In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(change position of)(object/furniture) correr(furniture/object) moverto shift the scenery — cambiar el decorado
- the election has shifted the balance of power toward the right — las elecciones han inclinado el equilibrio político hacia la derecha
- The train shifted and began moving, silent, except for the hum of the generators that kept the lights going.
- The light reflected, shifted, moved a little farther away.
- Tossing the rag into the sink, she picked James up from his high chair and shifted him onto her hip.
- I invite the Minister to name one thing in that purpose that will do anything to get the bulldozers moving and the dirt shifted to build a road in Auckland.
- In a long jump, in theory, the weights could be shifted mid-jump to alter the jumper's centre of mass and make the most of the extra momentum.
- The animal, which was unable to move, was shifted to a nearby coconut plantation and from there to its owner's timber depot.
- So things are once again in a state of rearrangement in my humble apartment, getting shifted, moved around and reassigned.
- Twenty years ago, there would have been hundreds of men touching and molding and shifting and moving the steel.
- After the system is docked, the nurse reassesses the patient's position to ensure that nothing moved or shifted during transfer.
- Malachi laughed softly somewhere behind me, and the truck bed shifted again under his weight as he moved once more.
- Soon the wall shifted and moved to open to a gigantic laboratory.
- A portion of the wall shifted and moved under her hand, and then the grotto was filled with the loud grinding sound of stone against stone and something more.
- Velmon started down at the fire silently, watching the way the ash shifted and moved.
- Outside the viewport the great ships began to move, shifting apart as they prepared for transit into slip-space.
- Their surprised yelps sounded as one as the cushions moved and shifted under them.
- Her glittering, purple singlet top shifted as she moved her graceful arms, revealing the skin of her taut stomach.
- Suddenly the boat shifted and moved throwing her to her knees and almost knocking Wes into the water.
- The sands in front of the figure moved and shifted.
- It rolled slowly, jerkily, as if things inside were shifting around as it moved.
- And the aisle all the way to the door bustled with Adivasi vegetable vendors who squatted with their baskets shifting and moving till they found a comfort zone.
1.2(transfer, switch)the war shifted attention away from domestic problems — la guerra distrajo la atención de los problemas internos
- to shift resources from the public to the private sector — traspasar / transferir recursos del sector público al privado
- they tried to shift the responsibility onto us — trataron de cargarnos la responsabilidad
2.1British informal (move, remove)shift yourself, will you! — ¡quítate de ahí!
- I can't shift this nail/cork — este clavo/tapón no hay quien lo saque
- it's impossible to shift him now he's made up his mind — ahora que se ha decidido, no hay quien lo haga cambiar de opinión
2.2British informal (get rid of)(stain) quitar(stain) sacar Latin America(allergy/cold) quitarse de encima
- If soap and water doesn't shift the stain scrub the area with a nail-brush dipped in vinegar and salt.
- This Vanish stain remover can shift bolognaise sauce, tea, coffee, curry, blood, a little engine oil (like if you splash some by accident when you're topping up your car oil), and these are just a few stains of what it is good at getting rid of.
- If the stain is proving impossible to shift, consider replacing the contaminated area of paving.
- And she's not afraid to use it, regularly calling in with the solution to a hard-to-shift stain or to correct the advice of the on-air expert.
- We really did shift some stuff last weekend, didn't we?
- It's very important to finish the design phase before the end of this year (so that we can shift the product to the market at the beginning of next year).
- If they stop shifting beer and food then they will start to get feedback from people they see as more important than your humble fan.
- And while we might be tough on price, we do shift some volume.
- SonicBlue does indeed appear to have a problem shifting its Diamond Mako PDA.
- This is no bad thing when one considers how direct, sharp and inventive that mini-genre could be - and how many millions of albums Rob Thomas shifted.
- I know that there is an element of advertising - my whisky must be good because there is a bottle in TWE at £10000! - but they must also want to shift some product.
