In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(substance)roca feminineigneous/volcanic rock — roca ígnea/volcánica
- a great lump of rock — una roca enorme
- hewn from the rock — tallado en la roca viva
- as hard as rock — duro como una piedra
- Karst landscapes are developed wherever soluble carbonate rocks outcrop and where surplus rainfall is available to dissolve the limestone.
- The granite fines were a by-product of crushing syenite granite rock.
- A main types of mineral phosphate, soft rock phosphate comes mostly from ancient sea deposits.
- Dolomite, a calcium magnesium carbonate rock, can be found beneath the soil surface.
- The cave offers an in-depth view of the immense layers of limestone rock formed by the sedimented shells.
2.1(crag, cliff)peñasco masculinepeñón masculinemy wife was like a rock throughout that time — mi esposa fue mi puntal durante toda esa época
- the Rock (of Gibraltar) — el Peñón (de Gibraltar)
- as solid as a rock — firme / sólido como una roca
- Huge rocks jutted out of the ground, with no clear trail across it.
- At the centre of the building is a courtyard; in fact, the original patch of trees, rocks and earth that was here from the very start.
- I went out into this absolutely beautiful country, the beautiful red soil, the rugged red rocks above the hills, and it just blew my mind.
- Effectively, the rock is left exposed in its geological location, but cut free from its surround.
- Pavers surround a rock that is left to emerge from the floor.
- One had to earn the right to surf beneath the dangerous pier, with it's exhilarating waves and threatening jagged rocks.
- More than half of Mandela's sentence was spent on Robben Island, a windswept rock surrounded by the treacherous seas of the Cape of Good Hope.
- ‘The boat can crash into the rocks and still float, because of the plasticity of the skin,’ he says.
- He turned the movie's sets into an illustration of Inuit thrift and ingenuity, played against ice massifs, snowy rivers, a wide ocean, and lowland rocks covered in moss.
- The rocky coastline is a near monochrome of pale blues that darken in the rocks and billowing clouds as though illuminated by moonlight.
- Jagged rocks jutted out from both sides of the canyon.
- Helen makes her way to Skerray, a tiny crofting community whose name translates as ‘between the rocks and the sea’.
- Uppermost Permian and Triassic terrestrial sediments conformably overlie the terminal volcanic rocks.
- Swimming was difficult and dangerous due to the heavy waves and jagged rocks, so Pinos adapted existing breakwater structures to enclose two new bays for protected bathing.
- Those who were not sold quickly were carried down to the rocks where the sea breaks, forced into dinghies, and rowed out to waiting ships.
- He decides on Fiona, who is prisoner in a castle on a rock, surrounded by molten lava and guarded by a fierce dragon.
- The inn is actually a front for illegal operations involving the luring of ships onto the coastal rocks where the crews are murdered and the ships' cargoes can be plundered.
- On the highest part of the rock on which the old city of Toledo is founded is the conventual church of San Marcos.
- Stone was sourced from a local quarry where it is still possible to scramble around and observe a handful of small stelae, partially carved, but not quite freed from the mass of the rock.
- Of course they have to break out of jail, and the posse who is hot on their tail gets turned back by a sniper in the rocks above.
2.2(in sea)roca feminineescollo masculinethe ship ran onto the rocks — el barco encalló en las rocas
2.3(boulder)roca feminine[ S ]danger falling rocks — desprendimiento de rocas Spain
- It crosses multiple blocks and is lush with trees, flowers, lawns, cliffs, streams, waterfalls, ponds, clusters of rocks, and outdoor terraces.
- In order to trap him forever, the landowner pulls a rock, the size of a small car, over the cave mouth.
- Lane advances toward Mrs. Lowe's hiding place and she begins shooting wildly, one bullet after another, even after Lane takes cover behind a rock.
- He lies on a rock, a mountain looming above him and his naked body partially covered by a white dress.
- With a free afternoon ahead, I hiked a quarter mile from Chopta, sat down on a large rock, and watched the sun descend in the West toward snow-capped peaks, a huge red ball sliding behind dense gray clouds.
