In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(halt)to work without a stop — trabajar sin hacer una pausa / un alto
- work progressed in stops and starts — el trabajo avanzaba a trompicones / a tropezones
- work was at a stop for months — el trabajo estuvo interrumpido / paralizado durante meses
- to bring sth to a stop — poner fin a / interrumpir algo
- the accident brought the traffic to a complete stop — el accidente paralizó el tráfico
- to come to a stop — detenerse
- to put a stop on a check — dar orden de no pagar un cheque
- A large metal tub filled with sachets of water and cold drinks provided welcome respite, and many of the emergency workers made frequent stops to prevent dehydration.
- Finally, the nurse came to a stop and entered a small room with pink walls and a simple layout.
- The elevator came to a stop at the top floor and Anna turned to face the doors as they creaked open.
- Pauses, stops, and breaks will help the film, which never develops any real momentum.
- There wasn't time for fear but I was certainly frightened when the car came to a stop.
- Officers are not only setting up static sites for stopping drivers, but are also conducting random stops in rural villages around the county.
- It was almost a disappointment when we came to a stop at the edge of clearing where a herd of deer were grazing.
- The shooting had almost come to a stop by the time they dropped into a reserve trench.
- The misery machine rumbled into one of the angled parking spots next to the park and came to a stop.
- The game we'd been playing with the boys came to a stop, and I rolled my eyes.
- After completing a number of revolutions, the carousel began to slow and came to a stop.
- Playing the music without bars gives a free-flowing rhythm, devoid of jarring stops and starts.
- Also, rough sea conditions can make safety stops hazardous.
- We finally came to a stop at a farmhouse deep in the countryside.
- His pen came to a stop and he stared down at the scrawled words with a shake of his head.
- Lizards, therefore, progress in short rushes with frequent stops to breathe.
- The front seat passenger opened the side door of the van and the van came to a stop.
- It was an interminable journey of stops and starts.
- Several of the attackers came to a stop, and their soldiers began to fire.
- He came to a stop outside a large metal door and punched in a few keys on the panel to his right.
2.1(break on journey)parada femininewe made a stop at a service station to have coffee — paramos en una estación de servicio para tomar un café
- after an overnight stop in Madrid — después de hacer noche / de pasar la noche en Madrid
- We were an express train now, and made only a few stops, mostly using the center of the three tracks.
- On the return journey a stop was made at Phimai to explore the wonderful ruins.
- Before the homeward journey, a final stop for refreshments was made at Kinvarra.
- They will run through France on quiet country roads with overnight stops and after a rest on the ferry they will head to London.
- Thompson expects to travel to each region of Nunavut, including campaign stops in Cambridge Bay and Iqaluit.
- It also suggests that dogs should drink plenty of water during a long journey, and have regular stops for fresh air.
- From today until Friday Charles, Prince of Wales, is in Italy with stops in Florence, Rome and Naples.
- We had 3 stops on the journey and took it in turns to drive.
- Also, make stops for bathroom breaks, leg-stretching, sightseeing and drink refills.
- At each lunch stop he also produced dried fruits, nuts and yet more chocolate he had carried for us.
- Moving swiftly on from Lizard Point the next stop was a quick look at St Michael's Mount.
- As the self-confessed ‘biggest slob in the world’ he enjoys sailing holidays filled with impromptu tea breaks and pub stops.
- A short photo stop soon cooled us down, before we pushed on up the hill carrying the weighty bags of tackle and camera gear.
- The 400 mile round trip was broken up with a stop at Stonehenge for an ice-cream.
- The trip was part of a two day visit to the region, which also included a stop in Honduras.
- We always have to make frequent stops so that M can take a loo break and stretch his legs for a while.
- On the return journey a stop was made in Bourton-on-the-Water in brilliant sunshine.
- The pair plan to make a short fuel stop today in Narsarsuaq, Greenland, before flying straight to Iceland.
- When traveling long distances, plan the trip to include rest stops and breaks.
- These are not tour buses, so expect numerous stops to pick up and drop off passengers.
2.2feminine paradamasculine paradero River Plate Latin Americafeminine estaciónyou have to get out/off at the next stop — se tiene que bajar en la próxima (parada)
- Why not try getting off the bus or train a stop early and walking the rest of the way.
- This morning, however, a bus was sitting at the stop in Moor Street with the number 850 on the front.
- Passengers will be set down on request at all recognised stops along the route.
- Notice of the shuttle bus should have been on the signs at affected rail stops, she said.
- In Andhra Pradesh, the train has stops only at Secunderabad, Visakhapatnam and Tirupati.
