In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(change position of)(object/furniture) correr(furniture/object) moverto shift the scenery — cambiar el decorado
- the election has shifted the balance of power toward the right — las elecciones han inclinado el equilibrio político hacia la derecha
- The animal, which was unable to move, was shifted to a nearby coconut plantation and from there to its owner's timber depot.
- After the system is docked, the nurse reassesses the patient's position to ensure that nothing moved or shifted during transfer.
- Her glittering, purple singlet top shifted as she moved her graceful arms, revealing the skin of her taut stomach.
- It rolled slowly, jerkily, as if things inside were shifting around as it moved.
- Suddenly the boat shifted and moved throwing her to her knees and almost knocking Wes into the water.
- And the aisle all the way to the door bustled with Adivasi vegetable vendors who squatted with their baskets shifting and moving till they found a comfort zone.
- Malachi laughed softly somewhere behind me, and the truck bed shifted again under his weight as he moved once more.
- Their surprised yelps sounded as one as the cushions moved and shifted under them.
- The train shifted and began moving, silent, except for the hum of the generators that kept the lights going.
- The light reflected, shifted, moved a little farther away.
- So things are once again in a state of rearrangement in my humble apartment, getting shifted, moved around and reassigned.
- Velmon started down at the fire silently, watching the way the ash shifted and moved.
- A portion of the wall shifted and moved under her hand, and then the grotto was filled with the loud grinding sound of stone against stone and something more.
- I invite the Minister to name one thing in that purpose that will do anything to get the bulldozers moving and the dirt shifted to build a road in Auckland.
- In a long jump, in theory, the weights could be shifted mid-jump to alter the jumper's centre of mass and make the most of the extra momentum.
- The sands in front of the figure moved and shifted.
- Soon the wall shifted and moved to open to a gigantic laboratory.
- Twenty years ago, there would have been hundreds of men touching and molding and shifting and moving the steel.
- Tossing the rag into the sink, she picked James up from his high chair and shifted him onto her hip.
- Outside the viewport the great ships began to move, shifting apart as they prepared for transit into slip-space.
1.2(transfer, switch)the war shifted attention away from domestic problems — la guerra distrajo la atención de los problemas internos
- to shift resources from the public to the private sector — traspasar / transferir recursos del sector público al privado
- they tried to shift the responsibility onto us — trataron de cargarnos la responsabilidad
2.1British informal (move, remove)shift yourself, will you! — ¡quítate de ahí!
- I can't shift this nail/cork — este clavo/tapón no hay quien lo saque
- it's impossible to shift him now he's made up his mind — ahora que se ha decidido, no hay quien lo haga cambiar de opinión
2.2British informal (get rid of)(stain) quitar(stain) sacar Latin America(allergy/cold) quitarse de encima
- And she's not afraid to use it, regularly calling in with the solution to a hard-to-shift stain or to correct the advice of the on-air expert.
- This Vanish stain remover can shift bolognaise sauce, tea, coffee, curry, blood, a little engine oil (like if you splash some by accident when you're topping up your car oil), and these are just a few stains of what it is good at getting rid of.
- If the stain is proving impossible to shift, consider replacing the contaminated area of paving.
- If soap and water doesn't shift the stain scrub the area with a nail-brush dipped in vinegar and salt.
- I know that there is an element of advertising - my whisky must be good because there is a bottle in TWE at £10000! - but they must also want to shift some product.
- SonicBlue does indeed appear to have a problem shifting its Diamond Mako PDA.
- We really did shift some stuff last weekend, didn't we?
- This is no bad thing when one considers how direct, sharp and inventive that mini-genre could be - and how many millions of albums Rob Thomas shifted.
- And while we might be tough on price, we do shift some volume.
- It's very important to finish the design phase before the end of this year (so that we can shift the product to the market at the beginning of next year).
- If they stop shifting beer and food then they will start to get feedback from people they see as more important than your humble fan.
