In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
intransitive verbsank, sunk
1.1(in water)(ship/stone) hundirsethe sediment sinks to the bottom of the jar — el sedimento se deposita en el fondo del frasco
- That part became waterlogged, so it sunk below the surface, but didn't lose its ability to float.
- Exhale and empty your lungs as much as possible, and you sink below the surface.
- Of Scharnhorst's crew of 1,968, just 36 were rescued from the icy waters as their wrecked ship sank.
- Lori just sunk below the surface of the water and swam out of the cave.
- Below him the volcano sunk into the Earth's crust, while bubbling lava spilled over it until it was entirely gone.
- Ninety years ago this week, the world's most famous ocean liner sank to a frigid grave in the icy waters of the North Atlantic.
- One man died and two crewmen were seriously injured on Thursday night when their cargo ship sank near Sai Kung waters.
- Officials detonated three sets of explosive charges on board, and the 2,500-ton vessel slowly sank below the surface.
- Do not dig a hole deeper than the roots or the soil and your apple will sink below ground level.
- In that world, Atlantis has sunk below the sea, and the island of Marmo isn't in any known records.
- As the last English galley sinks below the waves, an English emissary arrives at Bangalore under a white flag of truce.
- She threw his body into the sea from which she herself was born, and as he sank below the waves, anemones opened and flowered in his wake.
- She sank below the surface and tried to see how long she could hold her breath.
- Different feeds are also being tried: some are designed for feeding on or near the surface, others slowly sink toward the bottom of the cages.
- We just looked at each other as the boat sank silently to the bottom of the cold, black, incredibly scary lake.
- It shows a car from below as it sinks toward the seabed amid a swirling shoal of silvery fish.
- Three weeks after the original boat sank, the second Cabin Fever ship hit rocky waters again yesterday when it was shore-bound with gear box problems.
- The ship sank, killing seven of the crew, and collapsing two pylons and 127 metres of bridge decking into water 110 feet deep.
- Instead of returning to the surface, Sophie sank to the bottom of the 3ft pool.
- The vessel has sunk at its moorings several times in recent years and needed pumping out by fire fighters.
- The grains submerged immediately on contact with the surface, and sank rapidly, accumulating at the bottom.
- We kept getting closer and closer to the water as the ship sank.
- Most involve people who never expected to end up in the water, but fell overboard or ended up in the water when the boat sank.
- They thought that Miranda's rugged terrain was a result of heavier rocks sinking below the lighter ice crust.
- Weakened by her flight, and the blow to her head, she fell under the water and slowly sank down, below the surface.
- One ship sinks, many sailors die, and Martin points out to Candide that the gruesome affair further proves his point.
- Laure's in the bathtub and she's sinking below the surface, and the water is flowing over the top.
- If the seacock for the engine intake is left open, the boat sinks when the ice thaws.
- The government's response was to distance itself from the tragedy, claiming repeatedly that the boat had sunk in Indonesian waters.
- I sunk deeper below the surface of the raging river, and was losing all incentive to try and get back up.
- It skipped several times before it sunk down below the surface.
- Salvors fear the ship will sink if the engine room and one of the holds is ‘lost’ during the next refloating attempt.
- This ship sank while underway, and now rests on its starboard side.
- In such a place things are dumped over the side, and after a moment bobbing unnoticed on the surface, they sink to the bottom.
- The rock promptly sank below the surface, submerging the hook and its bait.
- Meanwhile, as sure as night follows day a refugee boat has sunk with loss of life.
- ‘A sea of fire stretched from stem to stern,’ one crewman observed as the ship sank, her aft section ripped away.
- As the three of them looked on, the ship was sinking slowly and steadily into the water.
- What do you grab onto when the ship is sinking and the waters are closing over your head?
- Slowly, the rock they stood on began to sink below the rest of the ground.
1.2(subside)(building/foundations) hundirseto sink into sth — hundirse en algo
- he sank back into the chair — se arrellanó en el sillón
- I sank (down) onto a bench — me dejé caer en un banco
- he sank to his knees — cayó de rodillas
- she sank to the floor — se desplomó en el suelo
- the cliffs sank below the horizon — los acantilados se perdieron en el horizonte
- In May 1884 C.W. Marsh was sinking a trial shaft hoping to find gold but only found indications of fossils.
