In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(money) gastarto spend sth on sb/sth — gastar algo en algn/algo
- she doesn't mind spending $250 on a pair of shoes — no le importa gastar(se) 250 dólares en un par de zapatos
- We spent too much money on people that hate us and loathe us and want us out of their country.
- By now there should be nobody who doesn't agree that how much money we spend per pupil makes a difference.
1.2(expend)to spend sth on sth — invertir algo en algo
- they spent a lot of time and energy on the project — le dedicaron mucho tiempo y muchas energías al proyecto
- she spent two months on that painting — le dedicó dos meses a ese cuadro
- don't spend too long on each question — no le dediquen mucho tiempo a cada pregunta
- spend your time wisely — emplea bien el tiempo
- The lightning spent itself and the coach fell to the ground unconscious.
- She put her hands on her hips and watched as the can spent itself.
- The last drops of the rainfall spattered heavily against the cobblestones as the storm spent itself and shook itself off.
2(pass)(period of time) pasarwhere did you spend Christmas/your vacation? — ¿dónde pasaste la Navidad/tus vacaciones?
- I spent the morning working/shopping — (me) pasé la mañana trabajando/de compras
- I spent five years as a salesman — (me) pasé cinco años trabajando como vendedor
- The months passed, and I spent them staring directly at Benny during every class.
- So the University hired contractors who spent weeks making sure that all systems were clean.
- The ten celebrities will spend two weeks in Australia surviving on rice and water.
- You see, Summer and I had spent a good ten straight hours in the mall filling out applications to stores, and only one had answered.
- Leaving Ireland, aged 22, he spent ten years travelling across Europe, playing all the while.
- I spent decades on benefits as a single parent bringing up children.
- He spends time passing out pamphlets on the street and reading the Bible in our basement.
- Earlier this month he spent ten days in the city which will host this year's Olympics in August.
- April passed, and Charlie spent her sixteenth birthday away from her family and away from Adam.
- Here, she spent the next ten years of her life, brought up in an atmosphere of love and affection.
- She spent a sleepless night passing along the police line searching out scraps of news.
- A driver without a resident's pass wanting to spend three hours in Piccadilly car park must find £6 in coins.
- I spent a laborious ten minutes updating my particulars, then pressed Save.
- So he prepares meticulously, invites everyone he knows, and spends his days passing out flyers.
- As the hours passed they spent their time driving around the small commercial area, looking at all there was to look at.
- Even though he didn't go before a judge, he had to hire a lawyer and spent a year preparing his case.
- ‘They spend a lot of time with Bradley and I just filled up when they told me what they were doing,’ she said.
- She now went into nursing full time and spent the next ten years working in England.
- Plus, managers spend all their time hiring replacements rather than running your business.
- Last week the town council passed a motion to spend a day picking up litter around the town.
3(exhaust)agotarthe hurricane had spent its force/itself — el huracán había agotado / perdido su fuerza/se había extinguido
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
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