In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
intransitive verbsprang, sprung
1.1(leap)saltarI sprang out of bed — salté de la cama
- he sprang over the wall — saltó el muro
- the cat sprang up onto the table — el gato se subió a la mesa de un salto
- to spring to one's feet — levantarse / ponerse de pie de un salto / como movido por un resorte
- to spring to attention — ponerse firme
- tears sprang to his eyes — se le llenaron los ojos de lágrimas
- to spring to sb's aid — correr / acudir en ayuda de algn
- the branch sprang back and hit me in the face — la rama saltó como un látigo y me dio en la cara
- the door sprang open/shut — la puerta se abrió/se cerró de golpe
- They hid behind the doorway and listened, preparing to spring out and attack if needed.
- Chloe then sprang out of her bed and went to her closet.
- He sprang to national prominence when Armagh qualified for the All-Ireland final of 1977.
- In a instant, the door was open and he sprang into the room.
- The horse just sprung into the air and came backwards right down on her.
- Suddenly one of the men sprung forward in an attempt to grab Rachel.
- One man is at the head of the boat, and he springs off first as they touch land.
- Before Whitney had a chance to really answer, Jay sprang from her bed.
- The door suddenly swung open, and they sprang apart.
- Violet suddenly sprang forward and seized her by the arm.
- He springs up when he sees me and approaches the car.
- He sprung to prominence last season when he scored the winner at Rochdale on his full debut.
- The two men behind her suddenly sprang into action, rushing forward, each one grabbing him under an arm.
- I quickly sprung out of bed and into the shower.
- Suddenly, the cat sprang from the bed and pushed its way through a small hole in the door.
- Courageous motorists sprang to the aid of two elderly women trapped in their car after an accident in North Yorkshire.
- She shook away the questions that had sprung unbidden to her mind and focused on the present.
- Then the leader sprang forward toward me, pointing his gun at me.
- Jimmy then sprung up, opened the door, and saw his four best buddies.
- Even some of his political foes sprang to his defence.
1.2(pounce)the tiger was poised to spring — el tigre estaba agazapado, listo para atacar
- to spring at sb/sth
- the dog sprang at his throat — el perro se le tiró al cuello
- she suddenly sprang at him — de pronto se le tiró encima / se abalanzó sobre él
2.1literary(stream) surgir(stream) nacer(shoots) brotarto spring into existence — aparecer de la noche a la mañana
- where did you spring from? — ¿y tú de dónde has salido?
- Everywhere you turn in Glasgow it seems another new development with an evocative name is springing up.
- There will be lambs in the fields soon and bulbs springing up.
- Many theories and approaches to development have sprung up in the past fifty years, including the post-modernism anti-development.
- The profile of the penthouse buyer is as diverse as the number of developments that have sprung up in recent years.
- A string of high-priced flat developments has sprung up across the centre, and selling agents are reporting huge demand.
- Then, almost unnoticed, a playful breeze sprang up, which turned rather suddenly into something stiffer.
- Where the blazes did he spring from?
- Little interesting places to eat are springing up like tulips everywhere on Centre Street North.
- Large commercial developments are starting to spring up in the town.
- She hugged me again and new tears sprang from her eyes.
- They hauled the fish on board - this time I was up on the cabin top filming - a somewhat precarious perch as a stiff wind had sprung up and the boat was rocking quite wildly.
- This population boom is reflected in the number of new houses springing up along the little roads leading to and from the village.
- Wood processing facilities have sprung up in many areas of the United States in recent years, particularly in areas with high landfill costs.
- New dive operations and resorts have sprung up everywhere.
- Lights were slowly springing up all over the city and the stars began to appear over head.
- For those who want to enjoy the attractions of Durban without being trapped in the city, a number of coastal resorts are springing up.
- She was concerned about the number of industrial buildings that were springing up near the motorway exit close to her home.
- Coffee shops were also springing up in the provincial cities.
- Selling books is big business with branches of Waterstones, Blackwells and Ottakers springing up all over the place.
- New developments, apartments, balconied villas, shops and restaurants are springing up everywhere.
- Controversial new masts are springing up across Hampshire as a new high-tech police radio system is set to be launched.
- Gale-force winds spring up with little warning, whipping the surface of the lakes into a frenzy of white-capped waves.