- I was about to say something when I realized my shoe was sinking in the mud.
- And there are a lot of parts where our feet sink a little in the mud.
- My feet sunk into the countless, forgiving blades as a cricket chirped and brown moths battered themselves against the dim porch light.
- Today I heard of a borewell sunk to 270 feet that has gone dry; a new one has had to go down to 570 feet before striking water.
- With the first frosts of approaching winter, the surface waters are chilled, increasing in density, and they begin to sink into and below the summer bottom layer.
- After the war it was uncovered, however most of the glass had either washed away or sunk into the chalk below.
- The shaft had been sunk an additional 2,518 feet since the start of the project and now had an inclined depth of 6,818 feet.
- Feet sunk into the ground as she took out her camera.
- The body spilled from the spire, sinking into the sand below.
- She ran across the spongy ground, her feet sinking and sliding in the mud.
- The sludge was so soft and sticky it had a quicksand effect, for the more he tried to free himself, the deeper he sank into the mud.
- But in densely built cities, about three-quarters of the rainfall fails to sink into the ground or evaporate.
- Slowly, my feet sunk to the ground and I realized I had shut my eyes out of instinct.
- Three shafts had been sunk, the deepest more than forty metres.
- She stood on top of the snow, unlike Hildor who sank knee deep into the white powder.
- We can almost hear our own boots sinking into the jungle mud.
- I felt my fangs sink into flesh and I heard him scream.
- We sunk that well, and lo and behold, we heard tapping at the bottom of that well, and that just started the whole thing rolling.
- Walking was tiresome as his feet sank into the surface by 4 or 5 inches every step.
- As I walked in my feet sank into the thick cream carpet.
- The ground opened up below him and he sunk into the sand, leaving the stone behind.
- The waves slowly rolled over her feet as they sunk into the wet sand.
- They must sleep in complete darkness, so many vampires go to graveyards or simply sink into the ground, to rise again when the sun sets.
- It is almost amusing, to watch whomever it is drag themselves through it, as their feet sink to the ground almost immediately.
1.3to sink into(lapse)(person) hundirse enthe family had sunk into poverty — la familia se había hundido en la miseria
- she sank into a coma — entró en coma
- she sank back into obscurity — volvió a caer en el olvido
2(fall, drop)(water/level) descender(level/water) bajar(price/value) caer a pique(attendance/output/morale) decaer(attendance/morale/output) bajarher voice sank to a whisper — su voz se convirtió en un susurro
- the pound has sunk to an all-time low — la libra ha alcanzado el nivel más bajo en la historia
- she has sunk in my estimation — ha bajado en mi estima
- When the RSI value sinks below the 30 value, the issue is thought to be oversold.
- And that as a result, the land mass now actually sinks, because it's fine alluvial soil.
- As they chatted their voices sunk below my hearing.
- As the sun sank below the horizon, the festivities ended with concerts, mostly of the dangdut variety.
- The sky was exploding as the blood red sun sank below the horizon.
- Sometimes I do very little, to the casual eye, apart from observing the passage of the sun across the heavens, marking the point at which it enters my view and that at which it sinks below the hills.
- Slowly, the moon travelled across the sky, rising higher and dipping lower, until it began to sink below the treetops in the West, and kiss the tip of the horizon.
- Conversely, falling values will see the same line sinking toward the 0 value.
- ‘I suffered with the people,’ she said, her voice sinking to a whisper.
- Today, the price has sunk below 750 euros per barrel.
- The audience huddled in sleeping bags and blankets as the temperature sank below zero.
- It is that time of year when the sun sinks lower in the sky and thoughts of the culturally cognizant turn once again to the 17th Annual Vancouver Fringe Festival.
- Corporations fail to understand that the island has sunk.
- The net effect of warm air rising and cold air sinking is to decrease the ‘centre of gravity’ of the system because the cold air is more dense than the warm air.
- These drift on the ocean currents for about two weeks before the larval forms hatch, then sink to the reefs below and begin to feed.
