In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(work for)(God/party/monarch) servir ahe has served his country/firm faithfully — ha servido fielmente a la patria/a su compañía
- she has served the company for over 25 years — lleva más de 25 años al servicio de la compañía
- Further, he was a career professional, dedicated to serving Johnson.
- The tale takes place 500 years ago and begins in the house of a Novgorod merchant, where horseman Antti and his wife Anne are serving their master.
- Recently a priest who had served for years as an official in the chancery office was ordained an auxiliary bishop.
- Ever since then he has served the group in various capacities.
- And even though I was young I had already pledged my life to serving that woman, my duty was complete obedience to her.
- It's bad enough that they spend their lives serving us, but now, they have to die at our bidding, too?
- Advisory Editors currently serving on the board are listed on the masthead.
- He served these organizations for some 23 years till his retirement in March 1996.
- I will continue to serve this organization with all my energy, wisdom, and passion as I have done in the past.
- I once served on a social committee and it was always hard organising things to make people happy.
- He has served with distinction for some years as the head of the Federal Reserve.
- He had previously served the club as a goalkeeper and then centre forward for ten years.
- The girl grew up to be a well-behaved young lady, and when she was old enough, she served her father with all her heart and soul.
- You are out there supporting and serving your professional organization.
- For now, she continues with her ministerial duties, serving the church she sees as part of her family.
- And he even once served on the board of the New York Stock Exchange.
2(help, be useful to)servirhis experience served him well — la experiencia le sirvió de mucho / le fue muy útil
- it serves a variety of purposes — sirve para varias cosas
- it serves no useful purpose — no sirve para nada (útil)
- to serve sb as sth — servirle a algn de algo
- the knife served him as a screwdriver — el cuchillo le sirvió de destornillador
- The whole episode has already served to highlight a number of important economic issues.
- Among Mike's duties yesterday were serving customers, tidying up and putting security tags on items of clothing.
- A salvaged piece of marble serves as the countertop.
- Also I think it is so rude to be in a shop and being served whilst having a chat on the phone.
- First and primarily, military advice serves to set a baseline for the analysis of any proposed intervention.
- Mary didn't say anything more, she finally forced the smile her face had been promising and then went back to serving the other customers.
- A weblog serves as a perfect tool for disseminating this type of information.
- A sheet of red outdoor fabric serves as the roof.
- Shop managers cannot do anything because they are serving a queue of customers.
- That's why an old photograph taped to the refrigerator door serves as a daily reminder of the girl she once was.
- But the case serves as a warning that the industry will have to find a new way of distributing music which appeals to these kids, and the growing number of people who are searching for their entertainment online.
- She took it without hesitation and wandered off to serve the other customers.
- The photographic imprint serves as a substitute.
- It's almost like a superhero film, with magic tricks serving as Danny's powers, helping him solve any sticky situation.
- The president serves as the soul of a university, with his/her personality, morality and educational ideas usually having a profound influence on the university culture.
- This kind of reasoning is, of course, nonsense, but it serves as an illustration of the danger in concocting fanciful theories based on historical precedents.
- Though certainly these later developments served to reinforce and spread the use of such techniques.
- Sofi finished serving her customer and asked one of her shop assistant to take over.
- Having students present the same material during lab served to reinforce their knowledge.
- The above examples serve to underline how limited our philosophy of health has become.
- All of this served to underline the dangers, as much as the benefits, of nationalism.
- However, it just so happens that a human being standing on the ground near the object serves as a perfectly good conductor as well.
- The shop served its last customers on Friday after being based on Newmarket Street for more than 17 years.
- History will serve only to remind us that man's reach always exceeds his grasp.
- It was the husband of the woman who had served Freya in the shop.
- The story begins with Bruno the Bear, the proud owner of a sweet shop, serving Olga, the Russian owner of an animal circus.
- Mark, Andrew and Esther were in the shop front, serving customers.
- The exercise not only serves as warning, punishment, or purge but also advertises to his subjects, his enemies, and his potential rivals that he is strong.
- Called Serenade, the Victoria Road shop was serving its first customers today.
- Armstrong serves as an inspiration to many and is clearly one of the most significant contributors to black culture of the 20th, and perhaps any, century.
- Elastomer and fabric device serves as both a seal and a filter.
3.1Cooking(food/drink) servirgo ahead, serve yourselves! — ¡adelante, sírvanse!
- we don't serve children here — no se admiten niños
- who's serving our table? — ¿quién nos atiende?
- this cake serves six — este pastel es para seis
- [ S ]serves four — (on packet) cuatro raciones / porciones
- dinner is served — la cena está servida
- can I serve you some more fish? — ¿le sirvo más pescado?
- Wherever possible, ask that hot food is served piping hot and ensure that cold food has been kept cool.
- The meeting finished with a social half hour and some tasty refreshments served by hostesses for the evening.
- This recipe makes enough to serve four as a main course, more as a side dish.
- Isabelle received a cup of wine from a man serving drinks.
- There are countless jobs and professions that are far more dangerous than serving food or drink in the presence of secondhand smoke.