1.1(change position, direction)(cargo) correrse(wind) cambiarhe shifted uneasily in his chair — se movía intranquilo en la silla
- she shifted onto her back — se puso boca arriba
- public opinion shifted in favor of disarmament — la opinión pública se inclinó a favor del desarme
- the emphasis has shifted away from translation to speaking the language — ahora se pone énfasis en hablar el idioma y no en traducirlo
- Then, almost abruptly, the focus shifted to program financing.
- The focus of the conferences has gradually shifted from Computer Science to Economics.
- Have a sitting patient shift his or her weight every 15 minutes, or reposition the patient in the chair every hour.
- He shifts, moving the arm away from his face, and bringing it up over his head, to rest on the pillow behind him.
- He sighed, and shifted in the uncomfortable chair.
- In upcoming issues, the focus will shift to wind and solar power, and then to ethanol.
- I shifted uncomfortably from one foot to another.
- The focus of his attention shifted abruptly to the moonlit scene before him.
- But he says the balance of power has shifted towards the workers because the public sector is having to compete with the private sector for a limited pool of talent.
- While code requirements are still an issue for emergency power, much of the emphasis has shifted to providing power to certain loads.
- The press's attention shifted elsewhere, at least temporarily.
- Suddenly the balance of power shifted from the clubs to the players, who could now hold their employers to ransom as they neared the end of their contract.
- Brant shifted uncomfortably, obviously nervous about the gun still pointed directly at him and he began to lower his hands.
- National perceptions of distance shifted fundamentally, and travel began to become a consumer good.
- A wolf howled off in the distance, and Raiana shifted in her seat, waiting to reach home.
- Jorenae shifted, becoming more nervous by the second.
- Arial shifted uncomfortably from one foot to the other.
- She shifted, uncomfortable all of a sudden and unsure of his meaning.
- He shifts to a position where he's facing Melissa's face.
- Michael and Jessica were shifting uncomfortably and nervously, unsure of what to do.
- He carefully shifted his weight and moved off of the bed, casting a quick glance across his back to assure himself that he hadn't stirred his wife.
- If the area is violent, the balance of power can shift in the opposite direction.
- This year, however, it was clear how far the balance of power has shifted in favor of the operators and their desire to control the design and branding of the phone.
- I shifted uncomfortably in my position on a plastic covered sofa.
- Even now that the balance of power has shifted, attitudes haven't really changed.
- But even as the balance of power on the ground shifted in one direction, the balance of politics at home was shifting in the other.
- The focus shifted from the direct and rapid detection of life to acquiring a better understanding of the planet.
- She felt uncomfortable, shifting under the gaze of the old woman, which seemed to bore right through her.
- Since the group was founded, its research focus has shifted from a heavy emphasis on physics, to include other fields.
- He shifts into lotus position in his chair, tucking both feet beneath him and riffling quickly through his magazine, which is abnormally thick.
- Ian shifted on his feet uncomfortably but did not speak.
- I shifted uncomfortably on my feet and looked down at the ground.
- One would ordinarily shift from a physical position which grows increasingly uncomfortable, but the meditator does not.
- Gabrielle shifted in her position and stared down at her shoes like a guilty girl.
- Has the media balance of power shifted to bloggers?
- Traditional forms of organization are being changed because the balance of power has shifted in fundamental ways.
- The balance of power has shifted from availability and accessibility to competence and control.
- Over the years the animation seems to have shifted over to the computer - or so it looks - and everything about it has become painful to watch.
- The balance of power has shifted; this time I truly am in control, and the feeling is exhilarating.
- He shifted as though uncomfortable and studied the landscape behind me.
1.2(switch, change over)the scene shifts and we are in a garden — hay un cambio de escena y estamos en un jardín
- the focus of attention has shifted to Europe — el foco de atención ha pasado a Europa
1.3shifting present participle(moods/opinion) cambianteshifting sands — arenas movedizas feminine
- Wanting to keep the subject off of myself, I shifted the focus onto Ryan.
- The nurse who compliments also feels buoyed and shifts his/her focus from negative to positive.
- The fiscal burden has been shifted off property owners onto labor.
- Maybe the emphasis should be shifted from the initiation of activism to its consequences.
