In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(footstep, pace)paso masculineto take a step forward/to the right — dar un paso adelante/a la derecha
- a great step forward — un gran paso adelante
- it was her first step on the road to success — fue su primer paso hacia el éxito
- I heard her steps in the corridor — oí sus pasos / sus pisadas en el pasillo
- I'll be with you every step of the way — estaré contigo en todo momento
- The pigeon took a couple of steps to the side, and then turned himself round to look behind him.
- The waiter took a short step backwards, the cheese bowl clattered on the table
- Then retrace your steps for a short distance and turn left.
- He took short shuffling steps and shook his considerable bulk with each one.
- By 1946 he could only get around by taking taxi rides, a few steps would make him short of breath.
- He then proceeded taking the few steps towards the massive front doors of the palace, which slowly opened, as he got nearer.
- There was some falling and some grabbing at us, but pretty quickly he'd managed to take a couple of successful steps.
- May took her arm, and they began to walk with small steps towards the exit.
- She closed the distance in a few steps and turned around.
- Slowly, he strolls away from his house in the direction of Third Street, turning his head every couple of steps.
- She made her way across the massive Headmaster's office, taking slow, calm steps to the door.
- The bleachers echoed in the distance from our rough steps.
- Clip it on, and then track steps taken, miles covered, and calories burned.
- And she doesn't even have to move much, just a quick twist or a step away is all she needs.
- I took a couple of tentative steps inside, when the door suddenly slammed behind me.
- Chad made it to the door in a few short and choppy steps, and yanked it open.
- But when I walk out from the shore, tiny purple crabs run for cover at my first step.
- He took a slow step backward, and then fell flat onto his back.
- Make your advances and retreats take as little time as possible, even if this means taking shorter steps.
- I remember, as a very young boy, seeing the headlines, and amazing photos, of Neil Armstrong taking those first steps on the surface of the moon.
2.1(of dance)paso masculine
- They are imitating the complex dance steps and hand jives that the group perform in their videos.
- He has also written concert music that's spacious and flows without a step being danced to it.
- After that, they chose and combined the movements with modern dance steps.
- It hadn't taken Todd long to pick up on the dance steps; to Rachel's surprise Todd had a knack for dancing.
- The choir holds dance workshops and steps are choreographed as a group.
- She has even mastered some ballroom dance steps, which form part of the choreographed routines for the show.
- Importantly, during her explanation, she demonstrates dance steps that convey events in the narrative.
- In a technical and physical challenge, the dancers perform Peking opera gestures and movements at the same time as they dance ballet steps.
- So it's especially hard to believe that she once found it difficult to do a dance step and snap her fingers at the same time.
- On the other hand, she notes that the women are now doing her steps, her choreography.
- My ladies and I were having a wonderful afternoon, practicing dance steps.
- The pace is fast and the choreography can be tricky, with steps and arm movements often deliberately at odds with each other.
- He coped well with his large assortment of jumping steps, as well as multiple pirouettes which were all danced with ease.
- They did this all in slow motion, slowly and carefully, as if learning all the steps to a dance routine.
- While Williams made her way brilliantly through its forest of steps, the dance was more demanding than affecting.
- Learning hula steps and motions and dancing every day is a great way to keep a body flexible while enjoying Hawaiian music.
- A ‘hyperactive’ only child, she would spend her time milking her parents' cows and practising her ballet steps.
- I have monitored the progress of modern dance steps over the past three decades.
- At first, the image of Astaire trying to acclimate to the unusual steps of Indian dance is humorous.
- You cannot experience the dance just by knowing the sequence of steps.