- Refreshments were served afterwards which included various types of drinks and edibles.
- Refreshments were served afterwards by the female staff.
- The meal was served with a large side salad and baked potatoes with sour cream.
- They went to the kitchens, and found the kitchen workers ready to serve cookies and drinks on the spot.
- That evening they served food and drinks to the guest of Master Shay.
- The third supervises the tavern and the food and drink being served by her husbands.
- Meanwhile, back in the wine bar, the barman returned and served our drinks.
- Thai food is significantly less meat-intensive than American, and half a pound of meat is enough to serve four.
- It was mayhem, fuelled by bar staff and a pub industry all too willing to serve drink after drink after drink.
- We'd stopped, when the waitress came to serve our pizza and drinks.
- Once they had settled, and he had served the food and drink, Lauren stood up.
- There were plenty of mushrooms and the dish was also served with potatoes, broccoli and carrots.
- The meals are typically served with salads, rice and other side orders.
- I like to serve this dessert in individual glasses - wine glasses or tumblers are equally good.
- There's a four-course meal served by waiters.
- Refreshments were served and to mark the occasion certificates were presented to all the children who took part.
- The working committee thank all who came and those who prepared the food and served the tea.
3.2British (in shop)(customer) atenderare you being served? — ¿lo atienden?
- I'm being served, thank you — me están atendiendo, gracias
4.1(supply)(area/person) abastecerto serve sth/sb with sth — abastecer a algo/algn de algo
- Different laboratory test menus may be needed in different locales to properly serve the ethnic groups in the community.
- These managers are starting to look at how much it will cost to serve a group of farmers.
- As a market hall serving a bustling group of traders and agricultural merchants, it must have been perfect for the job.
- If you value the land-grant tradition, and we do, we know we need to serve that group of consumers.
- The area is served by 28 branches which, according to the company, is too many chasing too few customers.
- Are there agencies in the community that also serve complementary groups?
- The chosen route linked central London to Docklands by heading south of the Thames into areas previously poorly served by underground services.
- We wanted something that would serve every age group.
- The firm, which has a network of branches in the area served by the hospice, is paying for a crucial element of the appeal.
- The area is currently served by 28 branches which, according to company bosses, is too many to survive.
- Besides Hong Kong and Shenzhen, the area is served by airports in Macao and Zhuhai.
- They have provided and maintained a fleet of 160 ambulances that serve remote areas of the Chernobyl region.
- The Barbican is the only pool on the south side of York that is within walking distance of the city centre and Yearsley serves a wide area.
- The basic initial idea is to have small buses, serving local areas providing daytime services to those most needing them.
- They compared the locations with the current spread of population and realised that some areas were not served as well as they should be.
- Would it be better to have a team of priests in a central house serving a group of parishes?
- Its retail sector serves an area that extends for miles on either side of the Strait.
- This scheme serves an area which stretches to a radius of 10 miles outside Claremorris.
- He said the system had functioned well in the past and did not serve any specific group.
- Paddy employees over 30 people from the local area and with their expertise, they serve sites all over Ireland.
4.2the village is not served by public transport — el pueblo no tiene (servicio de) transporte público
- the bus route serving Newtown — el servicio / la línea de autobuses que va a Newtown
- Riem airport serves Munich — Riem es el aeropuerto de Munich
5Law(order/notice/summons) entregar(order/notice/summons) hacer entrega deto serve sth on sb
- to serve sb with sth
- they served a summons on all the directors — todos los directivos recibieron una citación judicial / fueron citados para comparecer ante el juez
- she was served with divorce papers — recibió notificación / fue notificada de la demanda de divorcio
- He was then served with an appropriate prosecution statement and ordered to respond by 7th September.
- Empanelling a grand jury empowers prosecutors both to serve subpoenas, and to gather testimony under oath.
- When the breath tests were completed, he was served with the appropriate documentation and released on a promise to appear.
- He said the minister would be seeking quashing of the arrest warrant against him on the ground that no summons were served on him.
- While defendant was in custody awaiting an extradition hearing he was served with the Complaint herein.
- As a consequence, the police were unable to locate him to serve him with a subpoena.
- Writs were served on 30 councillors, who were jailed for their pains in September 1921.
- Enforcement notices are only served as a last resort, when all efforts to negotiate have failed.
- We understand you were served with documents from the defense.
- The prisoner had already served notice of application to appeal to the final court.
6(complete)(apprenticeship) hacer(sentence) cumplirhe had served only a month of his presidency — solo había cumplido un mes de su mandato presidencial
- he served ten years for armed robbery — cumplió diez años de condena por robo a mano armada
- She has, however, continued to hold the powerful office and is now serving a second term that will run till December 2005.
- And after serving a prison term for committing a financial crime, he convinced the prison librarian to move with him to his hometown.
- By then he was serving another prison term for snatching a bag from another woman.
- He served a year in prison - including eight months in solitary confinement.
- They spoke openly about their prognosis when they realised they would have to serve eight months in prison.