- Over the course of the year focus will be shifted to other areas of crime in the hope of achieving similar results.
- We can expect to see a push for more of the tax burden to be shifted onto employers.
- Treasury Holdings is to shift some of its focus away from commercial projects and into the construction of high density residential schemes.
- According to the new law, the focus of government work will be shifted from issuing licences to conducting inspections.
- The way in which the senior consultant dealt with his junior doctor was helpful in that it shifted the focus onto what could be learnt from the error.
- Terry Levin, a highly respected art director, has shifted her emphasis away from advertising and now specializes in packaging.
- Some fear that the scheme might shift liability towards consumer in cases of disputed transactions.
- The burden of these high prices is being shifted onto the backs of consumers and homeowners, especially those least able to pay the larger bills.
- My mother was never the type to dwell on the things that upset her so I wasn't surprised to find her changing the subject and shifting the focus onto me.
- Seeing the sign on the interstate for the exit he wanted, he shifted all of his thoughts back to the present, focusing on what he was doing now.
- During Intel's growth spurt, the New Mexico team shifted some of its focus to group mentoring, where one manager helps a small group of new recruits.
- Such a viewpoint does not quite mean ‘getting rid’ of problems, but rather shifting one's focus.
- While all deaths on the roads are avoidable it seems that your campaign aims to shift the focus and blame away from motorcyclists and onto other road users.
- The time has also come, he says, to shift some of the focus of innovation away from work and toward everyday life.
- The economic culture in particular was shifted significantly in the direction of enterprise.
- In fact, McDonald argued that tobacco companies have begun to shift their focus onto young adults.
2.1British informal (move)shift up/along a bit — córrete un poco
- By using an affirmation, you are attempting to shift yourself so that you can do or be something even though your mind doesn't accept it yet.
- You will understand how important it is to shift yourself
- I reckon that Old Shifty won't shift himself until there is absolutely no money left in the tea caddy where they keep the pension dosh.
- Use focus to shift yourself to states of motivation, productivity or your goals.
2.2British (budge)cedertransigirhe won't shift from his position — no va a cambiar su postura / posición
3US(change gear)cambiar de marchacambiar de velocidad
- Without the pressures and distractions of the group, I started my bike first try, and then flew off, shifting into fourth gear without a hitch.
- Drake slammed on the gas and shifted into third gear.
- He still didn't look at her as he shifted into gear and started driving down the street.
- The bike roared to 100 kph before I even had the chance to shift into second gear.
- Lee shifted to third gear and blasted through the long stretch of highway.
- You'll learn not to get distracted when the car is about to shift into top gear.
- When I encountered tractors on west Cork's twisty lanes, it was often necessary to shift down into first gear to get started again.
- To maintain the vehicle speed, she would have to shift into a lower gear.
- He flipped the switch to on, shifted into first gear, and hit the gas.
- Shannon shifted into gear and pulled away from the curb without a word.
- He shifted to the first gear and the jeep rolled off the side and onto the freeway.
- She eased out onto the road and shifted into a higher gear.
- So after about a mile of sauntering I shifted into third gear and left Brower with his hair ruffling in my wind.
- A car with a manual transmission, after conversion, may be shifted manually or worked like an automatic.
- Kahn looked both ways and turned left, shifting into a higher gear with a clank.
- I can barely shift into second gear without sliding and almost spinning out of control.
- Zaren pushed in the clutch and shifted to second gear and the car made a sudden leap in speed.
- Taylor shifted into low gear and went into six wheel drive.
- To shift into fourth gear, you push the button yet again.
- If you changed your point of view by standing on the other side of my bike, my left wrist would also turn clockwise when I shift to a higher gear.
4British informal(go fast)volar informal
- As soon as you start facing complaints from your customer you'd better shift.
1.1(change in position)cambio masculinea shift in the wind — un cambio en la dirección del viento
- there was a shift in public opinion — hubo un cambio / un viraje en la opinión pública
- a shift of attitude — un cambio de actitud
- a major population shift — un desplazamiento masivo de población
- a shift away from isolationism — un alejamiento de la política aislacionista
- to make shift with/without sth — arreglárselas con/sin algo
- The change in size also heralds a slight shift in editorial direction.