- Finally, the top of the sun sank beneath the waves, and I turned in awe to Nick, beside me.
- If it sinks below zero, you die from hypothermia.
- We got there right at dusk, scrambling breathlessly to the top of the Pyramid of the Sun and catching a few moments of its namesake sinking below the western horizon.
- The greenback dropped to its weakest level against sterling for seven months, and sank against the yen, the euro and the Swiss franc.
- His voice sunk to a barely perceptible level.
- It has literally sunk below being a penny stock, closing Friday at $0.009 per share.
- As the afternoon sun sank lower, the long beams slanting across the coffee shop floor made me want to curl up and sleep like a lazy cat.
- Membership has sunk to below 200,000 and, after 12 years in office, many cabinet ministers are seen as tired, unpopular or not credible leaders.
- As the Protestant middle classes began to withdraw from Unionist politics, the quality of the candidates sank and the party stagnated.
- As a result of subsidence and rising sea levels worldwide Venice has sunk by 23 cm since 1900.
- The sun had just begun to sink below the hills when they reached the roof.
- Shares in high profile orange juice company Charlie's have sunk 33 percent in value in the past two days.
- By 2001, the New York trading price for unroasted arabica coffee had sunk below 40 cents per pound.
- Apparently their trade value had sunk to nil, nix, nothing at all.
- But he was not Dow's only critic as Scotia's market value sank below £100m.
- For the rest of the month Mercury sinks back down to the horizon while fading rapidly, and is out of sight well before the end of April.
- As it started to sink below the horizon, it cast a fiery, golden glow over all the land.
- In the evenings we gathered on the porch as the sun sank low and watched the animals come in.
- The sun was just getting ready to sink below the waves and it cast a warm light on the shiny surface of the water.
- To create usable land, water had to be pumped out of the area, which in turn caused the ground to sink even lower.
- We were nearing one of Italy's most horrid swamps, and the ground beneath us sank freely underneath our feet.
- On a bad day their status can sink below that even of politicians, estate agents and journalists.
- They've seen the value of their investments sink - so why would they put good money after bad?
- Money flooded out of the country and the value of the currency sank.
- Shareholders face the prospect of paying taxes on gains even as their funds' values are sinking.
3.1(decline)declinarshe's sinking fast — se está apagando rápidamente
3.3(be discouraged)my heart sank — se me cayó el alma a los pies
- he walked toward her with (a) sinking heart — acongojado, se dirigió hacia donde estaba ella
transitive verbsank, sunk
1.1(ship) hundir(body/object) hundir(body/object) sumergir
- The English had lost some 450 men with 1250 wounded and no ships sunk or captured.
- German submarines eventually sank 391 ships in the western Atlantic, 141 of which were tankers.
- Last December, the Japanese Coast Guard sunk an unidentified ship, claiming it was a North Korean spy ship.
- One Carthaginian sea captain sank his ship rather than let his charts fall into Roman hands.
- The captain of a big ship sinks a small boat because, otherwise, both will drown at a particular juncture.
- When the British finally vacated the base in 1946, rather than giving anyone else the pleasure of sinking the ship that had proved so hard to kill, one of their destroyers was given the task.
- During that time German and Italian submarines sank nearly 2,900 merchant ships, suffering 867 losses themselves.
- An initial examination revealed that a water pipe used to cool the engine had broken and flooded the engine room, nearly sinking the ship.
- That was the night Japanese submarines attacked Sydney, sinking the accommodation ferry Kuttabul and claiming the lives of 21 sailors.
- Navy coastguard personnel retrieved seven crewmembers who had been working on a Sattahip fishing vessel after strong waves sank their boat.
- Some 69 boats were sunk or destroyed when the hurricane took out concrete piers anchoring the floating docks.
- So, Ford wants to sink the ship rather than allow the flagship of the Russian sub fleet get into enemy hands.
- Gale force winds and strong tides sank a rowing boat on the Thames in Barnes on Sunday.
- Murray dropped a cannon overboard into the canoe of Islanders who paddled out to meet the ship, sinking their vessel and allowing the ship's crew to grab the floating men.
- He was sailing a ship during a violent storm that had all but sunk the vessel.