2.2to spring from(doubts/ideas) surgir de(problem) provenir dehis aggression springs from his inadequacy — su agresividad es producto / resultado de su ineptitud
transitive verbsprang, sprung
1.1(produce suddenly)to spring sth on sb
- they did rather spring it on us — nos lo soltaron así, de golpe y porrazo
- he sprang a surprise on them — les dio una sorpresa
- I think I might have sprung the idea on him a little too soon.
- The biggest complaint is that the city officials went outside the approval process and sprang this on us as a done deal.
- People are clearly worried and figure, ‘They are just waiting until the election is over to spring the bad news on us.’
- Anyway, I hope your first day back at University, school, or even a college of Further Education is not too hard, and your lecturer/teacher doesn't spring a surprise test on you.
- Latham is at his best when he springs surprises on the Government.
- Do you think she's angry with me for springing the wedding on her the way I did?
- Life has a habit of springing surprises on you, pleasant and unpleasant.
- After our mutual greetings, he sprung something on me that I wasn't expecting.
- But he is wary of an announcement being sprung on him.
- I feel a little guilty for springing the whole problem on her without warning.
- How very unlike you, Eaton, to spring this surprise upon your family!
- Lal continues to spring surprises on audiences.
- Whenever something bad happens or is just sprung upon you, you always try to see that positive silver lining lurking beneath the surface somewhere.
- He chose a November night in 1892 to spring his idea on the Intelligentsia of Paris with a speech at the Sorbornne.
- You've just sprung this on me and you expect me to react well?
- You just can't spring these things on someone, I need earlier notice!
- He said: ‘The Home Secretary was wrong to spring his decision on the police authority, and they are within their rights to take the final decision.’
- The trust's decision to close Sandra House was sprung on the residents without consultation, and with no real attempt to explain the reasoning that led to it.
- Now, you just forget we've had this conversation and make sure you behave in a suitably astonished manner when she finally springs her little surprise on you.
- Usually it was Al who enjoyed springing outrageous surprises on his more staid partner.
- Since the recruitment drive sprung into operation last month, a staggering 248 new members have signed up.
- There was a sudden hiss of water, and the sprinklers lining the path sprang into life.
- Perhaps I could devise a way to plant a heavy-duty rat trap in my bag, arranged so it would not spring unless someone stuck their hand where it didn't belong.
- He waited until Max had lined up his shot perfectly to spring the trap.
- She pressed down on a button and the ship shuddered as the main engine sprung to life.
- The freighter's engines sprang to life, deafening its only two occupants.
- The White House press machine has sprung into action.
- When he entered the kitchen, he reported: The trap beside the hole had indeed sprung, but there was no trace of a rat.
- When the alarm went off, the vibrations had sprung the trap every time.
2(gate/fence) saltar(gate/fence) saltar por encima de
3informal(prisoner) sacar de la cárcel(prisoner) ayudar a fugarse
- Is there a huge problem with renegade owners unlawfully springing their offending dogs from the doggy jail?
- We cannot intervene with the police to get British citizens released, nor spring them from jail.
- When two men spring their wives from prison, it goes so well they decide to make jail-breaking their business.
- Then he is sprung from prison by close associate Mike Carter so that Bannion can lead a daring racetrack heist.
- His protectors had sprung the 14-year-old Tyson from borstal on the promise of giving him a stable home and schooling.
- Chickens, turkeys, pigs, rabbits and ducks are also being sprung from their cages and sent out to pasture.
- All was right in the Harriet house until the culprits were sprung from jail by their eighteen-year-old son.
- His offer of a $100m dollar reward for whoever springs him from custody leads to a daring escape and chase sequence which is one of the film's highlights.
- The other is 23 and was recently sprung from prison after serving a couple of sentences for drug/weapons charges.
- He's the guy who sprang you from prison four years ago. Remember?
1(season)primavera feminine(weather/showers) (before noun) primaveral(weather/showers) (before noun) de primaverain (the) spring — en primavera
- If you're anything like me, you'll be longing for the winter to come to an end and looking forward to getting outside and enjoying the spring.
- My husband and I want to travel to Europe next spring.
- You don't want to plant your seeds out in the spring until the danger of frost has past.
- The spring breeze blew gently through her hair as she entered the park.
- Although the spring migration has barely begun, tens of thousands of geese and huge flocks of ducks are already here.
