In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(footstep, pace)paso masculineto take a step forward/to the right — dar un paso adelante/a la derecha
- a great step forward — un gran paso adelante
- it was her first step on the road to success — fue su primer paso hacia el éxito
- I heard her steps in the corridor — oí sus pasos / sus pisadas en el pasillo
- I'll be with you every step of the way — estaré contigo en todo momento
- The pigeon took a couple of steps to the side, and then turned himself round to look behind him.
- The waiter took a short step backwards, the cheese bowl clattered on the table
- Then retrace your steps for a short distance and turn left.
- He took short shuffling steps and shook his considerable bulk with each one.
- By 1946 he could only get around by taking taxi rides, a few steps would make him short of breath.
- He then proceeded taking the few steps towards the massive front doors of the palace, which slowly opened, as he got nearer.
- There was some falling and some grabbing at us, but pretty quickly he'd managed to take a couple of successful steps.
- May took her arm, and they began to walk with small steps towards the exit.
- She closed the distance in a few steps and turned around.
- Slowly, he strolls away from his house in the direction of Third Street, turning his head every couple of steps.
- She made her way across the massive Headmaster's office, taking slow, calm steps to the door.
- The bleachers echoed in the distance from our rough steps.
- Clip it on, and then track steps taken, miles covered, and calories burned.
- And she doesn't even have to move much, just a quick twist or a step away is all she needs.
- I took a couple of tentative steps inside, when the door suddenly slammed behind me.
- Chad made it to the door in a few short and choppy steps, and yanked it open.
- But when I walk out from the shore, tiny purple crabs run for cover at my first step.
- He took a slow step backward, and then fell flat onto his back.
- Make your advances and retreats take as little time as possible, even if this means taking shorter steps.
- I remember, as a very young boy, seeing the headlines, and amazing photos, of Neil Armstrong taking those first steps on the surface of the moon.
2.1(of dance)paso masculine
- They are imitating the complex dance steps and hand jives that the group perform in their videos.
- He has also written concert music that's spacious and flows without a step being danced to it.
- After that, they chose and combined the movements with modern dance steps.
- It hadn't taken Todd long to pick up on the dance steps; to Rachel's surprise Todd had a knack for dancing.
- The choir holds dance workshops and steps are choreographed as a group.
- She has even mastered some ballroom dance steps, which form part of the choreographed routines for the show.
- Importantly, during her explanation, she demonstrates dance steps that convey events in the narrative.
- In a technical and physical challenge, the dancers perform Peking opera gestures and movements at the same time as they dance ballet steps.
- So it's especially hard to believe that she once found it difficult to do a dance step and snap her fingers at the same time.
- On the other hand, she notes that the women are now doing her steps, her choreography.
- My ladies and I were having a wonderful afternoon, practicing dance steps.
- The pace is fast and the choreography can be tricky, with steps and arm movements often deliberately at odds with each other.
- He coped well with his large assortment of jumping steps, as well as multiple pirouettes which were all danced with ease.
- They did this all in slow motion, slowly and carefully, as if learning all the steps to a dance routine.
- While Williams made her way brilliantly through its forest of steps, the dance was more demanding than affecting.
- Learning hula steps and motions and dancing every day is a great way to keep a body flexible while enjoying Hawaiian music.
- A ‘hyperactive’ only child, she would spend her time milking her parents' cows and practising her ballet steps.
- I have monitored the progress of modern dance steps over the past three decades.
- At first, the image of Astaire trying to acclimate to the unusual steps of Indian dance is humorous.
- You cannot experience the dance just by knowing the sequence of steps.
2.2(in marching, walking)paso masculineto be in step — (in dancing) llevar el compás / el ritmo
- to be out of step — no llevar el paso
- in/out of step with sb/sth
- the leaders are out of step with the wishes of the majority — los líderes no sintonizan con los deseos de la mayoría
- she's always managed to keep in step with public opinion — siempre ha logrado mantenerse en sintonía con la opinión pública
3(distance)the beach is only a step away — la playa está a un paso
- it's a fair step from here to the station — hay un buen trecho hasta la estación
- this brings war one step nearer — esto significa un paso más hacia un conflicto bélico
- from here it's a short step to total ruin — de aquí a la ruina absoluta solo hay un paso
4(move) paso masculine(measure) medida femininea step in the right direction — un paso hacia adelante
- the next step is to inform the police — el próximo paso es informar a la policía
- to take legal steps — recurrir a la justicia
- to take steps (to + inf) — tomar medidas (para + inf)
- they are taking steps to remedy the situation — están tomando medidas encaminadas a remediar la situación
- However, council bosses stressed that year-on-year benefits processing was improving thanks to the steps taken by management.