1.1(change position, direction)(cargo) correrse(wind) cambiarhe shifted uneasily in his chair — se movía intranquilo en la silla
- she shifted onto her back — se puso boca arriba
- public opinion shifted in favor of disarmament — la opinión pública se inclinó a favor del desarme
- the emphasis has shifted away from translation to speaking the language — ahora se pone énfasis en hablar el idioma y no en traducirlo
- Gabrielle shifted in her position and stared down at her shoes like a guilty girl.
- But he says the balance of power has shifted towards the workers because the public sector is having to compete with the private sector for a limited pool of talent.
- National perceptions of distance shifted fundamentally, and travel began to become a consumer good.
- He shifts to a position where he's facing Melissa's face.
- But even as the balance of power on the ground shifted in one direction, the balance of politics at home was shifting in the other.
- Over the years the animation seems to have shifted over to the computer - or so it looks - and everything about it has become painful to watch.
- If the area is violent, the balance of power can shift in the opposite direction.
- He shifts into lotus position in his chair, tucking both feet beneath him and riffling quickly through his magazine, which is abnormally thick.
- Arial shifted uncomfortably from one foot to the other.
- Even now that the balance of power has shifted, attitudes haven't really changed.
- He carefully shifted his weight and moved off of the bed, casting a quick glance across his back to assure himself that he hadn't stirred his wife.
- Then, almost abruptly, the focus shifted to program financing.
- She felt uncomfortable, shifting under the gaze of the old woman, which seemed to bore right through her.
- Since the group was founded, its research focus has shifted from a heavy emphasis on physics, to include other fields.
- While code requirements are still an issue for emergency power, much of the emphasis has shifted to providing power to certain loads.
- The press's attention shifted elsewhere, at least temporarily.
- Traditional forms of organization are being changed because the balance of power has shifted in fundamental ways.
- I shifted uncomfortably on my feet and looked down at the ground.
- Has the media balance of power shifted to bloggers?
- The balance of power has shifted from availability and accessibility to competence and control.
- He shifted as though uncomfortable and studied the landscape behind me.
- The focus of the conferences has gradually shifted from Computer Science to Economics.
- I shifted uncomfortably in my position on a plastic covered sofa.
- Brant shifted uncomfortably, obviously nervous about the gun still pointed directly at him and he began to lower his hands.
- The focus shifted from the direct and rapid detection of life to acquiring a better understanding of the planet.
- The focus of his attention shifted abruptly to the moonlit scene before him.
- In upcoming issues, the focus will shift to wind and solar power, and then to ethanol.
- He shifts, moving the arm away from his face, and bringing it up over his head, to rest on the pillow behind him.
- Michael and Jessica were shifting uncomfortably and nervously, unsure of what to do.
- One would ordinarily shift from a physical position which grows increasingly uncomfortable, but the meditator does not.
- He sighed, and shifted in the uncomfortable chair.
- The balance of power has shifted; this time I truly am in control, and the feeling is exhilarating.
- I shifted uncomfortably from one foot to another.
- Suddenly the balance of power shifted from the clubs to the players, who could now hold their employers to ransom as they neared the end of their contract.
- Ian shifted on his feet uncomfortably but did not speak.
- Jorenae shifted, becoming more nervous by the second.
- She shifted, uncomfortable all of a sudden and unsure of his meaning.
- This year, however, it was clear how far the balance of power has shifted in favor of the operators and their desire to control the design and branding of the phone.
- A wolf howled off in the distance, and Raiana shifted in her seat, waiting to reach home.
- Have a sitting patient shift his or her weight every 15 minutes, or reposition the patient in the chair every hour.
1.2(switch, change over)the scene shifts and we are in a garden — hay un cambio de escena y estamos en un jardín
- the focus of attention has shifted to Europe — el foco de atención ha pasado a Europa
1.3shifting present participle(moods/opinion) cambianteshifting sands — arenas movedizas feminine
- The way in which the senior consultant dealt with his junior doctor was helpful in that it shifted the focus onto what could be learnt from the error.
- Over the course of the year focus will be shifted to other areas of crime in the hope of achieving similar results.
- While all deaths on the roads are avoidable it seems that your campaign aims to shift the focus and blame away from motorcyclists and onto other road users.