- At the moment we're standing at the stop saying if the bus works, we'll get on it.
- When we started once again the train maintained optimum speed until the next stop.
- Designated stops will be constructed, with special ramps to allow easy access by passengers onto the taxis and buses.
- You really do not want two stops close together.
- There are no bus or train stops anywhere near it.
- He said a bus had pulled up at the stop laden with passengers.
- But, even now, free shuttles cross the city's ring road to pick up customers from the nearest metro stops.
- The system will be one tram short when the stop opens so they are having to bring a tram over from Cologne especially.
- In order to make up time a train missed out some stops.
- There were no designated stops which meant people could get off anywhere.
- The bus goes off on its merry way and picks up a zillion passengers at the next stop.
- Fewer stops surely means fewer passengers, therefore lower financial performance.
- I was on the bus the other day, and the bus was drawing towards my stop so I was standing by the door waiting to get off.
- The stops it skips are covered by an earlier train, 426, which terminates in Baltimore.
- Buses could also pick up passengers without pulling into stops.
3masculine punto Britishmasculine stopsee also full stop
(on organ)registro masculine
- Specific ranks of pipes may be brought into and out of play by means of stops.
- It also has a cathedral housing the biggest organ in the world: 17,388 pipes and 231 stops.
- These organs were played only with sliding stops, not a keyboard like a modern organ.
5.1(stopping device)tope masculinemasculine marginador
- Underexposing by one to two stops intensifies the effect.
- If you are using print film, you will probably never see a difference in bracketed shots, unless you have bracketed by 3 stops or more.
- Remove the film, stop down 4 stops, and give a flash exposure.
- When you go through the finished prints you will be able to see the results of 2 complete stops of exposure difference.
- You will find these readings are roughly two stops more light than the camera ‘thinks’ they should be.
6also stop consonantLinguisticsoclusiva feminineconsonante oclusiva feminine
- For example, the aspirated series of stops and affricates are written by adding a horizontal stroke to the letters for the plain series.
- Taiwanese has final consonant stops, and Mandarin doesn't.
- Many varieties of Chinese, including both Mandarin and Cantonese, do not distinguish voiced and voiceless stops and affricates.
1.1(halt)(taxi/bus) parar(person) parar(person) detenerI stopped a passing car to ask for help — paré (a) un coche que pasaba para pedir auxilio
- we were stopped by the police — nos paró la policía
- he stopped the ball with his foot — paró la pelota con el pie
- demonstrators stopped the traffic — los manifestantes pararon / detuvieron el tráfico
- He stops the car out front and just leaves it there.
- The same group even stopped a young Catholic man on the Cliftonville Road and sternly repeated their warning.
- At 5.30 one morning a few years ago, Nigel was stopped by a man who demanded money.
- Next, the tape can be stopped and replayed to make certain all parties can be heard.
- He was stopped, ordered out of the car and a computer check showed the car had been reported stolen.
- Those hoping to visit it are stopped by a granite wall topped with barbed wire.
- 500 yards from our shop at the roundabout members of the public were blocking the road, stopping people going toward the parkway.
- He harassed the gang's customers, stopping those he found wandering up his block and confronting them.
- Persons suspected of committing a crime may be stopped and searched.
- Everyone believed that police harassment was common, although no one had been stopped and searched.
- While we were driving across the grassland to the house, he stopped the truck.
- Through traffic will be stopped and all parked cars at the side of the High Street have to be moved by 5pm.
- On one patrol we were stopped by a former airline worker who wanted to give us information.
- They drove through the town trying to force each other off the road before being stopped at a road block.
- He went up the stairs and was headed for his room when he was stopped by Minako.
- Reduction of noise, either by stopping the audiotape or the use of earplugs, was associated with improved sleep quality.
- In the previous year, they were five times more likely to be stopped and searched.
- She tried to get upstairs but was stopped and also ordered to get down onto the floor.
- But there was no mechanical defect which would have caused the car to have been stopped and parked.
- The car had been stopped and turned off, and I was still holding on for dear life.
1.3(brake)(vehicle) parar(vehicle) detenerI stopped the car and got out — paré / detuve el coche y me bajé
- Sudden cardiac death, an abrupt event in which the heart stops, affects one in 100,000 to 300,000 athletes.
- He said that most residents did not mind the presence of the children, and some stopped to watch them perform their tricks.
- Ryan stood on his tip-toes for a couple of seconds, craning his neck to see why the parade had stopped.
- As soon as they reached a safe place to stand, everyone stopped and watched her.
- The problem is, what if the engine stops while he is already on the fast lane of a nearby toll road?