- We are presented with abstract patterns of black and gray with flashes of white that only with time begin to coalesce into an image of water rippling over well-worn rocks on the riverbed.
- The ‘Stone fish’ has a deadly poison which paralyses you and they look just like stones so can be camouflaged amongst the rocks.
- The gods had condemned Sisyphus to ceaselessly rolling a rock to the top of a mountain, whence the stone would fall back of its own weight.
- They rolled over and over in the tumbling water, then finally surfaced downstream, away from the rocks - and far, far from the distantly barking pack of dogs.
- If you hit a big rock, just feel your way around it, but don't lose your sense of direction.
- I loved the endless hours I spent splashing in streams, eating blackberries off the bush, catching trout, walking the woods, sunning on rocks, listening to banjos and dulcimers.
- He too loves the way the light plays upon the crags and faces of the rocks but Roland has another relationship with the mountain, he is call out co-ordinator for the mountain search and rescue dogs.
- It was so clearly identifiable as his work from the outset that I kept expecting either Ricardo Montalban or Kate Winslet to pop out from behind a rock.
- A slightly uneven surface is studded with irregular mossy rocks and covered with the northern European forest mixture of grass and creeping shrubs like bilberry.
- Geometric shapes, classical columns, shrines and sets of zigzagging stairs are combined with stylized landscape elements, such as rocks, a river, fields and mountains.
- Should he have intervened, therefore preventing David's death, or did he do the right thing by just staying behind the rocks?
- Watch for the scene where Sid is trying to get comfortable on a rock - he flops around, contorting his body into every possible shape.
- They decipher traces of ancient Platyhelminthe movement in the California mountains, on rocks that are over half a billion years old.
2.4(stone)piedra feminineto throw rocks — tirar piedras
- to have rocks in one's head — faltarle a algn un tornillo
- If you must ripple the pond, throw a small rock first and pay careful attention.
- In some instances, especially in the war zones, rocks were thrown at the screens.
- Outdoors, a lone malcontent teenage girl lurks and throws rocks in the dark.
- The film has one of cinema's most beautiful uses of an open exterior, when the husband throws a rock towards the nuclear plant just after dusk.
- He and his friend throw rocks at each other and walk out of town.
- Alex kicked another rock in front of her and nodded.
- I just want to be old and nasty and live alone and throw rocks at neighborhood dogs.
- I get the feeling I couldn't throw a rock without hitting a Baldwin.
- My brother and I would pretend fight, I'd be knocked down, and then I'd roll down the hill while bumping against tiny rocks and other imperfections peppering the slide.
- He threw rocks through their living window and claimed they were being attacked.
- What Aranoa does is pick up that rock and show the teeming life underneath.
- At her house, he gets the attention of her bouncer by throwing a rock.
- She shot small rocks on the beach from above at the time of day when the sun casts long shadows.
- If an animal threatened to get out of place, a hiss or a shout or a well-aimed rock would turn it back where it belonged, but such measures were not often necessary.
- He kicked a small rock on the ground to the other side of the path.
- Upon rushing upstairs I discovered he had thrown a rock through my window.
- A switchback ramp scales a battered wall of rough granite blocks and you wonder if defenders will appear on the ramparts above and drive you off with rocks.
- Because it was big and strong, people ran from it or threw rocks at it or chased it around, waving torches.
- Tiger also faced abuse at the hands of grade school classmates, who once even tied him to a tree and threw rocks at him.
- You saw the scene with the kids throwing rocks at us.
- Instead of working with flashy, expensive rocks, he preferred to use semiprecious stones - and his wits.
- It's like a trip through a jewelry store that sells nothing but pricey diamond rings with big rocks.
barra de caramelo de colores
1(gently)mecersebalancearsethe boat rocked gently on the waves — el barco se mecía suavemente en las olas
- As of this week, he no longer wants to be rocked to sleep.
- The floor seemed to be pitching, like a boat rocked by waves.