- This last week or so, with the sun shining for much of the time and a strong hint of spring in the air, a lot of people will have been spending time outdoors.
- In spring, it bears masses of pale pink, vanilla-scented blooms.
- It was a short walk, and in the spring and summer months quite enjoyable.
- Koji and I were married in the spring, a year later.
- Planting potted roses is relatively easy, as long as you do your planting in the spring after any chance of a frost is long past.
- The club need to carry out renovations in the spring to ensure the building is fit for use throughout next season.
- These weeds often increase with wet springs after years where pastures were over grazed.
- Some species provide beautiful displays of color for short periods in the spring or fall.
- The peak breeding season is in late spring and early summer, although some breeding takes place throughout the year.
- Early spring is the best time of year to change your garden design.
- The inland region has a continental climate with very cold winters, hot, humid summers, and spring and autumn seasons that are often rainy.
- When the bulbs come up in the spring and start blooming, you should clip off the blooms as they start to wither.
- Schoolchildren from York are looking forward to spring so they can see the results of their gardening efforts.
- There should be a referendum in the spring or autumn of next year.
- More than 5000 people enjoyed the warm spring sunshine during the festival's most action-packed day.
- Every spring, about 100 pairs nest here along with great blue herons and snowy egrets.
2.1Geographymanantial masculinefuente feminine
2.2formal (origin)origen masculine
- It becomes impossible to see the springs of the play's action in terms of mere idiosyncratic personal grudges or teenage angst.
- The immediate aftermath of the war was marked by a nostalgic return by many artists to the springs of Mediterranean culture.
3(jump)salto masculinebrinco masculine
- He rounded the upcoming corner as only he could; a jump and flip, then a spring off the wall of an adjacent building.
- With a spring, he jumped out of the alleyway and hoofed it back to his apartment.
- The new year, however, will put a spring in their step.
4.1(in watch, toy) resorte masculine(in mattress) muelle masculine(in mattress) resorte masculine Latin America
- The bed springs twanged and the wooden floor boards responded with a creak.
- In this new upholstery, the same interlaced webbing was still used, but it supported a group of springs rather than horsehair.
- Look also for a shock-absorbing shoe - one with springs or coils or spongy material under the heel.
- We buy the springs for the mattresses but do the rest of the work ourselves.
- The tension on the spring can be adjusted using a wing nut so it can grip the line tightly or loosely, whatever the fishing situation demands.
- Compress the spring on the exhaust valve and measure the movement required for the valve to contact the piston.
- Rossiter watched him, as lithe and graceful as ever, his slim form like a coiled spring and ready to explode with energy at any moment.
- Some cutting pliers are set with a spring in the handle that makes it easier and more comfortable to use.
- Oil helps cool the valve springs and extend their useful life.
- The bottom of the boxes were cushioned with springs to prevent sudden jolts harming the animals.
- The kitchen door was on one of those springs to prevent it slamming shut, as a result of which it was well nigh impossible to close it with any kind of speed.
- By loosening a jack bolt or hydraulically dropping the springs with a switch in the car, the team can get the car closer to the ground.
- Moving, loosening or adjusting door springs must be done by a garage door serviceperson.
- Fred Tedesco's company, Pa-Ted, makes springs and small mechanical assemblies for larger companies.
- In its heyday in the 1960s, Tempered Spring employed more than 1,000 people making springs for cars, the agricultural industry, the railways and office equipment.
- Michael sat on Kay's bed, the springs squeaking as his weight hit the mattress.
- This apparatus is fitted with ropes and pulleys that are attached to taut springs to create tension.
- He jumped into the air as if a spring propelled him from the ground.
- Peter Burr is a director and shareholder of Irvine Spring Company, an Ayrshire-based business which manufactures wire shapes and springs for major electronics companies.
- This simple action is controlled by a complex mass of gears, switches and springs, like you might find inside a watch.
4.2(elasticity)elasticidad feminineto walk with a spring in one's step — caminar con brío / energía
- Groaning, I attempted to sit up as I felt the sharp jabbing a of a bed coil that had long lost its spring shove its way into my side.
- His size is a great advantage but he also has spring and ability - in fact he has every attribute to be a top line goalkeeper.
- Generally, the more twist in the carpet yarns, the more spring, which hides footprints.
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