- For the author whose literary career began on a slow train to Manchester, it was a huge step.
- The unit have now provided employers with information about how to carry out assessments and practical steps to reduce sound levels.
- So for a president contemplating his place in American history, there is currently no strong pressure to take bold steps.
- The next step is to add milk but milk is dangerous and the date stamps are often confusing.
- U.S. presidents knew about UFO crash retrievals right from the start and took steps to cover up the evidence.
- He checks his high blood sugar level daily and takes steps to control it, using insulin injections, diet and exercise.
- The lender should also be ashamed that it took no effective steps to help the couple.
- He said the company was currently investigating whether steps could be taken to inform former members of staff of the situation.
- The first step was to level the area where the gazebo would be located and set the support columns in concrete.
- It was at this point that he took the bold step of moving to Iwama.
- Such reports have declined in recent years as industry has taken steps to reduce formaldehyde levels.
- Once you have identified slow code, the next step is to address those issues.
- We extend best wishes this week to a local couple taking the big step.
- The anti-begging campaign comes as York's city centre manager takes steps to identify legitimate buskers.
- He said he was pleased the officers had taken steps to protect shoppers who spend hard-earned cash on poor-quality fakes.
- After such an emergency you would want to ensure steps were taken to cover such emergencies in future.
- He said the defendant made out a number of cheques in various sums which he cashed for himself and then took steps to cover his tracks.
- But people are taking steps beyond moving cows or horses out of harms way.
- My plan was moving a little quicker than anticipated so I decided to take things slow after the next step.
5.1(on stair) escalón masculine(on stair) peldaño masculine(on ladder) travesaño masculine(on ladder) escalón masculine[ S ]mind the step — cuidado con el escalón
- the church/museum steps — la escalinata / las escaleras de la iglesia/del museo
- the altar steps — las gradas del altar
- a flight of steps — un tramo de escalera
- he left the parcel on the step — dejó el paquete en la puerta
- The first thing we both did when we got back was make a beeline for the staircase, each of us putting a foot on the bottom step at the same time.
- When I opened the door, Kay was sitting on the bottom step of the grand staircase.
- She took her daughter's carrier out of the car and handed it to Lara so she could grab the bags and walk up the three steps to the front porch.
- I carried the plastic tray with the curried cheese pieces down the steps to the basement, a glass of milk held in the crook of my arm.
- Before James got suspicious, I got out of the car and walked up towards the front steps as the last bus rolled away.
- The café is on two levels separated by shallow steps.
- She didn't have the opportunity to read his expression for long either as he turned and marched across the yard and up the steps to his flat.
- I walked up the front steps to our house, carrying my bag behind me.
- Amanda nervously walked up the front steps of the twins' large house.
- Wendy saw Dr. Maddox out of the corner of her eye at the bottom step of a stairway leading to a second floor.
- There is an extensive lawn to the rear laid out over two levels with steps leading up to a hard tennis court.
- The sound of someone moving noisily up the steps attracted Margaret's attention.
- He jumps down, missing the last three steps of the ladder and landing right behind her.
- I climbed down the steps of my ladder after shoving my new diary under my mattress.
- They walked up the steps and paused in front of a wooden door that appeared, to Justin at least, very menacing and inhibiting.
- Ahead, at the end of the path, steps led up to double doors standing open.
- She screeched as she held on to one of the steps of the steel ladder.
- This is fitted with wall to wall wardrobes and is also partially split level, with steps leading to the en suite shower room.
- Aidan was the first to climb up the small steps to the upper level.
- Cut into the granite is a steep, gradually narrowing staircase, with some steps almost one foot high.
