snow.
- Mountain ranges and oceans both provide barriers for the migration of plants.
- The Pennines are a range of mountains running up the middle of the northern half of England.
- They successfully conquered East Anglia, but were thwarted by the first range of hills.
- Causey nosed his mount into the meadow and headed for the low range of mountains in the east.
- Through Montana the railroad goes between two ranges of foot hills.
- Ministers face legal action by a local authority for excluding a range of mountains from the Cairngorms National Park.
- Inland the ground rises quickly, to two ranges of high mountains, where there is much winter frost and snow.
- The entire forested mountain range is now completely protected as part of a large World Heritage area.
- There are a few ridges and ranges in the distance.
6(stove)cocina económica feminine
- They've installed oil-fired ranges and stoves.
- The kitchen has an Aga range, wooden shelves and storage spaces throughout.
- I remember clearly my mother's kitchen with a coal range and the hot water cylinder alongside with a tap on it for hot water.
- It was good to be sitting in the kitchen of an old Welsh cottage again, close by the range and the open door to the garden.
- A fire roared in the kitchen range and sides of ham hung from a ceiling for smoking.
7.1(grazing land)pradera feminine
- Ranchers have to be careful not to put too many cattle on these ranges because overgrazing can lead to erosion.
- Russian knapweed is a problem in ranges and pastures in the western United States, where it grows up to 4 feet tall and takes over otherwise productive land.
- Back when the old American west was untamed, and the ranges were open and free, there lived an unassuming cowboy named Gritts.
- By the mid-19th century, the stocking of desert grassland ranges with cattle, sheep, and goats was progressing at a phenomenal rate.
- The year before, a neighbor had returned a doe after finding her out on the range, alongside his cattle.
- First, deer herds on many ranges are overpopulated, often with too many does.
- The owner of the range sold out, but he bought new land to open a replacement range.
- After 1900, droughts became more frequent, and grass cover on heavily grazed ranges declined by up to 70 percent.
- In the 1880s, as cattle herds spread onto northern ranges, cowboys and cattlemen congregated in Cheyenne.
- Cattle mutilations generally occur where cattle are raised and kept in quantity on ranges or in pastures.
7.2Zoology Botanyzona de distribución feminine
- All populations of Lincoln's Sparrows are migratory, although some summer and winter ranges overlap in New Mexico and Northern California.
- There are 16 subspecies whose range spreads from India as far as southern China and the Philippines.
- A glance at a thrush distribution map reveals that summer range extends as far north as the birch scrub zone on the Kola peninsular.
- There are currently thought to be 19 species, their range extending from France to the Caucasus.
- On both sides of the mountains, the winter range varies with food sources.
- As a result, their breeding ranges have spread until several of them overlap.
- Washington is at the extreme northern edge of the breeding range of the Acorn Woodpecker.
- With the clearing of forests and the spread of farming, the cowbird's range expanded north and east.
- They leave northern breeding areas for winter ranges farther south or at lower elevations.
- Why the natural ranges of plants differ and what has led each species to its current distribution pattern have always been focal questions in biogeography.
- Panda range once extended from eastern and southern China into North Vietnam and Myanmar.
- Males are found in the northern end of the range and migrate south for breeding.
- They do shift and adapt their breeding range to take advantage of new habitat.
- With dying lawns in the south and new plants extending their ranges northwards it sounds as though our gardens will be looking rather different in years to come.
- These routes used by migratory birds for passage between wintering and breeding ranges are called flyways.
- Another option is to look at creating corridors between protected lands as a way of expanding the animals' ranges.
- Its range extends from Portugal to China, with the largest numbers found in Spain and Russia.
- Most Spruce Grouse do not migrate, but some do move short distances between separate summer and winter ranges.
- Most populations of White-throated Sparrows are migratory, although there is some overlap of breeding and wintering ranges.
- The pine barrens of New Jersey is the northernmost range of 109 southern plant species.
donde se da una especie
1(vary, extend)to range from sth to sth
- their ages range from 12 to 20 — tienen entre 12 y 20 años
- the book ranges in time from the Middle Ages to the present day — el libro abarca desde la Edad Media hasta nuestros días / comprende el período entre la Edad Media y nuestros días
- estimates range up to $20,000 — hay presupuestos de hasta 20.000 dólares
- the conversation ranged over many topics /ranged widely — la conversación abarcó muchos temas
2(wander)deambularthey ranged far and wide in search of food — deambularon por todas partes en busca de comida
- the animals range through the woods — los animales vagan por los bosques
1(line up, place)alinearthey ranged themselves against the proposal — se alinearon en contra de la propuesta
2(wander over)(seas) surcar literary(plain/hills) recorrer
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