In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(to be, to remain upright)(person) estar de pie(person) estar parado Latin Americahe was tired of standing — estaba cansado de estar de pie
- she had to stand for the whole of the journey — tuvo que hacer todo el viaje de pie
- I was so tired I could hardly stand — estaba tan cansado que apenas podía tenerme en pie
- they left no stone standing — no dejaron piedra sobre piedra
1.2(to get to one's feet)levantarseponerse de piepararse Latin Americashe tried to stand — trató de pararse Latin America
1.3(to measure in height)he stands 1.90m in his socks — mide 1,90 sin zapatos
- the tower stands 30 meters high — la torre tiene / mide 30 metros de altura
2.1(to move, to take up position)ponersepararse Latin Americastand over there — párate allí Latin America
- stand clear! — ¡apártense!
- he stood on a chair — se paró en una silla
- to stand aside — apartarse
- she's not one to stand aside and let a rival take the prize — no es de las que se hacen a un lado para que un rival se lleve el premio
- can you stand on your head? — ¿sabes pararte de cabeza?
- you stood on my toe! — ¡me pisaste!
- I had to stand on the brakes — tuve que pisar el freno a fondo
2.2to stand for Calais — ir en dirección a / con rumbo a Calais
- to stand out from port — hacerse a la mar
3.1(to be situated, located)she was standing at the window — estaba junto a la ventana
- against the wall stood a writing desk — había un escritorio contra la pared
- the chapel stands on the site of a pagan temple — la capilla se yergue en el lugar de un antiguo templo pagano
- a church stood here long ago — hace mucho tiempo aquí había una iglesia
- beneath the crest stands a motto — bajo el escudo puede leerse un lema
- his name stood at the top of the list — su nombre ocupaba el primer lugar en la lista / encabezaba la lista
- I won't stand between them — no me interpondré entre ellos
3.2(to hold a position)where do you stand on this issue? — ¿cuál es tu posición en cuanto a este problema?
- she stands to the left of the socialists — está a la izquierda de los socialistas
- she stands second in line to the throne — ocupa el segundo lugar en la línea de sucesión al trono
- where do the Dolphins stand in the league? — ¿qué lugar ocupan los Dolphins en la liga?
- ecological issues stand high on the agenda — los temas ecológicos ocupan un lugar preferente en el orden del día
- he stands high in their esteem — lo tienen en mucha estima
- you never know where you stand with him — con él uno nunca sabe a qué atenerse
- at least now I know where I stand — por lo menos ahora sé a qué atenerme
3.3(to be mounted, fixed)a hut standing on wooden piles — una choza construida / que descansa sobre pilotes de madera
4.1(to stop, to remain still)they stood and stared open-mouthed — se quedaron mirando boquiabiertos
- she just stood there — estaba allí parada
- don't just stand there; do something! — ¡no te quedes ahí parado! ¡haz algo!
- I was left standing there looking like a fool — me dejaron allí plantado como un tonto
- I haven't time to stand around gabbing — no tengo tiempo para estar / quedarme de charla
- can't you stand still for two minutes? — ¿no puedes estarte quieto un minuto?
- time stood still — el tiempo se detuvo
- the train standing at platform five — el tren que está en el andén número cinco
- [ S ]no standing — estacionamiento prohibido
- tears stood in her eyes — tenía los ojos llenos de lágrimas
- beads of sweat stood on her brow — tenía la frente perlada de sudor
4.2(to stay undisturbed)remove from heat and leave to stand — retirar del fuego y dejar reposar
- water stood in puddles on the floor — había charcos de agua en el suelo
- his books stood untouched on the shelf — los libros estaban en el estante tal como los había dejado
4.3(to survive, to last)these walls have stood for centuries — estas paredes tienen cientos de años
- the tower is still standing — la torre sigue en pie
5(to stay in force)(agreement/law) seguir vigente(law/agreement) seguir en vigorthe invitation/offer still stands — la invitación/oferta sigue en pie
- what I said still stands — lo que dije sigue siendo válido
- let the first paragraph stand — que el primer párrafo quede tal (y) como está
- his argument stands or falls on this point — todo su argumento depende de este punto
6.1(to be)the house stands empty — la casa está vacía
- he stands accused of treason — se lo acusa de traición
- to stand mute — permanecer en silencio
6.2(to be currently)to stand at sth
- unemployment stands at 17% — el desempleo alcanza el 17%
- receipts stand at $150,000 — el total recaudado asciende a 150.000 dólares
- the score stands at two all — van empatados dos a dos
6.3(to be likely to)to stand to + inf
- he stands to lose a fortune — puede llegar a perder una fortuna
- what does she stand to gain out of this? — ¿qué es lo que puede ganar con esto ?
