In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(very, to a great extent)tantantohe's so very English — es tan inglés
- I'm so, so tired — estoy tan, pero tan cansado
- he did it so quickly — lo hizo tan rápido
- you're so right — tienes tanta razón
- I'm so glad to meet you — mucho gusto
- there's so much work to do — hay tanto (trabajo) que hacer
- thank you so much — muchísimas gracias
- I love him so — lo quiero tanto
- I did so hope/wish they could come — tenía tantas esperanzas/ganas de que vinieran
- Arthur liked Ben a great deal, but no one could predict how a marriage would fare and he wanted so much for this one to be successful.
- Sometimes we write songs so slowly that we never get around to recording them.
- It never even gets as far as a fight, because my wife is so much more organised than me.
- She, like the rest of the family, had not expected Belinda to be away for so long.
- Not so long ago a new train service was inaugurated with due pomp and ceremony.
- Everyone must have put in so many hours to get it right, so a big thank you to all.
- When we were interviewing Betsey Wright, I was so grateful to her for trusting us that much.
- Their bathroom was so clean!
- We are so pleased to be hosting this third debate.
- Our politicians have plundered the system for so long, corruption is part of life.
- I am not so stupid as to consider myself original.
- On the Internet we had so many hits in the first hour that we were really struggling.
- Thank you so much for all the comments, they mean more than you know.
- She did not know why God kept her here so long but believed that He must have had a purpose.
- Everything had happened so fast he barely was able to absorb all the information.
- I sang so loud that I'm still hoarse now, almost 24 hours later!
- He was so handsome in his dark Sunday suit.
- I wanted to like the movie if only because the critics hated it so, but I couldn't deny the unmistakable truth that it was not very good.
1.2(as much as that)tantantowhy are you so stubborn? — ¿por qué eres tan terco?
- don't upset yourself so — no te preocupes tanto
- Have you seen a girl, about so high, with long blonde hair?
- ‘Oh, it's flat like a coin, but about so big,’ said Erin, gesturing with his hands.
1.3not so … as
- we've never been so busy as we are now — nunca hemos estado tan ocupados como ahora
- Paul's not so confident as he looks — Paul no tiene tanta confianza en sí mismo como parece
- it's not so much a hobby as an obsession — no es tanto un hobby como una obsesión
1.4(such a)tanso foolish a mistake as the one John made — un error tan tonto como el que cometió John
- how could so gifted a poet stop writing? — ¿cómo pudo dejar de escribir un poeta con tanto talento?
2.1(up to a certain point, limit)I can only eat so fast — no puedo comer más rápido
- we can admit just so many and no more — solo podemos dejar entrar a equis cantidad de gente y no más
- I can take just so much and then I explode — puedo aguantar hasta cierto punto pero después exploto
2.2(unspecified amount)they charge us so much a day — nos cobran tanto por día
- so many rolls of this, so many boxes of that — tantos rollos de esto, tantas cajas de aquello
2.3(the amount indicated)the fish was so long — el pescado era así de largo
- I've known him since he was so high — lo conozco desde que era así
3(with clauses of result or purpose)so … (that) — tan … que
- he was so rude (that) she slapped him — fue tan grosero, que le dio una bofetada
- so confused was she that … — tan confundida estaba que …
- he so hated the job, he left — odiaba tanto el trabajo, que lo dejó
- the buildings are so designed that … — los edificios están diseñados de tal manera que / de manera tal que …
- so … as to + inf
- I'm not so stupid as to believe him — no soy tan tonta como para creerle
- I was so fortunate as to know her personally — tuve la suerte de conocerla personalmente
- would you be so kind as to explain this to me? — ¿tendría la gentileza de explicarme esto?
4.1(thus, in this way)the street was so named because … — se le puso ese nombre a la calle porque …
- if you feel so inclined — si tienes ganas
- hold the bat like so — agarra el bate así / de esta manera
4.2(as stated)asíis that really so? — ¿de veras?
- that is so — así es
- I know quite a bit about that — is that so? — yo sé bastante de eso — ¡no me digas!
- not so — no es así
- perhaps so — en una de esas
- if so, they're lying — si es así / de ser así, están mintiendo
- Is there a place for direct marketing? I think so.
- The beans were cream-colored, with a yellow hue, or so he said.
- Although currently set to be demolished, Ashfield Works could be structurally sound - and if so could be ideal for development.
