In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(injury)rasguño masculinearañazo masculineit's just a scratch — no es más que un rasguño
- he escaped without a scratch — resultó ileso
- before noun scratch mark — rasguño
- My knees were bruised from tripping, and my arms and legs had scratches from tree branches that reached as far as they could to grab travelers.
- Scratch marks will usually go away one or two weeks after treatment.
- Any scratch, dent or mark, however little, is taken note of and fixed.
- Her arms were covered in scratches and there was one extremely deep one that was still seeping some blood.
- With scratches and flaws marking up the picture, I'm sad to report that this picture is sub-par.
- The films are not well preserved, so there are plenty of scratches and burn marks, and dirt on the prints.
- Traditional machines have individual grinding heads that travel in their own radius, leaving scratches or permanent marks.
- The black scuff marks and smaller scratches left last Friday night don't bother me as much - they're merely cosmetic.
- Conjunctivitis may also occur due to allergies or from a scratch on the surface of the eye.
- His black shirt was torn, leaving her with a good look at his chest, filled with scratches and wounds.
- If the flooring has spillage marks or deep scratches then get these attended to as quickly as possible.
- Jodi had several scratches on her arms and, Vaughn assumed, on her legs as well.
- Notice the puncture marks, scratches and big gash all the way to the lower right
- He assured me that no-one will ever notice the small scratch mark he was able to make.
- Her fingers brushed against the smooth glass of the jewel and she withdrew it, carefully inspecting it for chips or scratches.
- Because granite is melted rock, it has uniform properties, which makes it quite hard and resistant to scratches.
- This speed assures elimination of swirl marks and scratches in the wood.
- These scratch marks, which resemble fine brown hairs, are always located on the upper third of the flower.
- We had to apply it liberally on all wounds, even minor scratches and mosquito bites.
- Which card is more likely to be marked by nicks and scratches on its edges?
1.2(on paint, record, furniture)rayón masculine
- The sound quality is fine, much as it was on the original LPs - minus the surface noise and scratches, however.
- Yes, they were free from the scratches, clicks and pops that plagued records, but otherwise perfect they weren't.
- For all that we now quest for absolute fidelity in recordings, I like the comforting scratch of an old record.
- The scratches and surface noise of Jeck's vinyl further emphasise this notion.
- A few moments later I heard the scratch of a match against a striker, then smelled the sweet acrid aroma of marijuana.
- She crawled back into bed when she heard a scratch at her bedroom door.
- He could hear the scratch of her pencil, and the air moving past the car.
- There was a scratch at the door and the butler announced another visitor.
- She was still holding the book and just staring at it when a scratch sounded at the door.
- George on the camera is a genius and Frank on sound could make a chalk scratch on a blackboard sound like music.
- A moment later we heard the unmistakable scratch of the front door closing, and the quiet start of an engine.
- First came the sound of voices outside, a familiar chitter of laughter, then the scratch at the door.
- Maybe it was fifteen minutes later when the scratch at the flimsy door disturbed us.
- You need the right song to remix because there are certain ones that aren't constructed to add bleeps, scratches or a constant thumping bass line.
- Embedded within Pole's framework of clicks, snaps and scratches are subtle yet absorbing layers of sound.
- The same answer came and the scratch of a pen followed.
- On the recording, however, I keep hearing the surreptitious scratch of a lighter.
- Beeps, clicks and scratches run underneath - and alongside - strings, stand-up bass and a variety of percussion.
- The only other noises were the scratches of the rats claws as they helped themselves to whatever was stored in their sanctuary.
- It was just a scratch on the door, a muffled noise, and a little flashlight waving at the end of the hall.
- Acoustic and seismic listening device: extremely sensitive tool which can hear the slightest tap or scratch of a trapped person.
- The last ten minutes were silent broken only by the scratch of a pencil.
- I then heard the scratch of a match against its box.
1.4(act)to have a scratch — rascarse
- can you give my back a scratch? — ¿me rascas la espalda?
- I gave Wilma one last scratch behind the ear, and I ran downstairs.
- The women resume their conversation and the dogs, no longer interested in each other have a scratch or look for more interesting smells to divert their attention.
- I picked up the paper clip as my mind told me ‘Just one little scratch wont hurt.’
- His tweed cap was removed only occasionally, and only long enough for a frustrated head scratch.
- When you've got an itch on your back you'll do anything for a scratch and there's not much in the ocean to rub against.
- She joked, reaching down to give the beast a scratch behind the ears.
- Truman meowed again and accepted the offered scratch behind the ears with great appreciation.
2USslang(money)guita feminine slanglana feminine Latin America informalpasta feminine Spain informal
- he learned German from scratch in six months — aprendió alemán en seis meses empezando desde cero
- did you make the mayonnaise from scratch? — ¿hiciste la mayonesa tú mismo?
- I had to start from scratch — tuve que empezar desde cero
- up to scratch
- he's simply not up to scratch — simplemente no da la talla / no es lo suficientemente bueno
- if his work comes up to scratch — si su trabajo es del nivel requerido
3(with claws, nails)arañarthe cat has scratched all the chairs — el gato ha arañado todas las sillas
- she scratched my face — me arañó la cara
4(name/initials) marcar(initials/name) grabar
5(to relieve itch)(rash/bite) rascarsecould you scratch my back for me? — ¿me rascas la espalda?
- he scratched his head — se rascó la cabeza
- we're all scratching our heads, trying to think of a solution — nos estamos devanando los sesos buscando una solución
- you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours — favor con favor se paga
6(strike out, cancel)(sentence/word) tachar
2(rub)(wool/sweater) raspar(wool/sweater) picar
3(to relieve itching)rascarsedon't scratch! — ¡no te rasques!
4(make scratching sound)rascarit's the cat scratching at the door — es el gato, que está arañando la puerta
1Sport(runner/player) de primera
2(haphazard, motley)(team/meal) improvisado
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.