7.1(to take on the role of)he agreed to stand godfather to the child — aceptó ser padrino del niño
- he stood proxy at the wedding — actuó en representación del novio en la boda
7.2British (in elections for office)presentarse (como candidato)he is unlikely to stand a second time — no es probable que se presente otra vez
- to stand for sth
- she is standing for the presidency — se va a presentar como candidata a la presidencia
- to stand for treasurer — presentarse como candidato para el cargo de tesorero
1(to place)ponercolocarshe stood the bottles in a row — puso / colocó las botellas en hilera
- he stood the ladder against the wall — puso / colocó / apoyó la escalera contra la pared
- she stood us in a row — nos puso en fila
- he stood himself near the door — se puso cerca de la puerta
2.1(to tolerate, to bear)(noise/pain) aguantar(noise/pain) soportarI can't stand him — no lo trago informal
- I can't stand the sight of him — no lo puedo ver
- to stand -ing
- she can't stand being interrupted — no soporta / no tolera que la interrumpan
- I can't stand it any longer! — ¡no puedo más!
2.2(to withstand)(heat/strain) soportar(strain/heat) resistirshe won't be able to stand another disappointment — no va a poder soportar otro desengaño
- the chair won't stand your weight — la silla no te va a aguantar / no va a aguantar tu peso
- to stand the test — pasar la prueba
3(to pay for)(dinner/drink) invitar ashe stood us a lavish meal — nos invitó a una opípara comida
1.1(position)lugar masculinesitio masculineI took (up) my stand at the entrance — ocupé mi lugar / me coloqué en mi sitio en la entrada
- One after another they all tried, each man rising in his turn and taking his stand before the threshold.
- Taking her stand in the centre of the room, she waited.
- She took her stand at the podium in the center of the room.
1.2(attitude)postura feminineposición femininestand on sth
- what is your stand on this issue? — ¿cuál es su postura / posición en cuanto a este problema?
- to take a stand on sth — adoptar una postura / posición con respecto a algo
- she took a stand against the merger — adoptó una postura / posición contraria a la fusión
- He spoke of the principled stand Mick took on the issue of the transfer of elective orthopaedics from Kilkenny to Waterford.
- But where he gets in trouble, again, is his unwillingness to make a firm stand on any issue.
- She explained to the audience about the need for anyone writing about art to take an ideological stand with a historical perspective in mind.
- The leader of the British Columbia Green Party also took a stand, siding with the con team members.
- It had also been adopting a different stand from the left parties on various public issues.
- We're dedicated to a principled stand, it's in the national interest and we'll be standing by that.
- I take a more critical stand towards the Prime Minister.
- The trouble is that no one is taking a principled stand on either side.
- In my opinion the stand of the parties, one of whom seeks expedition and the other of whom does not oppose it, is soundly based.
- The crux of the matter lies in what attitude and stand we take and what method we use to handle contradictions.
- This signifies the shifting stand taken by the victim or her family towards the crime and the criminal in view of the existing social environment.
- In fact, the newspaper clearly distorted the stand of the Republican party in both cases.
- No President in history has ever taken a principled stand on every issue.
