In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(very, to a great extent)tantantohe's so very English — es tan inglés
- I'm so, so tired — estoy tan, pero tan cansado
- he did it so quickly — lo hizo tan rápido
- you're so right — tienes tanta razón
- I'm so glad to meet you — me alegro tanto de conocerte
- there's so much work to do — hay tanto (trabajo) que hacer
- thank you so much — muchísimas gracias
- I love him so — lo quiero tanto
- I did so hope/wish they could come — tenía tantas esperanzas/ganas de que vinieran
- Their bathroom was so clean!
- We are so pleased to be hosting this third debate.
- She did not know why God kept her here so long but believed that He must have had a purpose.
- He was so handsome in his dark Sunday suit.
- I wanted to like the movie if only because the critics hated it so, but I couldn't deny the unmistakable truth that it was not very good.
- It never even gets as far as a fight, because my wife is so much more organised than me.
- Not so long ago a new train service was inaugurated with due pomp and ceremony.
- Our politicians have plundered the system for so long, corruption is part of life.
- Everything had happened so fast he barely was able to absorb all the information.
- Sometimes we write songs so slowly that we never get around to recording them.
- Thank you so much for all the comments, they mean more than you know.
- I am not so stupid as to consider myself original.
- On the Internet we had so many hits in the first hour that we were really struggling.
- Everyone must have put in so many hours to get it right, so a big thank you to all.
- When we were interviewing Betsey Wright, I was so grateful to her for trusting us that much.
- She, like the rest of the family, had not expected Belinda to be away for so long.
- I sang so loud that I'm still hoarse now, almost 24 hours later!
- Arthur liked Ben a great deal, but no one could predict how a marriage would fare and he wanted so much for this one to be successful.
1.2(as much as that)tantantowhy are you so stubborn? — ¿por qué eres tan terco?
- don't upset yourself so — no te preocupes tanto
- Have you seen a girl, about so high, with long blonde hair?
- ‘Oh, it's flat like a coin, but about so big,’ said Erin, gesturing with his hands.
1.3not so … as
- we've never been so busy as we are now — nunca hemos estado tan ocupados como ahora
- Paul's not so confident as he looks — Paul no tiene tanta confianza en sí mismo como parece
- it's not so much a hobby as an obsession — no es tanto un hobby como una obsesión
1.4(such a)tanso foolish a mistake as the one John made — un error tan tonto como el que cometió John
- how could so gifted a poet stop writing? — ¿cómo pudo dejar de escribir un poeta con tanto talento?
2.1(up to a certain point, limit)I can only eat so fast — no puedo comer más rápido
- we can admit just so many and no more — solo podemos dejar entrar a equis cantidad de gente y no más
- I can take just so much and then I explode — puedo aguantar hasta cierto punto pero después exploto
2.2(unspecified amount)they charge us so much a day — nos cobran tanto por día
- so many rolls of this, so many boxes of that — tantos rollos de esto, tantas cajas de aquello
2.3(the amount indicated)the fish was so long — el pescado era así de largo
- I've known him since he was so high — lo conozco desde que era así
3(with clauses of result or purpose)so … (that) — tan … que
- he was so rude (that) she slapped him — fue tan grosero, que le dio una bofetada
- so confused was she that … — tan confundida estaba que …
- he so hated the job, he left — odiaba tanto el trabajo, que lo dejó
- the buildings are so designed that … — los edificios están diseñados de tal manera que / de manera tal que …
- so … as to + inf
- I'm not so stupid as to believe him — no soy tan tonta como para creerle
- I was so fortunate as to know her personally — tuve la suerte de conocerla personalmente
- would you be so kind as to explain this to me? — ¿tendría la gentileza de explicarme esto?
4.1(thus, in this way)the street was so named because … — se le puso ese nombre a la calle porque …
- if you feel so inclined — si te apetece
- hold the bat like so — agarra el bate así / de esta manera
4.2(as stated)asíis that really so? — ¿de veras?
- that is so — así es
- I know quite a bit about that — is that so? — yo sé bastante de eso — ¡no me digas!
- not so — no es así
- perhaps so — en una de esas
- if so, they're lying — si es así / de ser así, están mintiendo
- The beans were cream-colored, with a yellow hue, or so he said.
- Perhaps his next stop in Houston will be a better one. Let's hope so!
- Although currently set to be demolished, Ashfield Works could be structurally sound - and if so could be ideal for development.