- He rocked his body at the mike, rolled his eyes, pulled back his lips in elegant disdain, and finished each sentence with a sensual guttural trail.
- I guess you just get use to being rocked to sleep every night.
- Some women started cooking meal under trees while some others gently rocked makeshift cradles hanging from tree branches.
- I think I spent a week in a row rocking him to sleep, just speaking it over.
- She rocked herself to and fro, and the tears gathered in her eyes and slowly trickled down her cheeks.
- As he cuddles his teddy bear, she rocks him to sleep.
2(violently)(ground/building) sacudirse(ground/building) estremecerseto rock with laughter — desternillarse de risa
- He is awake in the middle of the night and he feels as if the hotel is being rocked by an earthquake.
- Then the entire world was rocked by a massive earthquake, which killed more than half the population.
- Situated in a sensitive seismic zone, the country has been rocked by many earthquakes.
- For the second day, a suicide blast rocked the city of Tal Afar.
- Just then, the ship was rocked by an explosion.
- Brimstone's ship was violently rocked by the explosions, but still managed to maintain their shields.
- An explosion rocks downtown London and shuts down the city.
- Both films take place in the aftermath of the devastating earthquake that rocked northern Iran in 1990, killing nearly 50,000 people.
- These guys knew how to rock - and did so for nearly two hours!
- In this case, the screen was bigger, the score was louder and the crowd was rocking.
- If the crowd is not rocking to this one beat, you gotta get it out and get the next record in.
- The focus of the film isn't so much that this guy teaches kids how to rock as it about how he teaches them to rock.
- Despite the odd venue choice, Billy Corgan and his openers still rocked out.
- Dewey drinks hard, sleeps late, plays gigs in dingy clubs and, most importantly, loves to rock.
- Each of these rhythm and blues legends had the hall rocking to the sounds of the Sixties.
- Whatever may happen in the future, the band are rocking hard in the present.
- While my musical strength may be in the Classical realm, I also know that Little Richard really rocked in his day.
1(gently)(cradle) mecer(child) acunarshe rocked the child in her arms — acunó al niño en sus brazos
- he rocked Louise to sleep — acunó a Louise hasta que se durmió
2(violently)sacudirestremecerthe scandal rocked New York — el escándalo convulsionó / conmocionó a Nueva York
1(music)rock masculine(singer/band/star/concert) de rock(music) rockheavy/soft rock — rock duro/blando
- The movie is a disappointment, and could have been a lot better if only he had gone out on a few more limbs than just the inclusion of a few rock tunes.
- Jill looked stunning, but she wasn't really dressed for a rock concert.
- He had organised a rock concert to coincide with one of the city's major sporting events.
- This is about as close to the sensory overload of a rock concert without actually being at a rock concert.
- One reason I really like the '70s era of rock, besides the fact I was a young man then, was that it was an era where musicians really tried to reach for the pinnacle of their abilities in their music.
- My dad had booked a special reunion concert by 80s rock legends, Dire Straits.
- I was a fan of the band back in the '60s, before I got turned on to harder rock.
- He beat out no less than Sting and Paul McCartney, two rock idols who performed their own nominated songs.
- The alternative rock soundtrack is wonderfully raw as it blares from the speakers.
- Rock movies, like rock songs, need not be original to be successful: get the chords right and the arrangements scarcely matter.
- The debt owed to past blues musicians by the giants of the rock industry - Bob Dylan, Jimi Hendrix and Led Zeppelin among others - becomes apparent when you listen to their music.
- The book tells of William's initiation into journalism and his adventures in the rock industry.
- Before disco undermined the morale and minds of millions, rock rode the rails of success, scoring the soundtrack for that personal motion picture you were playing in your head.
- The music is a bizarre score of upbeat string numbers, samba tunes, jazz numbers, rock ballads, and every other style thrown together in a peculiar 1980s-esque synthesized sort of way.
- We were all squealing like kids at a rock concert.
- Back in the '60s and '70s I listened to Gordon Lightfoot a fair bit when I wanted to take a break from the harder rock that was the staple of my listening.
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