- This movie is wildly successful because it not only takes a stand, it has real people talking about real issues in a simple way.
- He added that it has always been the stand of his party that elections can never lead to a solution to the issue.
- When push comes to shove, even those who recognize the political roots of drug testing are not inclined to take a stand.
- Tim's principled stands on these issues propelled him to victory against his two better-known rivals.
- The stand we take will reflect the prevalent social attitude towards crimes against women.
- They have been unwilling to take forthright stands either on issues of peace or of economic justice.
- His main concern is not to do or say anything which may offend the party bosses or which goes against the professed stand of the party.
1.3(resistance)resistencia feminineto make a stand against sth — oponer resistencia a algo
- she'd had enough and decided to make a stand — ya estaba harta y decidió ponerse firme
- Custer's Last Stand — la última batalla de Custer
- It is time to take a stand against these youngsters and start by naming and shaming them.
- The medical community is also beginning to take a stand against genetically modified foods.
- We need to take a stand against these forces of darkness and unreason.
- Residents across the country are being urged to take a stand against vandals, thugs and yobs that plague their communities.
- The whole world needs to take a stand against such abuses.
- For me, to honor my heritage as I was raised to understand it, I am obligated to take a stand against what I know to be wrong.
- She decided to take a stand against the yobs who were making life a misery for people in the town.
- Davies announced that Privacy International would take a stand against the introduction of ID cards in the UK.
- It is time to take a stand against the erosion of rights.
- He has decided to take a stand against rising fuel costs.
- I was there to take a stand against a global system that increasingly places more value on economic progress than on human and ecological welfare.
- The British Printing Industries Federation is the first to take a stand against the practice.
- Trail bikers are planning a peaceful protest on the Ridgeway to take a stand against the banning of motor vehicles on the path in winter.
- But new powers mean neighbourhoods can take a stand against premises used for drugs.
- After his brother's murder, for which he is more than partially responsible, he decides he must take a stand and fight the corruption.
- If your salary and benefits keep getting whittled away, eventually you have to take a stand against that.
- Consumers can take a stand against paper waste in a number of ways.
- The official pointed to last month's unusually emotive call to the nation to take a stand against racism.
- Bearing these staggering figures in mind, it's not surprising one shopping centre in the borough has decided to take a stand and address its own waste issues.
- This kind of behavior is unacceptable, and not enough people take a stand against it.
2.1(pedestal, base)pie masculinebase feminine
- New litter bins, cycle stands, additional on-street car parking bays and new, less obtrusive signs are also planned.
- These are accompanied by all manner of sandwiches, scones and cakes piled onto tiered stands.
- It had a cylindrical shape and was supported by a stand with five legs.
- Concert stands also are fully adjustable in height.
- You could also arrange treats on tiered cake stands.
- In the corners of the chamber there were several wooden stands, which supported majestic candles.
- Although frustrated, the man meekly returned the offending piece back to its stand.
- A few things toppled from the night stand on her side.
- The night stand had a pad of paper and a pen in the small drawer.
- A metal stand supports his B-flat bass instrument so he can play while in his wheelchair.
- A stage hand shone another torch at his microphone stand, and the show continued by torchlight.
- Emily put the piece back on the stand and sight-read the music with the rest of the band.
- Layton was so excited his errant arm knocked the microphone from its stand.
- The first step is removing the doors, which are placed on stands resembling garment racks, then wheeled down a perpendicular subassembly line.
- The proposal also includes 40 car parking spaces, six covered cycle stands and two motorbike spaces.
- The compère strides forward and plucks the microphone from the stand.
- The aerosol had been kept with other toiletries on a bathroom stand under a wall-mounted electric heater.
- The school is also installing new cycle stands and bike sheds.
- Leaning over towards the bed stand, she turned on the lights as the door to her bedroom burst open.
- There was even a music stand in the corner and a shelf for my violin right next to it.
