In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- As low necklines gave way to ruffs of starched lace, enameled gold and jeweled necklaces hung to the waist and below on men and women alike.
- Mascarenhas is a powdered dandy in silk stockings; a fluffy lace ruff brushes his chin.
- It's a grand pageant set in elaborate 17th century costumes of wigs, breeches, tights and ruffs.
- A trip to a Leeds theatrical costumier's secured the fancy dress, complete with buckled shoes, breeches and elaborate cuffs and ruff.
- Rembrandt depicts himself in a burgher's hat and cloak, as does Rubens, although the hats are dissimilar and Rembrandt wears a neck ruff.
- The globe echoes the shape made by the Queen's head with its surrounding ruff, like a planet in relation to the sun.
- In Elizabethan times the roots were dried and crushed and the powder was mixed with water and used to stiffen the ruffs worn by the gentry.
- By 1580 he had established a high reputation in Haarlem for miniature portraits in which sensitive faces, soft beards and crisp ruffs are drawn in metalpoint or engraved with delicate precision.
- Throughout Lady Rebecca regaled members with interesting titbits and explanations of why the Elizabethans wore shifts, fur trimming, cuffs and ruffs, etc.
- If honour meant wearing a great ruff around the neck, shame meant being denuded.
- He wore a dark blue outfit complete with tights and a large ruff around his neck.
- Tremain's costume drama distinguishes itself by mixing just a drop of earthy magical realism into its ruffs and codpieces.
2(on animal, bird)collar masculine
- It walked with a stalking grace that reminded me of a big cat, perhaps a lynx, especially with those tufted ears and cheeks, and the furry ruff around the neck.
- Adults sport a shaggy ruff at the base of their necks.
- Aside from the schipperke's thick ruff, the most striking feature of the breed is its tail - or lack thereof, since the tail is typically docked.
- The tail has a dark band at the end, with a lighter tip, which, like the dark ruff around the neck, is evident when fanned open.
- In addition, bicolors have a white ruff, white legs and feet and may have patches of white on their bodies.
- The facial ruff and disk are larger in highly nocturnal species, as well as those that hunt prey travelling under the snow.
- A generous ruff about the neck, and breeches on the hind legs are preferred.
- Behind the flock even the white tip of his tail and his ruff were quite invisible.
- Juveniles have a dark crown with no plumes or ruff, and a mottled neck.
- The dog trotted back out of the forest, trotting along happily, with the ruff of a pup in her mouth.
- The differences in coat length are most apparent on the tail and ruff.
- The Angora's coat - medium long on the body, more profuse on the underside and ruff - is fine and silky with an inclination toward waviness.
- The Iberian species, however, has a distinctly spotted coat of grayish fur with tints ranging from yellow to rusty orange, a flared ruff framing its face, black ear tufts and tail tips, and long hind legs.
- I stretch out my finger and a brazen parakeet sidles onto it, inclining its head so I can gently stroke its chalk blue ruff, so downy tender that it feels almost moist.
- Bird feathers used in mate attraction may form huge crests, ruffs, or tails: the male peacock tail is a case in point.
transitive and intransitive verb
1(in cards)triunfo masculine
- This strategy suits hands which look to be strong in honour cards or have a long suit that may be run through without ruffs by the opponent.
- It is often bad to lead the second round of hearts, because of the danger of giving a ruff and discard to the opponents, since there are only six cards in the suit.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.