In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(change position of)(furniture/object) correr(object/furniture) moverto shift the scenery — cambiar el decorado
- the election has shifted the balance of power toward the right — las elecciones han inclinado el equilibrio político hacia la derecha
- he keeps shifting his ground — cambia constantemente de posición
- I invite the Minister to name one thing in that purpose that will do anything to get the bulldozers moving and the dirt shifted to build a road in Auckland.
- In a long jump, in theory, the weights could be shifted mid-jump to alter the jumper's centre of mass and make the most of the extra momentum.
- Malachi laughed softly somewhere behind me, and the truck bed shifted again under his weight as he moved once more.
- And the aisle all the way to the door bustled with Adivasi vegetable vendors who squatted with their baskets shifting and moving till they found a comfort zone.
- The animal, which was unable to move, was shifted to a nearby coconut plantation and from there to its owner's timber depot.
- The sands in front of the figure moved and shifted.
- It rolled slowly, jerkily, as if things inside were shifting around as it moved.
- After the system is docked, the nurse reassesses the patient's position to ensure that nothing moved or shifted during transfer.
- So things are once again in a state of rearrangement in my humble apartment, getting shifted, moved around and reassigned.
- Soon the wall shifted and moved to open to a gigantic laboratory.
- Tossing the rag into the sink, she picked James up from his high chair and shifted him onto her hip.
- Outside the viewport the great ships began to move, shifting apart as they prepared for transit into slip-space.
- The light reflected, shifted, moved a little farther away.
- Velmon started down at the fire silently, watching the way the ash shifted and moved.
- Her glittering, purple singlet top shifted as she moved her graceful arms, revealing the skin of her taut stomach.
- Their surprised yelps sounded as one as the cushions moved and shifted under them.
- Suddenly the boat shifted and moved throwing her to her knees and almost knocking Wes into the water.
- Twenty years ago, there would have been hundreds of men touching and molding and shifting and moving the steel.
- The train shifted and began moving, silent, except for the hum of the generators that kept the lights going.
- A portion of the wall shifted and moved under her hand, and then the grotto was filled with the loud grinding sound of stone against stone and something more.
1.2(transfer, switch)the war shifted attention away from domestic problems — la guerra distrajo la atención de los problemas internos
- to shift resources from the public to the private sector — traspasar / transferir recursos del sector público al privado
- they tried to shift the responsibility onto us — trataron de cargarnos la responsabilidad
2.1(move, remove)shift yourself, will you! — ¡quítate de ahí!
- I can't shift this nail/cork — este clavo/tapón no hay quien lo saque
- it's impossible to shift him now he's made up his mind — ahora que se ha decidido, no hay quien lo haga cambiar de opinión
2.2(get rid of)(stain) quitar(stain) sacar Latin America(allergy/cold) quitarse de encima
- And she's not afraid to use it, regularly calling in with the solution to a hard-to-shift stain or to correct the advice of the on-air expert.
- If soap and water doesn't shift the stain scrub the area with a nail-brush dipped in vinegar and salt.
- This Vanish stain remover can shift bolognaise sauce, tea, coffee, curry, blood, a little engine oil (like if you splash some by accident when you're topping up your car oil), and these are just a few stains of what it is good at getting rid of.
- If the stain is proving impossible to shift, consider replacing the contaminated area of paving.
- It's very important to finish the design phase before the end of this year (so that we can shift the product to the market at the beginning of next year).
- SonicBlue does indeed appear to have a problem shifting its Diamond Mako PDA.
- We really did shift some stuff last weekend, didn't we?
- And while we might be tough on price, we do shift some volume.
- I know that there is an element of advertising - my whisky must be good because there is a bottle in TWE at £10000! - but they must also want to shift some product.
- If they stop shifting beer and food then they will start to get feedback from people they see as more important than your humble fan.
- This is no bad thing when one considers how direct, sharp and inventive that mini-genre could be - and how many millions of albums Rob Thomas shifted.
1(change position, direction)(cargo) correrse(wind) cambiarhe shifted uneasily in his chair — se movía intranquilo en la silla
- she shifted onto her back — se puso boca arriba
- public opinion shifted in favor of disarmament — la opinión pública se inclinó a favor del desarme
- the emphasis has shifted away from translation to speaking the language — ahora se pone énfasis en hablar el idioma y no en traducirlo
2(switch, change over)the scene shifts and we are in a garden — hay un cambio de escena y estamos en un jardín
- the focus of attention has shifted to Europe — el foco de atención ha pasado a Europa
3shifting pres p(opinion/moods) cambianteshifting sands — arenas movedizas
4informal(move)shift up/along a bit — córrete un poco
5(budge)cedertransigirhe won't shift from his position — no va a cambiar su postura / posición
6(manage)to shift for oneself — arreglárselas solo
7US(change gear)cambiar de marchacambiar de velocidad
8Britishinformal(go fast)volar informal
1(change in position)cambio masculinea shift in the wind — un cambio en la dirección del viento
- there was a shift in public opinion — hubo un cambio / un viraje en la opinión pública
- a shift of attitude — un cambio de actitud
- a major population shift — un desplazamiento masivo de población
- a shift away from isolationism — un alejamiento de la política aislacionista
- to make shift with/without sth — arreglárselas con/sin algo
2Linguisticsmutación femininevowel/consonant shift — mutación vocálica/consonántica feminine
4(work period)turno masculineto work the day/night shift — hacer el turno de día/de noche
- I work the early/late shift — hago el primer/último turno
- to work (in) shifts — trabajar por turnos
6(dress)vestido suelto masculine
7USMotor Vehiclespalanca de cambio masculinepalanca de velocidades masculine Mexico
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