In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(to be, to remain upright)(person) estar de pie(person) estar parado Latin Americahe was tired of standing — estaba cansado de estar parado Latin America
- she had to stand for the whole of the journey — tuvo que hacer todo el viaje de pie
- I was so tired I could hardly stand — estaba tan cansado que apenas podía tenerme en pie
- they left no stone standing — no dejaron piedra sobre piedra
1.2(to get to one's feet)levantarseponerse de piepararse Latin Americashe tried to stand — trató de levantarse / ponerse de pie
1.3(to measure in height)he stands 1.90m in his socks — mide 1,90 sin zapatos
- the tower stands 30 meters high — la torre tiene / mide 30 metros de altura
2.1(to move, to take up position)ponersepararse Latin Americastand over there — párate allí Latin America
- stand clear! — ¡apártense!
- he stood on a chair — se subió a una silla
- to stand aside — hacerse a un lado
- she's not one to stand aside and let a rival take the prize — no es de las que se hacen a un lado para que un rival se lleve el premio
- can you stand on your head? — ¿sabes hacer el pino?
- you stood on my toe! — ¡me pisaste!
- I had to stand on the brakes — tuve que pisar el freno a fondo
2.2to stand for Calais — ir en dirección a / con rumbo a Calais
- to stand out from port — hacerse a la mar
3.1(to be situated, located)she was standing at the window — estaba junto a la ventana
- against the wall stood a writing desk — había un escritorio contra la pared
- the chapel stands on the site of a pagan temple — la capilla se yergue en el lugar de un antiguo templo pagano
- a church stood here long ago — hace mucho tiempo aquí había una iglesia
- beneath the crest stands a motto — bajo el escudo puede leerse un lema
- his name stood at the top of the list — su nombre ocupaba el primer lugar en la lista / encabezaba la lista
- I won't stand between them — no me interpondré entre ellos
3.2(to hold a position)where do you stand on this issue? — ¿cuál es tu posición en cuanto a este problema?
- she stands to the left of the socialists — está a la izquierda de los socialistas
- she stands second in line to the throne — ocupa el segundo lugar en la línea de sucesión al trono
- where do the Dolphins stand in the league? — ¿qué lugar ocupan los Dolphins en la liga?
- ecological issues stand high on the agenda — los temas ecológicos ocupan un lugar preferente en el orden del día
- he stands high in their esteem — lo tienen en mucha estima
- you never know where you stand with him — con él uno nunca sabe a qué atenerse
- at least now I know where I stand — por lo menos ahora sé a qué atenerme
3.3(to be mounted, fixed)a hut standing on wooden piles — una choza construida / que descansa sobre pilotes de madera
4.1(to stop, to remain still)they stood and stared open-mouthed — se quedaron mirando boquiabiertos
- she just stood there — estaba allí parada
- don't just stand there; do something! — ¡no te quedes ahí parado! ¡haz algo!
- I was left standing there looking like a fool — me dejaron allí plantado como un tonto
- I haven't time to stand around gabbing — no tengo tiempo para estar / quedarme de charla
- can't you stand still for two minutes? — ¿no puedes estarte quieto un minuto?
- time stood still — el tiempo se detuvo
- the train standing at platform five — el tren que está en el andén número cinco
- [ S ]no standing — estacionamiento prohibido
- tears stood in her eyes — tenía los ojos llenos de lágrimas
- beads of sweat stood on her brow — tenía la frente perlada de sudor
4.2(to stay undisturbed)remove from heat and leave to stand — retirar del fuego y dejar reposar
- water stood in puddles on the floor — había charcos de agua en el suelo
- his books stood untouched on the shelf — los libros estaban en el estante tal como los había dejado
4.3(to survive, to last)these walls have stood for centuries — estas paredes tienen cientos de años
- the tower is still standing — la torre sigue en pie
5(to stay in force)(agreement/law) seguir vigente(agreement/law) seguir en vigorthe invitation/offer still stands — la invitación/oferta sigue en pie
- what I said still stands — lo que dije sigue siendo válido
- let the first paragraph stand — que el primer párrafo quede tal (y) como está
- his argument stands or falls on this point — todo su argumento depende de este punto
6.1(to be)the house stands empty — la casa está vacía
- he stands accused of treason — se lo acusa de traición
- to stand mute — permanecer en silencio
6.2(to be currently)to stand at sth
- unemployment stands at 17% — el desempleo alcanza el 17%
- receipts stand at $150,000 — el total recaudado asciende a 150.000 dólares
- the score stands at two all — van empatados dos a dos
6.3(to be likely to)to stand to + inf
- he stands to lose a fortune — puede llegar a perder una fortuna
- what does she stand to gain out of this? — ¿qué es lo que puede ganar con esto ?