- Ignition harnesses were prone to succumb to the damp British weather and the failure of the harness would also lead to the engine stopping.
- The driver will report the incident to his control room and the train will stop in the tunnel just before the platform at Bank.
- He moved on, across the room, and stopped in front of a small leather and metal trunk.
- Early Friday morning, the captain announced that the engine had stopped and the ship was taking on water.
- They had stopped in a relatively small room, unadorned, with just a bed and wardrobe.
- Dr Conrad headed towards the pavement then stopped abruptly in his tracks, staring.
- You would be cruising along and, suddenly without warning, the engine just stopped.
- For morning coffee the coach stopped in Alcester and for lunch at Evesham Country Park.
- One other couple along with us danced on the floor because everyone else had stopped to watch.
- Ashley stops, wipes her mouth and looks around.
- He could not stop in the rush hour traffic and worried about her for the rest of the day.
- Jim's hand stopped halfway to his mouth, holding the bottle there for a moment in limbo.
- It is a good thing the procession stops at red lights, although with a traffic escort, they could jump red lights.
- The party stopped for a little while to eat lunch on the lee side of a large rock.
- I even think some of the guys at the nearby skate park had stopped to watch.
1.4(switch off)(machine/engine) parar
2.1(bring to an end, interrupt)(inflation/decline) detener(inflation/decline) parar(abuse/discussion) poner fin a(abuse/discussion) acabar constop that noise! — ¡deja de hacer ruido!
- his statement stopped speculation — sus declaraciones pusieron fin a la especulación
- the trial was stopped — se suspendió el juicio
- the company has stopped production of this model — la compañía ha dejado de producir este modelo
- the aim is to stop the cancer in its early stages — el objetivo es detener el avance del cáncer en su fase inicial
- rain stopped play — la lluvia interrumpió el partido
- There is no obligation to maintain regular payments, which may be stopped and then resumed at any time, without penalty.
- When was a development ever stopped for a protected species?
- Many people have had their payments stopped before they began because void notices were issued in error.
- Their aim was to try and stop the social disintegration they believed liberal freedoms had unleashed.
- The key question is this: Are you just stopping the bleeding, or are you dealing with the root causes?
- How is she supposed to get any rest if you guys don't stop this racket out here?
- One such case made it into police records unintentionally after neighbors tried to stop a domestic assault out of concern for the family rather than out of anger at the man.
- She won an injunction to stop the process and launched her legal bid.
- Early detection and treatment can often slow or stop the progression of disease.
- Therefore, this formula warms the kidneys and warms the spleen, secures the intestines and stops diarrhea.
- And so far, the injections have only stopped the degenerative process, not reversed it.
- With the season practically over, there was nothing he could do to stop the slide out of Division Three.
- Diet control can only stop extra fat formation but cannot burn the fat which is already there.
- Your client may not be able to stop the process even if they change their mind.
- It's a lot harder to stop a ritual process midway than to avoid the process entirely.
- Fortunately in Australia this process was stopped before it ran its course.
- This stops the curing process which is important, otherwise your fish will turn to mush.
- A working party which looked at ways to stop accidents along the stretch of road was set up five years ago.
- They're going to try to do it and I don't think they are going to be capable of stopping the political process.
- The country would have three months to shut its nuclear facilities, or aid could be stopped.
2.2(cease)stop what you're doing and listen to me — deja lo que estás haciendo y escúchame
- stop it! — ¡basta ya!
- stop that nonsense! — ¡déjate de tonterías!
- to stop -ing — dejar de + inf
- do stop arguing! — ¡dejen de discutir!
- I'm trying to stop smoking — estoy tratando de dejar de fumar
- I couldn't stop laughing — no podía parar de reírme
- it hasn't stopped raining all day — no ha parado de llover en todo el día
- he never stops talking — habla sin parar
- stop saying that! — ¡no sigas diciendo eso!
- stop beating about the bush — déjate de rodeos
- The others managed not to laugh and my girlfriend poked me to make me stop giggling, but that just made it funnier to me.
- They should eat only when hungry, eat food they really want, and stop eating when they are full.
- When Sophie had managed to stop crying, the pair of them walked back to the building and told the other two over supper what Paz had said.
- I'm trying to stay calm but every time I see the adverts on the telly, I can't stop smiling or giggling.
- After his encounter with this civilization, the time traveller advances further into the future to a time when the Earth stops rotating.
- The quake was so strong that they were forced to stop talking and to abandon the stall.
- Evelyn stopped giggling when she saw Julian with a serious look on his face.
- Her hands surround my waist and suddenly she stops kissing my mouth.
