In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- Glass is made from silica the most common mineral on the planet and aluminium is the most abundant metal on earth.
- Precipitation of gold is favoured by similar conditions to those that favour precipitation of silica.
- The silica and other minerals in the clay vitrify under heat and will not become soft clay again.
- The silicate minerals are those that contain silica, a combination of silicon and oxygen.
- The host limestone surrounding the pockets has been largely replaced by silica and iron oxides.
- The engines of tomorrow's PCs may be based not on silicon dioxide but on exotic new compounds such as perovskite oxide or even the stuff of life itself, DNA.
- For some animals, developing hard shells of silica, or incorporating calcium in bones and teeth, has clear benefits.
- The most common minerals are those that contain silicon dioxide in one form or another.
- Quartz and sand are composed of silicon and oxygen alone: silicon dioxide, or silica.
- Several powders or dry colours use a base of asbestos, chalk powder or silica.
- Early in the 1800s, mineralogists recognized that tiger's-eye was a fibrous variety of quartz, or silicon dioxide.
- Cristobalite is a crystalline form of silica that has a diamondlike structure.
- Soils are generally clay silica of varied depths and exposures.
- Components such as transistors on microchips are made of inorganic materials, primarily silicon and silicon dioxide.
- Chert is a finely crystalline silica that commonly forms in association with hot springs.
- Silica aerogel is made by mixing silicon dioxide with liquid alcohol, then drying out all the alcohol until you have the least-dense matter on earth: A piece of silica aerogel is 99.6 per cent empty space.
- When serpentine dissolves in sulfuric acid, the silicon in the mineral becomes silicon dioxide, or sand, and falls to the bottom, while the magnesium becomes magnesium sulfate.
- In the fossilisation process, the original organic parts of the shark's tooth are replaced by minerals such as iron pyrites and silica.
- Sandy soil attached to the furs was the source of silica in the fur dust.
- Soluble silicates can be obtained by heating alkali metal carbonates and silica.
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As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.