- He will serve three years in prison, with a further five under strict supervision to ensure he does not re-offend following his release.
- However, I felt that serving a prison term was better than living with him and the abuse.
- He was told he must serve three-and-a-half years in prison before his case is considered for parole.
- He is now out of prison, having served three years.
- Some of those sentenced to home detention would have been serving short periods of imprisonment for less serious offences.
- He was sentenced to five years and six months jail, and he served three years and nine months.
- He served two terms in prison last year, for dangerous driving and then for breaking a curfew order.
- These resisters are arrested, tried, and often sentenced to serve long terms in prison and jail.
- He retired from the Army in 1977 after serving 20 years on active duty.
- He is currently serving a prison sentence for his role in the embassy bombings.
- ‘All the funds are available and now it is up to her to volunteer them, or serve another year in prison,’ he said.
- He is still liable to serve ten years in prison for traces of heroin in a needle found at his house.
- If he is recalled to prison he will inevitably serve a greater period in custody than the original tariff.
- She was appealing against the sentence after magistrates ordered her to serve one day in prison for the theft and then complete the rest of her sentence for robbery.
- He has had a number of brushes with the law over the years and has also served custodial sentences.
7Sportto serve the ball/shuttlecock — sacar
- to serve a double fault — cometer (una) doble falta
- He won only one more game in that set to allow the American to take the set 6-3 and then dropped serve in the ninth game of the third set to enable Fish to serve out the match.
- Davenport slammed three winners to serve out the final game for the win.
- He served out the final game at love, hitting a 119 mph second serve for a winner on match point.
- Taking a deep breath, I took my stance, and served that fuzzy yellow ball with all my might.
- Before serving in the final game, Pierce had a trainer apply treatment and massage her aching shoulder.
- Everyone fell silent though when the prince raised his racket and ball to serve.
- A second double-fault allowed Kiefer to break again to lead 5-2 but he failed to serve out the match, putting a forehand wide down the line on break point.
- He got the message, gave Gracie and me a salute, and ran back to his game, serving the ball and acing it.
- Safin made the crucial break at 4-4 in the final set, and served out the next game to clinch the match.
- The players exchange words at the beginning of the game as Scott accuses his opponent of failing to tell him he was serving with new balls in the previous game.
8Farming(cow/mare) cubrir(cow/mare) montar
1.1literary (be servant)servir
1.2British (in shop)atender
1.3(distribute food)servirwho's going to serve? — ¿quién va a servir?
2(spend time, do duty)to serve in the army — servir en el ejército
- to serve on a committee — ser miembro de una comisión
- to serve as mayor — ser alcalde
- the serving president — el presidente en ejercicio / en funciones
3(have effect, function)to serve to + inf — servir para + inf
- it only served to heighten tension — solo sirvió para aumentar la tensión
- let this serve as a warning — que esto te (or les etc.) sirva de advertencia
- it will serve as an example — servirá de ejemplo
- it's not perfect, but it'll serve for now — no es perfecto, pero de momento puede servir
- Laser shots and explosions are fairly generic but serve the purpose well.
- What useful purpose is served by stigmatizing work that someone is going to have to do anyway?
- It does serve his political strategy to stay away from the facts.
- Organizational culture establishes norms and expectations of how people should be treated and serve the needs of the organization.
- Also, officers have the added functions of setting goals and inspiring others to achieve them to serve this purpose.
- It serves no other useful purpose than to inspire and feed the soul.
- Dropping down into the second team would serve no useful purpose.
- I don't think he serves any useful purpose for the Democrats.
- His selective memory serves no interest but his own agenda.
- The very existence of law on the statute books serves the purpose.
- It points to a post-medical age, where doctors serve desires rather than treat disease.
- Any such individual action would be irresponsible and unwarranted and would serve no useful purpose.
- In essence, the board of directors tries to make sure that shareholders' interests are well served.
- I am not convinced that any especially useful purpose would be served by that.
- Even if debunked, the book serves a valuable purpose by encouraging new ways of thinking about intelligence and efforts to build intelligent computers.
- The goal was the worthy one of racial integration, but it was served by treating children differently based on their race.
- They do not satisfy hunger and serve no purpose other than to make the companies that make them wealthy.
- The proposed lake, which has caused some concern locally in case it affects underground water supplies, will serve three purposes.
- A price war, he warns his prospective rivals, will serve neither party's interests.
- Indeed, they may tend to serve this function even better than traditional media.
4Religionto serve at Mass — hacer de monaguillo (en la misa)
5Sportsacarservirit's your turn to serve — te toca a ti sacar / servir
1servicio masculinesaque masculine
- Rafter chipped and charged on Agassi's second serves.
- He could hardly get a serve into court, seemed too tall and cumbersome to move well or bend, and looked thoroughly outclassed.
- In fact, he conceded only 12 points on his serve in nine service games.
- With the big serves in today's tennis, I'm not sure this match will ever be equalled.
- In pro tennis serves can sometimes reach speeds over 209 kph, or 185 feet per second.
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