7.1(to take on the role of)he agreed to stand godfather to the child — aceptó ser padrino del niño
- he stood proxy at the wedding — actuó en representación del novio en la boda
7.2British (in elections for office)presentarse (como candidato)he is unlikely to stand a second time — no es probable que se presente otra vez
- to stand for sth
- she is standing for the presidency — se va a presentar como candidata a la presidencia
- to stand for treasurer — presentarse como candidato para el cargo de tesorero
1(to place)ponercolocarshe stood the bottles in a row — puso / colocó las botellas en hilera
- he stood the ladder against the wall — puso / colocó / apoyó la escalera contra la pared
- she stood us in a row — nos puso en fila
- he stood himself near the door — se puso cerca de la puerta
2.1(to tolerate, to bear)(noise/pain) aguantar(pain/noise) soportarI can't stand him — no lo aguanto / soporto
- I can't stand the sight of him — no lo puedo ni ver
- to stand -ing
- she can't stand being interrupted — no soporta / no tolera que la interrumpan
- I can't stand it any longer! — ¡no aguanto más!
2.2(to withstand)(strain/heat) soportar(heat/strain) resistirshe won't be able to stand another disappointment — no va a poder soportar otro desengaño
- the chair won't stand your weight — la silla no te va a aguantar / no va a aguantar tu peso
- to stand the test — pasar la prueba
3(to pay for)(drink/dinner) invitar ashe stood us a lavish meal — nos invitó a una opípara comida
1.1(position)lugar masculinesitio masculineI took (up) my stand at the entrance — ocupé mi lugar / me coloqué en mi sitio en la entrada
- One after another they all tried, each man rising in his turn and taking his stand before the threshold.
- Taking her stand in the centre of the room, she waited.
- She took her stand at the podium in the center of the room.
1.2(attitude)postura feminineposición femininestand on sth
- what is your stand on this issue? — ¿cuál es su postura / posición en cuanto a este problema?
- to take a stand on sth — adoptar una postura / posición con respecto a algo
- she took a stand against the merger — adoptó una postura / posición contraria a la fusión
- Tim's principled stands on these issues propelled him to victory against his two better-known rivals.
- She explained to the audience about the need for anyone writing about art to take an ideological stand with a historical perspective in mind.
- He spoke of the principled stand Mick took on the issue of the transfer of elective orthopaedics from Kilkenny to Waterford.
- This signifies the shifting stand taken by the victim or her family towards the crime and the criminal in view of the existing social environment.
- In fact, the newspaper clearly distorted the stand of the Republican party in both cases.
- No President in history has ever taken a principled stand on every issue.
- This movie is wildly successful because it not only takes a stand, it has real people talking about real issues in a simple way.
- I take a more critical stand towards the Prime Minister.
- In my opinion the stand of the parties, one of whom seeks expedition and the other of whom does not oppose it, is soundly based.
- The crux of the matter lies in what attitude and stand we take and what method we use to handle contradictions.
- The trouble is that no one is taking a principled stand on either side.
- It had also been adopting a different stand from the left parties on various public issues.
- The stand we take will reflect the prevalent social attitude towards crimes against women.
