In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1jején masculinemosquito masculine
- Various forms of leishmaniasis are spread by the sandfly and are endemic in 88 countries on five continents.
- Leishmania donovani, the etiologic agent of visceral leishmaniasis is transmitted by the bite of a sandfly.
- The disease is transmitted to humans by the bite of female sandflies (Phlebotomus or Lutzomyia).
- Examples include the protozoan Leishmania in sandflies, the plague bacterium Yersinia pestis transmitted by the tropical rat flea Xenopsylla cheopis, and trypanosomes in tse-tse flies.
- American cutaneous leishmaniasis is transmitted by sandflies in rain forest areas mainly among mammals and occasionally humans.
- Kala-azar, transmitted by sandflies was endemic in Assam until 1950, with three major epidemics between 1875 and 1950.
- Human infections with Leishmania protozoan parasites, transmitted via the bite of a sandfly, cause visceral, cutaneous, or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.
- Recently a protein isolated from the salivary gland of a biting sandfly was shown to have a very powerful vasodilation effect (this facilitates blood feeding by the insect when it is injected into the host).
- The organism is transmitted to humans by the bite of the sandfly.
- Residual spraying with DDT and use of mosquito nets during sleep are recommended to stop transmission by sandflies.
- Leishmaniasis, a globally prevalent parasitic disease occurs in three forms viz., visceral, cutaneous and mucocutaneous, transmitted by the bite of infected female Phlebotomus sandflies.
- Fatal epidemics of visceral leishmaniasis - an ancient disease spread by sandflies and known in some places as dumdum - periodically flare up in southern Sudan.
- There are about 20 different species, which are transmitted by local sandflies.
- In World War II, there was a high incidence of leishmaniasis and sandfly fever in troops deployed to the Persian Gulf region.
- Leishmania are protozoal parasites that are transmitted to humans by Phlebotomus sandflies.
- Haemoproteus is transmitted by sandflies, or biting midges, of the genus Culicoides, and by louse-flies, both of which occur in the Lesser Antilles.
- But the sandflies, which carry diseases including leishmaniasis - an infection which can cause blood poisoning - cannot be vaccinated against.
- Similarly, the Mosquito Magnet mimics a human by emitting a plume of carbon dioxide, heat and moisture, and an attractant, octenol, which targets mosquitoes, biting midges, black flies and sandflies.
- Elisabeth found herself with a straggle of colonists in a mosquito-ridden, uncleared jungle where sandflies bored into the skin of the feet and the clay soil was so intractable that nothing would grow.
- Bundaberg is blessed with its very own biting midges, also known as sandflies, that are indigenous to the Burnett River and breed in the river mud.
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Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.