- Apart from sinking the accommodation ship HMAS Kuttabul, with the loss of 21 lives, the attack caused little other damage.
- It does seem a bit inappropriate though considering the unsinkable ship was sunk by an iceberg all those years ago.
- Submarines were supposed to surface and give crews time to abandon ship before sinking their vessels.
- The ship is sunk, the whale-boats destroyed, and Ahab himself is yanked to his death by the very iron he himself forged.
- If they throw us a crumb, it's like pirates who have sunk your ship, murdered your family, and burned your village giving you a lifeboat to sail away on.
1.2(ruin)(plan/business) hundir(plan/business) hacer naufragar(plan/business) acabar con(person) hundir(person) acabar con
- The sports minister later told the Dáil it was wrong to assume that the failure to name two Irish venues would sink the bid.
- Nevertheless, although the movie's self-importance causes the project to take on water, it fails to sink it.
- Exhausted, Ben sank into the chair and dropped his head against the bed.
- Francis and Metropolis fell silent and sank into their seats.
- Their public revelation of the deal's contents even before the votes were cast looked very much like a bid to sink a free and open election.
- The bid was finally sunk last weekend when the existing course could not stand up to torrential rain.
- I sighed deeply, letting my body sink down into the comforter, too fatigued to try and appear in control in all the ways I clearly wasn't.
- Max gave him a big fake smile, which quickly faded as he sunk into the couch.
- Opponents of the regional assembly had called for North Yorkshire to be given a veto to sink the plans if a majority of the county's residents oppose them.
- As Sharapova sank to her knees at winning the Wimbledon title four months ago, she provided the perfect solution for the people who market women's tennis.
- Even if it rains the entire time, it won't totally sink your plans.
- However, despite the enthusiastic endorsement of the Welsh clubs, the SRU's rejection appears to have sunk the plan.
- The attack continued even when the man had sunk to his knees.
- His grip on me slowly weakened, he sank to his knees, and he vanished.
- She had to beat him during a highly-charged tussle at Glasgow's Braehead Area to qualify for the opportunity to sink the opposition in Bismarck.
- He could feel his body sink slowly into the bed and his back cracked, relieving some of the tension that had built up all day.
- I sank into the deep blue luxurious cushions and looked round.
- I tried to sink a little bit deeper in my chair, hoping no one would see me.
- His involvement has really sunk us.
- She sank his chances in a single speech and a memorable phrase.
- The mud and a mighty Bristol pack almost sunk our team as Bristol's heroes were shattered by a slithering score from… yes, Richard Hill.
- He heard soft footsteps and sank slowly to the floor.
- He sank to a sitting position with his back against the door, pulling his knees to his chest.
- He glances at his watch, moves his coffee to the dash and sinks a little lower in the car seat.
- Adam's smile faded and he sank back into the bed, looking small and tired, sensing their thoughts.
- That one-two punch effectively sunk her acting career for good.
- I relaxed completely, sinking down in my seat until my head hit the top of my chair.
- She struggled to get up but failed miserably as she sunk back down.
- Jason picked up the phone and dropped it on the ground before sinking to his knees.
- Yet it is the criminality that has sunk a cosy deal.
- One group of Leeds fans made a joke of the Scottish weather by donning snorkels and diving masks, but it was their hopes which were sunk without trace by the final whistle.
- On Europe, the UK Independence Party has apparently sunk this strategy because it shows that only the Tories are the sensible pragmatists.
- I sank into the pool completely, shook my messy blonde hair with my hands, and styled it back several times so that it would look more organized.
- The public lies were huge enough to have sunk their governments in cleaner times.
- She began to walk out the door but she heard him sink down on the bed dejectedly.
- Independent film review sites can sink a film in hours.
- And it was Robert Anderson's report of yesterday that has sunk Jobie Dajka's Olympic hopes, it seems.
- I let my body sink into the great white cloud of bubbles.
- Organizational and project-management risks have sunk many a project that was technically feasible.
- On Wednesday another Zambian, Linos Chalwe, was the toast of Manning Rangers as his goal on debut sunk Golden Arrows.
