In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(individual)(beds/rooms/bank accounts) separadothey're taking separate vacations this year — este año cada uno se va de vacaciones por separado
- they live in the same house but lead separate lives — viven juntos pero no revueltos
2(physically apart)(invariable adjective) apartethe gym is in a separate building — el gimnasio está en un edificio aparte / en otro edificio
- could I have the salad on a separate plate? — ¿me podría servir la ensalada en un plato aparte / en otro plato?
- separate from sth — separado de algo
- keep your passport separate from your wallet — no guarde juntos el pasaporte y la billetera
3(distinct, different)this word has three separate meanings — esta palabra tiene tres significados distintos / diferentes
- answer each question on a separate sheet of paper — conteste cada pregunta en una hoja aparte
- the subject deserves separate treatment — el tema merece ser tratado por separado
1(set apart)separarto separate sth/sb from sth/sb — separar algo/a algn de algo/algn
- separate the yolk from the white — separar la yema de la clara
- The greenhouse gas had been separated from extracted natural gas and would normally have been released into the atmosphere…
- The juice of these grapes is immediately separated from their skins so that none of the red color is given to the wine - except for rose Champagne, which is a story for another day.
- The best current methods for transplant surgery or against organ rejection cannot be separated from the research and healthcare settings that make such practices possible.
- One of the most obvious is the stage at which the juice is separated from the skins by pressing (before fermentation for white wines, after fermentation for red wines).
- For a quicker method, place the garlic in a paper or plastic bag and smash with a jar; the cloves are crushed and can be easily separated from the papers.
- The new rule also excludes beef that has been mechanically separated from a carcass, because the process can extract some of the banned tissues.
- The facts should be carefully separated from opinion and used in a language those people can emotionally relate to.
2(keep apart)separarthe issues that separate the two sides — los temas que separan a ambos bandos
- to be separated from sb — estar separado de algn
- he was separated from his family for months — durante meses estuvo separado de su familia
- He grinned cheekily at her, giving her yet another wink before he rolled off the bed, coming up to stand directly in front of her, not even a whole inch separating them this time.
- With just six points separating the two drivers, competition is sure to be fierce.
- These studies rely on the model that the likelihood of two sequences recombining with each other depends on the average amount of space separating them.
- There is only four points separating the top five teams.
- As the tension mounted during the penultimate test of the day, less than four seconds separated the top six finishers.
- A minimum of 24 hours separated all drug administrations.
- The distance separating each object from the others was 50 cm.
- If form holds, the photos are recent; just a few weeks separating each attack.
- So unskilled was Mike's parking that Mary Beth had to crawl over to the driver's seat to get out, as there was only two inches separating their car and the pick-up.
- They faced each other over the three yards separating them for a moment, neither giving the slightest advantage to the other.
- The size of the force of gravity depends on two things, the masses of the objects and the distance separating them.
- This provides a computational advantage when a large number of generations separate the samples.
- It was also noted that a wooden door within the close boarded fence which separates the two garden areas had been opened to provide access to and from the main garden.
- One of the main disorders occurs when walls separating the heart's four chambers do not form properly.
- At one time the world was divided into entities that were separated by geographical boundaries, which have been significantly eroded and continue to dissolve.
- Genetic differences between populations reflect the geographic distances separating them.
- Sectors are generally not separated by clear boundaries like those between levels of analysis.
- Currently, there are 18 teams within 400 points of first, and the top 10 is separated by 203 points.
- By 1846, they came to an agreement over the disputed 3000 mile boundary that separated the two nations.
- But it was an extremely close contest with just six points separating the top five places.
3(distinguish)distinguirdiferenciarto separate sth from sth — distinguir / diferenciar algo de algo
- she finds it difficult to separate fact from fiction — encuentra difícil distinguir / diferenciar lo real de lo ficticio
- What qualities separate a top-flight guide writer from one who's merely average?
- What both types have in common is an ability to totally separate emotion and sex.
- Freedom is a risk and cannot be separated from responsibility.
- No difference truly separates science and art in this crucial respect.
- We would also suggest at the outset that the conduct and expression of these language wars cannot be separated from their mass mediation.
- With experience, you are genuinely able to separate yourself from the writer and your current function as a director.
