Translation of sham in Spanish:

sham

farsa, n.

Pronunciation /ʃæm//ʃam/

noun

  • 1

    (pretense)
    farsa feminine
    parodia feminine
    his grief was all sham or all a sham su pena era pura comedia / puro teatro informal
    • As a satirist, the writer is unafraid of drawing aside the drapes of hypocrisy and sham that seem to safeguard middle-class ethics.
    • This was the opposite: he regarded Strauss's music as ‘bombastic, sham and hollow’, and despised the composer for claiming to be apolitical while cosying up to the Nazi regime.
    • He had the reputation of being a bully and arrogant but only his intolerance of sham made him feared.
    • It is simply fanciful to suppose that the jury might have held the Side Agreements against the appellant as critical evidence to show his knowledge that these annuities were sham.
    • If sham and pretence disqualified enlisted personnel, vulgarity, low intellect and radical politics would do the same for officers.
    • To put it another way, we would submit, with respect, that the introduction of the term ‘real money’ is a false inquiry, at least where there is no suggestion of sham or fraud.
    • Unlike so much sham now usurping our stages, Fortune's Fool is a genuine, professionally crafted, and cannily produced play.
    • They are, in a word, shams designed to lull users into a false sense of security - a form of sham which we believe you press on us solely as posturing, rather than out of any genuine concern for users.
    • Rather we read Mark because he is an expert at exposing sham, pretension, and hypocrisy, and because he was the greatest American humorist of the 19th century.
    • You do not have a finding of sham or anything of that nature.
    • Elections are sham, the press is censored, the jails hold some political prisoners.
    • A complete cynic develops insight that cuts through sham and goes directly to the heart of the matter.
    • What is the difference between that submission and the submission about sham?
    • Second, Barnes agreed with South Carolina editor Z. T. Cody who ‘called the whole signing up business sham and hypocrisy.’
    • However, he found that there was no sham and allowed the taxpayers' appeals.
    • Call them trendsetters, or tacky '70s sham, but the truth is that they were really just trying to make a name for themselves in a rather unforgiving business.
    • Now, the dictionaries are all at one in suggesting that colourability carries with it a notion of speciousness or sham, falsity, lack of good faith, and that is entirely consistent with the way the authorities have dealt with it.
    • Those aspirations may represent genuine goals to be worked toward, or amount to sham and pretence, a shallow disguise of radically different and less admirable state purposes and methods.
  • 2

    (impostor)
    farsante feminine
    • Yet Pétain was no such thing; he was a lifelong soldier and a genuine war hero, rather than some preening sham in jackboots.
    • He is a great, flabby sham, an actor close to suicide, maybe - and this is an extraordinary display of incipient madness or incorrigible playfulness.
    • The team does not feel the average person today is as ignorant toward shams and charlatans as they might have been just ten years ago.

adjective

derogatory

  • 1

    (sympathy/emotion/interest) fingido
    (sympathy/emotion/interest) falso
    (diamonds/antiques) falso
    (diamonds/antiques) de imitación
    it was a sham election/trial las elecciones fueron/el juicio fue una farsa / una parodia
    • A clear reading of the law shows that these are sham marriages.
    • This sham compromise still pits prejudice against science and sets misinformed consumers and protectionist farmers in Europe against producers in America.
    • The screeches of some of the more outlandish among gloomy modern composers or the illiterate wailings of some vapid rock ‘musician’ are subjected to sham scholarship and pseudo philosophising.
    • Clearly, a sham intent, a false intent, will give the matter away.
    • We just don't support unplanned development and a sham consultation process.
    • This sham photograph - both the incident it dishonestly records and the chain of events it sets in motion - lies at the heart of the novel.
    • But it also suggests a capacity to distance himself from the world and its sham enthusiasms, and lends an unconscious edge to his portrayal of it.
    • Who'd ever think the world of sham real-estate brokers would be so compelling until ‘Glengarry Glen Ross’ came around?
    • Rather a spectacle for a sham marriage isn't it?
    • No, she reassured herself, there's nothing in God's law or the emperor's that requires me to perpetuate a sham marriage, an unstoppered vessel from which the perfume has evaporated.
    • Can two suicidal Turkish Germans living in Hamburg find happiness together, or at least a reason to live, by entering into a sham marriage so she can sleep around?
    • In effect, there was a fully organised, sophisticated and professional business, run on commercial lines with a sham company, fraudulent invoices, a warehouse and place of business, and even an accountant.
    • I am an actress, a mimicker, a sham creature - me… how I do loathe my most impotent and unpoetical craft!
    • Then he held a sham budget ‘consultation’ (two one hour public meetings) where he announced that the university did not have enough money to balance its budget and that tuition must go up.
    • The main characters have presumably left their homes in search at least in part of the cosmopolitanism associated with China's large cities, but what they find is a sham cosmopolitanism.
    • No prizes for guessing the result of this sham exercise.
    • One US company is accused of massively inflating its profits by setting up sham companies to send fake invoices which the coalition paid.
    • The legislation is not intended to be limited to the sham vehicle, but is intended to spread to the legitimate use of service companies, but with potentially different taxation consequences on an engagement by engagement basis.
    • Although during his reign only about thirty officers died from duelling, a larger number were discharged from the army by their regiments when they refused to duel, or staged a sham duel, after some alleged insult.
    • The manager rudely tells him that it was a sham marriage and that his wife wants him to get lost so she can annul it.

transitive verb

  • 1

    (grief/enthusiasm/illness) fingir
    (grief/enthusiasm/illness) simular
    • It planned for a mock battle, shammed unity, and were confused by the intransigence and solidarity of the other side.
    • Could Nick be shamming friendliness until he was offered an opportunity to get rid of him?
    • In his secret note of December 19, 1913, he noted that Savarkar was shamming his ‘change of heart’ and that he did not express the slightest remorse or regret for what he had done.
    • Throughout his plays the acute social critics, the people who are not taken in by accepted fallacies, are buffoons, villains, lunatics or persons who are shamming insanity or in a state of violent hysteria.
    • He portrays him as shamming his injuries.

intransitive verb

  • 1

    (person) fingir
    she's not ill; she's just shamming no está enferma; está haciendo teatro informal
    • As he'd walked her home the previous night, it had become obvious that he wasn't shamming, that he really was going to treat her like a kid sister.
    • There is an important distinction to be made between those who are genuinely dull and those who are shamming.
    • If she is shamming, her body shape will give her plenty of time to either really get pregnant or to claim that she has suffered a miscarriage - probably in response to some claimed misdeed of Peter's.
    • ‘‘Do you think,’ I asked indignantly, ‘he is shamming?’
    • They want the company of those who fib and sham, those who can imagine the future and reinvent the past with only half an eye on the unadorned and feeble truth, but with full command of narrative.