- The economic culture in particular was shifted significantly in the direction of enterprise.
- Seeing the sign on the interstate for the exit he wanted, he shifted all of his thoughts back to the present, focusing on what he was doing now.
- Wanting to keep the subject off of myself, I shifted the focus onto Ryan.
- Some fear that the scheme might shift liability towards consumer in cases of disputed transactions.
- Terry Levin, a highly respected art director, has shifted her emphasis away from advertising and now specializes in packaging.
- Maybe the emphasis should be shifted from the initiation of activism to its consequences.
- My mother was never the type to dwell on the things that upset her so I wasn't surprised to find her changing the subject and shifting the focus onto me.
- During Intel's growth spurt, the New Mexico team shifted some of its focus to group mentoring, where one manager helps a small group of new recruits.
- The time has also come, he says, to shift some of the focus of innovation away from work and toward everyday life.
- Such a viewpoint does not quite mean ‘getting rid’ of problems, but rather shifting one's focus.
- We can expect to see a push for more of the tax burden to be shifted onto employers.
- In fact, McDonald argued that tobacco companies have begun to shift their focus onto young adults.
- The nurse who compliments also feels buoyed and shifts his/her focus from negative to positive.
- According to the new law, the focus of government work will be shifted from issuing licences to conducting inspections.
- The burden of these high prices is being shifted onto the backs of consumers and homeowners, especially those least able to pay the larger bills.
- Treasury Holdings is to shift some of its focus away from commercial projects and into the construction of high density residential schemes.
- The fiscal burden has been shifted off property owners onto labor.
2.1British informal (move)shift up/along a bit — córrete un poco
- You will understand how important it is to shift yourself
- Use focus to shift yourself to states of motivation, productivity or your goals.
- By using an affirmation, you are attempting to shift yourself so that you can do or be something even though your mind doesn't accept it yet.
- I reckon that Old Shifty won't shift himself until there is absolutely no money left in the tea caddy where they keep the pension dosh.
2.2British (budge)cedertransigirhe won't shift from his position — no va a cambiar su postura / posición
3US(change gear)cambiar de marchacambiar de velocidad
- Drake slammed on the gas and shifted into third gear.
- Kahn looked both ways and turned left, shifting into a higher gear with a clank.
- He shifted to the first gear and the jeep rolled off the side and onto the freeway.
- To shift into fourth gear, you push the button yet again.
- Taylor shifted into low gear and went into six wheel drive.
- Shannon shifted into gear and pulled away from the curb without a word.
- Zaren pushed in the clutch and shifted to second gear and the car made a sudden leap in speed.
- Lee shifted to third gear and blasted through the long stretch of highway.
- He flipped the switch to on, shifted into first gear, and hit the gas.
- So after about a mile of sauntering I shifted into third gear and left Brower with his hair ruffling in my wind.
- If you changed your point of view by standing on the other side of my bike, my left wrist would also turn clockwise when I shift to a higher gear.
- A car with a manual transmission, after conversion, may be shifted manually or worked like an automatic.
- He still didn't look at her as he shifted into gear and started driving down the street.
- I can barely shift into second gear without sliding and almost spinning out of control.
- Without the pressures and distractions of the group, I started my bike first try, and then flew off, shifting into fourth gear without a hitch.
- She eased out onto the road and shifted into a higher gear.
- The bike roared to 100 kph before I even had the chance to shift into second gear.
- To maintain the vehicle speed, she would have to shift into a lower gear.
- You'll learn not to get distracted when the car is about to shift into top gear.
- When I encountered tractors on west Cork's twisty lanes, it was often necessary to shift down into first gear to get started again.
4British informal(go fast)volar informal
- As soon as you start facing complaints from your customer you'd better shift.
1.1(change in position)cambio masculinea shift in the wind — un cambio en la dirección del viento
- there was a shift in public opinion — hubo un cambio / un viraje en la opinión pública
- a shift of attitude — un cambio de actitud
- a major population shift — un desplazamiento masivo de población
- a shift away from isolationism — un alejamiento de la política aislacionista
- to make shift with/without sth — arreglárselas con/sin algo
- On other occasions, a name change is intended to signify a shift in direction of a business.
