In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(work for)(god/monarch/party) servir ahe has served his country/firm faithfully — ha servido fielmente a la patria/a su compañía
- she has served the company for over 25 years — lleva más de 25 años al servicio de la compañía
- Recently a priest who had served for years as an official in the chancery office was ordained an auxiliary bishop.
- For now, she continues with her ministerial duties, serving the church she sees as part of her family.
- He has served with distinction for some years as the head of the Federal Reserve.
- Ever since then he has served the group in various capacities.
- The tale takes place 500 years ago and begins in the house of a Novgorod merchant, where horseman Antti and his wife Anne are serving their master.
- And he even once served on the board of the New York Stock Exchange.
- He had previously served the club as a goalkeeper and then centre forward for ten years.
- You are out there supporting and serving your professional organization.
- The girl grew up to be a well-behaved young lady, and when she was old enough, she served her father with all her heart and soul.
- He served these organizations for some 23 years till his retirement in March 1996.
- I once served on a social committee and it was always hard organising things to make people happy.
- It's bad enough that they spend their lives serving us, but now, they have to die at our bidding, too?
- And even though I was young I had already pledged my life to serving that woman, my duty was complete obedience to her.
- I will continue to serve this organization with all my energy, wisdom, and passion as I have done in the past.
- Further, he was a career professional, dedicated to serving Johnson.
- Advisory Editors currently serving on the board are listed on the masthead.
2(help, be useful to)servirhis experience served him well — la experiencia le sirvió de mucho / le fue muy útil
- it serves a variety of purposes — sirve para varias cosas
- it serves no useful purpose — no sirve para nada (útil)
- to serve sb as sth — servirle a algn de algo
- the knife served him as a screwdriver — el cuchillo le sirvió de destornillador
- A sheet of red outdoor fabric serves as the roof.
- Armstrong serves as an inspiration to many and is clearly one of the most significant contributors to black culture of the 20th, and perhaps any, century.
- First and primarily, military advice serves to set a baseline for the analysis of any proposed intervention.
- The shop served its last customers on Friday after being based on Newmarket Street for more than 17 years.
- But the case serves as a warning that the industry will have to find a new way of distributing music which appeals to these kids, and the growing number of people who are searching for their entertainment online.
- Elastomer and fabric device serves as both a seal and a filter.
- Sofi finished serving her customer and asked one of her shop assistant to take over.
- The story begins with Bruno the Bear, the proud owner of a sweet shop, serving Olga, the Russian owner of an animal circus.
- Mark, Andrew and Esther were in the shop front, serving customers.
- History will serve only to remind us that man's reach always exceeds his grasp.
- However, it just so happens that a human being standing on the ground near the object serves as a perfectly good conductor as well.
- Having students present the same material during lab served to reinforce their knowledge.
- All of this served to underline the dangers, as much as the benefits, of nationalism.
- The photographic imprint serves as a substitute.
- The president serves as the soul of a university, with his/her personality, morality and educational ideas usually having a profound influence on the university culture.
- A weblog serves as a perfect tool for disseminating this type of information.
- She took it without hesitation and wandered off to serve the other customers.
- It was the husband of the woman who had served Freya in the shop.
- This kind of reasoning is, of course, nonsense, but it serves as an illustration of the danger in concocting fanciful theories based on historical precedents.
- Though certainly these later developments served to reinforce and spread the use of such techniques.
- Called Serenade, the Victoria Road shop was serving its first customers today.
- Also I think it is so rude to be in a shop and being served whilst having a chat on the phone.
- The whole episode has already served to highlight a number of important economic issues.
- Among Mike's duties yesterday were serving customers, tidying up and putting security tags on items of clothing.
- That's why an old photograph taped to the refrigerator door serves as a daily reminder of the girl she once was.
- Mary didn't say anything more, she finally forced the smile her face had been promising and then went back to serving the other customers.
- The exercise not only serves as warning, punishment, or purge but also advertises to his subjects, his enemies, and his potential rivals that he is strong.
- A salvaged piece of marble serves as the countertop.
- Shop managers cannot do anything because they are serving a queue of customers.
- The above examples serve to underline how limited our philosophy of health has become.
- It's almost like a superhero film, with magic tricks serving as Danny's powers, helping him solve any sticky situation.
3.1Cooking(food/drink) servirgo ahead, serve yourselves! — ¡adelante, sírvanse!
- we don't serve children here — no se admiten niños
- who's serving our table? — ¿quién nos atiende?
- this cake serves six — este pastel es para seis
- [ S ]serves four — (in recipe) para cuatro personas
- dinner is served — la cena está servida
- can I serve you some more fish? — ¿le sirvo más pescado?
- That evening they served food and drinks to the guest of Master Shay.
- Once they had settled, and he had served the food and drink, Lauren stood up.
- This recipe makes enough to serve four as a main course, more as a side dish.
- There were plenty of mushrooms and the dish was also served with potatoes, broccoli and carrots.
- Refreshments were served and to mark the occasion certificates were presented to all the children who took part.
