In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(from job, occupation)(civil servant/teacher) jubilarse(civil servant/teacher) retirarse(soldier) retirarse (del servicio activo)(footballer/athlete) retirarsethey retired to Florida — cuando se jubilaron se fueron a vivir a Florida
- she retired from public life — se alejó de la vida pública
- she's planning to retire from the stage — piensa dejar la actividad teatral
- the retiring treasurer was given a gold watch — el tesorero saliente / que se retiraba fue obsequiado con un reloj de oro
- Although Paul Jenkins has retired from his post as archivist, that does not mean that he will stop researching the meanings of photographs.
- Only the nobility were allowed to take part in jousting tournaments though Henry VIII had to retire from the sport as he was seriously injured in a jousting tournament in 1536.
- Fixed annuities help stabilize income from investments, and are most commonly used by people who are not fully participating in the workforce, are about to retire or have retired.
- Contrary to media reports this week, South African batsman, Daryll Cullinan has not officially retired from international cricket.
- Bird was my favorite player and when he retired from basketball, I lost interest in the game.
- He had been a merchant seaman man and boy, covering some fifty years and he was so accustomed to shouting just to be heard that he couldn't stop doing it now that he'd retired.
- The place was a relic, a museum piece, preserved like a man who stops shopping for clothes the day he retires and spends the next thirty years living in limbo and the same pair of nylon trousers.
- He retired from the San Francisco Art Institute in 2001, after teaching there for 35 years.
- He said he recently retired after 53 years working and found it was extraordinary how life passes so quickly.
- Bernie Mac is Stan Ross, a Milwaukee Brewer who hits his 3,000th hit during a pennant race and instantly retires after snatching the souvenir ball away from the kid who catches it.
- When Robert retired from teaching, his appetite for taking pictures grew until he was, in effect, a full-time amateur photographer.
- In fact, after he retired and was free full time, he knew exactly what he wanted to do.
- The family lived in Carrington Street, New Plymouth, after relocating when Frederick Watson retired from the bank in Bulls.
- Key players moved on to other careers or retired.
- Well I'm sorry to hear that you are retiring from playing.
- She played for several years before retiring with repetition strain injury.
- Winterbottom recently retired from Hutcheson & Co in Victoria, having spent 33 years in public practice in the local area.
- Gaddis retired from a fifty-year teaching career in 1997.
- He competed in four Olympic Games and did not retire from professional athletics until 1995.
- She was forced to withdraw from the Rome Olympics in 1960 because of a hamstring injury, and retired.
- He seems to have retired from printmaking in the late 1820s, though he did contribute illustrations for books even quite late in his life.
- The clincher came December 20 when Michelena, the sport's living legend, announced he was retiring.
- After retiring from sports, he ran a private practice in Orange, California, for many years.
- Brought up in Bangor, Maine, Rudom became a professional basketball player before retiring at 30.
- At the age of 70 I retired from college teaching because of the ever-widening age difference between that of the instructor and his students.
- His major league officiating career spanned three decades, from 1954 to 1978, when he retired as an umpire in the American League.
- Hellé did not retire immediately from racing, but her story now was one of betrayal, impoverishment and obscurity.
- Having retired from the stage, she devotes some time to masterclasses.
- After retiring from the Bears in 1934, he became a football broadcaster on radio and then television, widely admired as a remarkably modest football hero, one of the greatest of all time.
- After retiring from the sport in 1994, Chris decided to continue his involvement in a volunteer capacity.
- Beginning with an instructorship at Yale in 1909, he taught on a full-time basis for 51 years until retiring in 1960 at the age of 80.
- The Government reckons that at least three million people are facing poverty in their old age and that up to ten million more are looking at a huge drop in living standards when they retire.
- Freddy made a face that was full of sorrow, as if he was being asked to retire from the major leagues.
- Edwin reluctantly retired from work in 1889 aged 84.
- His partners included almost all of the ballerinas who rose to fame between 1936 and 1962, when he retired from the stage.
- He retired after almost eight years in the sport.
- Payments stop when you return to work, retire or die.
- I've prematurely retired from international football because I did not want to go to the African Nations Cup.
- Afterwards, the gutsy halfback became even more determined to finish his career as a player - not retired forever through injury.
- When a superstar retires, the price is based on his racetrack performance.
2.1formal (retreat, withdraw)retirarse
- They retired on a bench nearby watching the other games.