- Those familiar with Offen's previous work may discern a slight shift in her perspective in terms of theoretical framework.
- It used to be more but there are some issues to face, such as an aggressive local competitor and also a shift in direction in the industry.
- The projected image can be observed at intervals of 15 minutes to see the shift in the position of the planet.
- In my eyes a slight shift in the script would make the ending of the show seem a tad less grim.
- Change can be no more than a slight shift in direction - although, as when a tanker ship charts a new course, this may have dramatic long-term consequences.
- This is simply a massive shift in fund positioning from the January peak in the gold price where funds were long by nearly a 5: 1 ratio.
- What seems at first no more than a slight shift in scholarly emphasis proves in the end to have enormous consequences.
- But this year's job list reveals a slight shift in emphasis.
- In spite of that, the aural evidence affirms that Pole's new music largely retains the distinctiveness of the old, in spite of its radical shift in direction.
- The shift in position of the disaffected crew comes as opinion in the resort town seemed to be swinging behind the former coxswain.
- Only a sudden shift in world financial winds, with the yen's surge in late 1998, saved the day.
- She received his complaint as a portent, the way a sailor notes a shift in the wind.
- Her bright eyes seemed focused everywhere at once, noticing the slightest shift in her friends' bodies and the surrounding walls.
- But officials now say the city itself is safe, at least for now, after a shift in winds turned the largest of the fires back on itself.
- Though his successes often followed a major shift in a new direction, the updates of his image throughout the years have met with as many failures.
- Firefighters there are counting on a break in the hot weather and a shift in the wind to give them an upper hand.
- She cut him off completely with the slightest shift in her fingers.
- On other occasions, a name change is intended to signify a shift in direction of a business.
- He was necessarily very anxious to convey the sense that there was now a substantial shift in political direction.
1.2Linguisticsmutación femininevowel/consonant shift — mutación vocálica/consonántica feminine
- The stories she listened to intrigued her with their form as well as their content, the myriad dialects, shifts, and cadences of African American voices.
- But through prescribed borders, shifts in dialect coalesced into distinct languages.
- Many of these ‘mistakes’ are easily-explained shifts in the sound system of spoken English.
- At each time step from t=1 onwards, the right shift results in a state change which indicates a division by two operation.
- I state that to multiply by 10 you use shifts to quickly multiply by 2 and 8 and then add the results.
- Similarly, if we operate in reverse chronological order (i.e. from t=4 to t=1), the left shift will result in a multiplication by two.
2(work period)turno masculineto work the day/night shift — hacer el turno de día/de noche
- I work the early/late shift — hago el primer/último turno
- to work (in) shifts — trabajar por turnos
- He meets a lot of different people during his shifts and because he is so young, he brings something a bit out-of-the ordinary to the wards and to the patients that he chats to.
- They would work two different shifts meaning the station would have day crew attendance seven days a week.
- I had been working overnight shifts with continuous periods of work with no real rest over a good 12 hours.
- They work different shifts; each commutes 60 miles a day.
- A dozen officers were tied up with filling out reports for two and a half hours before they rounded off their shift with a patrol in the police van.
- She's on call 365 days a year, and her crew of 25 do shifts of three weeks on, three weeks off.
- A lot of planning and arranging for people to cover different shifts was done by Kathleen and a big thank you goes to her and all those volunteers who gave of their time so freely.
- We all work different shifts, so there's always someone home to watch the baby, and they help out with expenses.
- The chemical mixing section, which used to employ 50 people on four different shifts, will now be run by four contract workers.
- He worked two different shifts - one requiring him to be in Leeds by 6am.
- Except for delimbing and slashing, most of the phases are run on single daylight hour shifts, giving the crew a fair amount of time together after work.
- This allowed Honda to go from three shifts to two, and through the use of a new primer and clear coat process, final production time was cut by 18 minutes.
- The company says staff will not be expected to work more shifts, just different shifts, and, with increased rates for Saturday nights and Sundays, they shouldn't lose out financially.
