In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(of ship, boat, start journey)vela femininein the days of sail — en la época de los barcos de / a vela
- in full sail — con las velas desplegadas
- under sail — a vela
- to hoist sail — izar velas
- to take in sail — reducir velas
- (start journey) to set sail — hacerse a la mar
- to trim sb's sails — cortarle las alas a algn
- At first when sails triumphed over oars, a large square sail was rigged on the mainmast while two smaller sails fore and aft gave the ship maneuverability.
- We had to tie up the ships' sails with short pieces of ropes.
- Looking out over the Indian Ocean, the sails of dhow fishing vessels are dwarfed by transoceanic cargo ships gliding into the port.
- There were no masts or sails for catching wind and the bottoms were completely flat.
- Everywhere, it clogs the narrow paths between the paqa's domes, clings to the masts and sails of the ship, and teases at the lapping waves of the bay.
- The ship had no sails or masts yet it moved at great speed through the water.
- The boat suddenly lurched and spun about as the sail was unfurled and caught the wind.
- The wind caught the sails with a dull boom and the ship heeled about, tacking into the westerly breeze sweeping across the lake.
- Storm-swiped vessels with broken masts and tattered sails beached alongside the dock, frail and weather-beaten, but home from the squall.
- The boat slips sleepily down the harbour, until it rounds the breakwater and the wind catches its sail.
- During a transition period at midcentury, the largest warships retained masts and sails while adding steampower and either paddle wheels or screw propellers.
- If you find yourself out there, and wait patiently for just the right conditions, the wind will come up and catch the sails of the ship, blowing it right inside the bottle.
- Rough wind pushed the boats from behind, catching in their sails.
- My primary role on the boat is called a ‘grinder’, and I provide power for the winches [the circular wheels which wind the boat's sails up and down].
- The offshore wind catches the sail on which the main sheet appears to be cleated, and the boat capsizes across the shore.
- The sails caught the wind once more and they were on their way.
- This in turn causes surrounding air to rush into the sail and propel the boat further.
- I knew it was coming to rescue us so I took down the sail and mast, took up the centerboard and brought in the rudder and lashed it all secure.
- These blocks were the pulleys used in ships’ rigging to manipulate sails, masts and spars.
- Through the trees you may catch glimpses of billowing sails, wind surfers, cross-lakes ferries and motor boats.
1.2(trip)viaje en barco masculineviaje en velero masculineto go for a sail — salir a navegar
- it's at least a day's sail away — queda por lo menos a un día en barco / de navegación
- The half-hour sail to the cape at Formentor is well worth the voyage, and you can also go by glass - bottomed boat for junior's benefit.
- Kate and Josie Fraser lead out a group of fellow 2003 NCAS Sailing scholarship holders on a training sail at Ballina last November.
- A night's frantic journey or a daring sail on the treacherous winter sea is all it would take to put an ambusher in their path.
- The longest leg of the journey is then the sail to Fort William and the final ascent of Ben Nevis.
1.3(ship)velero masculinea dozen sail — una docena de veleros
2(of windmill)aspa masculine
1(control)(ship/boat) gobernar(boat/ship) manejarhe sailed the vessel too close to the shore — llevó la embarcación demasiado cerca de la costa
- his job is sailing yachts for wealthy owners — trabaja como patrón de yates de gente rica
2(travel, cross)to sail the seven seas — surcar los siete mares literary
- she intends to sail the Atlantic single-handed — piensa cruzar el Atlántico en solitario
1(travel)(boat/ship) navegar(passenger/person) ir en barco(person/passenger) navegarwe watched as the yacht/cruiser sailed slowly out to sea — miramos como el yate/crucero se hacía lentamente a la mar
- how long does it take to sail to New York? — ¿cuánto se tarda en ir a Nueva York en barco?
- to sail around the world — dar la vuelta al mundo en barco
- I love to go sailing — me encanta salir a navegar
2(depart)(person/ship) zarpar(ship/person) salir
3(move effortlessly)to sail into/out of a room — entrar en/salir de una habitación con aire majestuoso
- a swan sailed majestically by — un cisne pasó deslizándose majestuosamente
- the weeks just seem to sail past — las semanas van pasando sin que uno se dé cuenta
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