2.2(in marching, walking)paso masculineto be in step — llevar el compás / el ritmo
- to be out of step — no llevar el paso
- in/out of step with sb/sth
- the leaders are out of step with the wishes of the majority — los líderes no sintonizan con los deseos de la mayoría
- she's always managed to keep in step with public opinion — siempre ha logrado mantenerse en sintonía con la opinión pública
3(distance)the beach is only a step away — la playa está a un paso
- it's a fair step from here to the station — hay un buen trecho hasta la estación
- this brings war one step nearer — esto significa un paso más hacia un conflicto bélico
- from here it's a short step to total ruin — de aquí a la ruina absoluta solo hay un paso
4masculine pasofeminine medidaa step in the right direction — un paso hacia adelante
- the next step is to inform the police — el próximo paso es informar a la policía
- to take legal steps — recurrir a la justicia
- to take steps (to + inf) — tomar medidas (para + inf)
- they are taking steps to remedy the situation — están tomando medidas encaminadas a remediar la situación
- However, council bosses stressed that year-on-year benefits processing was improving thanks to the steps taken by management.
- For the author whose literary career began on a slow train to Manchester, it was a huge step.
- The unit have now provided employers with information about how to carry out assessments and practical steps to reduce sound levels.
- So for a president contemplating his place in American history, there is currently no strong pressure to take bold steps.
- The next step is to add milk but milk is dangerous and the date stamps are often confusing.
- U.S. presidents knew about UFO crash retrievals right from the start and took steps to cover up the evidence.
- He checks his high blood sugar level daily and takes steps to control it, using insulin injections, diet and exercise.
- The lender should also be ashamed that it took no effective steps to help the couple.
- He said the company was currently investigating whether steps could be taken to inform former members of staff of the situation.
- The first step was to level the area where the gazebo would be located and set the support columns in concrete.
- It was at this point that he took the bold step of moving to Iwama.
- Such reports have declined in recent years as industry has taken steps to reduce formaldehyde levels.
- Once you have identified slow code, the next step is to address those issues.
- We extend best wishes this week to a local couple taking the big step.
- The anti-begging campaign comes as York's city centre manager takes steps to identify legitimate buskers.
- He said he was pleased the officers had taken steps to protect shoppers who spend hard-earned cash on poor-quality fakes.
- After such an emergency you would want to ensure steps were taken to cover such emergencies in future.
- He said the defendant made out a number of cheques in various sums which he cashed for himself and then took steps to cover his tracks.
- But people are taking steps beyond moving cows or horses out of harms way.
- My plan was moving a little quicker than anticipated so I decided to take things slow after the next step.
5.1masculine escalónmasculine peldañomasculine travesañomasculine escalón[ S ]mind the step — cuidado con el escalón
- the church/museum steps — la escalinata / las escaleras de la iglesia/del museo
- the altar steps — las gradas del altar
- a flight of steps — un tramo de escalera
- he left the parcel on the step — dejó el paquete en la puerta
- The first thing we both did when we got back was make a beeline for the staircase, each of us putting a foot on the bottom step at the same time.
- When I opened the door, Kay was sitting on the bottom step of the grand staircase.
- She took her daughter's carrier out of the car and handed it to Lara so she could grab the bags and walk up the three steps to the front porch.
- I carried the plastic tray with the curried cheese pieces down the steps to the basement, a glass of milk held in the crook of my arm.
- Before James got suspicious, I got out of the car and walked up towards the front steps as the last bus rolled away.
- The café is on two levels separated by shallow steps.
- She didn't have the opportunity to read his expression for long either as he turned and marched across the yard and up the steps to his flat.
- I walked up the front steps to our house, carrying my bag behind me.
- Amanda nervously walked up the front steps of the twins' large house.
- Wendy saw Dr. Maddox out of the corner of her eye at the bottom step of a stairway leading to a second floor.
- There is an extensive lawn to the rear laid out over two levels with steps leading up to a hard tennis court.
- The sound of someone moving noisily up the steps attracted Margaret's attention.
- He jumps down, missing the last three steps of the ladder and landing right behind her.
- I climbed down the steps of my ladder after shoving my new diary under my mattress.
- They walked up the steps and paused in front of a wooden door that appeared, to Justin at least, very menacing and inhibiting.
- Ahead, at the end of the path, steps led up to double doors standing open.
- She screeched as she held on to one of the steps of the steel ladder.
- This is fitted with wall to wall wardrobes and is also partially split level, with steps leading to the en suite shower room.
- Aidan was the first to climb up the small steps to the upper level.
- Cut into the granite is a steep, gradually narrowing staircase, with some steps almost one foot high.