- I watched an episode, saw nothing wrong with it, and said so.
- Is there a place for direct marketing? I think so.
4.3(as desired)everything has to be just/precisely so — todo tiene que estar justamente/precisamente como ella (or él etc.) quiere
5.1… and I'm sure they've done so/they'll do so — … y estoy segura de que lo han hecho/de que lo harán
- he left the country and by doing so he caused great problems — abandonó el país y, al hacerlo, causó muchos problemas
- he put the books on the table and in so doing knocked the vase off the edge — al poner los libros sobre la mesa tiró el florero
- he thinks she's gifted and I think so too — él cree que tiene talento y yo también / y yo opino lo mismo
- is he coming tomorrow? — it seems so — ¿viene mañana? — así / eso parece
- will he be pleased? — I expect so — ¿estará contento? — me imagino que sí
- I got a bit dirty — so I see — me ensucié un poco — sí, ya veo
- you said so yesterday — eso dijiste ayer
- I told you so — ¿no te lo dije?
- so saying, he put on his coat and left — y con estas palabras / diciendo esto, se puso el abrigo y se fue
- this will never work — how so? — esto no va a funcionar — ¿por qué no?
- why so? — ¿por qué?
- is she interested? — very much so — ¿le interesa? — sí, y mucho
- our relations are good and I want to keep them so — nuestras relaciones son buenas y quiero que sigan así / que sigan siéndolo
- she's like her mother in that, only more so — en eso es como la madre, pero más todavía
5.2(contradicting)she wasn't there — she was so! — no estaba allí — ¡sí que estaba!
- ‘You're not Icelandic.’ ‘I am so.’
6.1(also, equally)the children are tired and so am I/are you/is Peter — los niños están cansados y yo/y tú/y Peter también
- Peter agrees and so does Bill/and so do I — Peter está de acuerdo y Bill/y yo también
- speed is important, but so too is quality — la rapidez es importante, pero también lo es la calidad
6.2(indeed)she claims she's talented and so she is — asegura que tiene talento y, la verdad, lo tiene
- I want to go and so I shall — quiero ir e iré
- you promised — so I did! — lo prometiste — ¡es verdad! / ¡tienes razón!
7.1(indicating pause or transition)buenoso here we are again — bueno, aquí estamos otra vez
7.2(introducing new topic)so you're getting married, I hear? — ¿así que te casas?
- so what's new with you? — y ¿qué hay / qué cuentas de nuevo?
7.3(querying, eliciting information)so now what do we do? — ¿y ahora qué hacemos?
- so he intends to stay, it seems? — así que / entonces parece que piensa quedarse ¿no?
7.4(summarizing, concluding)así queso now you know — así que ya sabes
- He left us down, so he did!
- She was a lovely girl, so she was.
7.5(expressing surprised reaction)así queconqueso that's what he's after! — ¡así que / conque eso es lo que quiere!
7.6(challenging)but she's not a Catholic — so? — pero no es católica — ¿y qué (hay)?
- she said it slowly, so (that) we'd all understand — lo dijo despacio, para que / de manera que todos entendiéramos
- she said it slowly, so (that) we all understood — lo dijo despacio, así que / de manera que todos entendimos
- we took a taxi, so (that) we wouldn't be late — tomamos un taxi para no llegar tarde
- we took a taxi, so (that) we got there early — tomamos un taxi, así que / de manera que llegamos temprano
2(therefore, consequently)así quede manera quehe wasn't at home, so I called again later — no estaba en casa, así que / de manera que volví a llamar más tarde
- I have to move my cattle over to somewhere else, requiring me to lease property, so I want money for that.
- I think I've been playing very well, so to say that my heart's not in it is hurtful.
- The lawyer said the American was inebriated at the time, so that he had lost control of his actions.
- When it was translated it usually meant no more to her than it did in English, so that she did not know what to reply.
- There is very little between teams now they are all champions, so to say that any team should be outstanding favourites is not realistic.
- By the time we bought our tickets it was almost 5:30 so we hurried back to the hotel.
- Each of them can be downloaded free of charge, so go ahead and do it.
3(in parallel processes)as … so
- (just) as she loves it, so I detest it — así como a ella le encanta, yo lo detesto
- as we grow older, so we grow more tolerant — a medida que envejecemos, nos vamos haciendo más tolerantes
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.