- He added that it has always been the stand of his party that elections can never lead to a solution to the issue.
- His main concern is not to do or say anything which may offend the party bosses or which goes against the professed stand of the party.
- When push comes to shove, even those who recognize the political roots of drug testing are not inclined to take a stand.
- But where he gets in trouble, again, is his unwillingness to make a firm stand on any issue.
- They have been unwilling to take forthright stands either on issues of peace or of economic justice.
- We're dedicated to a principled stand, it's in the national interest and we'll be standing by that.
- The leader of the British Columbia Green Party also took a stand, siding with the con team members.
1.3(resistance)resistencia feminineto make a stand against sth — oponer resistencia a algo
- she'd had enough and decided to make a stand — ya estaba harta y decidió ponerse firme
- Custer's Last Stand — la última batalla de Custer
- It is time to take a stand against the erosion of rights.
- Trail bikers are planning a peaceful protest on the Ridgeway to take a stand against the banning of motor vehicles on the path in winter.
- The British Printing Industries Federation is the first to take a stand against the practice.
- This kind of behavior is unacceptable, and not enough people take a stand against it.
- Consumers can take a stand against paper waste in a number of ways.
- Bearing these staggering figures in mind, it's not surprising one shopping centre in the borough has decided to take a stand and address its own waste issues.
- The official pointed to last month's unusually emotive call to the nation to take a stand against racism.
- He has decided to take a stand against rising fuel costs.
- But new powers mean neighbourhoods can take a stand against premises used for drugs.
- Residents across the country are being urged to take a stand against vandals, thugs and yobs that plague their communities.
- She decided to take a stand against the yobs who were making life a misery for people in the town.
- Davies announced that Privacy International would take a stand against the introduction of ID cards in the UK.
- If your salary and benefits keep getting whittled away, eventually you have to take a stand against that.
- For me, to honor my heritage as I was raised to understand it, I am obligated to take a stand against what I know to be wrong.
- We need to take a stand against these forces of darkness and unreason.
- I was there to take a stand against a global system that increasingly places more value on economic progress than on human and ecological welfare.
- The medical community is also beginning to take a stand against genetically modified foods.
- It is time to take a stand against these youngsters and start by naming and shaming them.
- After his brother's murder, for which he is more than partially responsible, he decides he must take a stand and fight the corruption.
- The whole world needs to take a stand against such abuses.
2.1(pedestal, base)pie masculinebase feminine
- A few things toppled from the night stand on her side.
- A stage hand shone another torch at his microphone stand, and the show continued by torchlight.
- Concert stands also are fully adjustable in height.
- You could also arrange treats on tiered cake stands.
- The aerosol had been kept with other toiletries on a bathroom stand under a wall-mounted electric heater.
- There was even a music stand in the corner and a shelf for my violin right next to it.
- Leaning over towards the bed stand, she turned on the lights as the door to her bedroom burst open.
- The compère strides forward and plucks the microphone from the stand.
- The school is also installing new cycle stands and bike sheds.
- The proposal also includes 40 car parking spaces, six covered cycle stands and two motorbike spaces.
- A metal stand supports his B-flat bass instrument so he can play while in his wheelchair.
- Emily put the piece back on the stand and sight-read the music with the rest of the band.
- It had a cylindrical shape and was supported by a stand with five legs.
- The first step is removing the doors, which are placed on stands resembling garment racks, then wheeled down a perpendicular subassembly line.
- In the corners of the chamber there were several wooden stands, which supported majestic candles.
- Although frustrated, the man meekly returned the offending piece back to its stand.
- These are accompanied by all manner of sandwiches, scones and cakes piled onto tiered stands.
- The night stand had a pad of paper and a pen in the small drawer.
- Layton was so excited his errant arm knocked the microphone from its stand.
- New litter bins, cycle stands, additional on-street car parking bays and new, less obtrusive signs are also planned.