2.2(for sheet music)atril masculine
2.3(for coats, hats)perchero masculine
3(at fair, exhibition)stand masculinecaseta femininemasculine pabellónnewspaper/fruit stand — puesto de periódicos/frutas masculine
- Local ladies will have a cake stand and all support would be appreciated.
- His stand is just one of many in the Discovery Days exhibition at the Guildhall.
- You want to hit the concession stand before the game starts!
- More than 500 trade exhibitors took part in the exhibition, and 32 stands were nominated for the award.
- Cheered to the rafters as he briefly appeared on the conference stage and glowingly welcomed as he toured the exhibition stands, the former leader took all before him.
- Arrived at Earls Court and signed up for a whole bunch of seminars before taking a wander round the stands and exhibitions.
- He looked at the roadside stalls, and stopped to purchase from one of the many fruit stands.
- We circled the terminal looking at the food stands before we made our choice, a small restaurant in the corner of the terminal.
- The exhibition had 60 stands featuring mission agencies and societies.
- The markets are becoming very popular: there can be about 40 different stands selling fresh agricultural produce at any one time.
- As duty officer he was manning an exhibition stand and casting an eye over some display boards when a familiar name caught his eye.
- Food stands and other entertainment facilities are also available for both adults and children.
- He said his ice-cream stand will have sold more than 5,000 cones by the end of the three-day festival.
- Activities on offer include exhibition stands and presentations/workshops on a range of media industry related topics.
- The event will kick off at 9.30 am and at 4pm roads in the town centre will be closed to allow market stands and crowds to overflow into the streets.
- As is usually the case in French food markets, most of the stands sell fruits and vegetables.
- Dara pretended not to hear and walked off towards the refreshment stand.
- The police were informed and, while the picture was still on the screen, they arrived and made an arrest in full view of visitors to the exhibition stand.
- Their stand will promote physical activity, mental health, healthy eating and smoking cessation.
- It also had more concession stands and more comfortable seating than the older parks.
- Various companies will exhibit on the 22 stands.
- A further 20 student exhibition stands will be added to the event.
- Staff from a variety of specialist organisations will be setting up stands and displays at Queen Mary's Hospital, Sidcup, from July 5 to July 9.
- About 200 exhibit stands will show tourist attractions from around China and those from other countries, such as Australia, Egypt and Britain.
- This evening, I was setting up our exhibition stand ready for the morning.
- He makes 10 to 15,000 gallons of unpasteurized cider a season, most of which he sells at his farm stand.
- On the weekends, you can grab lunch at one of the food stands that set up camp just outside the gate.
- On the way out of the beer fest we passed a stand selling olives.
- Above it will be an upper-deck patio with concession stands and permanent restrooms.
- Wandering the streets for a while we come across an alley full of food stands.
- Information on the work of the Lions Club and the causes they support was on display on their stand.
- Upfront Exhibitions was set up to fill a need for the design and construction of trade stands, exhibition, stage sets and props.
- The festival is being extensively promoted in advance with stands booked for the Holiday World extravaganzas in Dublin, Cork and Belfast.
- When we came back to the cotton candy stand I saw Brant standing there.
- Eventually she came to the market, where she found many food stands.
- There were long lines throughout the day at concession stands and many exhibits.
- The sports complex took on the air of an exhibition centre with 25 stands.
- Cold Steel has several marketing aids, including videos, catalogs, specialty clothing and display stands.
- At one end of the market, a few stands sold a variety of local spices, sauces, tea and jams.
- Visitors can also take a look at the career information stand, an exhibition of projects and historic memorabilia on the night.
4(for spectators)tribuna feminine
- Have you ever been in the stands at a race meeting when ‘your’ horse is neck and neck on that last half furlong?
- The lottery money will go towards the completion of the new stand and the conversion of the pitch into an all weather surface.
- There are a few interested spectators in the stands, and some reporters and TV cameras.
- Few spectators in the stands remained for the last inning, disgusted with such a one-sided score.
- The stand is less than quarter-full.
- The spectator stands have been declared dangerous and need urgent renovation.