- Nelson Mandela demonstrated to the world that the ideas of peace could not be separated from reconciliation and forgiveness.
- Young people these days don't separate drugs and drink - it's just there to be had.
- In today's world of media blitzkrieg and instant entertainment, one quality separates the winners from the losers.
- War cannot be separated from the economic and social system that gives rise to it.
- The move to establish the Pratas marine sanctuary must not be separated from the international movement to protect marine areas.
- What qualities separate them from others to put them in this category?
- In opposing the eruption of US imperialism, Beams emphasised that war could not be separated from the social and economic system that gave rise to it.
- Changes in the family cannot be separated from changes in the structure of the economy, the expansion of the idea of rights, and increasing affluence.
1(divide)separarsethe sauce separated — la salsa se cortó
- The pairs of asylum inmates separate and move together, come towards the viewer and retire.
- After observing it for several more minutes we saw a small object separate and move away from the bigger object.
- These ligaments can be sprained, disrupted, detached, or separated, depending on the severity of the injury.
- The parachutes opened and the missile stabilized at 5000 feet, at which point the parachutes separated and the rocket was ignited.
- Soon the soil began to lift and after several attempts the soil separated and lifted and move to where she willed.
- When players collided, they simply separated and moved on, folding back into the turbulent maelstrom of sweat and speed.
- The two solid rocket boosters separate from the shuttle about two minutes after launch, after which the main engines take over completely.
- He led them through automatic door with a logo, which spilt apart when the doors separated.
- As you pull the lithosphere apart, as it separates, decompression occurs in the earth's mantle underneath the spreading centre.
- The two separated, moving to opposite ends of the clearing.
- Again to surprise them the rectangle flowed apart, separating into strands and being drawn in upwards one after another, perfectly synchronized.
- They separated, moving off to work but exchanging a long glance as they parted.
- Meanwhile, the canvas above your head is lifting and separating, uncoupling both from the windscreen and at the back in a squeeze-box motion that the designers must have had a lot of fun devising.
- The box didn't so much open as separate, coming apart into two pieces that barely looked like they'd fit together.
- This craft was carried 50,000 feet by the so called white knight aircraft, before they separated, and then rocketed into the stratosphere.
- The worst situation of all is if the bottom of your shoe is coming apart - if the sole is separating from the part around your foot.
- They merged and separated and moved on together, two shadows gliding through the shadowy twilight.
- Then the huddle broke apart and the Dwarves separated.
- Two figures reach for each other, move as a unit, separate, and meet again.
- Dean's parents had separated, but were working on getting back together, but I guess it didn't work out.
- My parents separated when I was eleven and my father brought up my younger sister and me.
- They separated for a couple of months and then got back together.
- She was living in public housing, separated from her husband and living on a lone parent allowance.
- My parents separated when I was 5, and I grew up living with my mother and visiting my father only once or twice a year.
- When he was four years old his parents separated, although they tried coming back together three times.
- When my husband and I were separating, I helped him move into an apartment because he told me he was having some kind of crisis.
- But the summer my mother and her husband separated, Lorne moved out and took his entire five-piece tiger-striped couch set with him.
- In March, 1994, the couple separated, bringing to an end their 15-year relationship.
- The next eight months they will stay together, separate, reunite and bring forth new life.
- This could be due to a parent being ill, (this sometimes happens after the parent gets better), marriage problems, fighting or parents separating.
- Then they grew apart, separated and, eventually divorced.
- Michelle and Melissa might be moving, or separating, or just cleaning house, but there is no tension evident.
- After some time together, she separated from her husband with the intention of divorcing him, and moved into separate accommodation.
- For one thing Erica knew his parents were always separating or getting back together.
- My parents were something between: separated, or separating, sometimes living together and sometimes apart, and each of them with lovers.
- With the need for a new housekeeper, Stevens sees an opportunity to bring Miss Kenton, now separated from her husband, back to the manor.
- The Defendant was in need of living accommodation for himself as he had recently separated from his wife and had left the matrimonial home.
- After all, there's a good chance that you have witnessed your own parents separating.
- When I was in late high school my father, having recently separated from my mother, brought his new love to come live with me and my brother.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.