- Giant carmakers including Ford, Mazda and Isuzu have already increased work shifts to two periods because of rising purchasing orders.
- About 15 years ago, I had to do a week of late shifts as a Computer Operator and it was during a possibly visible Aurorae.
- In this city the Markets were held open twenty-four hours a day to better serve the people who worked wildly different shifts throughout the levels of the city.
- However, Miss Halliday said, even if the couple had been involved, they never handled cash together and were often working on different shifts.
- Time off in lieu isn't the same: because if family members are working different shifts, they may never get to see each other.
- It could particularly disadvantage many part time women workers who work weekend shifts.
- The crew is on duty for three 24-hour shifts (coming on duty at 1pm) with a day off in between each and then four days off.
- Kate tugged off her muddy boots and leather armor to pull on a clean shift and the purple gown.
- She finally decided on a sky blue dress with a beige shift underneath.
- She stripped down to her shift, putting her dress carefully in a corner, and progressed to the armoire.
- She pulled a brightly coloured gown over her shift, tying it at the waist with a decorative sash.
- Taking off her mud covered dress she noticed the hem of her shift was also caked in mud, so she put on a clean one.
3.2(dress)vestido suelto masculine
- Wearing a 1940s-style polka-dot shift dress and sailor's hat, Ms McAndrew planted a kiss on the war veteran.
- More from Anthropologie, we have this plaid trench, which is understated and stylish and this adorable shift dress.
- The girl changed her dress into a simple shift and checked the hall way for any lingering servants.
- I especially love the short shift dresses with black leggings.
- Often cited as the mother of the mini, designer Mary Quant - tired of the constraints of women's fashion - introduced the first short shift dress back in '58.
- She awoke with the sun and dressed in a simple shift.
- Her Audrey Hepburn inspired boat neck black shift dress was a subtle look that women often search for, but cannot find in the shops.
- They have a fantastic herringbone hourglass shift dress and a black, long-sleeved jersey dress, again in a clinging 1950s style, both from www.brownsfashion.com.
- She returned from the party and stripped off her tea gown, she replaced it with a simple shift.
- She hangs an Anna Sui plaid skirt and XOXO classic black shift dress in her closet.
- His masterpiece to date is his American Rose beaded V-neck shift dress, a combination of nine colours, which was a show-stopper at MAFW '04.
- I love the cute A-line dresses and short shift dresses.
- The suit had a matching knee length skirt, shell top and shift dress; with the chiffon blouses she already had they would do for several different outfits.
- She had the same dark blonde hair, and blue eyes, and the same blue shift dress as she had the day before when I saw her on the promenade.
- She was dressed in a simply shift, all traces of make-up gone from her face, her hair tied back with a plain ribbon.
- The key is to match the black or grey stockings with white/neutral-colored shifts.
- Anne Keers, from Ampleforth, went for an opulent feel, in a long black velvet jacket from Mexx and patterned shift dress from Pennita, Helmsley.
- Dressed in a simple white shift dress, miniature white roses attempting to tame her long dark curls, Lisa had been happier than she had ever thought possible.
- Standout pieces include his sexy and form-fitting cropped trench coats, the multiple of flirty, Gatsby-esque shift dresses, and the cool, low-slung pants often paired with lightweight chiffon blouses.
- Today she is wearing a simple shift dress and no make-up and the sight of her looking so ordinary and conventional is indeed slightly shocking.
4USMotor Vehiclespalanca de cambio masculinepalanca de velocidades masculine Mexico
- Smooth acceleration occurred whether you used the auto box, the paddle shift or the Tiptronic system.
- All the sequential shifter does is convert the back and forth motion to move the two shifter rods in a standard H pattern gear shift.
- I thought ForceFed's was a full sequential transmission with computer controlled clutch and all, not just a sequential gear shift.
- It would also be very straight forward to make a solendoid activate the sequential shift, so that you can have paddle shifting, with the paddles or buttons wherever you want.
- The gear shift is electronic, and has a plastic lever that moves in order to allow gear change.
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