1.3(immerse)to sink sb in sth — sumir a algn en algo
- the news sank us all in gloom — la noticia nos sumió a todos en la tristeza
2(bury, hide)(pipe/cable) enterrar(pipe/cable) esconder
- A hammer might sink a screw, but a screwdriver would be more efficient and effective.
- Nearly 6,000 hand pumps were sunk to provide drinking water.
- It was this anomalous situation that compelled the French left to sink their differences and form a common front against the ruling Gaullists.
- Subsequently, the two managed to sink their differences.
- Where village welfare is concerned, these fishermen sink their differences and work together for the overall good of everyone.
- The soil was too sandy to grow food, an urgent need, and poor quality drinking water had to be drained into barrels sunk beneath the ground.
- In 1828 liberals and Catholics sank their differences and joined constitutional associations to force William to give ground.
- Gaining what we presume is the Alexandra Glacier, we rope up and simul-climb for the next three hours, occasionally sinking an ice screw.
- This smooth and more experienced screwdriver had strengths mine did not, and it sunk the remaining loose screws deep into the wood.
- He has appealed to all doctors to sink their differences and come together in the larger interests of the doctors' community.
- They had erected each post, one by one, sinking it deep into the caliche hardpan upon which the town was settled, and then into the softness of the sand below.
- One wonders how many of Sharp's critics today would be prepared to sink their own prejudices and defy political correctness in order to do so.
- The caissons were huge hollow reinforced concrete blocks that were floated across the channel and then sunk when in position.
- The sheikh also hoped that the leaders will try to sink their differences for the best interest of the movement.
- One of the screws was sunk a bit too far, peeking from the right side of the stock.
- Eventually, the next bend reveals a stand of huts, tottering on stilts sunk in the muddy wastes of the lapping river.
3.1(drive in)to sink sth in/into sth
- the dog sank its teeth into my thigh — el perro me clavó / me hincó los dientes en el muslo
- she sank the knife into his back — le hundió / le clavó el cuchillo en la espalda
- These noble big dogs will bleed the ground red as they sink their teeth into one another in the name of nations great and small.
- She leapt, and sunk the blade into his flesh, again and again, with sadistic pleasure.
- Without the aid of soy sauce or wasabi, our dishevelled hero sinks his teeth into the head of a live and writhing squid.
- Arin had sunk his claws deep within the angel's arm and had used his other hand to break Lucius's wing.
- There's nothing your native Korean likes better than to sink his teeth into a dog, a reversal of the age-old trend.
- This particular store seemed to be on an exotic fruit trip and was piled high with things that Zachery hadn't yet sunk his teeth into.
- She was immediately set upon by his faithful setter, who sank fangs deep into the vampire's throat and almost severed her head from her body.
- He snaps at her with his sharp teeth and sinks them into her paw.
- Residents in Penhill will soon be sinking their teeth into succulent pears, plums and cherries all carefully tended by their own green fingers.
- Miss Walkden spotted the dogs running towards her and picked up her 11-year-old pet - but one of the animals, a pit bull terrier, repeatedly lunged at her, attempting to sink its teeth into Sooty.
- I sink my teeth into the hot, steamy, juicy delicacy.
- But instead of sinking his teeth into a succulent pork, egg and pastry treat, Mr Davis found he was crunching glass.
- The large cat had sprung on her in her trace-like state and sunk its fangs deep into her leg.
- To widen the choice for the guests and ensure that there are more than just juicy fish chunks for guests to sink their teeth into, buffet lunch and dinner are also being served during the festival days.
- The dog sinks his teeth into the young man's meatballs.
- Seiru sunk his fangs deep into the middle neck, the warm blood tasting sweet on his tongue.
- Whether or not you agree with the film's conclusions, you are sure to feel more honest with yourself on your decision on whether to sink your teeth into a beef or vegetarian patty if you attend the screening and participate in the debate.
- Man and cougar went to the ground as the cat stripped the flesh from Parker's face and prepared to sink its teeth into his neck.
- Frankly, I delight in seeing people eagerly sink their teeth into the soft, burning hot, yellowish vegetable, defying the scalding heat of the sweet, sticky juice oozing from under the crisp rind.