- When I've stopped giggling, I shall resume my search for pet insurance!
- One child was so traumatised by the experience she could not stop vomiting and had to be hospitalised.
- After a moment, he stopped coughing and laid back on the pillows, breathing heavily.
- Sabbath reminds us that the world will not stop turning if we cease from our labors for a day.
- Curious, Alyssa stopped practicing her backstroke and looked at her father.
- Beside me, Lucas had stopped laughing and coughed a few times to clear his throat.
- I put down my fork and spoon and quietly stop eating, feeling very foolish.
- Once he stopped coughing she reached an arm over to him to pat him on the back.
- She managed to stop laughing, then her face turned serious and she gazed into his face.
- My drink came out of my nose and I had tears rolling down my face by the time I finally managed to stop laughing.
- Finally, she stops coughing and the masters approach her cautiously.
- He'd begun smoking in his teens and had been smoking ever since, apart from a few years when he managed to stop while in the army.
3(prevent)I'm going, and you can't stop me — me voy y no puedes detenerme / impedírmelo
- who's/what's stopping you? — ¿quién/qué te lo impide?
- there's no stopping us now — nadie nos puede parar ahora
- I had to tell him, I couldn't stop myself — tuve que decírselo, no pude contenerme
- to stop sb (from) -ing — impedirle a algn + inf
- the bad weather stopped us (from) going out — el mal tiempo nos impidió salir
- try to stop her (from) coming — trata de impedir / de evitar que venga
- we had to lock him up to stop him (from) escaping — lo tuvimos que encerrar para impedir que se escapara
- to stop sth -ing — impedir que algo + subj
- to stop sth happening — impedir que ocurra algo
- we're trying to stop the airport being built here — estamos tratando de impedir que construyan el aeropuerto aquí
- A cold night for a tryst, but I suppose that never stops anyone who's determined enough.
- Maddy gave a small laugh as her friend continued to say horrible things about Quentin, before stopping her.
- Mr Crawford has put a padlock on the fuel tank but suspects it won't be enough to stop determined thieves.
- We had a meeting on Sunday night and we are determined this fire is not going to stop us.
- And how the hell do you stop someone who's determined to do something like this?
- If you were all to work together, he'd have a difficult time stopping you, and he might even be defeated.
- Several times, she tried to get to Elizabeth, but the two men continually stopped her.
- I couldn't do it last year due to illness but I was determined not to let anything stop me this time.
- I love flying both types and will continue until someone stops me, but the fact remains that a mistake in a sailplane is much more likely to kill you than in a hang glider.
- I believe in free speech and free expression but these barbaric people are going too far and need to be stopped.
- We didn't let that stop us and we continued to court and we were always together.
- She wasn't in his way, she wasn't blocking him or stopping him, she was just a little girl that had tried to stand up against the big bad wolf.
- So do you have any sense what is actually being done to stop him or to limit the impact of his activities?
- I took one out and was about ready to put it in my mouth, but stopped myself.
- When you believe in your own possibility and ability, coupled with a strong determination to achieve what you have set out to achieve, not many can succeed at stopping you.
- But he said this would not going to stop him, nor would it prevent him letting his children play in the area.
- But she is certain that the lack of a bike and the fact the she is not a fan of exercise will not stop her.
- I didn't want to talk to Rachel about why I was stopping her and I didn't want her to continue.
- To have them banning us from the activities we love, on the pretext that stopping us will somehow protect less careful people, is a misuse of power - and one that cannot possibly work.
- Margaret is determined to use what influence she has to stop Ken.
4.1(cancel, withhold)(subscription) cancelar(payment) suspenderto stop (payment of) a check — dar orden de no pagar un cheque
- Most banks charge, typically £10, for stopping a cheque.
- I was obliged to beg for extra time, stop the cheque, and then to apply for a replacement licence.
- We will have this cheque stopped tomorrow.
- This was fine with me, as I intended to stop the cheque anyway, but it was already too late; the moment had passed.
- The defendant stopped the cheque, which was accordingly dishonoured by the drawee bank.
- Don't try and stop the cheque if you want to pay online or over the phone instead.
- We also advise you that the post dated cheque for £103,000 has now been stopped.
- However the police called me yesterday to alert me and I stopped the cheque on Monday.
4.2British (deduct)descontarretenerthe boss stopped £30 out of my wages — el jefe me descontó / me retuvo 30 libras del sueldo
5.1(block)(hole) tapar(hole) taponar(gap) rellenar(tooth) empastar
- Take the coconut shell and fill with yolk, stopping the hole with your finger.
- He is getting the drains right and stopping the leaks in the roof and so on.