2.2(for sheet music)atril masculine
2.3(for coats, hats)perchero masculine
3(at fair, exhibition)stand masculinecaseta femininemasculine pabellónnewspaper/fruit stand — puesto de periódicos/frutas masculine
- When we came back to the cotton candy stand I saw Brant standing there.
- At one end of the market, a few stands sold a variety of local spices, sauces, tea and jams.
- Eventually she came to the market, where she found many food stands.
- The exhibition had 60 stands featuring mission agencies and societies.
- Information on the work of the Lions Club and the causes they support was on display on their stand.
- A further 20 student exhibition stands will be added to the event.
- We circled the terminal looking at the food stands before we made our choice, a small restaurant in the corner of the terminal.
- His stand is just one of many in the Discovery Days exhibition at the Guildhall.
- As is usually the case in French food markets, most of the stands sell fruits and vegetables.
- More than 500 trade exhibitors took part in the exhibition, and 32 stands were nominated for the award.
- The festival is being extensively promoted in advance with stands booked for the Holiday World extravaganzas in Dublin, Cork and Belfast.
- He said his ice-cream stand will have sold more than 5,000 cones by the end of the three-day festival.
- Staff from a variety of specialist organisations will be setting up stands and displays at Queen Mary's Hospital, Sidcup, from July 5 to July 9.
- Cold Steel has several marketing aids, including videos, catalogs, specialty clothing and display stands.
- About 200 exhibit stands will show tourist attractions from around China and those from other countries, such as Australia, Egypt and Britain.
- Visitors can also take a look at the career information stand, an exhibition of projects and historic memorabilia on the night.
- The police were informed and, while the picture was still on the screen, they arrived and made an arrest in full view of visitors to the exhibition stand.
- The markets are becoming very popular: there can be about 40 different stands selling fresh agricultural produce at any one time.
- Cheered to the rafters as he briefly appeared on the conference stage and glowingly welcomed as he toured the exhibition stands, the former leader took all before him.
- On the weekends, you can grab lunch at one of the food stands that set up camp just outside the gate.
- He makes 10 to 15,000 gallons of unpasteurized cider a season, most of which he sells at his farm stand.
- It also had more concession stands and more comfortable seating than the older parks.
- Upfront Exhibitions was set up to fill a need for the design and construction of trade stands, exhibition, stage sets and props.
- Wandering the streets for a while we come across an alley full of food stands.
- Dara pretended not to hear and walked off towards the refreshment stand.
- Local ladies will have a cake stand and all support would be appreciated.
- Various companies will exhibit on the 22 stands.
- You want to hit the concession stand before the game starts!
- On the way out of the beer fest we passed a stand selling olives.
- Their stand will promote physical activity, mental health, healthy eating and smoking cessation.
- This evening, I was setting up our exhibition stand ready for the morning.
- The event will kick off at 9.30 am and at 4pm roads in the town centre will be closed to allow market stands and crowds to overflow into the streets.
- He looked at the roadside stalls, and stopped to purchase from one of the many fruit stands.
- The sports complex took on the air of an exhibition centre with 25 stands.
- There were long lines throughout the day at concession stands and many exhibits.
- Activities on offer include exhibition stands and presentations/workshops on a range of media industry related topics.
- Arrived at Earls Court and signed up for a whole bunch of seminars before taking a wander round the stands and exhibitions.
- As duty officer he was manning an exhibition stand and casting an eye over some display boards when a familiar name caught his eye.
- Above it will be an upper-deck patio with concession stands and permanent restrooms.
- Food stands and other entertainment facilities are also available for both adults and children.
4(for spectators)tribuna feminine
- Instead, the report recommends extending the covered terraced stand opposite the main stand with new seating installed and a new cantilevered roof.
- Watching the stands, I could see the wind tearing through the spectators at a 90-degree angle.
- The lottery money will go towards the completion of the new stand and the conversion of the pitch into an all weather surface.
- Sturdy steel fences surrounding the arena have been constructed, preventing close contact with the spectators sitting in the stands.