- Asgard purposefully sunk his Blade into the thin red slit and pulled it sideways and down, enlarging it.
- For a man who often seems to climb like a half-shut knife, he surely knows how to sink the blade in.
- Aligore sunk his claws deep into the dragon's hide, then he began to slash.
- Tearing one last time at her skin, she sunk her nails deeper into her flesh and howled loudly, before going limp.
- Notwithstanding the extreme cruelty shown to these animals, most of us fail to spare a thought on the matter, before sinking our teeth into a non-vegetarian fare.
3.2(excavate)(shaft) abrir(shaft) excavar(well) perforar(well) abrir
4(invest)to sink sth in/into sth — invertir algo en algo
5.1Sport(putt/ball) (en el hoyo) meterhe sank two baskets — encestó dos veces
- Clarkie sank a ball and snookered Dave but this just made him play with more determination.
- Gray got a snooker, then sank the last red, potted a great black and cleared up to win the frame 54-53 for 8-8.
- Scott was in the same bunker and got out and sank a good putt for a birdie.
- Hogan sinks the putt and the crowd goes tearfully goofy.
- Presumably Barber would have sunk an 80-footer had there been another hole.
- Your best chance for making birdies is to sink some long putts - and avoid the dreaded three-putt.
- What kind of professional pool player doesn't know that you have to sink the black ball last?
- We got to the end of the first hole and Warren sank a putt for par.
- And he then relied on his putter for salvation at his two closing holes where he sank a couple of ten-footers that just about kept him in the hunt.
- I would love to do something that meant more than sinking four-foot putts.
5.2British informal (drink)tragarse informalzamparse informal
- The Barbarians skipper Ian Jones will have sunk a few beers last night as the incomparable Kiwi had just played his last game of rugby.
- They also love sinking a few beers at their local.
- The men were moved to sink their drinks and shuffle to a safer distance.
- McGuinness sinks another beer, draws nervously on his cigarette and lets his attention wonder from his bag for one, maybe two minutes.
- They perform in each one, sink a few drinks, and move on.
6(forget)olvidardejar a un lado
1.1(in kitchen)fregadero masculinelavaplatos masculine Andespileta feminine River Platesink unit — módulo de cocina con fregadero
- Also, sensors embedded in bathtub drains and kitchen sinks could check for patterns of secretions which indicate disease.
- The kitchen is fitted with a range of units and a sink, but is relatively small and needs to be updated.
- The utility room off the kitchen also has fitted units and a sink.
- Beside the toilet is a tiny sink with a basin so small my two hands are just able to fit under it.
- He added that water from the sink, washing machine and wash basins is prone to overflowing and running back underneath the house instead of down the outside drain.
- Look around the sink, slow draining pipes indicate a blocked drain.
- He pushed his chair out from the table, took his bowl to the sink and ran some water into it.
- A plastic basin in the sink collects washing-up water and other water used.
- Always start cooking in a clean kitchen and keep a sink half filled with hot soapy water while you are preparing the meal.
- Also, when doing activities such as rinsing vegetables or shaving, half fill the sink or basin instead of letting the water run.
- A utility room off the kitchen has its own sink unit along with built-in worktops and storage cupboards.
- The kitchen has fitted wall and floor units, a double sink and a fitted oven, hob and extractor.
- He leaned over the sink basin, and washed his hands and face with icy water, and then looked up at his face in the mirror.
- A large dressing room, huge shower with endless supply of hot and cold running water, double sinks and indoor plumbing are all hidden behind the bedroom suites.
- Peyton stated as she saw the clothes and hair supplies by the sink.
- The kitchen has fitted presses, a steel sink unit and a tiled floor.
- The kitchen has a small sink and some storage units, but needs to be renovated.
- Mike handed his uncle a large wrench and Adam got down onto the floor, and began to loosen the pipe under the sink.
- He turned and left with the bottle on the sink counter and the basin in hand.
- Caulk small cracks along baseboards, walls, cupboards, and around pipes, sinks, and bathtub fixtures.
1.2US (washbasin)lavabo masculinelavamanos masculinelavatorio masculine Southern Conepileta feminine River Plate
2literary(evil place)a sink of wickedness — un antro de perdición
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