- The boat's owner succeeds in stopping the leak.
- It is too late to stop the leak when the vessel is in the midst of river.
- The leak was stopped 20 minutes later when an inspector switched off the main.
- The amount of work required to stop a leak depends on the complexity of the problem.
- Firemen wearing breathing gear stopped the leak and an engineer was called to repair a broken seal.
- The council is taking action to stop a leak in Hollies Road.
- A spokesman said it had to wait for the gas leak to be stopped before work could begin on restoring the electricity supply.
- When it is 30 below zero, getting people's heat on is more important than stopping their leaks.
- Engineers have now secured the hole with wooden boards and an emergency plumber managed to stop the water leak and get the heating back on.
- That's an appropriate piece of stout paper to stop the leak in the wastepipe.
5.2Music(string) apretar(pipe) ponerle un registro a(pipe) ponerle una sordina a(French horn) hacerle sordina a
- Five weeks later he stopped the highly respected Frankie Otero in five rounds.
- Jerry proved the experts wrong stopping Spencer in round twelve.
- Jones goes on to make six defenses of the IBF super middleweight title, stopping all six of his opponents.
- He defended the title another three times, stopping his opponents on each occasion, to put himself in line for the WBA world belt.
- Ouma did go ahead with the fight, stopping Woods in the 11th round.
6.2(parry)(blow/punch) parar(punch/blow) detenerhe stopped a bullet — recibió un balazo
1.1(halt)(vehicle/driver) parar(vehicle/driver) detenerseI stopped to ask a policeman the way — paré para pedirle indicaciones a un policía
- stop, thief! — ¡al ladrón!
- stop or I'll shoot! — ¡alto o disparo!
- stop, police! — ¡alto, policía!
- stop right there — ¡alto ahí!
1.2(interrupt journey)(bus/train) parardoes this train stop at Reading? — ¿este tren para en Reading?
- let's stop here and have a rest — hagamos un alto / paremos aquí para descansar
- they stopped in a small village for the night — hicieron noche / pasaron la noche en un pueblecito
1.3(cease operating)(machine/clock/watch) pararsehas your watch stopped? — ¿se te ha parado el reloj?
- her breathing has stopped — ha dejado de respirar
- his heart has stopped — su corazón ha dejado de latir
2.1(cease, be discontinued)the rain has stopped — ya no llueve
- the pain/bleeding has stopped — ya no le (or me etc.) duele/sale sangre
- the noise stopped — dejó de oírse el ruido
- this squandering must stop — este derroche tiene que terminar
- production has stopped at the factory — la fábrica ha suspendido la producción
- production of this model has stopped — este modelo ya no se fabrica más
- Most of these outbreaks stop when people get away from the place where the illness started.
- The rain stopped as quickly as it had started and soon the track was dry again.
- Growth stops, and, as a result, the plant becomes more susceptible to such environmental pressures as drought and high temperature.
- The anticoagulated blood is then reinfused in the operating theatre during or shortly after surgical blood loss has stopped.
- Sometimes the recording stops in the middle of sentence: not a problem.
- Even if the 60 votes are not achieved, debate stops and the Senate proceeds with other business.
- If neither person feels that anything is being achieved, she adds, she will suggest that the sessions stop.
- If growth has stopped and you need the crop for hay, cut it soon to maintain as much quality as possible.
- When one becomes happy and content, development stops.
- Then the safety car came out for three laps and the race stopped.
- If she stepped out of her place and broke the formation, the weird ceremony would stop.
- The man slumped down and signalled for an inhaler so a medic was called, but the ordeal did not stop there.
- If applied to the scalp twice daily, it may produce some hair growth but is expensive and hair growth stops when treatment is stopped.
- Remember, your muscle growth stops when your protein does.
- She started to have more energy and the deterioration that the radiotherapy was causing in her mouth stopped.
- It is nothing more than barbaric and the sooner it stops the better.
- Most annual agricultural crops are determinate, and their growth stops once they reach physiological maturity.
- When most of the hydrogen is fused into helium, fusion stops and and gravity again takes over.
- It is important to note that there may be a window of opportunity for this adaptation to occur before growth stops.
- He was adamant he was going to speak or the meeting would stop.
2.2(interrupt activity)pararI think I'll stop for a while — creo que voy a parar un rato
- she never stops — no para un minuto
- you've done enough work for today: it's time you stopped — basta por hoy, ya has trabajado bastante
- I didn't stop to think — no me detuve a pensar
3informal(stay)quedarseI can't stop — no me puedo quedar
- won't you stop for supper? — ¿no te quieres quedar a cenar?
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