- In spite of that, the aural evidence affirms that Pole's new music largely retains the distinctiveness of the old, in spite of its radical shift in direction.
- She received his complaint as a portent, the way a sailor notes a shift in the wind.
- Those familiar with Offen's previous work may discern a slight shift in her perspective in terms of theoretical framework.
- The shift in position of the disaffected crew comes as opinion in the resort town seemed to be swinging behind the former coxswain.
- This is simply a massive shift in fund positioning from the January peak in the gold price where funds were long by nearly a 5: 1 ratio.
- Only a sudden shift in world financial winds, with the yen's surge in late 1998, saved the day.
- What seems at first no more than a slight shift in scholarly emphasis proves in the end to have enormous consequences.
- The projected image can be observed at intervals of 15 minutes to see the shift in the position of the planet.
- It used to be more but there are some issues to face, such as an aggressive local competitor and also a shift in direction in the industry.
- The change in size also heralds a slight shift in editorial direction.
- He was necessarily very anxious to convey the sense that there was now a substantial shift in political direction.
- Though his successes often followed a major shift in a new direction, the updates of his image throughout the years have met with as many failures.
- But this year's job list reveals a slight shift in emphasis.
- Firefighters there are counting on a break in the hot weather and a shift in the wind to give them an upper hand.
- But officials now say the city itself is safe, at least for now, after a shift in winds turned the largest of the fires back on itself.
- Change can be no more than a slight shift in direction - although, as when a tanker ship charts a new course, this may have dramatic long-term consequences.
- In my eyes a slight shift in the script would make the ending of the show seem a tad less grim.
- Her bright eyes seemed focused everywhere at once, noticing the slightest shift in her friends' bodies and the surrounding walls.
- She cut him off completely with the slightest shift in her fingers.
1.2Linguisticsmutación femininevowel/consonant shift — mutación vocálica/consonántica feminine
- Many of these ‘mistakes’ are easily-explained shifts in the sound system of spoken English.
- The stories she listened to intrigued her with their form as well as their content, the myriad dialects, shifts, and cadences of African American voices.
- But through prescribed borders, shifts in dialect coalesced into distinct languages.
- I state that to multiply by 10 you use shifts to quickly multiply by 2 and 8 and then add the results.
- Similarly, if we operate in reverse chronological order (i.e. from t=4 to t=1), the left shift will result in a multiplication by two.
- At each time step from t=1 onwards, the right shift results in a state change which indicates a division by two operation.
2(work period)turno masculineto work the day/night shift — hacer el turno de día/de noche
- I work the early/late shift — hago el primer/último turno
- to work (in) shifts — trabajar por turnos
- In this city the Markets were held open twenty-four hours a day to better serve the people who worked wildly different shifts throughout the levels of the city.
- The crew is on duty for three 24-hour shifts (coming on duty at 1pm) with a day off in between each and then four days off.
- They would work two different shifts meaning the station would have day crew attendance seven days a week.
- Except for delimbing and slashing, most of the phases are run on single daylight hour shifts, giving the crew a fair amount of time together after work.
- About 15 years ago, I had to do a week of late shifts as a Computer Operator and it was during a possibly visible Aurorae.
- The chemical mixing section, which used to employ 50 people on four different shifts, will now be run by four contract workers.
- Giant carmakers including Ford, Mazda and Isuzu have already increased work shifts to two periods because of rising purchasing orders.
- She's on call 365 days a year, and her crew of 25 do shifts of three weeks on, three weeks off.
- We all work different shifts, so there's always someone home to watch the baby, and they help out with expenses.
- I had been working overnight shifts with continuous periods of work with no real rest over a good 12 hours.
- However, Miss Halliday said, even if the couple had been involved, they never handled cash together and were often working on different shifts.
- A lot of planning and arranging for people to cover different shifts was done by Kathleen and a big thank you goes to her and all those volunteers who gave of their time so freely.