- As we talked the club was preparing to install three hundred new seats in the spectator stand that it built last year.
- The 30,000 spectators will be seated in two tiered stands that reflect each other across the pitch.
- Watching the stands, I could see the wind tearing through the spectators at a 90-degree angle.
- By the time the game started there were only a few parents and spectators in the stands.
- Sturdy steel fences surrounding the arena have been constructed, preventing close contact with the spectators sitting in the stands.
- He was more often a spectator in the main stand than a striker selected to play.
- The turnstiles will be resited closer to the playing area and opposite the main stand we hope to cover some of the standing area adjacent to the cricket field.
- They will also replace the temporary north stand with a permanent structure.
- The stands are half-full, spectators jostling to reach their seats.
- We sat high up in the covered stand, towards the City End.
- Instead, the report recommends extending the covered terraced stand opposite the main stand with new seating installed and a new cantilevered roof.
- We were sat in the very highest echelons of the main stand, with fans of both sides around us, and the camaraderie and mutual respect in evidence was fantastic.
- At half-time, they inflated the ball and ran towards an entrance in the south stand which leads on to the pitch.
- Increasingly, sport was watched not from the stands or terraces but from the armchair.
5US(witness box)estrado masculineto take the stand — subir al estrado
- The mother is still on the stand and emotionally unable to continue on.
- Prosecutors don't want to put her on the stand without corroboration, because her bias is so evident.
- As he left the stand, he handed his business card to the judge.
- Edwards called his witness to the stand.
- He was given to walking around the courtroom before stopping abruptly to bellow questions at the witness in the stand.
- The opportunity to be humiliated on the stand is unlimited, either for not knowing a fact or for not being able to defend an opinion.
- The trial is underway right now, and on the stand is a rebuttal witness for the prosecution.
- Memory fades with time, and as a result the evidence people can provide on the stand becomes progressively more unreliable.
- She walked over to the stand and raised her right hand over the Bible.
- The witness came to the stand and the bailiff once again came around with the Bible.
- She was the only witness to the killing, and to make the case for self-defense, her lawyers had to put her on the stand.
- I asked him so many times to put me on the stand.
- And let me also remind you that when some of the defense witnesses were on the stand, the jury laughed at them.
- Tonight, the boy is home after facing some tough questions on the stand today.
6(of trees)grupo masculinea stand of poplars — una alameda
- a stand of wheat — un trigal
- Eventually we came to a stand of birch trees growing in a circle.
- Since the American elm generally was regarded as the optimal urban tree, extensive stands were planted, something no city would do today.
- Approaching the house you can see it is covered from the east by a stand of beech trees.
- Fire, which clears out flammable underbrush and thins stands of young trees, is a natural part of the ecology in most Western forests.
- A healthy and vigorous alfalfa stand minimizes many production problems.
- It winds up through rolling hills with stands of poplar trees, distant views of lakes and snowy mountain peaks strung along the horizon.
- Handsome stands of mature trees were complemented by new flower beds.
- There's a stand of pine just off the side.
- They thin out dense stands of low trees and shrubs.
- Seek shelter in low-lying areas, such as dense stands of small trees.
- The path takes me up through some dense stands of pine trees and across a couple of meadows.
- Great stands of trees march beside the roads in a panoply of greens that rival New England's Fall.
- He planted a number of stands of spruce, larch and fir trees many of which still exist.
- The college is nestled into a hillside and is surrounded by a magnificent stand of fir trees.
- Beyond the stand of trees, well away from the road, the hiking trail became dark.
- Aspen groves dot the trail as you go, with larger stands waiting for you on the far side of the lake.
- Leave the track here to the right and follow a wire fence which encloses a stand of conifers.
- We've turned the forestland around, and in addition to improving the existing stands, we've planted many more.
- In the forest were black gum trees and thick stands of white cedar.
- Direct planting seeds can be cheaper than planting seedlings and usually results in a denser stand of trees and shrubs.
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