- Milo moved in for one last kiss, then he turned and walked down the porch steps, moving towards his car.
- My pool had steps instead of ladders, so you didn't really have to climb.
- At exactly six-thirty that evening, I walked up the steps of Lydia's front porch to ring her doorbell.
5.2steps pluralBritish (stepladder)(de mano / de tijera) escalera feminine
- He listed a couple of folding camp chairs, a pair of steps, and a number of coats hanging up.
- He raced to the home of Mrs Caulfield's sister where he also found Mr Caulfield collapsed under a pair of steps.
6.1(degree in scale)peldaño masculineescalón masculineshe's moved up a step in the salary scale — ha ascendido un peldaño en la escala salarial
- his new post is a step up the ladder from supervisor — su nuevo puesto está inmediatamente por encima del de supervisor
- that would be a step up in her career — eso significaría un ascenso para ella
- No-one was sponsoring me for this race and it is merely the first step on the ladder to the big one.
- But you can't rest on your laurels - you must create your CV to get yourself on the next step of the ladder.
- I had good management, good coaching, it improved my game and put me on the first step on the ladder I suppose.
- A first home is a step on the ladder, it's never the end goal or the dream home, and is rarely where you'd genuinely like it to be.
- The fact is, every mentally capable person looks at entry-level jobs as a first step on the economic ladder.
- He eventually reached Premier One division, just a step below professional level.
- Her successor says beatification, the step just short of sainthood, will be important not just for her order.
- At least I knew and understood where I stood with men; namely several steps further down the ladder.
- Second, clerical work no longer served as the first step on the ladder into management.
- The spiralling cost of property has also meant that, for young families, this is usually the first step on the property ladder.
- Indeed, in many cultures to be a musician is just a few steps above a beggar.
- The thrust of the report is that existing housing policy does not come anywhere near meeting demand for an affordable first step on the ownership ladder.
- I also met with scores of Iraqis from all steps of the socioeconomic ladder and all of the major ethnic and religious groups.
6.2UShalf step — semitono masculine
intransitive verbstepped, stepping
1(move)would you step inside/outside for a moment? — ¿quiere pasar / entrar/salir un momento?
- to step off a plane — bajarse de un avión
- from the moment he stepped onto the stage — desde el momento que puso pie en / pisó el escenario
- he could have stepped straight out of a story book — parecía sacado / salido de un libro de cuentos
- she stepped over the threshold — atravesó el umbral
- The young man quickly stepped away from the door, pulling it open for his fellow student.
- When I stepped on his foot, not accidentally, he winced in pain and let go of me.
- He set me back on my feet and I stepped aside to allow him entrance.
- I had recently injured my foot by stepping on a laptop plug.
- At the back of the church, people stepped over a well-dressed young man who seemed unconscious.
- Moments later the door swung open and a young military nurse stepped into the room.
- This was soon to change: a crash course in the Greek language and culture saw him stepping from the plane in Athens six months later.
- The young man stepped closer and Lane caught a better look at him.
- Wendy had just lifted her foot to step over to the next joist, and the sudden noise made her startle badly.
- John moved across the small area slowly, occasionally stepping on her feet.
- Shakespeare has been with us in Aotearoa since Captain Cook stepped ashore in 1769.
- At the bottom of the stairs in the morning, I stepped into two feet of freezing cold water and we decided to evacuate the family.
- I turned around and jumped back into Anna, stepping on her foot.
- Running his hands through his hair, Guy approaches the ladder and steps onto the bottom rung.
- A young man stepped into the firelight, his face partly obscured by tumbles of dark brown hair.
- I suppose everyone who worked with horses will have had their foot accidentally stepped on.
- If they are successful, the men will step ashore for the first time in four months when they reach the coast of California.
- He swooped down and plucked me off my feet, stepping onto the porch.
- When I open the door so she can take a breather she very seldom steps over the sill.
- I scale the stairs quickly as possible, stepping over sitting persons, avoiding an obstacle course of beer bottles.
2(tread)pisarto step in/on sth — pisar algo
- I stepped in a puddle — pisé un charco
- he steped on a mine — pisó una mina
- sorry, I stepped on your toe — perdón, te pisé
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.