In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(beginning)principio masculinecomienzo masculineat the start — al comienzo
- from the start — desde el principio / comienzo
- from start to finish — del principio al fin
- the start of the academic year — el comienzo del año escolar
- to make a start( on sth) — empezar algo
- at least we've made a start — por lo menos hemos empezado
- let's make a start on that painting job — empecemos a pintar de una vez
- to make an early start — (on a journey) ponerse en camino a primera hora
- to make a fresh / new start — empezar / comenzar de nuevo
- to get (sth) off to a good/bad start — empezar (algo) bien / con el pie derecho/mal / con el pie izquierdo
- to give sb a good start in life — darle a algn la base para un buen porvenir
- he didn't have a very good start in life — tuvo una infancia difícil
- This hole is the start of a project initiated to commemorate the millennium for the people of Trowbridge.
- It was an ill omen at the start of the journey, but the trek couldn't be postponed any longer.
- He makes a point of being on playground duty at the start and finish of the school day, so parents can bring any concerns to him.
- They are at the start of a long journey, and must be given the benefit of the doubt.
- However, this would result in the balances being in a worse position than at the start of the financial year.
- At its Monday session, the Constitutional Court inaugurated the start of the case.
- That is a pretty devastating turnaround from the initial outlook at the start of the year.
- What is needed is immediate end to confrontation and start of positive engagement.
- The film will show the work from its start, through its construction to its delivery to the stadium.
- Chelsea seized the initiative from the start, and might have scored in the seventh minute.
- When crunching, keep your abdominal muscles contracted from the start to finish of each move.
- After having accepted the invite, two hours before the start of the game he phoned me to say he wasn't coming.
- From start to finish the whole operation was ill-conceived, hurriedly executed and bungled.
- The committee has no rigid rules for determining the start or finish of a business cycle.
- After plenty of rain over the preceding 24 hours, the start of play was delayed to allow a wet outfield to improve.
- At the start of my third hour I suddenly recalled that I had not eaten for seven hours.
- It was the close to the start of my first semester of my senior year at Sequioa High School.
- From start to finish, the treatment of the defendants was a travesty of legal due process.
- Thirty hours after the start of treatment the cells were harvested and micronucleus slides were prepared.
- The start and finish of this linear route are poorly served by public transport.
1.2for a start — para empezar
2.1(of race)salida femininefalse start — salida nula / en falso
- Cricket commitments meant that I was always going to be an hour late for the start.
- The race start was delayed four times on the Saturday, as there was a complete lack of wind for the ships to sail.
- He bustled Ouija Board into fifth soon after the start and held his position until the field quickened down the back stretch.
- He ate, drank and stretched and at 9am lined up at the start, to begin his second marathon.
- Injuries forced the lineup to change three times prior to the start of the race.
- Judging by the shape of the first corner, the start of the race could be interesting.
- It can get a bit crowded at the start of a race and the potential for a crash is significant.
- The exact course was a secret until about three hours before the start of the race.
- So last Saturday Fell Foot was a country traffic jam as 491 runners arrived at the race start.
- Participants are urged to arrive at least an hour before the start, and say parking will be available in a field at the hall.
- I was very aggressive at the start and during the race I tried to defend my second place and to not do any mistake.
- Anyone arriving later than 10.30 am is unlikely to get into the estate in time for the race start.
- I lost a lot of time at the start of the race and I tried to close the gap as much as possible.
- There was a considerable delay to the start of the race due to a knock to First Row.
- It was a magnificent sight to see so many participants surging through the Claddagh at the start of the race.
- I flew up this morning from Philadelphia and just made it in time for the start of the race.
- The heavy rain held up the start for an hour and a half and left sodden fairways and greens to add to the golfers' worries.
- However today my race was really over when I stalled the car at the start and had to begin my race from the pit lane.
- John Pawson missed the start of the second race, having damaged his fin and forced to make a quick repair.
- It begins with a mass start and the aim is simply to cross the finishing line first.
- The early evening kick-off saw a number of players stranded in rush hour traffic and the start was delayed.
2.2(lead, advantage)ventaja femininethis gave him a start over his competitor — esto le dio (una) ventaja con respecto a su contrincante
- His oldest brother, Tory, would give him an hour's head start before following in his car.
- The limit riders headed off with a 23 minute start, but were caught at about the half way mark several kilometres after Mokepilly.