- The meal was served with a large side salad and baked potatoes with sour cream.
- Thai food is significantly less meat-intensive than American, and half a pound of meat is enough to serve four.
- They went to the kitchens, and found the kitchen workers ready to serve cookies and drinks on the spot.
- Meanwhile, back in the wine bar, the barman returned and served our drinks.
- Wherever possible, ask that hot food is served piping hot and ensure that cold food has been kept cool.
- It was mayhem, fuelled by bar staff and a pub industry all too willing to serve drink after drink after drink.
- We'd stopped, when the waitress came to serve our pizza and drinks.
- I like to serve this dessert in individual glasses - wine glasses or tumblers are equally good.
- The meals are typically served with salads, rice and other side orders.
- The meeting finished with a social half hour and some tasty refreshments served by hostesses for the evening.
- There are countless jobs and professions that are far more dangerous than serving food or drink in the presence of secondhand smoke.
- Refreshments were served afterwards which included various types of drinks and edibles.
- The working committee thank all who came and those who prepared the food and served the tea.
- There's a four-course meal served by waiters.
- The third supervises the tavern and the food and drink being served by her husbands.
- Isabelle received a cup of wine from a man serving drinks.
- Refreshments were served afterwards by the female staff.
3.2British (in shop)(customer) atenderare you being served? — ¿lo atienden?
- I'm being served, thank you — me están atendiendo, gracias
4.1(supply)(area/person) abastecerto serve sth/sb with sth — abastecer a algo/algn de algo
- Besides Hong Kong and Shenzhen, the area is served by airports in Macao and Zhuhai.
- The Barbican is the only pool on the south side of York that is within walking distance of the city centre and Yearsley serves a wide area.
- The area is currently served by 28 branches which, according to company bosses, is too many to survive.
- He said the system had functioned well in the past and did not serve any specific group.
- They compared the locations with the current spread of population and realised that some areas were not served as well as they should be.
- If you value the land-grant tradition, and we do, we know we need to serve that group of consumers.
- These managers are starting to look at how much it will cost to serve a group of farmers.
- Are there agencies in the community that also serve complementary groups?
- Its retail sector serves an area that extends for miles on either side of the Strait.
- The chosen route linked central London to Docklands by heading south of the Thames into areas previously poorly served by underground services.
- The firm, which has a network of branches in the area served by the hospice, is paying for a crucial element of the appeal.
- The area is served by 28 branches which, according to the company, is too many chasing too few customers.
- The basic initial idea is to have small buses, serving local areas providing daytime services to those most needing them.
- We wanted something that would serve every age group.
- Would it be better to have a team of priests in a central house serving a group of parishes?
- This scheme serves an area which stretches to a radius of 10 miles outside Claremorris.
- They have provided and maintained a fleet of 160 ambulances that serve remote areas of the Chernobyl region.
- As a market hall serving a bustling group of traders and agricultural merchants, it must have been perfect for the job.
- Different laboratory test menus may be needed in different locales to properly serve the ethnic groups in the community.
- Paddy employees over 30 people from the local area and with their expertise, they serve sites all over Ireland.
4.2the village is not served by public transport — el pueblo no tiene (servicio de) transporte público
- the bus route serving Newtown — el servicio / la línea de autobuses que va a Newtown
- Riem airport serves Munich — Riem es el aeropuerto de Munich
5Law(order/summons/notice) entregar(summons/order/notice) hacer entrega deto serve sth on sb
- to serve sb with sth
- they served a summons on all the directors — todos los directivos recibieron una citación judicial / fueron citados para comparecer ante el juez
- she was served with divorce papers — recibió notificación / fue notificada de la demanda de divorcio
- We understand you were served with documents from the defense.
- The prisoner had already served notice of application to appeal to the final court.
- Empanelling a grand jury empowers prosecutors both to serve subpoenas, and to gather testimony under oath.
- Writs were served on 30 councillors, who were jailed for their pains in September 1921.
- He said the minister would be seeking quashing of the arrest warrant against him on the ground that no summons were served on him.
- Enforcement notices are only served as a last resort, when all efforts to negotiate have failed.
- He was then served with an appropriate prosecution statement and ordered to respond by 7th September.
- As a consequence, the police were unable to locate him to serve him with a subpoena.
- When the breath tests were completed, he was served with the appropriate documentation and released on a promise to appear.
- While defendant was in custody awaiting an extradition hearing he was served with the Complaint herein.
6(complete)(apprenticeship) hacer(sentence) cumplirhe had served only a month of his presidency — solo había cumplido un mes de su mandato presidencial
- he served ten years for armed robbery — cumplió diez años de condena por robo a mano armada
- By then he was serving another prison term for snatching a bag from another woman.
- ‘All the funds are available and now it is up to her to volunteer them, or serve another year in prison,’ he said.
- He has had a number of brushes with the law over the years and has also served custodial sentences.
- He was sentenced to five years and six months jail, and he served three years and nine months.
- However, I felt that serving a prison term was better than living with him and the abuse.
