Translation of relative in Spanish:

relative

pariente, n.

Pronunciation /ˈrɛlədɪv//ˈrɛlətɪv/

noun

  • 1

    pariente feminine
    pariente masculine
    parienta feminine
    familiar masculine
    friends and relatives parientes / familiares y amigos
    • a close / near/distant relative un pariente / un familiar cercano/lejano

adjective

  • 1

    • 1.1(comparative)

      we must consider the relative merits of both systems debemos comparar los pros y los contras de ambos sistemas

    • 1.2(not absolute)

      relativo
      with relative safety con relativa seguridad
      • it's all relative, everything's relative todo es relativo
      • The real flaw in his policy was its confusion of relative power with absolute power.
      • For understanding disease causation and to describe the impact of risk factors for disease, the traditional epidemiological measures are absolute and relative risk.
      • Whenever possible, use absolute numbers - not relative risks.
      • My results therefore seem to support the idea that absolute deprivation rather than relative deprivation is important for influencing mortality.
      • Zinc-responsive dermatosis is an uncommon disease of dogs resulting from either an absolute or relative deficiency in zinc.
      • The distinction between absolute and relative gaps becomes important when comparisons are made over time.
      • All manner of other financial assets, especially the more exotic ones, have reached new highs in price and lows in absolute or relative yield in recent weeks.
      • These boutique funds tend to be more flexible in their investments, searching for absolute, not relative, return.
      • The rotation moment must therefore be resisted by the musculoskeletal stiffness and brace in proportion to their relative stiffness.
      • Moreover, the absolute and relative fortunes of individual businesses are endlessly changing.
      • Young mothers struggle alone to bring up a growing proportion of children in relative poverty and more and more old people live out their days in uncared-for solitude.
      • With its generous proportions and relative distance from the main accommodation, this area lends itself for use as a home office or teenager's den.
      • Competitive advantage may more often be relative rather than absolute.
      • The upsurge in art prices in the last thirty years has changed both absolute and relative valuations, and may also have changed career age/value profiles.
      • For example, since the supply of natural scenery is fixed it is relative rather than absolute wealth and income that counts.
      • Safety and risk are always relative, never absolute.
      • Importantly, there were greater absolute and relative benefits in the patients who had resistant symptoms and more severe impairment of left ventricular systolic function.
      • We computed the absolute and relative risks to evaluate the impact of the time of birth on the risk of infant and early neonatal mortality and early neonatal mortality related to asphyxia.
      • Of course, that's in relative risk, not absolute risk.
      • It varies and without going into the details one of the other problems of this paper is it uses absolute benefits rather than relative benefits.

    • 1.3Meteorology Technology Physics

      relativo
      • There were issues around the relative effectiveness of parliamentary agitation and the morality of open rebellion, if it were almost certainly doomed to failure.
      • No mention was made as to the relative proportion of male versus female students at the two universities.
      • However for the sake of representing gender in the society it might have been fruitful to state at the outset of the book more about the relative proportions of female cases out of all trials.
      • There, the estimated drop in the relative proportion of high sensation seekers using marijuana was 26.7 percent.
      • The driving force causing these alterations seems to be the increase in relative proportion of type III collagen.
      • As a first step in cost-effectiveness analyses, there must be evidence regarding the relative effectiveness of the treatment options being considered.
      • Finally, decide on the relative proportion each Web page element has to the overall page.
      • Most plants contain several pigments, whose relative proportions may vary considerably, producing colours which differ noticeably from each other.
      • These proportions are relative only to one another and do not in any way represent the whole plant diet.
      • Of the two the Byzantine was nearer to the classical tradition, for it broadly recognized the articulation of the limbs and their relative proportions in nature.
      • Many complementary and alternative therapies are perceived to be safe and are used by many pregnant women, but little is known about their relative effectiveness.
      • It is therefore an unfortunate fact that little research has been done into the relative cost - effectiveness of psychological treatments.
      • In much of the early work (and a good deal of the later), the relative proportions of the collaged source material were left largely unchanged.
      • However, relative cost effectiveness is considered the most important criterion.
      • Nonetheless, the relative proportions of each mineral in the ore and airborne dust are not known.
      • One recipe gave relative proportions of grape juice, apple juice, cider vinegar and Certo.
      • This caused us to examine the relative proportions of myosin and actin.
      • To identify effective interventions and their relative effectiveness in preventing such falls, we conducted a meta-analysis of relevant randomised controlled trials.
      • With this procedure, we assume that the relative proportions of the trunk and legs are the same in males and females.
      • The last 20 years have seen a change in the relative efficiency and effectiveness of multilateral and bilateral aid.

    • 1.4

      relative to (compared to) en comparación con
      • their positions relative to each other sus posiciones relativas

  • 2to be relative to
    formal

    (relevant)
    concernir a formal
    • The war prompted the navy to assign relative rank to nurses on 1 July 1942.
    • I believe that nurses should have relative military rank.
    • The change was likely made to avoid confusion over relative rank in NATO forces.
    • In all of the above cases the question of relative rank was irrelevant to the question of a legal marriage, but both parties did admit a disparity.
  • 3

    • 3.1Linguistics

      (pronoun) relativo
      a relative clause una (oración) subordinada relativa / de relativo
      • There are two uncontroversial semantically-relevant distinctions between that and which in relative clauses in standard English.
      • Both have missed out the relative pronoun ‘that’.
      • In addition, accusative case on who does not typically survive when the word is shunted to the beginning of an interrogative or relative clause.
      • Well, toward the end of the third clause within this tripartite relative clause we find the following sequence of words.
      • A contrast of personal and non-personal is also found with the relative pronouns who/whom versus which.
      • A group of students in an English as a second language program served as subjects for special instruction in relative clause formation.
      • What's interesting about it is that it's a fused relative construction with human denotation, headed by the relative pronoun lexeme who.
      • Sentences in which the grammatical role of a noun phrase is the same in the main clause and the relative clause seem to be easier to process.
      • The other personal relative pronoun, who, doesn't seem to be affected nearly as much.
      • Secondly, the relative pronoun has an antecedent in the poem, albeit divided from it by a colon.

    • 3.2Music

      relativo
      • To find the relative minor of a particular key go down a minor third from the tonic of the major key.
      • This piece will give the teacher a chance to review parallel and relative major/minor keys along with primary chord progressions.
      • Mrs. O'Keefe will be cheesed off if I have to tell her that I didn't get my homework on relative minors done.
      • The premise is that the major key always prevails and all minor keys should be sung in terms of the relative major.
      • The key of the second group is usually the dominant for movements in the major and the relative major for movements in the minor, though other keys may be used.