- This allowed Honda to go from three shifts to two, and through the use of a new primer and clear coat process, final production time was cut by 18 minutes.
- He meets a lot of different people during his shifts and because he is so young, he brings something a bit out-of-the ordinary to the wards and to the patients that he chats to.
- A dozen officers were tied up with filling out reports for two and a half hours before they rounded off their shift with a patrol in the police van.
- Time off in lieu isn't the same: because if family members are working different shifts, they may never get to see each other.
- The company says staff will not be expected to work more shifts, just different shifts, and, with increased rates for Saturday nights and Sundays, they shouldn't lose out financially.
- It could particularly disadvantage many part time women workers who work weekend shifts.
- They work different shifts; each commutes 60 miles a day.
- He worked two different shifts - one requiring him to be in Leeds by 6am.
- Kate tugged off her muddy boots and leather armor to pull on a clean shift and the purple gown.
- Taking off her mud covered dress she noticed the hem of her shift was also caked in mud, so she put on a clean one.
- She pulled a brightly coloured gown over her shift, tying it at the waist with a decorative sash.
- She finally decided on a sky blue dress with a beige shift underneath.
- She stripped down to her shift, putting her dress carefully in a corner, and progressed to the armoire.
3.2(dress)vestido suelto masculine
- His masterpiece to date is his American Rose beaded V-neck shift dress, a combination of nine colours, which was a show-stopper at MAFW '04.
- Anne Keers, from Ampleforth, went for an opulent feel, in a long black velvet jacket from Mexx and patterned shift dress from Pennita, Helmsley.
- I especially love the short shift dresses with black leggings.
- She was dressed in a simply shift, all traces of make-up gone from her face, her hair tied back with a plain ribbon.
- Standout pieces include his sexy and form-fitting cropped trench coats, the multiple of flirty, Gatsby-esque shift dresses, and the cool, low-slung pants often paired with lightweight chiffon blouses.
- Dressed in a simple white shift dress, miniature white roses attempting to tame her long dark curls, Lisa had been happier than she had ever thought possible.
- The suit had a matching knee length skirt, shell top and shift dress; with the chiffon blouses she already had they would do for several different outfits.
- Her Audrey Hepburn inspired boat neck black shift dress was a subtle look that women often search for, but cannot find in the shops.
- The girl changed her dress into a simple shift and checked the hall way for any lingering servants.
- More from Anthropologie, we have this plaid trench, which is understated and stylish and this adorable shift dress.
- Often cited as the mother of the mini, designer Mary Quant - tired of the constraints of women's fashion - introduced the first short shift dress back in '58.
- She had the same dark blonde hair, and blue eyes, and the same blue shift dress as she had the day before when I saw her on the promenade.
- She returned from the party and stripped off her tea gown, she replaced it with a simple shift.
- She awoke with the sun and dressed in a simple shift.
- I love the cute A-line dresses and short shift dresses.
- Today she is wearing a simple shift dress and no make-up and the sight of her looking so ordinary and conventional is indeed slightly shocking.
- The key is to match the black or grey stockings with white/neutral-colored shifts.
- She hangs an Anna Sui plaid skirt and XOXO classic black shift dress in her closet.
- Wearing a 1940s-style polka-dot shift dress and sailor's hat, Ms McAndrew planted a kiss on the war veteran.
- They have a fantastic herringbone hourglass shift dress and a black, long-sleeved jersey dress, again in a clinging 1950s style, both from www.brownsfashion.com.
4USMotor Vehiclespalanca de cambio masculinepalanca de velocidades masculine Mexico
- It would also be very straight forward to make a solendoid activate the sequential shift, so that you can have paddle shifting, with the paddles or buttons wherever you want.
- I thought ForceFed's was a full sequential transmission with computer controlled clutch and all, not just a sequential gear shift.
- Smooth acceleration occurred whether you used the auto box, the paddle shift or the Tiptronic system.
- The gear shift is electronic, and has a plastic lever that moves in order to allow gear change.
- All the sequential shifter does is convert the back and forth motion to move the two shifter rods in a standard H pattern gear shift.
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