- As soon as they had done that, they then retired to re-load at the base of the hill.
- At half-past seven the onlookers had retired to safe positions five or six hundred yards away.
- On the fifth day after Landon died, the wind came to a complete stop and Shane retired to her cabin.
- What's more, she preferred her own bedroom to any other area of the house and would often retire there when visitors arrived.
- Later that evening after they had all finished their Christmas dinner, Sam retired to the window seat to read one of the new books she had gotten from Bryant.
- Dennis, be careful from now on, I must retire back to my retreat, but it'll be a long time before you do.
- We could think of nothing to say, and neither could they, so we finished our breakfast, and retired to our room less than ten minutes later.
- At the outbreak of the Civil War he retired to Montgomery Castle and declined to become involved.
- After dinner was finished, Audrey retired to the drawing room, where she began reading in a feeble attempt to divert her mind from the day's activities.
- Ashen threw his hands in the air and then retired to a stone wall, leaning against it.
- The two finished their dance and then Krista retired to her room saying she was tired.
- And feeling irritated, I retired to the bathroom where I sat on the floor scowling for a great deal of the evening.
- The day ended, I retired to my dorm room in boredom, finishing more homework and watching as Bridget fluttered back and forth between her bed and the bathroom.
- I left the bathroom as she began to prepare for a shower and retired to the couch bed, where I had been sleeping for the past few weeks!
- More and more children retired to playing indoors as September dragged on.
- He performed similar services for Becky then made a sign of blessing on both girls before he also retired to the sideline.
- Again retiring to the bathroom to shower, I was faced by the mirror as soon as I closed the door behind me.
- Even the old washer-woman, though her features be hooded and in weathered high-relief, has to retire to her humble quarters and stop laundering.
- All competitors please retire with me to the castle, that is all.
2.2Military(troops) retirarse(troops) replegarse(troops) batirse en retirada
- The great black dragon was forced to retire from the fight.
- Yermati led a tactical retreat and the elves retired to their kingdom.
- To the north of Ypres the Germans, by employing a large quantity of asphyxiating bombs, the effect of which was felt for a distance of a mile and a quarter behind our lines, succeeded in forcing us to retire.
- There was a short skirmish with enemy cavalry near Taliaferro's Mill, but they quickly retired.
- Allies advance in big counter-attack - ‘French troops had to retire overwhelmed by fumes,’ says Sir J French
2.3(from sporting contest)he retired with an injured ankle — abandonó el campo de juego con un tobillo lesionado
- Stephens retired with clutch problems — Stephens abandonó (la carrera) por problemas de embrague
2.4formal humorous (go to bed)acostarse formal humorousretirarse a sus aposentos formal humorous
- I retired early and slept until evening, and deeply at that.
- Late that night, after everyone had retired, I sat up in bed, listening to the chirps of the night creatures.
- Black, his wife Melinda, and his daughter Caroline all retired fairly early, each moving into their separate rooms after bidding the travelers a good night.
- Everyone had retired in their tents and fell asleep.
- After eating a light dinner of grilled chicken salad and apple juice, she retired early.
- Cathy seemed very anxious to get Nelly to bed, and kept looking at her watch, finally retiring early to bed.
- When I finally retired to bed, exhausted, she was still reading.
- The seven retired to bed early that night, their bones aching.
- After dinner William retired to bed earlier than normal to get the rest his body was craving.
- She ignored her parents completely, and retired to her room early.
- The music started to die down, and the king announced for everyone to retire for the night.
- She had to talk to him about Edur before the wine went to his head and he insisted upon retiring to bed early.
- MaryAnn wasn't worried about Lizzie because Lizzie rarely had plans for a Saturday night and usually retired early.
- Initially, Sabine was exhausted from whatever she had done, and retired early after supper.
- For a lady of one hundred and four years she is good, but retires early to help with breakfast at six in the morning.
- David retired to bed early, but she stayed up much later, asking Sarah questions about the city, but never getting a direct answer.
- Anmar retired early, but the first watch ended with his lamp still lit.
- Father always retired early, he had to commute every morning.
- I spent the day doing nothing and retired early.
- That evening, after our major discovery and our major story telling, we retired fairly early.
1(from job)jubilareveryone over 60 was compulsorily retired — obligaron a jubilarse a todos los mayores de 60 años
3(in baseball)(batter) retirar
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