- He will serve three years in prison, with a further five under strict supervision to ensure he does not re-offend following his release.
- She has, however, continued to hold the powerful office and is now serving a second term that will run till December 2005.
- He was told he must serve three-and-a-half years in prison before his case is considered for parole.
- And after serving a prison term for committing a financial crime, he convinced the prison librarian to move with him to his hometown.
- These resisters are arrested, tried, and often sentenced to serve long terms in prison and jail.
- He served two terms in prison last year, for dangerous driving and then for breaking a curfew order.
- They spoke openly about their prognosis when they realised they would have to serve eight months in prison.
- He is still liable to serve ten years in prison for traces of heroin in a needle found at his house.
- He is currently serving a prison sentence for his role in the embassy bombings.
- He served a year in prison - including eight months in solitary confinement.
- She was appealing against the sentence after magistrates ordered her to serve one day in prison for the theft and then complete the rest of her sentence for robbery.
- He is now out of prison, having served three years.
- If he is recalled to prison he will inevitably serve a greater period in custody than the original tariff.
- He retired from the Army in 1977 after serving 20 years on active duty.
- Some of those sentenced to home detention would have been serving short periods of imprisonment for less serious offences.
7Sportto serve the ball/shuttlecock — sacar
- to serve a double fault — hacer una doble falta
- He served out the final game at love, hitting a 119 mph second serve for a winner on match point.
- Davenport slammed three winners to serve out the final game for the win.
- Everyone fell silent though when the prince raised his racket and ball to serve.
- He won only one more game in that set to allow the American to take the set 6-3 and then dropped serve in the ninth game of the third set to enable Fish to serve out the match.
- He got the message, gave Gracie and me a salute, and ran back to his game, serving the ball and acing it.
- A second double-fault allowed Kiefer to break again to lead 5-2 but he failed to serve out the match, putting a forehand wide down the line on break point.
- Safin made the crucial break at 4-4 in the final set, and served out the next game to clinch the match.
- The players exchange words at the beginning of the game as Scott accuses his opponent of failing to tell him he was serving with new balls in the previous game.
- Taking a deep breath, I took my stance, and served that fuzzy yellow ball with all my might.
- Before serving in the final game, Pierce had a trainer apply treatment and massage her aching shoulder.
8Farming(mare/cow) cubrir(cow/mare) montar
1.1literary (be servant)servir
1.2British (in shop)atender
1.3(distribute food)servirwho's going to serve? — ¿quién va a servir?
2(spend time, do duty)to serve in the army — servir en el ejército
- to serve on a committee — integrar una comisión
- to serve as mayor — ser alcalde
- the serving president — el presidente en ejercicio / en funciones
3(have effect, function)to serve to + inf — servir para + inf
- it only served to heighten tension — solo sirvió para aumentar la tensión
- let this serve as a warning — que esto te (or les etc.) sirva de advertencia
- it will serve as an example — servirá de ejemplo
- it's not perfect, but it'll serve for now — no es perfecto, pero de momento puede servir
- Dropping down into the second team would serve no useful purpose.
- Indeed, they may tend to serve this function even better than traditional media.
- Even if debunked, the book serves a valuable purpose by encouraging new ways of thinking about intelligence and efforts to build intelligent computers.
- They do not satisfy hunger and serve no purpose other than to make the companies that make them wealthy.
- It does serve his political strategy to stay away from the facts.
- Also, officers have the added functions of setting goals and inspiring others to achieve them to serve this purpose.
- The very existence of law on the statute books serves the purpose.
- Laser shots and explosions are fairly generic but serve the purpose well.
- What useful purpose is served by stigmatizing work that someone is going to have to do anyway?
- His selective memory serves no interest but his own agenda.
- I am not convinced that any especially useful purpose would be served by that.
- It points to a post-medical age, where doctors serve desires rather than treat disease.
- It serves no other useful purpose than to inspire and feed the soul.
- The goal was the worthy one of racial integration, but it was served by treating children differently based on their race.
- The proposed lake, which has caused some concern locally in case it affects underground water supplies, will serve three purposes.
- Any such individual action would be irresponsible and unwarranted and would serve no useful purpose.
- I don't think he serves any useful purpose for the Democrats.
- Organizational culture establishes norms and expectations of how people should be treated and serve the needs of the organization.
- In essence, the board of directors tries to make sure that shareholders' interests are well served.
- A price war, he warns his prospective rivals, will serve neither party's interests.
4Religionto serve at Mass — ayudar en misa
5Sportsacarservirit's your turn to serve — te toca a ti sacar / servir
1servicio masculinesaque masculine
- He could hardly get a serve into court, seemed too tall and cumbersome to move well or bend, and looked thoroughly outclassed.
- Rafter chipped and charged on Agassi's second serves.
- In fact, he conceded only 12 points on his serve in nine service games.
- With the big serves in today's tennis, I'm not sure this match will ever be equalled.
- In pro tennis serves can sometimes reach speeds over 209 kph, or 185 feet per second.
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