- Perhaps his next stop in Houston will be a better one. Let's hope so!
- I watched an episode, saw nothing wrong with it, and said so.
4.3(as desired)everything has to be just/precisely so — todo tiene que estar justamente/precisamente como ella (or él etc.) quiere
5.1… and I'm sure they've done so/they'll do so — … y estoy segura de que lo han hecho/de que lo harán
- he left the country and by doing so he caused great problems — abandonó el país y, al hacerlo, causó muchos problemas
- he put the books on the table and in so doing knocked the vase off the edge — al poner los libros sobre la mesa tiró el florero
- he thinks she's gifted and I think so too — él cree que tiene talento y yo también / y yo opino lo mismo
- is he coming tomorrow? — it seems so — ¿viene mañana? — así / eso parece
- will he be pleased? — I expect so — ¿estará contento? — me imagino que sí
- I got a bit dirty — so I see — me ensucié un poco — sí, ya veo
- you said so yesterday — eso dijiste ayer
- I told you so — ¿no te lo dije?
- so saying, he put on his coat and left — y con estas palabras / diciendo esto, se puso el abrigo y se fue
- this will never work — how so? — esto no va a funcionar — ¿por qué no?
- why so? — ¿por qué?
- is she interested? — very much so — ¿le interesa? — sí, y mucho
- our relations are good and I want to keep them so — nuestras relaciones son buenas y quiero que sigan así / que sigan siéndolo
- she's like her mother in that, only more so — en eso es como la madre, pero más todavía
5.2(contradicting)she wasn't there — she was so! — no estaba allí — ¡sí que estaba!
- ‘You're not Icelandic.’ ‘I am so.’
6.1(also, equally)the children are tired and so am I/are you/is Peter — los niños están cansados y yo/y tú/y Peter también
- Peter agrees and so does Bill/and so do I — Peter está de acuerdo y Bill/y yo también
- speed is important, but so too is quality — la rapidez es importante, pero también lo es la calidad
6.2(indeed)she claims she's talented and so she is — asegura que tiene talento y, la verdad, lo tiene
- I want to go and so I shall — quiero ir e iré
- you promised — so I did! — lo prometiste — ¡es verdad! / ¡tienes razón!
7.1(indicating pause or transition)buenoso here we are again — bueno, aquí estamos otra vez
7.2(introducing new topic)so you're getting married, I hear? — ¿así que te casas?
- so what's new with you? — y ¿qué hay / qué cuentas de nuevo?
7.3(querying, eliciting information)so now what do we do? — ¿y ahora qué hacemos?
- so he intends to stay, it seems? — así que / entonces parece que piensa quedarse ¿no?
7.4(summarizing, concluding)así queso now you know — así que ya sabes
- He left us down, so he did!
- She was a lovely girl, so she was.
7.5(expressing surprised reaction)así queconqueso that's what he's after! — ¡así que / conque eso es lo que quiere!
7.6(challenging)but she's not a Catholic — so? — pero no es católica — ¿y qué (hay)?
- she said it slowly, so (that) we'd all understand — lo dijo despacio, para que / de manera que todos entendiéramos
- she said it slowly, so (that) we all understood — lo dijo despacio, así que / de manera que todos entendimos
- we took a taxi, so (that) we wouldn't be late — tomamos un taxi para no llegar tarde
- we took a taxi, so (that) we got there early — tomamos un taxi, así que / de manera que llegamos temprano
2(therefore, consequently)así quede manera quehe wasn't at home, so I called again later — no estaba en casa, así que / de manera que volví a llamar más tarde
- There is very little between teams now they are all champions, so to say that any team should be outstanding favourites is not realistic.
- By the time we bought our tickets it was almost 5:30 so we hurried back to the hotel.
- The lawyer said the American was inebriated at the time, so that he had lost control of his actions.
- I have to move my cattle over to somewhere else, requiring me to lease property, so I want money for that.
- Each of them can be downloaded free of charge, so go ahead and do it.
- I think I've been playing very well, so to say that my heart's not in it is hurtful.
- When it was translated it usually meant no more to her than it did in English, so that she did not know what to reply.
3(in parallel processes)as … so
- (just) as she loves it, so I detest it — así como a ella le encanta, yo lo detesto
- as we grow older, so we grow more tolerant — a medida que envejecemos, nos vamos haciendo más tolerantes
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