- As we talked the club was preparing to install three hundred new seats in the spectator stand that it built last year.
- By the time the game started there were only a few parents and spectators in the stands.
- We were sat in the very highest echelons of the main stand, with fans of both sides around us, and the camaraderie and mutual respect in evidence was fantastic.
- The 30,000 spectators will be seated in two tiered stands that reflect each other across the pitch.
- We sat high up in the covered stand, towards the City End.
- There are a few interested spectators in the stands, and some reporters and TV cameras.
- They will also replace the temporary north stand with a permanent structure.
- He was more often a spectator in the main stand than a striker selected to play.
- Few spectators in the stands remained for the last inning, disgusted with such a one-sided score.
- Have you ever been in the stands at a race meeting when ‘your’ horse is neck and neck on that last half furlong?
- The stands are half-full, spectators jostling to reach their seats.
- Increasingly, sport was watched not from the stands or terraces but from the armchair.
- The stand is less than quarter-full.
- At half-time, they inflated the ball and ran towards an entrance in the south stand which leads on to the pitch.
- The turnstiles will be resited closer to the playing area and opposite the main stand we hope to cover some of the standing area adjacent to the cricket field.
- The spectator stands have been declared dangerous and need urgent renovation.
5US(witness box)estrado masculineto take the stand — subir al estrado
- The opportunity to be humiliated on the stand is unlimited, either for not knowing a fact or for not being able to defend an opinion.
- She walked over to the stand and raised her right hand over the Bible.
- The trial is underway right now, and on the stand is a rebuttal witness for the prosecution.
- The mother is still on the stand and emotionally unable to continue on.
- She was the only witness to the killing, and to make the case for self-defense, her lawyers had to put her on the stand.
- I asked him so many times to put me on the stand.
- Memory fades with time, and as a result the evidence people can provide on the stand becomes progressively more unreliable.
- As he left the stand, he handed his business card to the judge.
- And let me also remind you that when some of the defense witnesses were on the stand, the jury laughed at them.
- He was given to walking around the courtroom before stopping abruptly to bellow questions at the witness in the stand.
- Prosecutors don't want to put her on the stand without corroboration, because her bias is so evident.
- Edwards called his witness to the stand.
- Tonight, the boy is home after facing some tough questions on the stand today.
- The witness came to the stand and the bailiff once again came around with the Bible.
6(of trees)grupo masculinea stand of poplars — una alameda
- a stand of wheat — un trigal
- We've turned the forestland around, and in addition to improving the existing stands, we've planted many more.
- The college is nestled into a hillside and is surrounded by a magnificent stand of fir trees.
- Seek shelter in low-lying areas, such as dense stands of small trees.
- Aspen groves dot the trail as you go, with larger stands waiting for you on the far side of the lake.
- Beyond the stand of trees, well away from the road, the hiking trail became dark.
- Approaching the house you can see it is covered from the east by a stand of beech trees.
- Fire, which clears out flammable underbrush and thins stands of young trees, is a natural part of the ecology in most Western forests.
- The path takes me up through some dense stands of pine trees and across a couple of meadows.
- Leave the track here to the right and follow a wire fence which encloses a stand of conifers.
- Direct planting seeds can be cheaper than planting seedlings and usually results in a denser stand of trees and shrubs.
- They thin out dense stands of low trees and shrubs.
- Eventually we came to a stand of birch trees growing in a circle.
- Since the American elm generally was regarded as the optimal urban tree, extensive stands were planted, something no city would do today.
- Great stands of trees march beside the roads in a panoply of greens that rival New England's Fall.
- He planted a number of stands of spruce, larch and fir trees many of which still exist.
- There's a stand of pine just off the side.
- In the forest were black gum trees and thick stands of white cedar.
- It winds up through rolling hills with stands of poplar trees, distant views of lakes and snowy mountain peaks strung along the horizon.
- A healthy and vigorous alfalfa stand minimizes many production problems.
- Handsome stands of mature trees were complemented by new flower beds.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.