- The senior race also climbs to this summit, the first of five they have to climb (the juniors only do one), and with a five minute start the first junior usually beats the first senior to the top.
- Sulamani was not too well away and gave most of his rivals plenty of start.
- It world take forever to find the pair in town, especially with nearly an hour head start.
2.3(starting line, gate)salida femininelínea de partida feminine
3(jump)to give a start — dar un respingo
- to give sb a start — asustar a algn
- I woke up with a start — me desperté sobresaltado
1(begin)(conversation/journey/negotiations) empezar(negotiations/journey/conversation) comenzar(journey/conversation/negotiations) iniciar(job/course) empezar(job/course) comenzarthe newspaper started life as a weekly magazine — el periódico comenzó / empezó siendo una revista semanal
- I start work at eight — empiezo / entro a trabajar a las ocho
- don't start that again! — ¡no vuelvas con eso!
- to start -ing , to start to + inf — empezar a + inf
- they started arguing — empezaron a discutir
- she started to laugh — se empezó a reír
2(cause to begin)dar comienzo alargar Southern Cone Mexico(fashion) empezar(fashion) iniciar(fire/epidemic) provocar(argument/fight) empezar(country) empezar(incident) desencadenarwe want to start a family — queremos empezar a tener hijos
- stop hitting her! — she started it — ¡deja de pegarle! — fue ella la que empezó
- don't (you) start anything with me! — ¡no te metas conmigo!
- to start sb on sth/ -ing
- to start sb -ing
- I'll start you on some filing — primero te voy a poner a archivar
- I start my students on Dickens — primero les doy a leer Dickens a mis alumnos
- her words started me wondering — sus palabras me dieron que pensar
- this will start them talking! — ¡esto les dará que hablar!
- the noise started the baby crying — el ruido hizo que el niño se pusiera a llorar
- to get sb started — darle cuerda a algn
3(establish)(business) abrir(business) montar(business) poner(organization/charity) fundar(plan) poner en marchahis father started him in his own business — el padre le montó / le puso un negocio
- I need $20,000 to get me started — necesito 20.000 dólares para empezar
4(cause to operate)(dishwasher/engine) encender(engine/dishwasher) prender Latin America(car) arrancar(car) poner en marcha(car) hacer partir Chile
1(begin)(term/school/meeting) empezar(term/school/meeting) comenzar(term/school/meeting) iniciarse formal(noise/race/pain/journey) empezar(noise/race/pain/journey) comenzarwhen can you start? — ¿cuándo puede empezar / comenzar?
- the day started badly — el día empezó mal
- the party starts at eight — la fiesta empieza / comienza a las ocho
- prices start at $30 — cuestan a partir de 30 dólares
- to get started — empezar
- right then, let's get started — bueno, empecemos / comencemos
- don't you start as well! — ¡no empieces ahora tú también!
- to start again / over — volver a empezar
- to start by -ing — empezar por + inf
- to start from sth
- you can start by reading this — puedes empezar por leer esto
- the tour starts from the station at two o'clock — la excursión sale de la estación a las dos
- starting (from) next January — a partir del próximo mes de enero
2to start with
- we'll have soup to start with — para empezar tomaremos sopa
- to start with, we'll have to draw up a plan — primero / para empezar vamos a tener que trazar un plan
- I was optimistic to start with, but … — al principio estaba llena de optimismo, pero …
3(originate)(fashion/custom) empezar(fashion/custom) originarseit all started from an idea I had as a student — todo surgió de una idea que tuve cuando era estudiante
- the fire started in an upstairs room — el incendio empezó en una habitación del piso alto
4(be founded)ser fundadothe business/society started some years ago — la empresa/la sociedad fue fundada / se fundó hace algunos años
5(set out)to start back — emprender el regreso
- to start up/down the stairs — empezar a subir/bajar la escalera
- it's time we started (for) home — es hora de que nos pongamos en camino a casa
- we start from the hotel at six — salimos del hotel a las seis
6(begin to operate)(car) arrancar(car) partir Chile(dishwasher) empezar a funcionar(dishwasher) ponerse en marchathe car won't start — el coche no arranca
7dar un respingoasustarsesobresaltarseI started (up) from my chair — me levanté de la silla de un salto
- she started at the noise — el ruido la sobresaltó / la asustó
- she started out of her dream — se despertó de su sueño sobresaltada
- tears started to her eyes — los ojos se le llenaron de lágrimas
8(protrude)(eyes) salirse de las órbitas
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