- Milo moved in for one last kiss, then he turned and walked down the porch steps, moving towards his car.
- My pool had steps instead of ladders, so you didn't really have to climb.
- At exactly six-thirty that evening, I walked up the steps of Lydia's front porch to ring her doorbell.
5.2steps pluralBritish (stepladder)feminine escalera
- He listed a couple of folding camp chairs, a pair of steps, and a number of coats hanging up.
- He raced to the home of Mrs Caulfield's sister where he also found Mr Caulfield collapsed under a pair of steps.
6.1(degree in scale)peldaño masculineescalón masculineshe's moved up a step in the salary scale — ha ascendido un peldaño en la escala salarial
- his new post is a step up the ladder from supervisor — su nuevo puesto está inmediatamente por encima del de supervisor
- that would be a step up in her career — eso significaría un ascenso para ella
- No-one was sponsoring me for this race and it is merely the first step on the ladder to the big one.
- But you can't rest on your laurels - you must create your CV to get yourself on the next step of the ladder.
- I had good management, good coaching, it improved my game and put me on the first step on the ladder I suppose.
- A first home is a step on the ladder, it's never the end goal or the dream home, and is rarely where you'd genuinely like it to be.
- The fact is, every mentally capable person looks at entry-level jobs as a first step on the economic ladder.
- He eventually reached Premier One division, just a step below professional level.
- Her successor says beatification, the step just short of sainthood, will be important not just for her order.
- At least I knew and understood where I stood with men; namely several steps further down the ladder.
- Second, clerical work no longer served as the first step on the ladder into management.
- The spiralling cost of property has also meant that, for young families, this is usually the first step on the property ladder.
- Indeed, in many cultures to be a musician is just a few steps above a beggar.
- The thrust of the report is that existing housing policy does not come anywhere near meeting demand for an affordable first step on the ownership ladder.
- I also met with scores of Iraqis from all steps of the socioeconomic ladder and all of the major ethnic and religious groups.
6.2UShalf step — semitono masculine
1(move)would you step inside/outside for a moment? — ¿quiere pasar / entrar/salir un momento?
- to step off a plane — bajarse de un avión
- from the moment he stepped onto the stage — desde el momento que puso pie en / pisó el escenario
- he could have stepped straight out of a story book — parecía sacado / salido de un libro de cuentos
- she stepped over the threshold — atravesó el umbral
- The young man quickly stepped away from the door, pulling it open for his fellow student.
- When I stepped on his foot, not accidentally, he winced in pain and let go of me.
- He set me back on my feet and I stepped aside to allow him entrance.
- I had recently injured my foot by stepping on a laptop plug.
- At the back of the church, people stepped over a well-dressed young man who seemed unconscious.
- Moments later the door swung open and a young military nurse stepped into the room.
- This was soon to change: a crash course in the Greek language and culture saw him stepping from the plane in Athens six months later.
- The young man stepped closer and Lane caught a better look at him.
- Wendy had just lifted her foot to step over to the next joist, and the sudden noise made her startle badly.
- John moved across the small area slowly, occasionally stepping on her feet.
- Shakespeare has been with us in Aotearoa since Captain Cook stepped ashore in 1769.
- At the bottom of the stairs in the morning, I stepped into two feet of freezing cold water and we decided to evacuate the family.
- I turned around and jumped back into Anna, stepping on her foot.
- Running his hands through his hair, Guy approaches the ladder and steps onto the bottom rung.
- A young man stepped into the firelight, his face partly obscured by tumbles of dark brown hair.
- I suppose everyone who worked with horses will have had their foot accidentally stepped on.
- If they are successful, the men will step ashore for the first time in four months when they reach the coast of California.
- He swooped down and plucked me off my feet, stepping onto the porch.
- When I open the door so she can take a breather she very seldom steps over the sill.
- I scale the stairs quickly as possible, stepping over sitting persons, avoiding an obstacle course of beer bottles.
2(tread)pisarto step in/on sth — pisar algo
- I stepped in a puddle — pisé un charco
- he steped on a mine — pisó una mina
- sorry, I stepped on your toe — perdón, te pisé
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